Input Output Reference — EnergyPlus 8.0

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Input Output Reference

Group – Heating and Cooling Coils[LINK]

Several different coils may be added to zone equipment and air loops. This includes simple heating (gas, electric, and hot water) and a simple water-cooling coil as well as a more detailed flat fin water-cooling coil model. In general, the heating coil description can be used for a heating coil, a reheat coil, or a preheat coil in the air loop simulation or for zone equipment. Figure 125 is an example of a heating and cooling coil in the air loop simulation in a dual duct system. This does show the basic node structure that will be referenced in the input description. The figure does show water coils since they are the most complex to input in the simulation compared to the Electric and Gas coils which only have air connections.

Example Air Loop Heating & Cooling Coil Example Air Loop Heating & Cooling Coil

Coil:Cooling:Water[LINK]

The water cooling coil (Coil:Cooling:Water) has the ability to give detailed output with simplified inputs, inputting complicated coil geometry is not required by the user for this model instead the coil is sized in terms of auto-sizeable thermodynamic inputs. The coil requires thermodynamic inputs such as temperatures, mass flow rates and humidity ratios.

The coil is sized using auto-sized/user design input conditions and the UA values are calculated from the design conditions. A rough estimate of the coil area is provided along with percentage of surface wet and/or dry. This model uses the NTU-effectiveness approach to model heat transfer and has two types of flow arrangements cross-flow or counter-flow.

The basic underlying idea is - use auto sizable thermodynamic design inputs, calculate the coil UA’s, use these UA values and operating conditions from the nodes connections, calculate the outlet stream conditions, and calculate the heat transfer rates.

See section “Cooling Coil Model” in the EnergyPlus Engineering Document for further details regarding this model.

Field: Name[LINK]

A unique user-assigned name for an instance of a cooling coil. Any reference to this cooling coil by another object will use this name.

Field: Availability Schedule Name[LINK]

Schedule that defines when the coil is available. The name of the schedule (ref: Schedule) that denotes whether the cooling coil can run during a given time period. A schedule value greater than 0 (usually 1 is used) indicates that the unit can be on during a given time period. A value less than or equal to 0 (usually 0 is used) denotes that the unit is off. If this field is blank, the schedule has a value of 1 for all time periods.

Field: Design Water Flow Rate[LINK]

The maximum possible water volume flow rate (m3/sec) through the coil. This is an auto sizable design input.

Field: Design Air Flow Rate[LINK]

The maximum possible air volume flow rate (m3/sec) through the coil. This is an auto sizable design input.

Field: Design Inlet Water Temperature[LINK]

The inlet water temperature for the design flow (C). This is an auto sizable design input.

Field: Design Inlet Air Temperature[LINK]

The inlet air temperature for the design flow (C). This is an auto sizable design input.

Field: Design Outlet Air Temperature[LINK]

The outlet air condition desired for design flow (C). This is an auto sizable design input.

Field: Design Inlet Air Humidity Ratio[LINK]

The highest value of humidity ratio possible for the Design inlet air stream (kgWater/kgDryAir). This is an auto sizable input.

Field: Design Outlet Air Humidity Ratio[LINK]

The value of humidity ratio for the Design outlet air stream (kgWater/kgDryAir), it is an auto sizable input.

Field: Water Inlet Node Name[LINK]

The name of the water coil inlet from the chilled water loop, i.e. Cooling Coil Water Inlet Node. It is from this node the operating inputs for water are transferred to the coil.

Field: Water Outlet Node Name[LINK]

The name of the water coil outlet from the chilled water loop, i.e. Cooling Coil Water Outlet Node. It is from this node the operating output for water are reported to the coil.

Field: Air Inlet Node Name[LINK]

The name of the air inlet to the water coil, i.e. Cooling Coil Air Inlet Node. It is from this node the operating inputs for air are transferred to the coil.

Field: Air Outlet Node Name[LINK]

The name of the air outlet from the water coil, i.e. Cooling Coil Air Outlet Node. It is from this node the operating output for airside is reported to the coil.

Field: Type of Analysis[LINK]

The coil has two modes of operation, termed as SimpleAnalysis and DetailedAnalysis. The difference between the two modes being, the simple mode reports the value of surface area fraction wet of the coil as dry or wet. The detailed mode give the exact value, however the execution time in detailed mode is noticeably higher.

Field: Heat Exchanger Configuration[LINK]

The coil is operable in two modes, Cross Flow for general A/C applications and Counter flow mode. Air-conditioning systems generally use cross flow heat exchangers, hence the default is set to cross flow.

Field: Condensate Collection Water Storage Tank Name[LINK]

This field is optional. It is used to describe where condensate from the coil is collected. If blank or omitted, then any coil condensate is discarded. Enter the name of Water Storage Tank object defined elsewhere and the condensate will then be collected in that tank.

Examples when auto sized in an IDF are as below:

Coil:Cooling:Water,
    Main Cooling Coil 1,    !- Coil Name
    CoolingCoilAvailSched,  !- Availability Schedule Name
    autosize,     !- Design Water Volume Flow Rate of Coil {m3/s}
    autosize,     !- Design Air Flow Rate of Coil {m3/s}
    autosize,     !- Design Inlet Water Temperature {C}
    autosize,     !- Design Inlet Air Temperature {C}
    autosize,     !- Design Outlet Air Temperature {C}
    autosize,     !- Design Inlet Air Humidity Ratio (kgWater/kgDryAir)
    autosize,     !- Design Outlet Air Humidity Ratio (kgWater/kgDryAir)
    Main Cooling Coil 1 Water Inlet Node,   !- Coil_Water_Inlet_Node
    Main Cooling Coil 1 Water Outlet Node,  !- Coil_Water_Outlet_Node
    Mixed Air Node 1,                       !- Coil_Air_Inlet_Node
    Main Cooling Coil 1 Outlet Node;        !- Coil_Air_Outlet_Node

Examples when values (hard-sized) are input in an IDF are as below:

Coil:Cooling:Water,
    Main Cooling Coil 1,    !- Coil Name
    CoolingCoilAvailSched,  !- Availability Schedule Name
    0.0022,    !- Design Water Volume Flow Rate of Coil {m3/s}
    1.45,      !- Design Air Flow Rate of Coil {m3/s}
    6.1,       !- Design Inlet Water Temperature {C}
    25,        !- Design Inlet Air Temperature {C}
    10,        !- Design Outlet Air Temperature {C}
    0.012,     !- Design Inlet Air Humidity Ratio
    0.008,     !- Design Outlet Air Humidity Ratio
    Main Cooling Coil 1 Water Inlet Node,   !- Coil_Water_Inlet_Node
    Main Cooling Coil 1 Water Outlet Node,  !- Coil_Water_Outlet_Node
    Mixed Air Node 1,                       !- Coil_Air_Inlet_Node
    Main Cooling Coil 1 Outlet Node;        !- Coil_Air_Outlet_Node

Cooling Coil (Water) Outputs[LINK]

Following are the list of possible output output variables from this coil model:

HVAC,Sum,Cooling Coil Total Cooling Energy [J]
HVAC,Sum,Cooling Coil Sensible Cooling Energy [J]
HVAC,Average,Cooling Coil Total Cooling Rate [W]
HVAC,Average,Cooling Coil Sensible Cooling Rate [W]
HVAC,Average,Cooling Coil Wetted Area Fraction []
HVAC,Average,Cooling Coil Condensate Volume Flow Rate [m3/s]
HVAC,Sum,Cooling Coil Source Side Heat Transfer Energy [J]
HVAC,Sum,Cooling Coil Condensate Volume [m3]

Cooling Coil Total Cooling Energy (J)[LINK]

Cooling Coil Total Cooling Energy is the total amount of heat transfer taking place in the coil at the operating conditions.

Cooling Coil Sensible Cooling Energy (J)[LINK]

Cooling Coil Sensible Cooling Energy is the total amount of Sensible heat transfer taking place in the coil at the operating conditions. It only takes into account temperature difference in the inlet and outlet air streams at operating conditions.

Cooling Coil Total Cooling Rate (W)[LINK]

Cooling Coil Total Cooling Rate is the Rate of heat transfer taking place in the coil at the operating conditions. The units are (J/sec) or Watts.

Cooling Coil Sensible Cooling Rate (W)[LINK]

Cooling Coil Sensible Cooling Rate is the Rate of Sensible heat transfer taking place in the coil at the operating conditions.

Cooling Coil Wetted Area Fraction [][LINK]

It defines the fraction of total surface area of coil which is wet due to moisture condensation on the surface of the coil. Value varies between 0.0 and 1.0.

In addition, if a Water Storage Tank is used to collect coil condensate, then the following outputs will be available.

Cooling Coil Condensate Volume Flow Rate [m3/s][LINK]

Cooling Coil Condensate Volume [m3][LINK]

These reports provide the rate and amount of condensate from the coil. Condensate is water condensed out of the air as a result of cooling. The condensate volume is also reported on the meter for “OnSiteWater.”

Cooling Coil Source Side Heat Transfer Energy [J][LINK]

This is the energy extracted from the chilled water serving the coil, in Joules.

Coil:Heating:Water[LINK]

This simple heating coil model only does sensible heating of the air. The simple heating coil uses the Effectiveness-NTU algorithm and assumes a cross-flow heat exchanger.

Field: Name[LINK]

A unique identifying name for each coil.

Field: Availability Schedule Name[LINK]

Schedule that defines when the coil is available. A schedule value greater than 0 (usually 1 is used) indicates that the unit can be on during a given time period. A value less than or equal to 0 (usually 0 is used) denotes that the unit is off. If this field is blank, the schedule has a value of 1 for all time periods.

Field: U-Factor Times Area Value[LINK]

The UA value for the coil needed for the Effectiveness-NTU heat exchanger model. An estimate of the UA can be obtained from:

where q is the heat transferred from water to the air in watts; T~water, avg~ is the average water temperature in degrees C; and T~air, avg~ is the average air temperature in degrees C. Or the LMTD temperature difference can be used. This field is used when Performance Input Method = UFactorTimesAreaAndDesignWaterFlowRate.This field is autosizable.

Field: Maximum Water Flow Rate[LINK]

The maximum possible water flow rate (m3/sec) through the coil. This field is used when Coil Performance Input Method = UFactorTimesAreaAndDesignWaterFlowRate. This field is autosizable.

Field: Water Inlet Node Name[LINK]

The name of the coil’s water inlet node from the hot water loop.

Field: Water Outlet Node Name[LINK]

The name of the coil’s water outlet node from the hot water loop.

Field: Air Inlet Node Name[LINK]

The name of the air inlet node to the water coil.

Field: Air Outlet Node Name[LINK]

The name of the air outlet node from the water coil.

Field: Performance Input Method[LINK]

The user can choose either UFactorTimesAreaAndDesignWaterFlowRate or NominalCapacity. If UFactorTimesAreaAndDesignWaterFlowRate is selected, the user must input values for UA of the Coil and Max Water FlowRate of the Coil (and Rated Capacity is ignored). If NominalCapacity is chosen, the user must input a Rated Capacity for the coil; UA of the Coil and Max Water FlowRate of the Coil will be ignored. Rated capacity is defined as the heating capacity in watts of the coil at the rating points (i.e., the rated inlet and outlet water/air temperatures defined in the input fields below). The rated capacity is used to calculate a water mass flow rate and a UA for the coil. The default is NominalCapacity.

To autosize the capacity, choose UfactorTimesAreaAndDesignWaterFlowRate and put autosize as the inputs for U-Factor Times Area Value, Maximum Water Flow Rate, and Rated Capacity. The program will use the Sizing inputs to size the coil. The rated temperatures (see below) are ignored in autosizing. These are used only when the user is specifying coil performance using the NominalCapacity input method.

Field: Rated Capacity[LINK]

The heating capacity of the coil in watts at the rated inlet and outlet air and water temperatures. This field is used when the Performance Input Method = Nominal Capacity. This field is autosizable. The rating points are given in the four subsequent input fields.

Field: Rated Inlet Water Temperature[LINK]

The inlet water temperature (degrees C) corresponding to the rated heating capacity. The default is 82.2 degrees C (180 degrees F).

Field: Rated Inlet Air Temperature[LINK]

The inlet air temperature (degrees C) corresponding to the rated heating capacity. The default is 16.6 degrees C (60 degrees F).

Field: Rated Outlet Water Temperature[LINK]

The outlet water temperature (degrees C) corresponding to the rated heating capacity. The default is 71.1 degrees C (160 degrees F).

Field: Rated Outlet Air Temperature[LINK]

The outlet air temperature (degrees C) corresponding to the nominal heating capacity. The default is 32.2 degrees C (90 degrees F).

Field: Rated Ratio for Air and Water Convection[LINK]

This is the ratio of convective heat transfers between air side and water side of the heating coil at the rated operating conditions. The default is .5. This ratio describes the geometry and the design of the coil and is defined by:

where,

is the fin efficiency, (dimensionless)

h is the surface convection heat transfer coefficient

A is the surface area

An example input of the object is:

Coil:Heating:Water,
    SPACE3-1 Zone Coil,      !- Coil Name
    ReheatCoilAvailSched,    !- Availability Schedule Name
    ,                        !- UA of the Coil {W/K}
    ,                        !- Max Water Flow Rate of Coil {m3/s}
    SPACE3-1 Zone Coil Water In Node,  !- Coil_Water_Inlet_Node
    SPACE3-1 Zone Coil Water Out Node,  !- Coil_Water_Outlet_Node
    SPACE3-1 Zone Coil Air In Node,  !- Coil_Air_Inlet_Node
    SPACE3-1 In Node,        !- Coil_Air_Outlet_Node
    NominalCapacity,         !- Coil Performance Input Method
    10000.,                  !- Rated Capacity
    0.55;                    !- Rated Ratio for Air and Water Convection

Heating Coil (Water) Outputs[LINK]

HVAC,Sum, Heating Coil Heating Energy [J]
HVAC,Sum,Heating Coil Source Side Heat Transfer Energy [J]
HVAC,Average,Heating Coil Heating Rate [W]
HVAC,Average, Heating Coil U Factor Times Area Value [W/K]

Heating Coil Heating Energy [J][LINK]

Heating Coil Heating Energy is the total amount of heat transfer taking place in the coil at the operating conditions.

Heating Coil Heating Rate [W][LINK]

Heating Coil Heating Rate is the Rate of heat transfer taking place in the coil at the operating conditions. The units are (J/sec) or Watts.

Heating Coil U Factor Times Area Value [W/K][LINK]

This characterizes the overall heat transfer “UA” value, or U-factor times Area. The simple heating coil model adjusts UA value based on inlet temperatures and flow rates and this output contains the results from that adjustment.

Heating Coil Source Side Heat Transfer Energy [J][LINK]

This is the same has the Heating Coil Heating Energy but it is also metered as a plant loop heating demand. This represents the heat in Joules extracted from the hot water serving the coil.

Coil:Heating:Steam[LINK]

The simple steam to air heating coil model only does sensible heating of the air. The steam to air coils condenses the steam and sub cools steam at loop pressure and discharges the condensate through steam traps at low pressure condensate line.

Field: Name[LINK]

A unique identifying name for each steam coil.

Field: Availability Schedule Name[LINK]

Schedule that defines when the coil is available. If the schedule’s value is less than or equal to 0.0, then the coil is not available and flow will not be requested. If the schedule’s value is > 0.0 (usually 1 is used), the coil is available. If this field is blank, the schedule has values of 1 for all time periods.

Field: Maximum Steam Flow Rate[LINK]

The maximum possible steam flow rate (m3/sec) through the coil. This field is autosizable.

Field: Degree of SubCooling[LINK]

Ideally the steam trap located at the outlet of steam coil should remove all the condensate immediately, however there is a delay in this process in actual systems which causes the condensate to SubCool by certain degree in the coil before leaving the coil, this SubCool occurs in the steam coil and this SubCool-heat is added to the zone. The minimum value is 2 Celsius and default is 5 Celsius.

Field: Degree of Loop SubCooling[LINK]

This essentially represents the heat loss to the atmosphere due to uninsulated condensate return piping to the boiler. Condensate return piping operates at atmospheric pressure and is not insulated. The condensate sub cools to certain degree before it is pumped back to the boiler. The minimum value is 10 Celsius and default is 20 Celsius.

Field: Water Inlet Node Name[LINK]

The name of the steam coil inlet from the steam loop, i.e. Steam Coil steam inlet node.

Field: Water Outlet Node Name[LINK]

The name of the steam coil outlet to the condensate loop, i.e. Steam Coil condensate outlet node.

Field: Air Inlet Node Name[LINK]

The name of the air inlet to the steam coil, i.e. Steam Coil Air Inlet Node.

Field: Air Outlet Node Name[LINK]

The name of the air outlet from the steam coil, i.e. Steam Coil Air Outlet Node.

Field: Coil Control Type[LINK]

Choice of either ZoneLoadControl steam coil or TemperatureSetpointControl steam coil. A zone coil is load controlled and an air loop steam coil is temperature controlled.

Field: Temperature Setpoint Node Name[LINK]

If the coil is used in the air loop simulation and is temperature controlled using a Set Point Manager (i.e., the previous file is TemperatureSetpointConrtol), then the node that is the control node needs to be specified here. If the coil is used in an air terminal unit, the coil is load controlled and a control node set point is not required (i.e., the previous field is ZoneLoadControl).

An example of a Steam Coil input statement (one each for Temperature Controlled and Load Controlled) from an IDF is given below:

Coil:Heating:Steam,
    VAV SYS 1 Heating Coil,          !- Coil Name
    ReheatCoilAvailSched,            !- Availability Schedule Name
    0.06,                            !- Max Steam volume Flow rate
    5.0,                             !- Deg of Subcooling Desired
    15.0,                    !- Loop Subcooling Desired
    VAV SYS 1 Heating Coil Steam Inlet,  !- Coil Steam Inlet Node
    VAV SYS 1 Heating Coil Steam Outlet, !- Coil Water Outlet Node
    VAV SYS 1 Cooling Coil Outlet,    !- Coil Air Inlet Node
    VAV SYS 1 Heating Coil Outlet,    !- Coil Air Outlet Node
    TemperatureSetPointControl,       !- field Coil Control Type
    VAV SYS 1 Heating Coil Outlet;    !- field Coil Temp Setpoint Node

Coil:Heating:Steam,
    SPACE1-1 Reheat Coil,               !- Coil Name
    ReheatCoilAvailSched,               !- Availability Schedule Name
    autosize,                       !- Max Steam volume Flow rate
    5.0,                       !- Deg of Subcooling Desired
    15.0,                       !- Loop Subcooling Desired
    SPACE1-1 Reheat Coil Steam Inlet,   !- Coil Steam Inlet Node
    SPACE1-1 Reheat Coil Steam Outlet,  !- Coil Water Outlet Node
    SPACE1-1 Damper Outlet,             !- Coil Air Inlet Node
    SPACE1-1 Supply Inlet,  !- Coil Air Outlet Node
    ZoneLoadControl;     !- field Coil Control Type

Heating Coil (Steam) Outputs:[LINK]

HVAC,Sum, Heating Coil Heating Energy [J]
HVAC,Average,Total Steam Coil Heating Rate [W]
HVAC,Average,Heating Coil Steam Trap Loss Rate [W]
HVAC, Average, Heating Coil Steam Inlet Temperature [C]
HVAC, Average, Heating Coil Steam Outlet Temperature [C]
HVAC, Average, Heating Coil Steam Mass Flow Rate [kg/s]

Heating Coil Heating Energy [J][LINK]

Heating Coil Heating Energy is the total amount of heat transfer taking place in the coil at the operating conditions.

Heating Coil Heating Rate [W][LINK]

Heating Coil Heating Rate is the Rate of heat transfer taking place in the coil at the operating conditions. The units are (J/sec) or Watts.

Heating Coil Steam Trap Loss Rate [W][LINK]

Loop losses represent the unavoidable loss due to degree of sub cooling in the condensate return piping back to the boiler and the loss occurring due to flashing of steam across the steam trap due to pressure differential between the steam and the condensate side.

Heating Coil Steam Inlet Temperature [C][LINK]

Heating Coil Steam Outlet Temperature [C][LINK]

Heating Coil Steam Mass Flow Rate [kg/s][LINK]

These outputs are the Steam inlet and condensate outlet temperatures and steam flow rate for the boiler.

Coil:Heating:Electric[LINK]

The electric heating coil is a simple capacity model with a user-inputted efficiency. In many cases, this efficiency for the electric coil will be 100%. This coil will be simpler than shown in Figure 125 since it will only have air nodes to connect it in the system. The coil can be used in the air loop simulation or in the zone equipment as a reheat coil. Depending on where it is used determines if this coil is temperature or capacity controlled. If used in the air loop simulation it will be controlled to a specified temperature scheduled from the SetPoint Manager. If it is used in zone equipment, it will be controlled from the zone thermostat by meeting the zone demand.

Field: Name[LINK]

A unique identifying name for each coil.

Field: Availability Schedule Name[LINK]

Schedule that defines when the coil is available. If the schedule’s value is 0.0, then the coil is not available and flow will not be requested. If the schedule’s value is > 0.0 (usually 1 is used), the coil is available. If this field is blank, the schedule has values of 1 for all time periods. Schedule values must be >= 0 and <= 1.

Field: Efficiency[LINK]

This is user-inputted efficiency (decimal units, not percent) and can account for any loss. In most cases for the electric coil, this will be 100%.

Field: Nominal Capacity[LINK]

This is the maximum capacity of the coil (W). This controlled coil will only provide the needed capacity to meet the control criteria whether it is temperature or capacity controlled. This field is autosizable.

Field: Air Inlet Node Name[LINK]

The name of the air inlet to the electric coil, i.e. Heating Coil Air Inlet Node.

Field: Air Outlet Node Name[LINK]

The name of the air outlet from the electric coil, i.e. Heating Coil Air Outlet Node.

Field: Temperature Setpoint Node Name[LINK]

If the coil is used in the air loop simulation and is temperature controlled using a Set Point Manager, then the node that is the control node needs to be specified here. If the coil is used in an air terminal unit, the coil is load controlled and a control node set point is not required.

An example of IDF usage:

Coil:Heating:Electric, AHU Reheater,           !- Name 2,                      !- Availability Schedule Name 0.99,                   !- Efficiency 600000,                 !- Nominal Capacity {W} DOAS Supply Fan Outlet, !- Air Inlet Node Name AHU Reheater Outlet,    !- Air Outlet Node Name AHU Reheater Outlet;    !- Temperature Setpoint Node Name

Heating Coil (Electric) Outputs[LINK]

HVAC,Sum,Heating Coil Air Heating Energy [J]
HVAC,Average,Heating Coil Air Heating Rate [W]
HVAC,Sum,Heating Coil Electric Energy [J]
HVAC,Average,Heating Coil Electric Power [W]

Heating Coil Air Heating Energy (J)[LINK]

Heating Coil Air Heating Energy is the total amount of heat transfer taking place in the coil at the operating conditions.

Heating Coil Air Heating Rate [W][LINK]

Heating Coil Air Heating Rate is the Rate of heat transfer taking place in the coil at the operating conditions. The units are (J/sec) or Watts.

Heating Coil Electric Energy [J][LINK]

Heating Coil electric consumption after the efficiency of the coil has been taken into account in Joules for the timestep reported.

Heating Coil Electric Power [W][LINK]

This field is the average Heating Coil electric power after the efficiency of the coil has been taken into account in Watts for the timestep reported.

Coil:Heating:Electric:MultiStage[LINK]

The multi stage electric heating coil is a simple capacity model with a user-inputted efficiencies at different stages. In many cases, the efficiencies for the electric coil will be 100%. This coil will only have air nodes to connect it in the system. The coil can be used in the air loop simulation or in the zone equipment as a reheat coil. Depending on where it is used determines if this coil is temperature or capacity controlled. If used in the air loop simulation it will be controlled to a specified temperature scheduled from the SetPoint Manager. If it is used in zone equipment, it will be controlled from the zone thermostat by meeting the zone demand. For the time being, this coil model can only be called by the parent object AirLoopHVAC:UnitaryHeatPump:AirToAir:MultiSpeed.

Field: Name[LINK]

A unique identifying name for each coil.

Field: Availability Schedule Name[LINK]

Schedule that defines when the coil is available. If the schedule’s value is 0.0, then the coil is not available and flow will not be requested. If the schedule’s value is > 0.0 (usually 1 is used), the coil is available. If this field is blank, the schedule has values of 1 for all time periods. Schedule values must be >= 0 and <= 1.

Field: Air Inlet Node Name[LINK]

The name of the air inlet to the electric coil, i.e. Heating Coil Air Inlet Node.

Field: Air Outlet Node Name[LINK]

The name of the air outlet from the electric coil, i.e. Heating Coil Air Outlet Node.

Field: Temperature Setpoint Node Name[LINK]

If the coil is used in the air loop simulation and is temperature controlled using a Set Point Manager, then the node that is the control node needs to be specified here. If the coil is used in an air terminal unit, the coil is load controlled and a control node set point is not required. At present, the multistage electric heating coil does not model temperature setoint control.

Field: Stage 1 Efficiency[LINK]

This is stage 1 user-inputted efficiency (decimal units, not percent) and can account for any loss. In most cases for the electric coil, this will be 100%.

Field: Stage 1 Nominal Capacity[LINK]

This is stage 1 capacity of the coil (W). This field is autosizable.

Field: Stage 2 Efficiency[LINK]

This is stage 2 user-inputted efficiency (decimal units, not percent) and can account for any loss. In most cases for the electric coil, this will be 100%.

Field: Stage 2 Nominal Capacity[LINK]

This is stage 2 capacity of the coil (W). This field is autosizable.

Field: Stage 3 Efficiency[LINK]

This is stage 3 user-inputted efficiency (decimal units, not percent) and can account for any loss. In most cases for the electric coil, this will be 100%.

Field: Stage 3 Nominal Capacity[LINK]

This is stage 3 capacity of the coil (W). This field is autosizable.

Field: Stage 4 Efficiency[LINK]

This is stage 4 user-inputted efficiency (decimal units, not percent) and can account for any loss. In most cases for the electric coil, this will be 100%.

Field: Stage 4 Nominal Capacity[LINK]

This is stage 4 capacity of the coil (W). This field is autosizable.

An example in IDF form:

Coil:Heating:Electric:MultiStage,
  Heat Pump Heating Coil 1,         !- Name
  FanAndCoilAvailSched,             !- Availability Schedule Name
  Heating Coil Air Inlet Node,      !- Air Inlet Node Name
  SuppHeating Coil Air Inlet Node,  !- Air Outlet Node Name
  ,                        !- Temp Setpoint node name
  3,                       !- Number of Stages
  1,                       !- Stage 1 Efficiency
  Autosize,                !- Stage 1 Nominal Capacity {W}
  1,                       !- Stage 2 Efficiency
  Autosize,                !- Stage 2 Nominal Capacity {W}
  1,                       !- Stage 3 Efficiency
  Autosize;                !- Stage 3 Nominal Capacity {W}

Heating Coild (Electric Multistage) Outputs[LINK]

HVAC,Sum,Heating Coil Energy[J]
HVAC,Average,Heating Coil Rate[W]
HVAC,Sum,Heating Coil Electric Consumption [J]
HVAC,Average,Heating Coil Electric Power [W]

Heating Coil Energy (J)[LINK]

Heating Coil Energy is the total amount of heat transfer taking place in the coil at the operating conditions.

Heating Coil Rate[W][LINK]

Heating Coil Rate is the Rate of heat transfer taking place in the coil at the operating conditions. The units are (J/sec) or Watts.

Heating Coil Electric Consumption [J][LINK]

Heating Coil electric consumption after the efficiency of the coil has been taken into account in Joules for the timestep reported.

Heating Coil Electric Power [W][LINK]

This field is the average Heating Coil electric power after the efficiency of the coil has been taken into account in Watts for the timestep reported.

Coil:Heating:Desuperheater[LINK]

A simplified approach is used to determine the performance of this air heating coil. The model assumes that the heating energy provided by this coil is reclaimed from the superheated refrigerant gas leaving a compressor (i.e., a desuperheating refrigerant-to-air heating coil) and does not impact the performance of the compressor. This coil can be used in air loop simulations but can’t be used by certain compound objects (e.g., AirLoopHVAC:UnitaryHeatPump:AirToAir, AirLoopHVAC:UnitaryHeatPump:WaterToAir, or Dehumidifier:Desiccant:NoFans) or any air distribution equipment (e.g., AirTerminal:SingleDuct:ConstantVolume:Reheat, AirTerminal:SingleDuct:VAV:Reheat, or AirTerminal:SingleDuct:SeriesPIU:Reheat).

The desuperheater heating coil input requires a coil name, an availability schedule, and a heat reclaim recovery efficiency. The reclaim recovery efficiency determines the amount of heat available for use by this heating coil. Approximately 25-30% of the energy rejected by typical refrigeration system condensers is to reduce the superheated refrigerant vapor temperature to the condensing temperature. Recovery efficiencies higher than 30% may cause the refrigerant gas to condense which in turn impacts the performance of the refrigeration system. For this reason, the maximum heat reclaim recovery efficiency for this coil is 30% for most sources of waste heat, including refrigeration compressor racks. The one exception to this 30% limit is a condenser that is part of a detailed refrigeration system. In a detailed refrigeration system, the portion of the rejected heat that lies within the superheated region is explicitly calculated. Therefore, the desuperheater coils supplied by a condenser attached to a detailed refrigeration system are subject to a maximum reclaim recovery efficiency of 90% of the heat within the superheated region.

The next two input items for the desuperheater heating coil are the node names for the inlet and outlet air streams. The following two input fields define the source of heating energy for the coil. This desuperheater heating coil may only be used with direct expansion (DX) cooling or refrigeration equipment. The first of these two inputs is the heating source object type while the second defines the name of the heating source. For proper modeling, the desuperheater heating coil must be placed downstream of a DX cooling coil when reclaiming heat from that cooling coil. Desuperheating heating coil placement is unrestricted when reclaiming heat from a Refrigeration:CompressorRack or Refrigeration:Condenser.

The next input field is optional and defines the set point node name if the desuperheater heating coil is to be controlled based on temperature. When a load-based control scheme is used, this field is left blank. A final optional input is used to model parasitic electric energy use of auxiliary equipment associated with the desuperheater heating coil (e.g., solenoid valve).

Field: Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines a unique user-assigned name for an instance of a desuperheater heating coil. Any reference to this desuperheater heating coil by another object will use this name.

Field: Availability Schedule Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of the schedule (ref: Schedule) that denotes whether the desuperheater heating coil can run during a given time period. Schedule values must range from 0 to 1. A schedule value greater than 0 indicates that the coil can operate during the time period. A value equal to 0 denotes that the coil must be off for that time period. If this field is blank, the schedule has values of 1 for all time periods.

Field: Heat Reclaim Recovery Efficiency[LINK]

This numeric field defines the ratio of recovered waste heat from the superheated refrigerant gas to the total rejected waste heat from the heating source (as if no heat reclaim occurred). Values can range from 0.0 up to a maximum of 0.9 if the source is a refrigeration condenser and 0.3 for all other waste heat sources. If this input field is left blank, the default value is 0.8 for a refrigeration condenser source type and 0.25 for all other sources.

Field: Air Inlet Node Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of the HVAC system node from which the desuperheater heating coil draws its inlet air.

Field: Air Outlet Node Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of the HVAC system node to which the desuperheater heating coil sends its outlet air.

Field: Heating Source Object Type[LINK]

This alpha field defines the source of superheated refrigerant gas from which the desuperheater heating coil recovers energy. Valid choices are:

Coil:Cooling:DX:SingleSpeed
Coil:Cooling:DX:TwoSpeed
Coil:Cooling:DX:TwoStageWithHumidityControlMode
Refrigeration:CompressorRack
Refrigeration:Condenser:AirCooled
Refrigeration:Condenser:EvaporativeCooled
Refrigeration:Condenser:WaterCooled

When the heating coil source is a DX Coil, the air loop’s supply air fan control mode may be auto fan (cycling fan cycling coil), constant fan, or variable volume. When the heating source is a compressor rack for refrigerated cases or a refrigeration condenser, the supply air fan control mode should be either variable volume or constant fan.

NOTE: Use of the desuperheater heating coil in variable air volume systems should be done with caution since the model assumption of a fixed heat reclaim recovery efficiency may not be valid if the air flow rate over the coil varies significantly.

Field: Heating Source Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of the desuperheater heating coil source (e.g., the name of a specific valid coil (as mentioned in the previous field) which provides waste heat to this desuperheater heating coil).

NOTE: When the heating source is a Refrigeration Compressor rack, the heat rejection location in the Refrigeration:CompressorRack object must be “Outdoors”. If the compressor rack heat rejection location is “Zone”, the total amount of heat rejection available for reclaim (e.g., by this desuperheater heating coil) is set to zero by the compressor rack object and the simulation proceeds.

Field: Temperature Setpoint Node Name[LINK]

This optional alpha field defines the name of the HVAC system node used for temperature-based control (e.g., controlling the heating coil’s outlet air dry-bulb temperature to a setpoint). If the desuperheater heating coil is temperature controlled through the use of a Set Point Manager, then the control node specified in the Set Point Manager will be entered here. If the desuperheater heating coil is controlled based on a certain heating load to be met (e.g., using this heating coil as part of AirLoopHVAC:Unitary:Furnace:HeatCool for high humidity control), this field should be left blank.

Field: Parasitic Electric Load[LINK]

This optional numeric field defines the parasitic electric load (in Watts) due to control valves or other devices specific to the desuperheater heating coil. The load is applied whenever the coil is heating the air. The model assumes that this electric load is small and does not contribute to heating the air.

Following is an example input for a desuperheater heating coil.

Coil:Heating:Desuperheater,
  DesuperheaterCoil,                  !- Coil Name
  FanAndCoilAvailSched,               !- Availability Schedule
  0.3,                                !- Heat Reclaim Recovery Efficiency
  Cooling Coil Air Outlet Node,       !- Coil Air Inlet Node Name
  Air Loop Outlet Node,               !- Coil Air Outlet Node Name
  Coil:Cooling:DX:SingleSpeed, !- Heating Source Type
  Furnace ACDXCoil 1,                 !- Heating Source Name
  ,                                   !- Coil Temperature Setpoint Node Name
  0.1;                                !- Parasitic Electric Load {W}

Heating Coil (Desuperheater) Outputs[LINK]

HVAC,Average,Heating Coil Rate [W]
HVAC,Sum,Heating Coil Energy [J]
HVAC,Average,Heating Coil Electric Power [W]
HVAC,Sum,Heating Coil Electric Consumption [J]
HVAC,Average,Heating Coil Runtime Fraction []
HVAC,Average,Heating Coil Air Heating Rate [W]
HVAC,Sum,Heating Coil Air Heating Energy [J]
HVAC,Average,Heating Coil Electric Power [W]
HVAC,Sum,Heating Coil Electric Energy [J]
HVAC,Average,Heating Coil Runtime Fraction

Heating Coil Air Heating Rate [W][LINK]

This output is the average heating rate of the desuperheater heating coil in Watts over the timestep being reported. This is determined by the coil inlet and outlet air conditions and the air mass flow rate through the coil.

Heating Coil Air Heating Energy [J][LINK]

This output is the total heating output of the desuperheater heating coil in Joules over the timestep being reported. This is determined by the coil inlet and outlet air conditions and the air mass flow rate through the coil. This output is also added to a meter with Resource Type = EnergyTransfer, End Use Key = HeatingCoils, Group Key = System (ref. Output:Meter object).

Heating Coil Electric Power [W][LINK]

This output is the average electric consumption rate for the parasitic load associated with the desuperheater heating coil in Watts.

Heating Coil Electric Energy [J][LINK]

This output is the electric consumption of the desuperheater heating coil parasitic load in Joules for the timestep being reported. This output is also added to a meter with Resource Type = Electricity, End Use Key = Heating, Group Key = System (ref. Output:Meter object).

Heating Coil Runtime Fraction [][LINK]

This is the runtime fraction of the desuperheater heating coil for the timestep being reported. Since the desuperheater heating coil can only provide heat when the heat source object is active, the runtime fraction of the desuperheater heating coil will always be less than or equal to the runtime fraction of the heat source object.

Coil:Cooling:DX:VariableRefrigerantFlow[LINK]

The variable refrigerant flow (VRF) DX cooling coil model is nearly identical to the single-speed DX cooling coil model (Ref. Coil:Cooling:DX:SingleSpeed). For this reason, an adaptation of the single-speed DX cooling coil model is used to model the variable-speed compression system used in VRF AC systems. The model inputs are quite similar to the input requirements for the single-speed DX cooling coil model, however, the location of a majority of the inputs have been moved to the variable refrigerant flow air conditioner object since multiple DX cooling coils will use the same DX compression system (Ref. AirConditioner:VariableRefrigerantFlow).

Field: Coil Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines a unique user-assigned name for an instance of a VRF DX cooling coil. Any reference to this DX cooling coil by another object will use this name. This cooling coil name must be entered in the AirConditioner:VariableRefrigerantFlow object. No other sytem type uses this specific coil.

Field: Availability Schedule Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of the DX cooling coil availabiltiy schedule. Schedule values of 0 denote the DX cooling coil is off. A schedule value greater than 0 indicates that the coil can operate during the time period. If this field is blank, the schedule has values of 1 for all time periods.

Field: Rated Total Cooling Capacity[LINK]

This numeric field defines the rated total cooling capacity of the DX cooling coil. The total cooling capacity should be a “gross” value and not include thermal affects due to the supply air fan.

Field: Ratio Sensible Heat Ratio[LINK]

This numeric field defines the sensible heat ratio (sensible capacity divided by total cooling capacity) of the DX cooling coil at rated conditions. Both the sensible and total cooling capacities used to define the Rated SHR should be “gross” (i.e., supply air fan heat is NOT included)

Field: Rated Air Flow Rate[LINK]

The air volume flow rate, in m3 per second, across the DX cooling coil at rated conditions. The rated air volume flow rate should be between 0.00004027 m3/s and 0.00006041 m3/s per watt of rated total cooling capacity (300 to 450 cfm/ton). The rated total cooling capacity and rated SHR should be performance information for the unit with at this rated air volume flow rate.

Field: Cooling Capacity Ratio Modifier Function of Temperature Curve Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the cooling capacity ratio modifier as a function of indoor wet-bulb temperature or indoor wet-bulb and outdoor dry-bulb temperatures. This curve is a linear, quadratic, or cubic curve if the cooling capacity is soley a function of indoor wet-bulb temperature (i.e., the indoor terminal units weighted average inlet air wet-bulb temperatures). Without specific manufacturers data indicating otherwise, the use of a single independent variable is recommended for this coil type. If, however, the user has reason to believe the cooling capacity is both a function of indoor wet-bulb temperature and outdoor dry-bulb temperature (and has manufacturers data to create the performance curve), a bi-quadratic equation using weighted average indoor wet-bulb temperature and condenser entering air dry-bulb temperature as the independent variables may be used. See the Engineering Reference for more discussion on using this input field.

Field: Cooling Capacity Modifier Curve Function of Flow Fraction Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of a linear, quadratic or cubic performance curve (ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of total cooling capacity as a function of the ratio of actual air flow rate across the cooling coil to the rated air flow rate (i.e., fraction of full load flow). The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated total cooling capacity and the total cooling capacity modifier curve (function of temperature) to give the total cooling capacity at the specific temperature and air flow conditions at which the coil is operating. The curve is normalized to have the value of 1.0 when the actual air flow rate equals the rated air flow rate.

Field: Coil Air Inlet Node Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of the air inlet node entering the DX cooling coil.

Field: Coil Air Outlet Node Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of the air outlet node exiting the DX cooling coil.

Field: Name of Water Storage Tank for Condensate Collection[LINK]

This field is optional. It is used to describe where condensate from the coil is collected. If blank or omitted, then any coil condensate is discarded. Enter the name of Water Storage Tank object defined elsewhere and the condensate will then be collected in that tank.

Following is an example input for a Coil:Cooling:DX:VariableRefrigerantFlow object.

COIL:Cooling:DX:VariableRefrigerantFlow,
    TU1 VRF DX Cooling Coil, !- Coil Name
    VRFAvailSched,           !- Availability Schedule Name
    autosize,                !- Rated Total Cooling Capacity {W}
    autosize,                !- Rated Sensible Heat Ratio
    autosize,                !- Rated Air Flow Rate {m3/s}
    VRFTUCoolCapFT,          !- Cooling Capacity Ratio Modifier Function of Temperature Curve Name
    VRFACCoolCapFFF,         !- Cooling Capacity Modifier Curve Function of Flow Fraction Name
    TU1 VRF DX CCoil Inlet Node,  !- Coil Air Inlet Node
    TU1 VRF DX CCoil Outlet Node;  !- Coil Air Outlet Node

Cooling DX Coil (VariableRefrigerantFlow) Outputs[LINK]

HVAC,Average, Cooling Coil Total Cooling Rate [W]
HVAC,Sum, Cooling Coil Total Cooling Energy [J]
HVAC,Average, Cooling Coil Sensible Cooling Rate [W]
HVAC,Sum, Cooling Coil Sensible Cooling Energy [J]
HVAC,Average, Cooling Coil Latent Cooling Rate [W]
HVAC,Sum, Cooling Coil Latent Cooling Energy [J]
HVAC,Average, Cooling Coil Runtime Fraction []

Evaporative-cooled condenser:
HVAC,Average,Cooling Coil Condensate Volume Flow Rate [m3/s]
Zone,Meter,Condensate:OnSiteWater [m3]
HVAC,Sum,Cooling Coil Condensate Volume [m3]

Cooling Coil Total Cooling Rate [W][LINK]

This field is the total (sensible and latent) cooling rate output of the DX coil in Watts. This is determined by the coil inlet and outlet air conditions and the air mass flow rate through the coil.

Cooling Coil Total Cooling Energy [J][LINK]

This is the total (sensible plus latent) cooling output of the DX coil in Joules over the time step being reported. This is determined by the coil inlet and outlet air conditions and the air mass flow rate through the coil. This output is also added to a meter with Resource Type = EnergyTransfer, End Use Key = CoolingCoils, Group Key = System (Ref. Output:Meter object).

Cooling Coil Sensible Cooling Rate [W][LINK]

This output is the moist air sensible cooling rate output of the DX coil in Watts. This is determined by the inlet and outlet air conditions and the air mass flow rate through the coil.

Cooling Coil Sensible Cooling Energy [J][LINK]

This is the moist air sensible cooling output of the DX coil in Joules for the time step being reported. This is determined by the inlet and outlet air conditions and the air mass flow rate through the coil.

Cooling Coil Latent Cooling Rate [W][LINK]

This is the latent cooling rate output of the DX coil in Watts. This is determined by the inlet and outlet air conditions and the air mass flow rate through the coil.

Cooling Coil Latent Cooling Energy [J][LINK]

This is the latent cooling output of the DX coil in Joules for the time step being reported. This is determined by the inlet and outlet air conditions and the air mass flow rate through the coil.

Cooling Coil Runtime Fraction [][LINK]

This is the runtime fraction of the DX coil compressor and condenser fan(s) for the time step being reported.

Cooling Coil Condensate Volume Flow Rate [m3/s][LINK]

Cooling Coil Condensate Volume [m3][LINK]

These outputs are the rate and volume of water collected as condensate from the coil. These reports only appear if a water storage tank is named in the input object.

Coil:Heating:DX:VariableRefrigerantFlow[LINK]

The variable refrigerant flow (VRF) DX heating coil model uses performance information at rated conditions along with performance curves for variations in total capacity, energy input ratio and part load fraction to determine performance at part-load conditions. The impacts of defrost operation is modeled based a combination of user inputs and empirical models taken from the air-to-air heat pump algorithms in DOE-2.1E.

The VRF DX heating coil input requires an availability schedule, the rated total heating capacity and the rated air volume flow rate. The rated air volume flow rate should be between 0.00008056 m3/s and 0.00002684 m3/s per watt of rated total heating capacity.

Two performance curves are required. The first performance curve defines the total heating capacity as a function of indoor air dry-bulb and outdoor condenser entering air wet-bulb temperature. This curve object is specified in the variable refrigerant flow air-to-air heat pump object. The second performance curve is specific the each VRF DX heating coil and defines the change in total heating capacity as a function of air flow fraction. Each of these performance curves are further discussed here.

  1. Total heating capacity modifier curve (function of temperature, specified in Heat Pump)
  • The total heating capacity modifier curve (function of temperature) can be a function of both the outdoor wet-bulb temperature and indoor air dry-bulb temperature. Users have the choice of a bi-quadratic curve with two independent variables or a tri-quadratic curve with three independent variable. The tri-quadratic curve is recommended if sufficient manufacturer data is available as it provides sensitivity to the combined total capacity of all indoor units connected to the heat pump condenser and a more realistic output. The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated total heating capacity to give the total heating capacity at specific temperature operating conditions (i.e., at an outdoor or indoor air temperature different from the rating point temperature) and the combination ratio of the installed system.
  1. Total heating capacity modifier curve (function of flow fraction, specified in DX coil)
  • The total heating capacity modifier curve (function of flow fraction) is a quadratic or cubic curve with the independent variable being the ratio of the actual air flow rate across the heating coil to the rated air flow rate (i.e., fraction of full load flow). The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated total heating capacity and the total heating capacity modifier curve (function of temperature) to give the total heating capacity at the specific temperature and air flow conditions at which the coil is operating.

Field: Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines a unique user-assigned name for an instance of a VRF DX heating coil. Any reference to this DX heating coil by another object will use this name.

Field: Availability Schedule Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of the schedule (ref: Schedule) that denotes whether the DX heating coil can run during a given time period. A schedule value greater than 0 (usually 1 is used) indicates that the unit can be on during the time period. A value less than or equal to 0 (usually 0 is used) denotes that the unit must be off for the time period. If this field is blank, the schedule has values of 1 for all time periods.

Field: Rated Total Heating Capacity[LINK]

This numeric field defines the total, full load heating capacity in watts of the DX coil unit at rated conditions (outside air dry-bulb temperature of 8.33 C, outside air wet-bulb temperature of 6.11 C, heating coil entering air dry-bulb temperature of 21.11 C, heating coil entering air wet-bulb temperature of 15.55 C, and a heating coil air flow rate defined by field “rated air flow volume” below). The value entered here must be greater than 0. Capacity should not include supply air fan heat.

Field: Rated Air Flow Rate[LINK]

This numeric field defines the volume air flow rate, in m3 per second, across the DX heating coil at rated conditions. The value entered here must be greater than 0. The rated air volume flow rate should be between 0.00004027 m3/s and 0.00006041 m3/s per watt of rated total heating capacity. The rated total heating capacity and rated COP should be performance information for the unit with outside air dry-bulb temperature of 8.33 C, outside air wet-bulb temperature of 6.11 C, heating coil entering air dry-bulb temperature of 21.11 C, heating coil entering air wet-bulb temperature of 15.55 C, and the rated air volume flow rate defined here.

Field: Coil Air Inlet Node[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of the HVAC system node from which the DX heating coil draws its inlet air.

Field: Coil Air Outlet Node[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of the HVAC system node to which the DX heating coil sends its outlet air.

Field: Heating Capacity Ratio Modifier Function of Temperature Curve Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the heating capacity ratio modifier as a function of indoor dry-bulb temperature or indoor dry-bulb and outdoor wet-bulb temperatures. This curve is a linear, quadratic, or cubic curve if the heating capacity is soley a function of indoor dry-bulb temperature (i.e., the indoor terminal units weighted average inlet air dry-bulb temperatures). Without specific manufacturers data indicating otherwise, the use of a single independent variable is recommended for this coil type. If, however, the user has reason to believe the heating capacity is both a function of indoor dry-bulb temperature and outdoor wet-bulb temperature (and has manufacturers data to create the performance curve), a bi-quadratic equation using weighted average indoor dry-bulb temperature and condenser entering air wet-bulb temperature as the independent variables may be used. See the Engineering Reference for more discussion on using this input field.

Note: The choice of using either outdoor dry-bulb temperature or outdoor wet-bulb temperature as the independent variable in this performance curve is set in the parent object AirConditioner: VariableRefrigerantFlow.

Field: Heating Capacity Ratio Modifier Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of a linear, quadratic or cubic performance curve (ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of total heating capacity as a function of the ratio of actual air flow rate across the heating coil to the rated air flow rate (i.e., fraction of full load flow). The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated total heating capacity and the total heating capacity modifier curve (function of temperature) to give the total heating capacity at the specific temperature and air flow conditions at which the coil is operating. The curve is normalized to have the value of 1.0 when the actual air flow rate equals the rated air flow rate.

Following is an example input for the object.

COIL:Heating:DX:VariableRefrigerantFlow,
    TU1 VRF DX Heating Coil, !- Coil Name
    VRFAvailSched,           !- Availability Schedule
    autosize,                !- Rated Total Heating Capacity {W}
    autosize,                !- Rated Air Flow Rate {m3/s}
    TU1 VRF DX CCoil Outlet Node,  !- Coil Air Inlet Node
    TU1 VRF DX HCoil Outlet Node,  !- Coil Air Outlet Node
    VRFTUHeatCapFT,          !- Heating Capacity Ratio Modifier Function of Temperature Curve Name
    VRFACCoolCapFFF;         !- Total heating capacity modifier curve Function of Flow Fraction

Heating DX Coil (VariableRefrigerantFlow) Outputs[LINK]

HVAC,Average, Heating Coil Total Heating Rate [W]
HVAC,Sum, Heating Coil Total Heating Energy [J]
HVAC,Average, Heating Coil Runtime Fraction []

Heating Coil Total Heating Rate [W][LINK]

This field is the total heating rate output of the DX coil in Watts. This is determined by the coil inlet and outlet air conditions and the air mass flow rate through the coil.

Heating Coil Total Heating Energy [J][LINK]

This is the total heating output of the DX coil in Joules over the time step being reported. This is determined by the coil inlet and outlet air conditions and the air mass flow rate through the coil. This output is also added to a meter with Resource Type = EnergyTransfer, End Use Key = HeatingCoils, Group Key = System (ref. Output:Meter object).

Heating Coil Runtime Fraction [][LINK]

This is the runtime fraction of the DX coil compressor and condenser fan(s) for the time step being reported.

Coil:Heating:Gas[LINK]

The gas heating coil is a simple capacity model with a user inputted gas burner efficiency. The default for the gas burner efficiency is 80%. This coil will be simpler than shown in Figure 125 since it will only have air nodes to connect it in the system. The coil can be used in the air loop simulation or in the zone equipment as a reheat coil. Depending on where it is used determines if this coil is temperature or capacity controlled. If used in the air loop simulation it will be controlled to a specified temperature scheduled from the Setpoint Manager. If it is used in zone equipment, it will be controlled from the zone thermostat by meeting the zone demand.

Field: Name[LINK]

A unique identifying name for each coil.

Field: Availability Schedule Name[LINK]

Schedule that defines when the coil is available. If the schedule’s value is 0.0, then the coil is not available and flow will not be requested. If the schedule’s value is > 0.0 (usually 1 is used), the coil is available. If this field is blank, the schedule has values of 1 for all time periods. Schedule values must be >= 0 and <= 1.

Field: Gas Burner Efficiency[LINK]

This is user inputted gas burner efficiency (decimal, not percent) and is defaulted to 80%.

Field: Nominal Capacity[LINK]

This is the maximum capacity of the coil (W). This controlled coil will only provide the needed capacity to meet the control criteria whether it is temperature or capacity controlled. This field is autosizable.

Field: Air Inlet Node Name[LINK]

The name of the air inlet to the gas coil, i.e. Heating Coil Air Inlet Node.

Field: Air Outlet Node Name[LINK]

The name of the air outlet from the gas coil, i.e. Heating Coil Air Outlet Node.

Field: Temperature Setpoint Node Name[LINK]

If the coil is used in the air loop simulation and is temperature controlled using a Set Point Manager, then the node that is the control node needs to be specified here. If the coil is used in an air terminal unit, the coil is load controlled and a control node set point is not required.

Field: Parasitic Electric Load[LINK]

This is the parasitic electric load associated with the gas coil operation, such as an inducer fan, etc.. This will be modified by the PLR (or coil runtime fraction if a part-load fraction correlation is provided in the next input field) to reflect the time of operation in a simulation timestep.

Field: Part Load Fraction Correlation Curve Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of a quadratic or cubic performance curve (Ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of gas consumption rate by the heating coil as a function of the part load ratio (PLR, sensible heating load/nominal capacity of the heating coil). For any simulation timestep, the nominal gas consumption rate (heating load/burner efficiency) is divided by the part-load fraction (PLF) if a part-load curve has been defined. The part-load curve accounts for efficiency losses due to transient coil operation.

The part-load fraction correlation should be normalized to a value of 1.0 when the part load ratio equals 1.0 (i.e., no efficiency losses when the heating coil runs continuously for the simulation timestep). For PLR values between 0 and 1 ( 0 <= PLR < 1), the following rules apply:

PLF >= 0.7 and PLF >= PLR

If PLF < 0.7 a warning message is issued, the program resets the PLF value to 0.7, and the simulation proceeds. The runtime fraction of the heating coil is defined a PLR/PLF. If PLF < PLR, then a warning message is issues and the runtime fraction of the coil is limited to 1.0.

A typical part load fraction correlation for a conventional gas heating coil (e.g., residential furnace) would be:

PLF = 0.8 + 0.2(PLR)

Field: Parasitic Gas Load[LINK]

This numeric field is the parasitic gas load associated with the gas coil’s operation (Watts), such as a standing pilot light. The model assumes that this parasitic load is consumed only for the portion of the simulation timestep where the gas heating coil is not operating.

Heating Coil (Gas) Outputs[LINK]

HVAC,Sum,Heating Coil Air Heating Energy [J]
HVAC,Average,Heating Coil Air Heating Rate [W]
HVAC,Sum,Heating Coil Gas Energy [J]
HVAC,Average,Heating Coil Gas Rate [W]
HVAC,Sum,Heating Coil Electric Energy [J]
HVAC,Average,Heating Coil Electric Power [W]
HVAC,Average,Heating Coil Runtime Fraction []
HVAC,Sum,Heating Coil Ancillary Gas Energy [J]
HVAC,Average,Heating Coil Ancillary Gas Rate [W]

Heating Coil Air Heating Energy [J][LINK]

This field is the total heating output of the coil in Joules over the timestep being reported. This output is also added to a meter with Resource Type = EnergyTransfer, End Use Key = HeatingCoils, Group Key = System (ref. Output:Meter object).

Heating Coil Air Heating Rate [W][LINK]

This field is the average heating rate output of the coil in Watts over the timestep being reported.

Heating Coil Gas Energy [J][LINK]

This field is the gas consumption of the heating coil in Joules over the timestep being reported, including the impacts of part-load performance if a part load fraction correlation is specified. This output is also added to a meter with Resource Type = Gas, End Use Key = Heating, Group Key = System (ref. Output:Meter object).

Heating Coil Gas Rate [W][LINK]

This field is the average gas consumption rate of the coil in Watts over the timestep being reported, including the impacts of part-load performance if a part load fraction correlation is specified.

Heating Coil Electric Energy [J][LINK]

This field is the electric consumption of the heating coil auxiliaries in Joules over the timestep being reported (e.g., inducer fan). This output is also added to a meter with Resource Type = Electricity, End Use Key = Heating, Group Key = System (ref. Output:Meter object).

Heating Coil Electric Power [W][LINK]

This field is the average electric consumption rate of the heating coil auxiliaries (e.g., inducer fan) in Watts over the timestep being reported.

Heating Coil Runtime Fraction [][LINK]

This field is the runtime fraction of the coil over the timestep being reported.

Heating Coil Ancillary Gas Energy [J][LINK]

This field is the parasitic gas consumption of the heating coil in Joules over the timestep being reported (e.g., standing pilot light). The model assumes that the parasitic load is accumulated only for the portion of the simulation timestep where the gas heating coil is not operating. This output is also added to a meter with Resource Type = Gas, End Use Key = Heating, Group Key = System (ref. Output:Meter object).

Heating Coil Ancillary Gas Rate [W][LINK]

This field is the average parasitic gas consumption rate of the heating coil (e.g., standing pilot light) in Watts over the timestep being reported. The model assumes that the parasitic load is present only for the portion of the simulation timestep where the gas heating coil is not operating.

Coil:Heating:Gas:MultiStage[LINK]

The multi stage gas heating coil is a simple capacity model with a user inputted gas burner efficiencies at different stages. This coil will only have air nodes to connect it in the system. The coil can be used in the air loop simulation or in the zone equipment as a reheat coil. Depending on where it is used determines if this coil is temperature or capacity controlled. If used in the air loop simulation it will be controlled to a specified temperature scheduled from the Setpoint Manager. If it is used in zone equipment, it will be controlled from the zone thermostat by meeting the zone demand. For the time being, this coil model can only be called by the parent object AirLoopHVAC:UnitaryHeatPump:AirToAir:MultiSpeed.

Field: Name[LINK]

A unique identifying name for each coil.

Field: Availability Schedule Name[LINK]

Schedule that defines when the coil is available. If the schedule’s value is 0.0, then the coil is not available and flow will not be requested. If the schedule’s value is > 0.0 (usually 1 is used), the coil is available. If this field is blank, the schedule has values of 1 for all time periods. Schedule values must be >= 0 and <= 1.

Field: Air Inlet Node Name[LINK]

The name of the air inlet to the gas coil, i.e. Heating Coil Air Inlet Node.

Field: Air Outlet Node Name[LINK]

The name of the air outlet from the gas coil, i.e. Heating Coil Air Outlet Node.

Field: Temperature Setpoint Node Name[LINK]

If the coil is used in the air loop simulation and is temperature controlled using a Set Point Manager, then the node that is the control node needs to be specified here. If the coil is used in an air terminal unit, the coil is load controlled and a control node set point is not required. At present, the multistage gas heating coil does not model temperature setoint control.

Field: Part Load Fraction Correlation Curve Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of a quadratic or cubic performance curve (Ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of gas consumption rate by the heating coil as a function of the part load ratio (PLR, sensible heating load/nominal capacity of the heating coil). For any simulation timestep, the nominal gas consumption rate (heating load/burner efficiency) is divided by the part-load fraction (PLF) if a part-load curve has been defined. The part-load curve accounts for efficiency losses due to transient coil operation.

The part-load fraction correlation should be normalized to a value of 1.0 when the part load ratio equals 1.0 (i.e., no efficiency losses when the heating coil runs continuously for the simulation timestep). For PLR values between 0 and 1 ( 0 <= PLR < 1), the following rules apply:

PLF >= 0.7 and PLF >= PLR

If PLF < 0.7 a warning message is issued, the program resets the PLF value to 0.7, and the simulation proceeds. The runtime fraction of the heating coil is defined a PLR/PLF. If PLF < PLR, then a warning message is issues and the runtime fraction of the coil is limited to 1.0.

A typical part load fraction correlation for a conventional gas heating coil (e.g., residential furnace) would be:

PLF = 0.8 + 0.2(PLR)

Field: Parasitic Gas Load[LINK]

This numeric field is the parasitic gas load associated with the gas coil’s operation (Watts), such as a standing pilot light. The model assumes that this parasitic load is consumed only for the portion of the simulation timestep where the gas heating coil is not operating.

Field: Stage 1 Gas Burner Efficiency[LINK]

This is user inputted stage 1 gas burner efficiency (decimal, not percent) and is defaulted to 80%.

Field: Stage 1 Nominal Capacity[LINK]

This is the stage 1 capacity of the coil (W). This controlled coil will only provide the needed capacity to meet the control criteria whether it is temperature or capacity controlled. This field is autosizable.

Field: Stage 1 Parasitic Electric Load[LINK]

This is the stage 1 parasitic electric load associated with the gas coil operation, such as an inducer fan, etc.. This will be modified by the PLR (or coil runtime fraction if a part-load fraction correlation is provided in the next input field) to reflect the time of operation in a simulation timestep.

Field: Stage 2 Gas Burner Efficiency[LINK]

This is user inputted stage 2 gas burner efficiency (decimal, not percent) and is defaulted to 80%.

Field: Stage 2 Nominal Capacity[LINK]

This is the stage 2 capacity of the coil (W). This controlled coil will only provide the needed capacity to meet the control criteria whether it is temperature or capacity controlled. This field is autosizable.

Field: Stage 2 Parasitic Electric Load[LINK]

This is the stage 2 parasitic electric load associated with the gas coil operation, such as an inducer fan, etc.. This will be modified by the PLR (or coil runtime fraction if a part-load fraction correlation is provided in the next input field) to reflect the time of operation in a simulation timestep.

Field: Stage 3 Gas Burner Efficiency[LINK]

This is user inputted stage 3 gas burner efficiency (decimal, not percent) and is defaulted to 80%.

Field: Stage 3 Nominal Capacity[LINK]

This is the stage 3 capacity of the coil (W). This controlled coil will only provide the needed capacity to meet the control criteria whether it is temperature or capacity controlled. This field is autosizable.

Field: Stage 3 Parasitic Electric Load[LINK]

This is the stage 3 parasitic electric load associated with the gas coil operation, such as an inducer fan, etc.. This will be modified by the PLR (or coil runtime fraction if a part-load fraction correlation is provided in the next input field) to reflect the time of operation in a simulation timestep.

Field: Stage 4 Gas Burner Efficiency[LINK]

This is user inputted stage 4 gas burner efficiency (decimal, not percent) and is defaulted to 80%.

Field: Stage 4 Nominal Capacity[LINK]

This is the stage 4 capacity of the coil (W). This controlled coil will only provide the needed capacity to meet the control criteria whether it is temperature or capacity controlled. This field is autosizable.

Field: Stage 4 Parasitic Electric Load[LINK]

This is the stage 4 parasitic electric load associated with the gas coil operation, such as an inducer fan, etc.. This will be modified by the PLR (or coil runtime fraction if a part-load fraction correlation is provided in the next input field) to reflect the time of operation in a simulation timestep.

An example in IDF form:

Coil:Heating:Gas:MultiStage,
  Heat Pump Heating Coil 1,         !- Name
  FanAndCoilAvailSched,             !- Availability Schedule Name
  Heating Coil Air Inlet Node,      !- Air Inlet Node Name
  SuppHeating Coil Air Inlet Node,  !- Air Outlet Node Name
  ,                        !- Temp Setpoint node name
  ,                        !- Part Load Fraction Correlation Curve Name
  ,                        !- Parasitic Gas Load
  3,                       !- Number of Speeds
  0.92,                    !- Speed 1 Gas burner Efficiency
  Autosize,                !- Speed 1 Nominal Capacity {W}
  ,                        !- Stage 1 Parasitic Electric Load {W}
  0.88,                    !- Speed 2 Gas burner Efficiency
  Autosize,                !- Speed 2 Nominal Capacity {W}
  ,                        !- Stage 2 Parasitic Electric Load {W}
  0.84,                    !- Speed 3 Gas burner Efficiency
  Autosize,                !- Speed 3 Nominal Capacity {W}
  ;                        !- Stage 3 Parasitic Electric Load {W}

Heating Coil (Gas Multistage) Outputs[LINK]

HVAC,Sum,Heating Coil Energy[J]
HVAC,Average,Heating Coil Rate[W]
HVAC,Sum,Heating Coil Gas Consumption [J]
HVAC,Average,Heating Coil Gas Consumption Rate [W]
HVAC,Sum,Heating Coil Electric Consumption [J]
HVAC,Average,Heating Coil Electric Power [W]
HVAC,Average,Heating Coil Runtime Fraction
HVAC,Sum,Heating Coil Parasitic Gas Consumption [J]
HVAC,Average,Heating Coil Parasitic Gas Consumption Rate [W]

Heating Coil Energy [J][LINK]

This field is the total heating output of the coil in Joules over the timestep being reported. This output is also added to an output meter with Resource Type = EnergyTransfer, End Use Key = HeatingCoils, Group Key = System (ref. Output:Meter object).

Heating Coil Rate [W][LINK]

This field is the average heating rate output of the coil in Watts over the timestep being reported.

Heating Coil Gas Consumption [J][LINK]

This field is the gas consumption of the heating coil in Joules over the timestep being reported, including the impacts of part-load performance if a part load fraction correlation is specified. This output is also added to an output meter with Resource Type = Gas, End Use Key = Heating, Group Key = System (ref. Output:Meter object).

Heating Coil Gas Consumption Rate [W][LINK]

This field is the average gas consumption rate of the coil in Watts over the timestep being reported, including the impacts of part-load performance if a part load fraction correlation is specified.

Heating Coil Electric Consumption [J][LINK]

This field is the electric consumption of the heating coil auxiliaries in Joules over the timestep being reported (e.g., inducer fan). This output is also added to an output meter with Resource Type = Electricity, End Use Key = Heating, Group Key = System (ref. Output:Meter object).

Heating Coil Electric Power [W][LINK]

This field is the average electric consumption rate of the heating coil auxiliaries (e.g., inducer fan) in Watts over the timestep being reported.

Heating Coil Parasitic Gas Consumption [J][LINK]

This field is the parasitic gas consumption of the heating coil in Joules over the timestep being reported (e.g., standing pilot light). The model assumes that the parasitic load is accumulated only for the portion of the simulation timestep where the gas heating coil is not operating. This output is also added to an output meter with Resource Type = Gas, End Use Key = Heating, Group Key = System (ref. Output:Meter object).

Heating Coil Parasitic Gas Consumption Rate [W][LINK]

This field is the average parasitic gas consumption rate of the heating coil (e.g., standing pilot light) in Watts over the timestep being reported. The model assumes that the parasitic load is present only for the portion of the simulation timestep where the gas heating coil is not operating.

Coil:Cooling:Water:DetailedGeometry[LINK]

This detailed flat fin coil model is for continuous plate fins. First, found in Type 12 from MODSIM, but now programmed directly from Elmahdy, A.H. and Mitalas, G.P. Then there was a discontinuity in their original model that was fixed in the EnergyPlus implementation. Now this model can be used in an interval halving solution technique for controlling this coil without the problems of non-convergence.

“A Model for Cooling and Dehumidifying Coils for Use in Energy Requirements for Buildings” ASHRAE Transactions, Vol. 83, Part 2, pp. 103-117 (1977). For fin efficiency see K.A. Gardner, “Efficiency of Extended ,” Transactions ASME, Vol. 67, pp. 621-631, 1945.

The following figures illustrate the geometry and circuits in a cooling coil.

Geometry of a Cooling Coil (CC) Geometry of a Cooling Coil (CC)

Number of Coolant Circuits (CCNCC) Number of Coolant Circuits (CCNCC)

Field: Name[LINK]

A unique identifying name for each coil.

Field: Availability Schedule Name[LINK]

Schedule that defines when the coil is available. If the schedule’s value is 0.0, then the coil is not available and flow will not be requested. If the schedule’s value is > 0.0 (usually 1 is used), the coil is available. If this field is blank, the schedule has values of 1 for all time periods.

Field: Maximum Water Flow Rate[LINK]

The maximum possible water flow rate (m3/sec) through the coil.

Field: Tube Outside Surface Area[LINK]

The outside surface area (m2) of the tubes that is exposed to air (i.e. the outside area of the unfinned tubes minus the area of tubes covered by the fins).

Field: Total Tube Inside Area[LINK]

The total surface area (m2) inside the tubes (water side).

Field: Fin Surface Area[LINK]

The total surface area (m2) of the fins attached to the coil.

Field: Minimum Air Flow Area[LINK]

The minimum cross sectional area (m2) available for air passage. Frequently calculated as

Amin = (Amin/Afr)*Afr

where Afr is the frontal area of the heat exchanger, and (Amin/Afr) is the ratio of the minimum airflow area to frontal area.

Field: Coil Depth[LINK]

The distance (m) from the front of the coil to the back of the coil in the airflow direction. Also called the fin depth. Illustrated in the figure (Figure 126. Geometry of a Cooling Coil (CC)).

Field: Fin Diameter[LINK]

The outside diameter (m) of the fins. Used instead of COIL HEIGHT

Field: Fin Thickness[LINK]

Thickness (m) of the air side fins.

Field: Tube Inside Diameter[LINK]

The inside diameter (m) of the tubes.

Field: Tube Outside Diameter[LINK]

The outside diameter (m) of the tubes.

Field: Tube Thermal Conductivity[LINK]

The thermal conductivity (W/m-K) of the tube material.

Field: Fin Thermal Conductivity[LINK]

The thermal conductivity (W/m-K) of the fin material.

Field: Fin Spacing[LINK]

The spacing (m) of the fins, centerline to centerline.

Field: Tube Depth Spacing[LINK]

The spacing (m) of the tube rows, centerline to centerline. Also called tube longitudinal spacing.

Field: Number of Tube Rows[LINK]

The number of tube rows in the direction of the airflow.

Field: Number of Tubes per Row[LINK]

The number of tubes per row. (NTPR in the above diagram)

Field: Water Inlet Node Name[LINK]

The name of the water coil inlet from the chilled water loop, i.e. Cooling Coil Water Inlet Node.

Field: Water Outlet Node Name[LINK]

The name of the water coil outlet from the chilled water loop, i.e. Cooling Coil Water Outlet Node.

Field: Air Inlet Node Name[LINK]

The name of the air inlet to the water coil, i.e. Cooling Coil Air Inlet Node.

Field: Air Outlet Node Name[LINK]

The name of the air outlet from the water coil, i.e. Cooling Coil Air Outlet Node.

Field: Condensate Collection Water Storage Tank Name[LINK]

This field is optional. It is used to describe where condensate from the coil is collected. If blank or omitted, then any coil condensate is discarded. Enter the name of Water Storage Tank object defined elsewhere and the condensate will then be collected in that tank.

Examples of these statements in an IDF are:

Coil:Cooling:Water:DetailedGeometry,
      Detailed Cooling Coil,  !Name of cooling coil
      CoolingCoilAvailSched,  !Cooling Coil Schedule
      0.0011,          !Max Water Flow Rate of Coil m3/sec
      6.23816,         !Tube Outside Surf Area
      6.20007018,      !Tube Inside Surf Area
      101.7158224,     !Fin Surf Area
      0.300606367,     !Min Air Flow Area
      0.165097968,     !Coil Depth
      0.43507152,      !Coil Height
      0.001499982,     !Fin Thickness
      0.014449958,     !Tube Inside Diameter
      0.015879775,     !Tube Outside Diameter
      386.0,           !Tube Thermal Conductivity
      204.0,           !Fin Thermal Conductivity
      0.001814292,     !Fin Spacing
      0.02589977,      !Tube Depth
      6,               !Number of Tube Rows
      16,              !Number of Tubes per Row
      NODE_32,NODE_33, !Coil Water Side Inlet & Outlet Node
      NODE_5, NODE_6;  !Coil Air Side Inlet & Outlet Node

Detailed Geometry Cooling Coil (Water) Outputs[LINK]

HVAC,Sum,Cooling Coil Total Cooling Energy [J]
HVAC,Sum,Cooling Coil Sensible Cooling Energy [J]
HVAC,Average,Cooling Coil Total Cooling Rate [W]
HVAC,Average,Cooling Coil Sensible Cooling Rate [W]
HVAC,Average,Cooling Coil Condensate Volume Flow Rate [m3/s]
HVAC,Sum,Cooling Coil Source Side Heat Transfer Energy [J]
HVAC,Sum,Cooling Coil Condensate Volume [m3]

Cooling Coil Total Cooling Energy (J)[LINK]

Cooling Coil Total Cooling Energy is the total amount of heat transfer taking place in the coil at the operating conditions.

Cooling Coil Sensible Cooling Energy (J)[LINK]

Cooling Coil Sensible Cooling Energy is the total amount of Sensible heat transfer taking place in the coil at the operating conditions. It only takes into account temperature difference in the inlet and outlet air streams at operating conditions.

Cooling Coil Total Cooling Rate (W)[LINK]

Cooling Coil Total Cooling Rate is the Rate of heat transfer taking place in the coil at the operating conditions. The units are (J/sec) or Watts.

Cooling Coil Sensible Cooling Rate (W)[LINK]

Cooling Coil Sensible Cooling Rate is the Rate of Sensible heat transfer taking place in the coil at the operating conditions.

In addition, if a Water Storage Tank is used to collect coil condensate, then the following outputs will be available.

Cooling Coil Condensate Volume Flow Rate [m3/s][LINK]

Cooling Coil Condensate Volume [m3][LINK]

These reports provide the rate and amount of condensate from the coil. Condensate is water condensed out of the air as a result of cooling. The condensate volume is also reported on the meter for “OnSiteWater.”

Cooling Coil Source Side Heat Transfer Energy [J][LINK]

This is the energy extracted from the chilled water serving the cooling coil, in Joules.

Coil:Cooling:DX:SingleSpeed[LINK]

This DX cooling coil model and input are quite different from that for the heating and cooling water coils. The simple water coils use an NTU-effectiveness heat exchanger model. The single speed DX coil model uses performance information at rated conditions along with curve fits for variations in total capacity, energy input ratio and part-load fraction to determine performance at part-load conditions. Sensible/latent capacity splits are determined by the rated sensible heat ratio (SHR) and the apparatus dewpoint/bypass factor (ADP/BF) approach. This approach is analogous to the NTU-effectiveness calculations used for sensible-only heat exchanger calculations, extended to a cooling and dehumidifying coil.

This DX cooling coil input requires an availability schedule, the rated total cooling capacity, the rated SHR, the rated COP, and the rated air volume flow rate. The latter 4 inputs determine the coil performance at the rating point (air entering the cooling coil at 26.7°C drybulb/19.4°C wetbulb and air entering the outdoor condenser coil at 35°C drybulb/23.9°C wetbulb). The rated air volume flow rate should be between .00004027 m3/s and .00006041 m3/s per watt of rated total cooling capacity (300 to 450 cfm/ton).

The rated volumetric air flow to total cooling capacity ratio for 100% dedicated outdoor air (DOAS) application DX cooling coils should be between 0.00001677 (m3/s)/W (125 cfm/ton) and 0.00003355 (m3/s)/W (250 cfm/ton).

This model requires 5 curves as follows:

  1. The total cooling capacity modifier curve (function of temperature) is a biquadratic curve with two independent variables: wet-bulb temperature of the air entering the cooling coil, and dry-bulb temperature of the air entering the air-cooled condenser coil (wet-bulb temperature if modeling an evaporative-cooled condenser). The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated total cooling capacity to give the total cooling capacity at specific temperature operating conditions (i.e., at temperatures different from the rating point temperatures).
  2. The total cooling capacity modifier curve (function of flow fraction) is a quadratic or cubic curve with the independent variable being the ratio of the actual air flow rate across the cooling coil to the rated air flow rate (i.e., fraction of full load flow). The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated total cooling capacity and the total cooling capacity modifier curve (function of temperature) to give the total cooling capacity at the specific temperature and air flow conditions at which the coil is operating.
  3. The energy input ratio (EIR) modifier curve (function of temperature) is a biquadratic curve with two independent variables: wet-bulb temperature of the air entering the cooling coil, and dry-bulb temperature of the air entering the air-cooled condenser coil (wet-bulb temperature if modeling an evaporative-cooled condenser). The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated EIR (inverse of the rated COP) to give the EIR at specific temperature operating conditions (i.e., at temperatures different from the rating point temperatures).
  4. The energy input ratio (EIR) modifier curve (function of flow fraction) is a quadratic or cubic curve with the independent variable being the ratio of the actual air flow rate across the cooling coil to the rated air flow rate (i.e., fraction of full load flow). The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated EIR (inverse of the rated COP) and the EIR modifier curve (function of temperature) to give the EIR at the specific temperature and air flow conditions at which the coil is operating.
  5. The part load fraction correlation (function of part load ratio) is a quadratic or cubic curve with the independent variable being part load ratio (sensible cooling load / steady-state sensible cooling capacity). The output of this curve is used in combination with the rated EIR and EIR modifier curves to give the “effective” EIR for a given simulation timestep. The part load fraction (PLF) correlation accounts for efficiency losses due to compressor cycling. The curve should be normalized to a value of 1.0 when the part-load ratio equals 1.0 (i.e., the compressor(s) run continuously for the simulation timestep).

The curves are simply specified by name. Curve inputs are described in the curve manager section of this document (see Performance Curves in this document).

The next four input fields are optional and relate to the degradation of latent cooling capacity when the supply air fan operates continuously while the cooling coil/compressor cycle on and off to meet the cooling load. The fan operating mode is determined in the partent object and is considered to either be constant (e.g. CoilSystem:Cooling:DX) or can be scheduled (e.g. AirLoopHVAC:UnitaryHeatCool). When scheduled, the schedule value must be greater than 0 to calculate degradation of latent cooling capacity. At times when the parent object’s supply air fan operating mode schedule is 0, latent degradation will be ignored. When modeling latent capacity degradation, these next four input fields must all have positive values.

The next input specifies the outdoor air node used to define the conditions of the air entering the outdoor condenser. If this field is left blank, the outdoor temperature entering the condenser is taken directly from the weather data. If this field is not blank, the node name specified must be listed in an OutdoorAir:Node object where the height of the node is taken into consideration when calculating outdoor temperature from the weather data. Alternately, the node name must be specified in an OutdoorAir:NodeList object where the outdoor temperature entering the condenser is taken directly from the weather data.

The next input describes the type of outdoor condenser coil used with the DX cooling coil (Air Cooled or Evap Cooled). The following three inputs are required when modeling an evaporative-cooled condenser: evaporative condenser effectiveness, evaporative condenser air volume flow rate, and the power consumed by the evaporative condenser pump. Crankcase heater capacity and cutout temperature are entered in the next two input fields. These two fields for this object define the name of the water storage tank for supply and condensate collection. See section “DX Cooling Coil Model” in the EnergyPlus Engineering Document for further details regarding this model.

The last two input fields following the Basin Heater Operating Schedule Name are the Sensible Heat Ratio (SHR) modifier cruve names for temperature and flow fraction. These two input fields are optional and used only when a user intends to override SHR calculated using the apparatus dew point (ADP) and bypass factor (BF) method. See section “SHR Calculation Using User Specified SHR Modifier Curves” in the EnergyPlus Engineering Document for further details.

Field: Name[LINK]

A unique user-assigned name for an instance of a DX cooling coil. Any reference to this DX coil by another object will use this name.

Field: Availability Schedule Name[LINK]

The name of the schedule (ref: Schedule) that denotes whether the DX cooling coil can run during a given time period. A schedule value greater than 0 (usually 1 is used) indicates that the unit can be on during a given time period. A value less than or equal to 0 (usually 0 is used) denotes that the unit must be off. If this field is blank, the schedule has values of 1 for all time periods.

Field: Rated Total Cooling Capacity[LINK]

The total, full load cooling capacity (sensible plus latent) in watts of the DX coil unit at rated conditions (air entering the cooling coil at 26.7°C drybulb/19.4°C wetbulb, air entering the outdoor condenser coil at 35°C drybulb/23.9°C wetbulb, and a cooling coil air flow rate defined by field “rated air volume flow rate” below). Capacity should be “gross” (i.e., supply air fan heat is NOT included). When used in a heat pump, the rated total cooling capacity should be within 20% of the rated total heating capacity, otherwise a warning message is issued.

Field: Rated Sensible Heat Ratio[LINK]

The sensible heat ratio (SHR=sensible capacity divided by total cooling capacity) of the DX cooling coil at rated conditions (air entering the cooling coil at 26.7°C drybulb/19.4°C wetbulb, air entering the outdoor condenser coil at 35°C drybulb/23.9°C wetbulb, and a cooling coil air flow rate defined by field “rated air volume flow rate” below). Both the sensible and total cooling capacities used to define the Rated SHR should be “gross” (i.e., supply air fan heat is NOT included).

Field: Rated COP[LINK]

The coefficient of performance (cooling power output in watts divided by electrical power input in watts) of the DX cooling coil unit at rated conditions (air entering the cooling coil at 26.7°C drybulb/19.4°C wetbulb, air entering the outdoor condenser coil at 35°C drybulb/ 23.9°C wetbulb, and a cooling coil air flow rate defined by field “rated air volume flow rate” below). The input power includes electric power for the compressor(s) and condenser fan(s) but does not include the power consumption of the supply air fan. The cooling power output is the value entered above in the field “Rated Total Cooling Capacity (gross)”. If this input field is left blank, the default value is 3.0.

Field: Rated Air Flow Rate[LINK]

The air volume flow rate, in m3 per second, across the DX cooling coil at rated conditions. The rated air volume flow rate should be between 0.00004027 m3/s and 0.00006041 m3/s per watt of rated total cooling capacity (300 to 450 cfm/ton). For DOAS applications the rated air volume flow rate should be between 0.00001677 m3/s and 0.00003355 m3/s per watt of rated total cooling capacity (125 to 250 cfm/ton). The rated total cooling capacity, rated SHR and rated COP should be performance information for the unit with air entering the cooling coil at 26.7°C drybulb/19.4°C wetbulb, air entering the outdoor condenser coil at 35°C drybulb/23.9°C wetbulb, and the rated air volume flow rate defined here.

Field: Rated Evaporator Fan Power Per Volume Flow Rate[LINK]

This field is the electric power for the evaporator (cooling coil) fan per air volume flow rate through the coil at the rated conditions in W/(m3/s). The default value is 773.3 W/(m3/s) (365 W/1000 cfm) if this field is left blank. If a value is entered, it must be >= 0.0 and <= 1250 W/(m3/s). This value is only used to calculate Seasonal Energy Efficiency Ratio (SEER), Energy Efficiency Ratio (EER), Integrated Energy Efficiency Ratio (IEER) and the Standard Rating (Net) Cooling Capacity which will be outputs in the EnergyPlus eio file (ref. EnergyPlus Engineering Reference, Single Speed DX Cooling Coil, Standard Ratings). This value is not used for modeling the evaporator (cooling coil) fan during simulations; instead, it is used for calculating SEER, EER, IEER and Standard Rating Cooling Capacity to assist the user in verifying their inputs for modeling this type of equipment.

Field: Air Inlet Node Name[LINK]

The name of the HVAC system node from which the DX cooling coil draws its inlet air.

Field: Air Outlet Node Name[LINK]

The name of the HVAC system node to which the DX cooling coil sends its outlet air.

Field: Total Cooling Capacity Function of Temperature Curve Name[LINK]

The name of a biquadratic performance curve (ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of the total cooling capacity as a function of the wet-bulb temperature of the air entering the cooling coil, and the dry-bulb temperature of the air entering the air-cooled condenser coil (wet-bulb temperature if modeling an evaporative-cooled condenser). The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated total cooling capacity to give the total cooling capacity at specific temperature operating conditions (i.e., at temperatures different from the rating point temperatures). The curve is normalized to have the value of 1.0 at the rating point.

Field: Total Cooling Capacity Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name[LINK]

The name of a quadratic or cubic performance curve (ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of total cooling capacity as a function of the ratio of actual air flow rate across the cooling coil to the rated air flow rate (i.e., fraction of full load flow). The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated total cooling capacity and the total cooling capacity modifier curve (function of temperature) to give the total cooling capacity at the specific temperature and air flow conditions at which the coil is operating. The curve is normalized to have the value of 1.0 when the actual air flow rate equals the rated air flow rate.

Field: Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name[LINK]

The name of a biquadratic performance curve (ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of the energy input ratio (EIR) as a function of the wet-bulb temperature of the air entering the cooling coil, and the dry-bulb temperature of the air entering the air-cooled condenser coil (wet-bulb temperature if modeling an evaporative-cooled condenser). The EIR is the inverse of the COP. The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated EIR (inverse of rated COP) to give the EIR at specific temperature operating conditions (i.e., at temperatures different from the rating point temperatures). The curve is normalized to a value of 1.0 at the rating point.

Field: Energy Input Ratio Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name[LINK]

The name of a quadratic or cubic performance curve (Ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of the energy input ratio (EIR) as a function of the ratio of actual air flow rate across the cooling coil to the rated air flow rate (i.e., fraction of full load flow). The EIR is the inverse of the COP. The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated EIR and the EIR modifier curve (function of temperature) to give the EIR at the specific temperature and air flow conditions at which the cooling coil is operating. This curve is normalized to a value of 1.0 when the actual air flow rate equals the rated air flow rate.

Field: Part Load Fraction Correlation Curve Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of a quadratic or cubic performance curve (Ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of electrical power input to the DX unit as a function of the part load ratio (PLR, sensible cooling load/steady-state sensible cooling capacity). The product of the rated EIR and EIR modifier curves is divided by the output of this curve to give the “effective” EIR for a given simulation timestep. The part load fraction (PLF) correlation accounts for efficiency losses due to compressor cycling.

The part load fraction correlation should be normalized to a value of 1.0 when the part load ratio equals 1.0 (i.e., no efficiency losses when the compressor(s) run continuously for the simulation timestep). For PLR values between 0 and 1 (0 <= PLR < 1), the following rules apply:

PLF >= 0.7 and PLF >= PLR

If PLF < 0.7 a warning message is issued, the program resets the PLF value to 0.7, and the simulation proceeds. The runtime fraction of the coil is defined as PLR/PLF. If PLF < PLR, then a warning message is issued and the runtime fraction of the coil is limited to 1.0.

A typical part load fraction correlation for a conventional, single-speed DX cooling coil (e.g., residential unit) would be:

PLF = 0.85 + 0.15(PLR)

If the user wishes to model no efficiency degradation due to compressor cycling, the part load fraction correlation should be defined as follows:

PLF = 1.0 + 0.0(PLR)

Field: Nominal Time for Condensate Removal to Begin[LINK]

The nominal time (in seconds) after startup for condensate to begin leaving the coil’s condensate drain line at the coil’s rated airflow and temperature conditions, starting with a dry coil. Nominal time is equal to the ratio of the energy of the coil’s maximum condensate holding capacity (J) to the coil’s steady-state latent capacity (W). Suggested value is 1000; zero value means the latent degradation model is disabled. The default value for this field is zero. The supply air fan operating mode must be continuous (i.e., the supply air fan operating mode may be specified in other ”parent” objects and is assumed continuous in some objects (e.g., CoilSystem:Cooling:DX) or can be scheduled in other objects [e.g., AirloopHVAC:UnitaryHeatCool]), and this field as well as the next three input fields for this object must have positive values in order to model latent capacity degradation.

Field: Ratio of Initial Moisture Evaporation Rate and Steady State Latent Capacity[LINK]

Ratio of the initial moisture evaporation rate from the cooling coil (when the compressor first turns off, in Watts) and the coil’s steady-state latent capacity (Watts) at rated airflow and temperature conditions. Suggested value is 1.5; zero value means the latent degradation model is disabled. The default value for this field is zero. The supply air fan operating mode must be continuous (i.e., the supply air fan operating mode may be specified in other ”parent” objects and is assumed continuous in some objects (e.g., CoilSystem:Cooling:DX) or can be scheduled in other objects [e.g., AirloopHVAC:UnitaryHeatCool]); and this field, the previous field and the next two fields must have positive values in order to model latent capacity degradation.

Field: Maximum Cycling Rate[LINK]

The maximum on-off cycling rate for the compressor (cycles per hour), which occurs at 50% run time fraction. Suggested value is 3; zero value means latent degradation model is disabled. The default value for this field is zero. The supply air fan operating mode must be continuous (i.e., the supply air fan operating mode may be specified in other ”parent” objects and is assumed continuous in some objects (e.g., CoilSystem:Cooling:DX) or can be scheduled in other objects [e.g., AirloopHVAC:UnitaryHeatCool]); and this field, the previous two fields and the next field must have positive values in order to model latent capacity degradation.

Field: Latent Capacity Time Constant[LINK]

Time constant (in seconds) for the cooling coil’s latent capacity to reach steady state after startup. Suggested value is 45: supply air fan operating mode must be continuous. That is, the supply air fan operating mode may be specified in other ”parent” objects and is assumed continuous in some objects (e.g., CoilSystem:Cooling:DX) or can be scheduled in other objects (e.g., AirloopHVAC:UnitaryHeatCool), and this field as well as the previous three input fields for this object must have positive values in order to model latent capacity degradation.

Field: Condenser Air Inlet Node Name[LINK]

This optional alpha field specifies the outdoor air node name used to define the conditions of the air entering the outdoor condenser. If this field is left blank, the outdoor air temperature entering the condenser (dry-bulb or wet-bulb) is taken directly from the weather data. If this field is not blank, the node name specified must also be specified in an OutdoorAir:Node object where the height of the node is taken into consideration when calculating outdoor air temperature from the weather data. Alternately, the node name may be specified in an OutdoorAir:NodeList object where the outdoor air temperature is taken directly from the weather data.

Field: Condenser Type[LINK]

The type of condenser used by the DX cooling coil. Valid choices for this input field are AirCooled or EvaporativelyCooled. The default for this field is AirCooled.

Field: Evaporative Condenser Effectiveness[LINK]

The effectiveness of the evaporative condenser, which is used to determine the temperature of the air entering the outdoor condenser coil as follows:

where

T~cond inlet~ = the temperature of the air entering the condenser coil (C)

Twb,o~~= the wet-bulb temperature of the outdoor air (C)

Tdb,o~~= the dry-bulb temperature of the outdoor air (C)

The resulting condenser inlet air temperature is used by the Total Cooling Capacity Modifier Curve (function of temperature) and the Energy Input Ratio Modifier Curve (function of temperature). The default value for this field is 0.9, although valid entries can range from 0.0 to 1.0. This field is not used when Condenser Type = Air Cooled.

If the user wants to model an air-cooled condenser, they should simply specify AirCooled in the field Condenser Type. In this case, the Total Cooling Capacity Modifier Curve (function of temperature) and the Energy Input Ratio Modifier Curve (function of temperature) input fields for this object should reference performance curves that are a function of outdoor dry-bulb temperature.

If the user wishes to model an evaporative-cooled condenser AND they have performance curves that are a function of the wet-bulb temperature of air entering the condenser coil, then the user should specify Condenser Type = Evap Cooled and the evaporative condenser effectiveness value should be entered as 1.0. In this case, the Total Cooling Capacity Modifier Curve (function of temperature) and the Energy Input Ratio Modifier Curve (function of temperature) input fields for this object should reference performance curves that are a function of the wet-bulb temperature of air entering the condenser coil.

If the user wishes to model an air-cooled condenser that has evaporative media placed in front of it to cool the air entering the condenser coil, then the user should specify Condenser Type = Evap Cooled. The user must also enter the appropriate evaporative effectiveness for the media. In this case, the Total Cooling Capacity Modifier Curve (function of temperature) and the Energy Input Ratio Modifier Curve (function of temperature) input fields for this object should reference performance curves that are a function of outdoor dry-bulb temperature. Be aware that the evaporative media will significantly reduce the dry-bulb temperature of the air entering the condenser coil, so the Total Cooling Capacity and EIR Modifier Curves must be valid for the expected range of dry-bulb temperatures that will be entering the condenser coil.

Field: Evaporative Condenser Air Flow Rate[LINK]

The air volume flow rate, in m3 per second, entering the evaporative condenser. This value is used to calculate the amount of water used to evaporatively cool the condenser inlet air. The minimum value for this field must be greater than zero, and this input field is autosizable (equivalent to 0.000144 m3/s per watt of rated total cooling capacity [850 cfm/ton]). This field is not used when Condenser Type = Air Cooled.

Field: Evaporative Condenser Pump Rated Power Consumption[LINK]

The rated power of the evaporative condenser water pump in Watts. This value is used to calculate the power required to pump the water used to evaporatively cool the condenser inlet air. The default value for this input field is zero, but it is autosizable (equivalent to 0.004266 W per watt [15 W/ton] of rated total cooling capacity). This field is not used when Condenser Type = Air Cooled.

Field: Crankcase Heater Capacity[LINK]

This numeric field defines the crankcase heater capacity in Watts. When the outdoor air dry-bulb temperature is below the value specified in the input field “Maximum Outdoor Dry-bulb Temperature for Crankcase Heater Operation” (described below), the crankcase heater is enabled during the time that the compressor is not running. If this cooling coil is used as part of an air-to-air heat pump (Ref. AirLoopHVAC:UnitaryHeatPump:AirToAir](page-033.html#airloophvacunitaryheatpumpairtoair) or PackageTerminal: HeatPump:AirToAir), the crankcase heater defined for this DX cooling coil is ignored and the crankcase heater power defined for the DX heating coil (Ref. [Coil:Heating:DX:SingleSpeed) is enabled during the time that the compressor is not running for either heating or cooling. The value for this input field must be greater than or equal to 0, and the default value is 0. To simulate a DX cooling coil without a crankcase heater, enter a value of 0.

Field: Maximum Outdoor Dry-Bulb Temperature for Crankcase Heater Operation[LINK]

This numeric field defines the outdoor air dry-bulb temperature above which the compressor’s crankcase heater is disabled. The value for this input field must be greater than or equal to 0.0°C, and the default value is 10°C.

Field: Supply Water Storage Tank Name[LINK]

This field is optional. It is used to describe where the coil obtains water used for evaporative cooling of its condenser. If blank or omitted, then the unit will obtain water directly from the mains. If the name of a Water Storage Tank object is used here, then the unit will obtain its water from that tank. If a tank is specified, the unit will attempt to obtain all the water it uses from the tank. However if the tank cannot provide all the water the condenser needs, then the unit will still operate and obtain the rest of the water it needs from the mains (referred to as StarvedWater).

Field: Condensate Collection Water Storage Tank Name[LINK]

This field is optional. It is used to describe where condensate from the coil is collected. If blank or omitted, then any coil condensate is discarded. Enter the name of Water Storage Tank object defined elsewhere and the condensate will then be collected in that tank.

Field: Basin Heater Capacity[LINK]

This numeric field contains the capacity of the DX coil’s electric evaporative cooler basin heater in watts per degree Kelvin. This field only applies for Condenser Type = EvaporativelyCooled. This field is used in conjunction with the Basin Heater Setpoint Temperature described in the following field. The basin heater electric power is equal to this field multiplied by the difference between the basin heater set point temperature and the outdoor dry-bulb temperature. The basin heater only operates when the DX coil is off, regardless of the basin heater schedule described below. The basin heater capacity must be greater than or equal to zero, with a default value of zero if this field is left blank.

Field: Basin Heater Setpoint Temperature[LINK]

This numeric field contains the set point temperature (˚C) for the basin heater described in the previous field. This field only applies for Condenser Type = EvaporativelyCooled. The basin heater is active when the outdoor air dry-bulb temperature falls below this setpoint temperature, as long as the DX coil is off. This set point temperature must be greater than or equal to 2˚C, and the default value is 2˚C if this field is left blank.

Field: Basin Heater Operating Schedule Name[LINK]

This alpha field contains the name of the basin heater operating schedule. This field only applies for Condenser Type = EvaporativelyCooled. The basin heater operating schedule is assumed to be an on/off schedule and the heater is available to operate any time the schedule value is greater than 0. The basin heater operates when scheduled on and the outdoor air dry-bulb temperature is below the set point temperature described in the previous field. If this field is left blank, the basin heater is available to operate throughout the simulation. Regardless of this schedule, the basin heater may only operate when the DX coil is off.

Field: Sensible Heat Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name[LINK]

The name of a biquadratic normalized curve (Ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of the sensible heat ratio (SHR) as a function of DX cooling coil entering air wet-bulb and dry-bulb temperatures. The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated SHR and the SHR modifier curve (function of flow fraction) to give the SHR at the specific coil entering air temperature and air flow conditions at which the cooling coil is operating. This curve is normalized to a value of 1.0 at the rated condition. This input field is optional.

Field: Sensible Heat Ratio Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name[LINK]

The name of a quadratic or cubic normalized curve (Ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of the sensible heat ratio (SHR) as a function of the ratio of actual air flow rate across the cooling coil to the rated air flow rate (i.e., fraction of full load flow). The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated SHR and the SHR modifier curve (function of temperature) to give the SHR at the specific temperature and air flow conditions at which the cooling coil is operating. This curve is normalized to a value of 1.0 when the actual air flow rate equals the rated air flow rate. This input field is optional.

Following is an example input for a Coil:Cooling:DX:SingleSpeed coil.

Coil:Cooling:DX:SingleSpeed,
       Zone1WindACDXCoil,        ! Coil Name
       FanAndCoilAvailSched,     ! Availability Schedule
       10548,      ! Rated Total Cooling Capacity (gross)
       0.75,       ! Rated SHR
       3.0,        ! Rated COP
       0.637,      ! Rated Air Volume Flow Rate (m3/s)
       773.3,      ! Rated Evaporator Fan Power Per Volume Flow Rate {W/(m3/s)}
       Zone1WindACFanOutletNode, ! Coil Air Inlet Node
       Zone1WindACAirOutletNode, ! Coil Air Outlet Node
       WindACCoolCapFT,          ! Total Cooling Capacity Modifier Curve (function of temperature)
       WindACCoolCapFFF,         ! Total Cooling Capacity Modifier Curve (function of flow fraction)
       WindACEIRFT,              ! Energy Input Ratio Modifier Curve (function of temperature)
       WindACEIRFFF,             ! Energy Input Ratio Modifier Curve (function of flow fraction)
       WindACPLFFPLR,            ! Part Load Fraction Correlation (function of part load ratio)
       1000.,             ! Nominal Time for Condensate Removal to Begin {s}
       1.5,               ! Ratio of Initial Moisture Evaporation Rate and Steady-state Latent Capacity
       3.0,               ! Maximum ON/OFF Cycling Rate {cycles/hr}
       45.0,              ! Latent Capacity Time Constant {s}
       ,                  ! Condenser Air Inlet Node Name
       AirCooled,        ! Condenser Type
       ,                  ! Evaporative Condenser Effectiveness
       ,                  ! Evaporative Condenser Air Volume Flow Rate {m3/s}
       ,                  ! Evaporative Condenser Pump Rated Power Consumption {W}
       30.,               ! Crankcase Heater Capacity {W}
       10.;               ! Maximum Outdoor Dry-bulb Temperature for Crankcase Heater Operation {C}

Coil:Cooling:DX:TwoSpeed[LINK]

This component models a two-speed (or variable speed) DX compressor and fan. The method is based on the model used for the cycling, single speed DX unit. The single speed unit is described by single full load capacity, SHR, COP, and air flow rate at rated conditions. Off rated full load performance is obtained by the use of 4 modifier curves. At partial load the unit cycles on/off and the cycling losses are described by a part load fraction curve.

The multispeed unit is described by specifying the performance at two states: high speed compressor, high speed fan; and low speed compressor, low speed fan. When the unit load is above the high speed capacity, the unit runs with high speed compressor and fan. When the load on the unit is below the high speed capacity but above the low speed capacity, the unit will run with performance intermediate between high speed and low speed. When the load is less than the low speed capacity, the unit will cycle on/off just like the single speed unit.

The multispeed unit model requires 2 full sets of performance data. There must be a high and low speed capacity, SHR, COP, and evaporator air flow rate; as well as high and low speed performance curves – total cooling capacity modifier curve (function of temperature) and energy input ratio modifier curve (function of temperature).

The multispeed DX component should be used for all cases in which a DX VAV system is being simulated. Obviously this model – in which performance is obtained by interpolating between 2 specified states - is an oversimplification of how real multi-speed and variable speed DX cooling units are controlled. But detailed descriptions of how actual units perform and are controlled are not available. This model should give a good average prediction of multispeed and variable speed DX cooling unit performance. The last four input fields following the Basin Heater Operating Schedule Name are the Sensible Heat Ratio (SHR) modifier cruve names for temperature and flow fraction for high and low speed DX cooling coils. These four input fields are optional and used only when a user intends to override SHR calculated using the apparatus dew point (ADP) and bypass factor (BF) method. See section “SHR Calculation Using User Specified SHR Modifier Curves” in the EnergyPlus Engineering Document for further details..

Field: Name[LINK]

A unique user-assigned name for an instance of a multispeed DX cooling coil. Any reference to this DX coil by another object will use this name.

Field: Availability Schedule Name[LINK]

The name of the schedule (ref: Schedule) that denotes whether the DX cooling coil can run during a given time period. A schedule value greater than 0 (usually 1 is used) indicates that the unit can be on during the time period. A value less than or equal to 0 (usually 0 is used) denotes that the unit must be off for the time period. If this field is blank, the schedule has values of 1 for all time periods.

Field: Rated High Speed Total Cooling Capacity[LINK]

The total, full load cooling capacity (sensible plus latent) in watts of the DX coil unit for high speed compressor and high speed fan at rated conditions (air entering the cooling coil at 26.7°C drybulb/19.4°C wetbulb, air entering the outdoor condenser coil at 35°C drybulb/23.9°C wetbulb, and a cooling coil air flow rate defined by field “rated air volume flow rate” below). Capacity should be “gross” (i.e., supply air fan heat is NOT included).

Field: Rated High Speed Sensible Heat Ratio[LINK]

The sensible heat ratio (sensible capacity divided by total cooling capacity) of the DX cooling coil for high speed compressor and high speed fan at rated conditions (air entering the cooling coil at 26.7°C drybulb/19.4°C wetbulb, air entering the outdoor condenser coil at 35°C drybulb/23.9°C wetbulb, and a cooling coil air flow rate defined by field “rated air volume flow rate” below). Both the sensible and total cooling capacities used to define the Rated SHR should be “gross” (i.e., supply air fan heat is NOT included).

Field: Rated High Speed COP[LINK]

The coefficient of performance (cooling power output in watts divided by electrical power input in watts) of the DX cooling coil unit for high speed compressor and high speed fan at rated conditions (air entering the cooling coil at 26.7°C drybulb/19.4°C wetbulb, air entering the outdoor condenser coil at 35°C drybulb/23.9°C wetbulb, and a cooling coil air flow rate defined by field “rated air volume flow rate” below)The input power includes electric power for the compressor(s) and condenser fan(s) but does not include the power consumption of the supply air fan. The cooling power output is the value entered above in the field “Rated Total Cooling Capacity (gross)”. If this input field is left blank, the default value is 3.0.

Field: Rated High Speed Air Flow Rate[LINK]

The high speed air volume flow rate, in m3 per second, across the DX cooling coil at rated conditions. The rated air volume flow rate should be between 0.00004027 m3/s and 0.00006041 m3/s per watt of rated total cooling capacity. For DOAS applications the rated air volume flow rate should be between 0.00001677 m3/s and 0.00003355 m3/s per watt of rated total cooling capacity (125 to 250 cfm/ton). The rated total cooling capacity, rated SHR and rated COP should be performance information for the unit with air entering the cooling coil at 26.7°C drybulb/19.4°C wetbulb, air entering the outdoor condenser coil at 35°C drybulb/23.9°C wetbulb, and the rated air volume flow rate defined here.

Field: Unit Internal Static Air Pressure[LINK]

If this coil is used with a Fan:VariableVolume to model a packaged variable-air-volume unit, then ratings for standard rated net capacity, EER, and IEER will be calculated per ANSI/AHRI Standard 340/360-2007 with Addenda 1 and 2. This field is to specify the internal static air pressure, in units of Pascals, associated with the unit’s supply air flow for rating purposes. This field does not affect the performance during operation. This field is optional. If this field is used, then the internal static air pressure is used with the associated fan characteristics when calculating standard rated net capacity, EER, and IEER. If this field is not used, then the standard ratings are still performed but use a default for specific fan power of 773.3 (W/(m3/s)). The air pressure drop/rise input here should be “internal” in the sense that it is for the entire package of unitary equipment as it would be tested in a laboratory (including other non-cooling sections inside the package for filters, dampers, and.or heating coils) but none of the “external” pressure drop for distributing supply air throughout the building. This is different from the input field called Pressure Rise in the fan object which includes both the external static pressure and the internal static pressure. The results of standard rating calculations are reported to the EIO file and to predefined output tables called “DX Cooling Coils” and “VAV DX Cooling Standard Rating Details.”

Field: Air Inlet Node[LINK]

The name of the HVAC system node from which the DX cooling coil draws its inlet air.

Field: Air Outlet Node[LINK]

The name of the HVAC system node to which the DX cooling coil sends its outlet air.

Field: Total Cooling Capacity Function of Temperature Curve Name[LINK]

The name of a biquadratic performance curve (ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of the total cooling capacity as a function of the wet-bulb temperature of the air entering the cooling coil, and the dry-bulb temperature of the air entering the air-cooled condenser (wet-bulb temperature if modeling an evaporative-cooled condenser). The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated total cooling capacity to give the total cooling capacity at specific temperature operating conditions (i.e., at temperatures different from the rating point temperatures). The curve is normalized to have the value of 1.0 at the rating point. This curve is used for performance at the high speed compressor, high speed fan operating point.

Field: Total Cooling Capacity Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name[LINK]

The name of a quadratic performance curve (ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of total cooling capacity as a function of the ratio of actual air flow rate across the cooling coil to the rated air flow rate (i.e., fraction of full load flow). The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated total cooling capacity and the total cooling capacity modifier curve (function of temperature) to give the total cooling capacity at the specific temperature and air flow conditions at which the coil is operating. The curve is normalized to have the value of 1.0 when the actual air flow rate equals the rated air flow rate. This curve is applied only at the high speed compressor, high speed fan operating point. There is no corresponding curve for the low speed operating point.

Field: Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name[LINK]

The name of a biquadratic performance curve (ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of the energy input ratio (EIR) as a function of the wet-bulb temperature of the air entering the cooling coil and the dry-bulb temperature of the air entering the air-cooled condenser (wet-bulb temperature if modeling an evaporative-cooled condenser). The EIR is the inverse of the COP. The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated EIR (inverse of rated COP) to give the EIR at specific temperature operating conditions (i.e., at temperatures different from the rating point temperatures). The curve is normalized to a value of 1.0 at the rating point. This curve is used for performance at the high speed compressor, high speed fan operating point.

Field: Energy Input Ratio Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name[LINK]

The name of a quadratic performance curve (Ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of the energy input ratio (EIR) as a function of the ratio of actual air flow rate across the cooling coil to the rated air flow rate (i.e., fraction of full load flow). The EIR is the inverse of the COP. The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated EIR and the EIR modifier curve (function of temperature) to give the EIR at the specific temperature and air flow conditions at which the cooling coil is operating. This curve is normalized to a value of 1.0 when the actual air flow rate equals the rated air flow rate. This curve is applied only at the high speed compressor, high speed fan operating point. There is no corresponding curve for the low speed operating point.

Field: Part Load Fraction Correlation Curve Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of a quadratic or cubic performance curve (Ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of electrical power input to the DX unit as a function of the part load ratio (PLR, sensible cooling load/steady-state sensible cooling capacity). The product of the rated EIR and EIR modifier curves is divided by the output of this curve to give the “effective” EIR for a given simulation timestep. The part load fraction (PLF) correlation accounts for efficiency losses due to compressor cycling.

The part load fraction correlation should be normalized to a value of 1.0 when the part load ratio equals 1.0 (i.e., no efficiency losses when the compressor(s) run continuously for the simulation timestep). For PLR values between 0 and 1 (0 <= PLR < 1), the following rules apply:

PLF >= 0.7 and PLF >= PLR

If PLF < 0.7 a warning message is issued, the program resets the PLF value to 0.7, and the simulation proceeds. The runtime fraction of the coil is defined as PLR/PLF. If PLF < PLR, then a warning message is issued and the runtime fraction of the coil is limited to 1.0.

A typical part load fraction correlation for a conventional, single-speed DX cooling coil (e.g., residential unit) would be:

PLF = 0.85 + 0.15(PLR)

If the user wishes to model no efficiency degradation due to compressor cycling, the part load fraction correlation should be defined as follows:

PLF = 1.0 + 0.0(PLR)

Field: Rated Low Speed Total Cooling Capacity[LINK]

The total, full load cooling capacity (sensible plus latent) in watts of the DX coil unit for low speed compressor and low speed fan at rated conditions (air entering the cooling coil at 26.7°C drybulb/19.4°C wetbulb, air entering the outdoor condenser coil at 35°C drybulb/23.9°C wetbulb, and a cooling coil air flow rate defined by field “rated air volume flow rate, low speed” below). Capacity should be “gross” (i.e., supply air fan heat is NOT included).

Field: Rated Low Speed Sensible Heat Ratio[LINK]

The sensible heat ratio (SHR=sensible capacity divided by total cooling capacity) of the DX cooling coil for low speed compressor and low speed fan at rated conditions (air entering the cooling coil at 26.7°C drybulb/19.4°C wetbulb, air entering the outdoor condenser coil at 35°C drybulb/23.9°C wetbulb, and a cooling coil air flow rate defined by field “rated air volume flow rate, low speed” below). Both the sensible and total cooling capacities used to define the Rated SHR should be “gross” (i.e., supply air fan heat is NOT included).

Field: Rated Low Speed COP[LINK]

The coefficient of performance (COP=cooling power output in watts divided by electrical power input in watts) of the DX cooling coil unit for low speed compressor and low speed fan at rated conditions (air entering the cooling coil at 26.7°C drybulb/19.4°C wetbulb, air entering the outdoor condenser coil at 35°C drybulb/23.9°C wetbulb, and a cooling coil air flow rate defined by field “rated air volume flow rate, low speed” below). The input power includes power for the compressor(s) and condenser fan(s) but does not include the power consumption of the supply air fan. The cooling power output is the value entered above in the field “Rated Total Cooling Capacity (gross)”. If this input field is left blank, the default value is 3.0.

Field: Rated Low Speed Air Flow Rate[LINK]

The low speed volume air flow rate, in m3 per second, across the DX cooling coil at rated conditions. The rated air volume flow rate should be between 0.00004027 m3/s and 0.00006041 m3/s per watt of rated total cooling capacity. For DOAS applications the rated air volume flow rate should be between 0.00001677 m3/s and 0.00003355 m3/s per watt of rated total cooling capacity (125 to 250 cfm/ton). The rated total cooling capacity, rated SHR and rated COP should be performance information for the unit with air entering the cooling coil at 26.7°C drybulb/19.4°C wetbulb, air entering the outdoor condenser coil at 35°C drybulb/23.9°C wetbulb, and the rated air volume flow rate defined here.

Field: Low Speed Total Cooling Capacity Function of Temperature Curve Name[LINK]

The name of a biquadratic performance curve (ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of the total cooling capacity as a function of the wet-bulb temperature of the air entering the cooling coil, and the dry-bulb temperature of the air entering the air-cooled condenser (wet-bulb temperature if modeling an evaporative-cooled condenser). The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated total cooling capacity to give the total cooling capacity at specific temperature operating conditions (i.e., at temperatures different from the rating point temperatures). The curve is normalized to have the value of 1.0 at the rating point. This curve is used for performance at the low speed compressor, low speed fan operating point.

Field: Low Speed Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name[LINK]

The name of a biquadratic performance curve (ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of the energy input ratio (EIR) as a function of the wetbulb temperature of the air entering the cooling coil and the drybulb temperature of the air entering the air-cooled condenser (wetbulb temperature if modeling an evaporative-cooled condenser). The EIR is the inverse of the COP. The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated EIR (inverse of rated COP) to give the EIR at specific temperature operating conditions (i.e., at temperatures different from the rating point temperatures). The curve is normalized to a value of 1.0 at the rating point. This curve is used for performance at the low speed compressor, low speed fan operating point.

Field: Condenser Air Inlet Node Name[LINK]

This optional alpha field specifies the outdoor air node name used to define the conditions of the air entering the outdoor condenser. If this field is left blank, the outdoor air temperature entering the condenser (dry-bulb or wet-bulb) is taken directly from the weather data. If this field is not blank, the node name specified must also be specified in an OutdoorAir:Node object where the height of the node is taken into consideration when calculating outdoor air temperature from the weather data. Alternately, the node name may be specified in an OutdoorAir:NodeList object where the outdoor air temperature is taken directly from the weather data.

Field: Condenser Type[LINK]

The type of condenser used by the multi-speed DX cooling coil. Valid choices for this input field are AirCooled or EvaporativelyCooled. The default for this field is AirCooled.

Field: High Speed Evaporative Condenser Effectiveness[LINK]

The effectiveness of the evaporative condenser at high compressor/fan speed, which is used to determine the temperature of the air entering the outdoor condenser coil as follows:

where

T~cond inlet~ = the temperature of the air entering the condenser coil (C)

Twb,o~~= the wet-bulb temperature of the outdoor air (C)

Tdb,o~~= the dry-bulb temperature of the outdoor air (C)

The resulting condenser inlet air temperature is used by the Total Cooling Capacity Modifier Curve (function of temperature) and the Energy Input Ratio Modifier Curve (function of temperature). The default value for this field is 0.9, although valid entries can range from 0.0 to 1.0. This field is not used when Condenser Type = Air Cooled.

If the user wants to model an air-cooled condenser, they should simply specify AirCooled in the field Condenser Type. In this case, the Total Cooling Capacity Modifier Curve (function of temperature) and the Energy Input Ratio Modifier Curve (function of temperature) input fields for this object should reference performance curves that are a function of outdoor dry-bulb temperature.

If the user wishes to model an evaporative-cooled condenser AND they have performance curves that are a function of the wet-bulb temperature of air entering the condenser coil, then the user should specify Condenser Type = Evap Cooled and the evaporative condenser effectiveness value should be entered as 1.0. In this case, the Total Cooling Capacity Modifier Curve (function of temperature) and the Energy Input Ratio Modifier Curve (function of temperature) input fields for this object should reference performance curves that are a function of the wet-bulb temperature of air entering the condenser coil.

If the user wishes to model an air-cooled condenser that has evaporative media placed in front of it to cool the air entering the condenser coil, then the user should specify Condenser Type = Evap Cooled. The user must also enter the appropriate evaporative effectiveness for the media. In this case, the Total Cooling Capacity Modifier Curve (function of temperature) and the Energy Input Ratio Modifier Curve (function of temperature) input fields for this object should reference performance curves that are a function of outdoor dry-bulb temperature. Be aware that the evaporative media will significantly reduce the dry-bulb temperature of the air entering the condenser coil, so the Total Cooling Capacity and EIR Modifier Curves must be valid for the expected range of dry-bulb temperatures that will be entering the condenser coil.

Field: High Speed Evaporative Condenser Air Flow Rate[LINK]

The air volume flow rate, in m3 per second, entering the evaporative condenser at high compressor/fan speed. This value is used to calculate the amount of water used to evaporatively cool the condenser inlet air. The minimum value for this field must be greater than zero, and this input field is autosizable (equivalent to 0.000144 m3/s per watt of rated high-speed total cooling capacity [850 cfm/ton]). This field is not used when Condenser Type = Air Cooled.

Field: High Speed Evaporative Condenser Pump Rated Power Consumption[LINK]

The rated power of the evaporative condenser water pump in Watts at high compressor/fan speed. This value is used to calculate the power required to pump the water used to evaporatively cool the condenser inlet air. The default value for this input field is zero, but it is autosizable (equivalent to 0.004266 W per watt [15 W/ton] of rated high-speed total cooling capacity). This field is not used when Condenser Type = Air Cooled.

Field: Low Speed Evaporative Condenser Effectiveness[LINK]

The effectiveness of the evaporative condenser at low compressor/fan speed, which is used to determine the temperature of the air entering the outdoor condenser coil as follows:

where

T~cond inlet~ = the temperature of the air entering the condenser coil (C)

Twb,o~~= the wet-bulb temperature of the outdoor air (C)

Tdb,o~~= the dry-bulb temperature of the outdoor air (C)

The resulting condenser inlet air temperature is used by the Total Cooling Capacity Modifier Curve, low speed (function of temperature) and the Energy Input Ratio Modifier Curve, low speed (function of temperature). The default value for this field is 0.9, although valid entries can range from 0.0 to 1.0. This field is not used when Condenser Type = Air Cooled. See field “Evaporative Condenser Effectiveness, High Speed” above for further information.

Field: Low Speed Evaporative Condenser Air Flow Rate[LINK]

The air volume flow rate, in m3 per second, entering the evaporative condenser at low compressor/fan speed. This value is used to calculate the amount of water used to evaporatively cool the condenser inlet air. The minimum value for this field must be greater than zero, and this input field is autosizable (equivalent to 0.000048 m3/s per watt of rated high-speed total cooling capacity [280 cfm/ton]). This field is not used when Condenser Type = Air Cooled.

Field: Low Speed Evaporative Condenser Pump Rated Power Consumption[LINK]

The rated power of the evaporative condenser water pump in Watts at low compressor/fan speed. This value is used to calculate the power required to pump the water used to evaporatively cool the condenser inlet air. The default value for this input field is zero, but it is autosizable (equivalent to 0.001422 W per watt [5 W/ton] of rated high-speed total capacity). This field is not used when Condenser Type = Air Cooled.

Field: Supply Water Storage Tank Name[LINK]

This field is optional. It is used to describe where the coil obtains water used for evaporative cooling. If blank or omitted, then the cooler will obtain water directly from the mains. If the name of a Water Storage Tank object is used here, then the cooler will obtain its water from that tank. If a tank is specified, the coil will attempt to obtain all the water it uses from the tank. However if the tank cannot provide all the water the cooler needs, then the cooler will still operate and obtain the rest of the water it needs from the mains (referred to as StarvedWater).

Field: Condensate Collection Water Storage Tank Name[LINK]

This field is optional. It is used to describe where condensate from the coil is collected. If blank or omitted, then any coil condensate is discarded. Enter the name of Water Storage Tank object defined elsewhere and the condensate will then be collected in that tank.

Field: Basin Heater Capacity[LINK]

This numeric field contains the capacity of the DX coil’s electric evaporative cooler basin heater in watts per degree Kelvin. This field only applies for Condenser Type = EvaporativelyCooled. This field is used in conjunction with the Basin Heater Setpoint Temperature described in the following field. The basin heater electric power is equal to this field multiplied by the difference between the basin heater set point temperature and the outdoor dry-bulb temperature. The basin heater only operates when the DX coil is off, regardless of the basin heater schedule described below. The basin heater capacity must be greater than or equal to zero, with a default value of zero if this field is left blank.

Field: Basin Heater Setpoint Temperature[LINK]

This numeric field contains the set point temperature (˚C) for the basin heater described in the previous field. This field only applies for Condenser Type = EvaporativelyCooled. The basin heater is active when the outdoor air dry-bulb temperature falls below this setpoint temperature, as long as the DX coil is off. This set point temperature must be greater than or equal to 2˚C, and the default value is 2˚C if this field is left blank.

Field: Basin Heater Operating Schedule Name[LINK]

This alpha field contains the name of the basin heater operating schedule. This field only applies for Condenser Type = EvaporativelyCooled. The basin heater operating schedule is assumed to be an on/off schedule and the heater is available to operate any time the schedule value is greater than 0. The basin heater operates when scheduled on and the outdoor air dry-bulb temperature is below the set point temperature described in the previous field. If this field is left blank, the basin heater is available to operate throughout the simulation. Regardless of this schedule, the basin heater may only operate when the DX coil is off.

Following is an example input for the object.

Coil:Cooling:DX:TwoSpeed,
  Main Cooling Coil 1,     !- Name
  CoolingCoilAvailSched,   !- Availability Schedule Name
  autosize,                !- Rated High Speed Total Cooling Capacity {W}
  0.68,                    !- Rated High Speed Sensible Heat Ratio
  3.0,                     !- Rated High Speed COP
  autosize,                !- Rated High Speed Air Flow Rate {m3/s}
  ,                        !- Unit Internal Static Air Pressure Drop {Pa}
  Mixed Air Node 1,        !- Air Inlet Node Name
  Main Cooling Coil 1 Outlet Node,  !- Air Outlet Node Name
  VarSpeedCoolCapFT,       !- Total Cooling Capacity Function of Temperature Curve Name
  PackagedRatedCoolCapFFlow,  !- Total Cooling Capacity Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name
  VarSpeedCoolEIRFT,       !- Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name
  PackagedRatedCoolEIRFFlow,  !- Energy Input Ratio Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name
  VarSpeedCyclingPLFFPLR,  !- Part Load Fraction Correlation Curve Name
  autosize,                !- Rated Low Speed Total Cooling Capacity {W}
  0.69,                    !- Rated Low Speed Sensible Heat Ratio
  4.2,                     !- Rated Low Speed COP
  autosize,                !- Rated Low Speed Air Flow Rate {m3/s}
  VarSpeedCoolCapLSFT,     !- Low Speed Total Cooling Capacity Function of Temperature Curve Name
  VarSpeedCoolEIRLSFT,     !- Low Speed Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name
  Main Cooling Coil 1 Condenser Node;  !- Condenser Air Inlet Node Name

Field: Sensible Heat Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name[LINK]

The name of a biquadratic normalized curve (Ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of the sensible heat ratio (SHR) as a function of DX cooling coil entering air wet-bulb and dry-bulb temperatures. The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated SHR and the SHR modifier curve (function of flow fraction) to give the SHR at the specific coil entering air temperature and air flow conditions at which the cooling coil is operating. This curve is normalized to a value of 1.0 at the rated condition. This input field is optional.

Field: Sensible Heat Ratio Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name[LINK]

The name of a quadratic or cubic normalized curve (Ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of the sensible heat ratio (SHR) as a function of the ratio of actual air flow rate across the cooling coil to the rated air flow rate (i.e., fraction of full load flow). The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated SHR and the SHR modifier curve (function of temperature) to give the SHR at the specific temperature and air flow conditions at which the cooling coil is operating. This curve is normalized to a value of 1.0 when the actual air flow rate equals the rated air flow rate. This input field is optional.

Field: Low Sensible Heat Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name[LINK]

The name of a biquadratic normalized curve (Ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of the sensible heat ratio (SHR) as a function of DX cooling coil entering air wet-bulb and dry-bulb temperatures. The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated SHR and the SHR modifier curve (function of flow fraction) to give the SHR at the specific coil entering air temperature and air flow conditions at which the cooling coil is operating. This curve is normalized to a value of 1.0 at the rated condition. This input field is optional.

Field: Low Sensible Heat Ratio Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name[LINK]

The name of a quadratic or cubic normalized curve (Ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of the sensible heat ratio (SHR) as a function of the ratio of actual air flow rate across the cooling coil to the rated air flow rate (i.e., fraction of full load flow). The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated SHR and the SHR modifier curve (function of temperature) to give the SHR at the specific temperature and air flow conditions at which the cooling coil is operating. This curve is normalized to a value of 1.0 when the actual air flow rate equals the rated air flow rate. This input field is optional.

Following is an example input for the object.

Coil:Cooling:DX:TwoSpeed,
  Main Cooling Coil 1,     !- Name
  CoolingCoilAvailSched,   !- Availability Schedule Name
  autosize,                !- Rated High Speed Total Cooling Capacity {W}
  0.68,                    !- Rated High Speed Sensible Heat Ratio
  3.0,                     !- Rated High Speed COP
  autosize,                !- Rated High Speed Air Flow Rate {m3/s}
  ,                        !- Unit Internal Static Air Pressure Drop {Pa}
  Mixed Air Node 1,        !- Air Inlet Node Name
  Main Cooling Coil 1 Outlet Node,  !- Air Outlet Node Name
  VarSpeedCoolCapFT,       !- Total Cooling Capacity Function of Temperature Curve Name
  PackagedRatedCoolCapFFlow,  !- Total Cooling Capacity Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name
  VarSpeedCoolEIRFT,       !- Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name
  PackagedRatedCoolEIRFFlow,  !- Energy Input Ratio Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name
  VarSpeedCyclingPLFFPLR,  !- Part Load Fraction Correlation Curve Name
  autosize,                !- Rated Low Speed Total Cooling Capacity {W}
  0.69,                    !- Rated Low Speed Sensible Heat Ratio
  4.2,                     !- Rated Low Speed COP
  autosize,                !- Rated Low Speed Air Flow Rate {m3/s}
  VarSpeedCoolCapLSFT,     !- Low Speed Total Cooling Capacity Function of Temperature Curve Name
  VarSpeedCoolEIRLSFT,     !- Low Speed Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name
  Main Cooling Coil 1 Condenser Node;  !- Condenser Air Inlet Node Name
  ,                        !- Condenser Type
  ,                        !- High Speed Evaporative Condenser Effectiveness {dimensionless}
  ,                        !- High Speed Evaporative Condenser Air Flow Rate {m3/s}
  ,                        !- High Speed Evaporative Condenser Pump Rated Power Consumption {W}
  ,                        !- Low Speed Evaporative Condenser Effectiveness {dimensionless}
  ,                        !- Low Speed Evaporative Condenser Air Flow Rate {m3/s}
  ,                        !- Low Speed Evaporative Condenser Pump Rated Power Consumption {W}
  ,                        !- Supply Water Storage Tank Name
  ,                        !- Condensate Collection Water Storage Tank Name
  ,                        !- Basin Heater Capacity {W/K}
  ,                        !- Basin Heater Setpoint Temperature {C}
  ,                        !- Basin Heater Operating Schedule Name
  DOAS DX Coil SHR-FT,     !- High Speed Sensible Heat Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name
  DOAS DX Coil SHR-FF,     !- High Speed Sensible Heat Ratio Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name
  DOAS DX Coil SHR-FT,     !- Low Speed Sensible Heat Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name
  DOAS DX Coil SHR-FF;     !- Low Speed Sensible Heat Ratio Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name

    Curve:Quadratic,
      DOAS DX Coil SHR-FF,                                     !- Name
      0.9317,                                                  !- Coefficient1 Constant
     -0.0077,                                                  !- Coefficient2 x
      0.0760,                                                  !- Coefficient3 x**2
      0.69,                                                    !- Minimum Value of x
      1.30;                                                    !- Maximum Value of x

    Curve:Biquadratic,
      DOAS DX Coil SHR-FT,                                     !- Name
      1.3294540786,                                            !- Coefficient1 Constant
      -0.0990649255,                                           !- Coefficient2 x
      0.0008310043,                                            !- Coefficient3 x**2
      0.0652277735,                                            !- Coefficient4 y
      -0.0000793358,                                           !- Coefficient5 y**2
      -0.0005874422,                                           !- Coefficient6 x*y
      24.44,                                                   !- Minimum Value of x
      26.67,                                                   !- Maximum Value of x
      29.44,                                                   !- Minimum Value of y
      46.1,                                                    !- Maximum Value of y
      0.6661,                                                  !- Minimum Curve Output
      1.6009,                                                  !- Maximum Curve Output
      Temperature,                                             !- Input Unit Type for X
      Temperature,                                             !- Input Unit Type for Y
      Dimensionless;                                           !- Output Unit Type

Coil:Cooling:DX:TwoStageWithHumidityControlMode[LINK]

The multimode DX coil is functionally equivalent to Coil:Cooling:DX:SingleSpeed but with multiple performance modes. It is capable of modeling two-stage DX units and units with an enhanced dehumidification mode such as coil bypass or subcool reheat. This object contains one-time specifications for the DX unit such as node names and crankcase heater specifications. It references one or more CoilPerformance:DX:Cooling objects which define the performance for each mode of operation. It can have up to 4 performance modes to accommodate a 2-stage 2-mode unit.

The multimode DX coil can be used only as a component of CoilSystem:Cooling:DX or AirLoopHVAC:UnitaryHeatCool:VAVChangeoverBypass (parent object). These parent objects pass a load and dehumidification mode to this coil. If the coil has 2 capacity stages, the multimode coil model determines the stage sequencing.

Field: Name[LINK]

A unique user-assigned name for an instance of a DX cooling coil. Any reference to this DX coil by another object will use this name.

Field: Availability Schedule Name[LINK]

The name of the schedule (ref: Schedule) that denotes whether the DX cooling coil can run during a given time period. A schedule value greater than 0 (usually 1 is used) indicates that the unit can be on during a given time period. A value less than or equal to 0 (usually 0 is used) denotes that the unit must be off. If this field is blank, the schedule has values of 1 for all time periods.

Field: Air Inlet Node Name[LINK]

The name of the HVAC system node from which the DX cooling coil draws its inlet air.

Field: Air Outlet Node Name[LINK]

The name of the HVAC system node to which the DX cooling coil sends its outlet air.

Field: Crankcase Heater Capacity[LINK]

This numeric field defines the crankcase heater capacity in Watts. When the outdoor air dry-bulb temperature is below the value specified in the input field “Maximum Outdoor Dry-bulb Temperature for Crankcase Heater Operation” (described below), the crankcase heater is enabled during the time that the compressor is not running. If this cooling coil is used as part of an air-to-air heat pump (Ref. AirLoopHVAC:UnitaryHeatCool:VAVChangeoverBypass](page-033.html#airloophvacunitaryheatcoolvavchangeoverbypass)), the crankcase heater defined for this DX cooling coil is ignored and the crankcase heater power defined for the DX heating coil (Ref. [Coil:Heating:DX:SingleSpeed) is enabled during the time that the compressor is not running for either heating or cooling. The value for this input field must be greater than or equal to 0, and the default value is 0. To simulate a DX cooling coil without a crankcase heater, enter a value of 0.

Field: Maximum Outdoor Dry-Bulb Temperature for Crankcase Heater Operation[LINK]

This numeric field defines the outdoor air dry-bulb temperature above which the compressor’s crankcase heater is disabled. The value for this input field must be greater than or equal to 0.0°C, and the default value is 10°C.

Field: Number of Capacity Stages[LINK]

This integer field defines the number of capacity stages. The value for this input field must be either 1 or 2, and the default value is 1. Larger DX units often have two capacity stages, which are often two completely independent compressor/coil circuits with the evaporator coils arranged in parallel in the supply air stream. 2-stage operation affects cycling losses and latent degradation due to re-evaporation of moisture with continuous fan operation.

Field: Number of Enhanced Dehumidification Modes[LINK]

This integer field defines the number of enhanced dehumidification modes available. The value for this input field must be 0 or 1, and the default value is 0. If the DX unit can switch operating modes to increase dehumidification based on a humidistat signal, then set this to 1. This field just specified the availability of enhanced dehumidification. Actual control of the operating mode is handled by the coil’s parent component.

Field: Normal Mode Stage 1 Coil Performance Object Type[LINK]

Field: Normal Mode Stage 1 Coil Performance Object Name[LINK]

This pair of fields specifies the object type and name for the coil performance object which specifies the DX coil performance for stage 1 operation without enhanced dehumidification (normal mode). The only valid performance object type is CoilPerformance:DX:Cooling.

Field: Normal Mode Stage 1+2 Coil Performance Object Type[LINK]

Field: Normal Mode Stage 1+2 Coil Performance Object Name[LINK]

This pair of fields specifies the object type and name for the coil performance object which specifies the DX coil performance for stage 1+2 operation (both stages active) without enhanced dehumidification (normal mode). The only valid performance object type is CoilPerformance:DX:Cooling.

Field: Dehumidification Mode 1 Stage 1 Coil Performance Object Type[LINK]

Field: Dehumidification Mode 1 Stage 1 Coil Performance Object Name[LINK]

This pair of fields specifies the object type and name for the coil performance object which specifies the DX coil performance for stage 1 operation with enhanced dehumidification active. The only valid performance object type is CoilPerformance:DX:Cooling.

Field: Dehumidification Mode 1 Stage 1+2 Coil Performance Object Type[LINK]

Field: Dehumidification Mode 1 Stage 1+2 Coil Performance Object Name[LINK]

This pair of fields specifies the object type and name for the coil performance object which specifies the DX coil performance for stage 1+2 operation (both stages active) with enhanced dehumidification active. The only valid performance object type is CoilPerformance:DX:Cooling.

Field: Supply Water Storage Tank Name[LINK]

This field is optional. It is used to describe where the coil obtains water used for evaporative cooling. If blank or omitted, then the cooler will obtain water directly from the mains. If the name of a Water Storage Tank object is used here, then the cooler will obtain its water from that tank. If a tank is specified, the coil will attempt to obtain all the water it uses from the tank. However if the tank cannot provide all the water the cooler needs, then the cooler will still operate and obtain the rest of the water it needs from the mains (referred to as StarvedWater).

Field: Condensate Collection Water Storage Tank Name[LINK]

This field is optional. It is used to describe where condensate from the coil is collected. If blank or omitted, then any coil condensate is discarded. Enter the name of Water Storage Tank object defined elsewhere and the condensate will then be collected in that tank.

Field: Basin Heater Capacity[LINK]

This numeric field contains the capacity of the DX coil’s electric evaporative cooler basin heater in watts per degree Kelvin. This field only applies for Condenser Type = EvaporativelyCooled. This field is used in conjunction with the Basin Heater Setpoint Temperature described in the following field. The basin heater electric power is equal to this field multiplied by the difference between the basin heater set point temperature and the outdoor dry-bulb temperature. The basin heater only operates when the DX coil is off, regardless of the basin heater schedule described below. The basin heater capacity must be greater than or equal to zero, with a default value of zero if this field is left blank.

Field: Basin Heater Setpoint Temperature[LINK]

This numeric field contains the set point temperature (˚C) for the basin heater described in the previous field. This field only applies for Condenser Type = EvaporativelyCooled. The basin heater is active when the outdoor air dry-bulb temperature falls below this setpoint temperature, as long as the DX coil is off. This set point temperature must be greater than or equal to 2˚C, and the default value is 2˚C if this field is left blank.

Field: Basin Heater Operating Schedule Name[LINK]

This alpha field contains the name of the basin heater operating schedule. This field only applies for Condenser Type = EvaporativelyCooled. The basin heater operating schedule is assumed to be an on/off schedule and the heater is available to operate any time the schedule value is greater than 0. The basin heater operates when scheduled on and the outdoor air dry-bulb temperature is below the set point temperature described in the previous field. If this field is left blank, the basin heater is available to operate throughout the simulation. Regardless of this schedule, the basin heater may only operate when the DX coil is off.

Following is an example IDF use of the object:

Coil:Cooling:DX:TwoStageWithHumidityControlMode,
  DOAS Cooling Coil,                  !- Name
  HVACTemplate-Always 1,              !- Availability Schedule Name
  DOAS Supply Fan Outlet,             !- Air Inlet Node Name
  DOAS Cooling Coil Outlet,           !- Air Outlet Node Name
  ,                                   !- Crankcase Heater Capacity
  ,                                   !- Maximum Outdoor Dry-Bulb Temperature for Crankcase Heater
  2,                                  !- Number of Capacity Stages
  1,                                  !- Number of Enhanced Dehumidification Modes
  CoilPerformance:DX:Cooling,         !- Normal Mode Stage 1 Coil Performance Object Type
  DOAS Standard Perf 1,               !- Normal Mode Stage 1 Coil Performance Name
  CoilPerformance:DX:Cooling,         !- Normal Mode Stage 1+2 Coil Performance Object Type
  DOAS Standard Perf 1+2,             !- Normal Mode Stage 1+2 Coil Performance Name
  CoilPerformance:DX:Cooling,         !- Dehumidification Mode 1 Stage 1 Coil Performance Object Type
  DOAS Dehumid Perf 1,                !- Dehumidification Mode 1 Stage 1 Coil Performance Name
  CoilPerformance:DX:Cooling,         !- Dehumidification Mode 1 Stage 1+2 Coil Performance Object Type
  DOAS Dehumid Perf 1+2;              !- Dehumidification Mode 1 Stage 1+2 Coil Performance Name

Coil:Cooling:DX:MultiSpeed[LINK]

This component models a DX cooling unit with multiple discrete levels of cooling capacity. Depending on input choices, the user can model a single compressor with multiple operating speeds, or a unit with a single cooling coil fed by multiple compressors (e.g., row split or intertwined coil circuiting). Currently, this cooling coil can only be referenced by a AirLoopHVAC:UnitaryHeatPump:AirToAir:Multispeed object. Refer to Coil:Cooling:DX:TwoStageWithHumidityControlMode if the user wishes to model a cooling coil with discrete levels of cooling and the possibility of air bypass during low speed operation (e.g. face-split coil circuiting), or if cooling coil operation based on dehumidification requirements is desired.

The multispeed DX cooling coil can have from two to four operating speeds. When the coil operates at Speed 1 (the lowest speed), its performance is very similar to the single speed DX coil where the impacts of part-load ratio and latent capacity degradation can be included. When the coil operates at higher speeds (above Speed 1), the linear approximation methodology is applied. The coil outputs at two consecutive speeds are linearly interpolated to meet the required cooling capacity during an HVAC system timestep. When the coil performs above the lowest speed, the user can chose if they want to include part-load ratio and latent capacity degradation impacts at the higher speeds.

The multispeed unit is described by specifying the performance at different operating speeds. Each speed has its own set of input specifications: full load capacity, SHR, COP and air flow rate at rated conditions, along with modifier curves to determine performance when actual operating conditions are different from the rated conditions.

The coil operates to meet the sensible capacity being requested. When this requested capacity is above the sensible capacity of the highest operating speed, the coil runs continuously at the highest speed. When the requested capacity is between the sensible capacities of two consecutive speeds, the unit will operate a portion of the time at each speed to meet the request. When the requested capacity is less than the low speed (Speed 1) capacity, the unit will cycle on/off as needed.

Field: Name[LINK]

A unique user-assigned name for an instance of a multispeed DX cooling coil. Any reference to this DX coil by another object will use this name.

Field: Availability Schedule Name[LINK]

The name of the schedule (ref: Schedule) that denotes whether the DX cooling coil can run during a given time period. A schedule value greater than 0 (usually 1 is used) indicates that the unit can be on during the time period. A value less than or equal to 0 (usually 0 is used) denotes that the unit must be off for the time period. If this field is blank, the schedule has values of 1 for all time periods.

Field: Air Inlet Node Name[LINK]

The name of the HVAC system node from which the DX cooling coil draws its inlet air.

Field: Air Outlet Node Name[LINK]

The name of the HVAC system node to which the DX cooling coil sends its outlet air.

Field: Condenser Air Inlet Node Name[LINK]

This optional alpha field specifies the outdoor air node name used to define the conditions of the air entering the outdoor condenser. If this field is left blank, the outdoor air temperature entering the condenser (dry-bulb or wet-bulb) is taken directly from the weather data. If this field is not blank, the node name specified must also be specified in an OutdoorAir:Node object where the height of the node is taken into consideration when calculating outdoor air temperature from the weather data. Alternately, the node name may be specified in an OutdoorAir:NodeList object where the outdoor air temperature is taken directly from the weather data.

Field: Condenser Type[LINK]

The type of condenser used by the multispeed DX cooling coil. Valid choices for this input field are AirCooled or EvaporativelyCooled. The default for this field is AirCooled. [LINK]

Field: Supply Water Storage Tank Name[LINK]

This field is optional. It is used to describe where the coil obtains water used for evaporative cooling. If blank or omitted, then the evaporative cooler will obtain water directly from the mains. If the name of a Water Storage Tank object is used here, then the cooler will obtain its water from that tank. If a tank is specified, the coil will attempt to obtain all the water it uses from the tank. However if the tank cannot provide all the water the cooler needs, then the cooler will still operate and obtain the rest of the water it needs from the mains (referred to as StarvedWater).

Field: Condensate Collection Water Storage Tank Name[LINK]

This field is optional. It is used to describe where condensate from the coil is collected. If blank or omitted, then any coil condensate is discarded. Enter the name of Water Storage Tank object defined elsewhere and the condensate will then be collected in that tank.

Field: Apply Part Load Fraction to Speeds Greater than 1[LINK]

This field determines whether part-load impacts on coil energy use are applied when the coil is operating at speeds greater than speed 1. The allowed choices are Yes or No, with the default being No if this field is left blank. Other input fields in this object allow the user to specify a part-load fraction correlation for each speed to account for compressor start up losses (cycle on/off). For the case of a single multi-speed compressor, the part load losses may only be significant when the compressor cycles between speed 1 and off, but the losses may be extremely small when the compressor operates between speed 1 and speed 2 (or between speeds 2 and 3, etc.). In this case, the user may chose to specify NO for this input field to neglect part-load impacts on energy use at higher operating speeds. If part-load impacts on coil energy use are thought to be significant (e.g., interwined cooling coil with multiple compressors feeding individual refrigerant circuits), then the user may chose to specify YES and the part-load fraction correlations specified for speeds 2 through 4 will be applied as appropriate. The selection for this input field does not affect part-load impacts when the compressor cycles between speed 1 and off (i.e., the part-load fraction correlation for speed 1 is always applied).

Field: Apply Latent Degradation to Speeds Greater than 1[LINK]

This field determines whether latent capacity degradation is applied when the coil is operating at speeds greater than speed 1. The allowed choices are Yes or No, with the default being No if this field is left blank. Other input fields in this object allow the user to specify latent capacity degradation at each speed.

The latent capacity degradation model only applies when the ContinuousFanWithCyclingCompressor supply air fan operating mode is specified, to account for moisture evaporation from the wet cooling coil when the compressor cycles off but the supply air fan continues to operate. For the case of a single multi-speed compressor, latent capacity degradation may only be significant when the compressor cycles between speed 1 and off, but the losses may be extremely small when the compressor operates between speed 1 and speed 2 (or between speeds 2 and 3, etc.). In this case, the user may chose to specify NO for this input field to neglect latent capacity degradation impacts at higher operating speeds. If latent capacity degradation is thought to be significant (e.g., interwined or row-split cooling coil with multiple compressors feeding individual refrigerant circuits), then the user may chose to specify YES and the latent capacity degradation model will be applied for speeds 2 through 4 as appropriate. The selection for this input field does not affect latent capacity degradation between speed 1 and off.

Field: Crankcase Heater Capacity[LINK]

This numeric field defines the crankcase heater capacity in Watts. When the outdoor air dry-bulb temperature is below the value specified in the input field “Maximum Outdoor Dry-bulb Temperature for Crankcase Heater Operation” (described below), the crankcase heater is enabled during the time that the compressor is not running. The value for this input field must be greater than or equal to 0. If this input field is left blank, the default value is 0. To simulate a unit without a crankcase heater, enter a value of 0.

Field: Maximum Outdoor Dry-Bulb Temperature for Crankcase Heater Operation[LINK]

This numeric field defines the outdoor air dry-bulb temperature above which the compressor’s crankcase heater is disabled. The value for this input field must be greater than or equal to 0.0°C. If this input field is left blank, the default value is 10°C.

Field: Basin Heater Capacity[LINK]

This numeric field contains the capacity of the DX coil’s electric evaporative cooler basin heater in watts per degree Kelvin. This field only applies for Condenser Type = EvaporativelyCooled. This field is used in conjunction with the Basin Heater Setpoint Temperature described in the following field. The basin heater electric power is equal to this field multiplied by the difference between the basin heater set point temperature and the outdoor dry-bulb temperature. The basin heater only operates when the DX coil is off, regardless of the basin heater schedule described below. The basin heater capacity must be greater than or equal to zero, with a default value of zero if this field is left blank.

Field: Basin Heater Setpoint Temperature[LINK]

This numeric field contains the set point temperature (˚C) for the basin heater described in the previous field. This field only applies for Condenser Type = EvaporativelyCooled. The basin heater is active when the outdoor air dry-bulb temperature falls below this setpoint temperature, as long as the DX coil is off. This set point temperature must be greater than or equal to 2˚C, and the default value is 2˚C if this field is left blank.

Field: Basin Heater Operating Schedule Name[LINK]

This alpha field contains the name of the basin heater operating schedule. This field only applies for Condenser Type = EvaporativelyCooled. The basin heater operating schedule is assumed to be an on/off schedule and the heater is available to operate any time the schedule value is greater than 0. The basin heater operates when scheduled on and the outdoor air dry-bulb temperature is below the set point temperature described in the previous field. If this field is left blank, the basin heater is available to operate throughout the simulation. Regardless of this schedule, the basin heater may only operate when the DX coil is off.

Field: Fuel Type[LINK]

This alpha field determines the type of fuel that this cooling coil uses. This field has seven choices: Electricity, NaturalGas, PropaneGas, Coal, Diesel, Gasoline, FuelOil#1, FuelOil#2, OtherFuel1 and OtherFuel2. The default is NaturalGas.

Field: Number of Speeds[LINK]

This field specifies the number of sets of data being entered for rated specifications, performance curves, evaporative condenser data, latent degradation data, and waste heat specifications for each cooling speed. The rated specifications consist of rated capacity, rated SHR, rated COP, and rated air flow rate. The performance curves consist of a total capacity modifier curve as a function of temperature, total capacity modifier curve as a function of flow fraction, energy input ratio modifier curve as a function of temperature, energy input ratio modifier curve as a function of flow fraction, and part load fraction correlation as a function of part load ratio. The evaporative condenser data consists of effectiveness, condenser air volume flow rate, and rated pump power consumption. The latent degradation data consists of nominal time for condensate removal to begin, ratio of initial moisture evaporation rate and steady-state latent capacity, maximum On/Off cycling rate, and latent capacity time constant. The latent degradation data are only applied if the supply air fan operation mode is specified as ContinuousFanWithCyclingCompressor. The waste heat specifications include the fraction of energy input to the cooling coil at the fully loaded and rated conditions, and a temperature modifier. The minimum number of speeds for cooling is 2 and the maximum number is 4. The number of speeds should be the same as the number of speeds for cooling defined in its parent object (AirLoopHVAC:UnitaryHeatPump:AirToAir:MultiSpeed). The first set of performance inputs is for Speed 1 and should be for low speed, and the last set of performance inputs should be for high speed. For example, if only three cooling speeds are defined, the first set should be for low speed (Speed 1), the second set should be for medium speed (Speed 2), and the third set should be for high speed (Speed 3). In this example, any performance inputs for Speed 4 would be neglected (since this input field specifies that the coil only has three cooling speeds).

Field Group: rated specification, performance curves, latent capacity degradation inputs, and evaporative cooled condenser data[LINK]

The performance for each cooling speed must be specified as shown below. All inputs for Speed 1 are required first, followed by the inputs for Speed 2, Speed 3 and Speed 4.

Field: Speed Rated Total Cooling Capacity[LINK]

The total, full load cooling capacity (sensible plus latent) in watts of the DX coil unit for Speed operation at rated conditions (air entering the cooling coil at 26.7°C drybulb/19.4°C wetbulb, air entering the outdoor condenser coil at 35°C drybulb/23.9°C wetbulb, and a cooling coil air flow rate defined by field “Rated Air Volume Flow Rate, Speed” below). Capacity should be “gross” (i.e., supply air fan heat is NOT included).

Field: Speed Rated Sensible Heat Ratio[LINK]

The sensible heat ratio (SHR=sensible capacity divided by total cooling capacity) of the DX cooling coil for Speed operation at rated conditions (air entering the cooling coil at 26.7°C drybulb/19.4°C wetbulb, air entering the outdoor condenser coil at 35°C drybulb/23.9°C wetbulb, and a cooling coil air flow rate defined by field “Rated Air Volume Flow Rate, Speed” below). Both the sensible and total cooling capacities used to define the Rated SHR should be “gross” (i.e., supply air fan heat is NOT included).

Field: Speed Rated COP[LINK]

The coefficient of performance (COP=cooling power output in watts divided by electrical power input in watts) of the DX cooling coil unit for Speed operation at rated conditions (air entering the cooling coil at 26.7°C drybulb/19.4°C wetbulb, air entering the outdoor condenser coil at 35°C drybulb/23.9°C wetbulb, and a cooling coil air flow rate defined by field “Rated Air Volume Flow Rate, Speed” below). The input power includes power for the compressor(s) and condenser fan(s) but does not include the power consumption of the supply air fan. The cooling power output is the value entered above in the field “Rated Total Cooling Capacity, Speed (gross)”. If this input field is left blank, the default value is 3.0.

Field: Speed Rated Air Flow Rate[LINK]

The volumetric air flow rate for Speed , in m3 per second, across the DX cooling coil at rated conditions. The rated air volume flow rate for Speed should be between 0.00004027 m3/s and 0.00006041 m3/s per watt of rated total cooling capacity for Speed . The rated total cooling capacity, rated SHR and rated COP for Speed should be performance information for the unit with air entering the cooling coil at 26.7°C drybulb/19.4°C wetbulb, air entering the outdoor condenser coil at 35°C drybulb/23.9°C wetbulb, and the rated air volume flow rate defined here.

Field: Speed Rated Evaporator Fan Power Per Volume Flow Rate

This field is the electric power for the evaporator (cooling coil) fan per air volume flow rate through the coil at the rated conditions for Speed in W/(m3/s). The default value is 773.3 W/(m3/s) (365 W/1000 cfm) if this field is left blank. If a value is entered, it must be >= 0.0 and <= 1250 W/(m3/s). This value is only used to calculate Seasonal Energy Efficiency Ratio (SEER), and the Standard Rating (Net) Cooling Capacity which will be outputs in the EnergyPlus eio file (ref. EnergyPlus Engineering Reference, Multi-Speed DX Cooling Coil, Standard Ratings). This value is not used for modeling the evaporator (cooling coil) fan during simulations; instead, it is used for calculating SEER and Standard Rating Cooling Capacity to assist the user in verifying their inputs for modeling this type of equipment.

Field: Speed Total Cooling Capacity Function of Temperature Curve Name[LINK]

The name of a biquadratic performance curve (ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of the total cooling capacity for Speed as a function of the wet-bulb temperature of the air entering the cooling coil, and the dry-bulb temperature of the air entering the air-cooled condenser (wet-bulb temperature if modeling an evaporative-cooled condenser). The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated total cooling capacity for Speed to give the total cooling capacity at specific temperature operating conditions (i.e., at temperatures different from the rating point temperatures). The curve is normalized to have the value of 1.0 at the rating point.

Field: Speed Total Cooling Capacity Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name[LINK]

The name of a quadratic performance curve (ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of total cooling capacity for Speed as a function of the ratio of actual air flow rate across the cooling coil to the rated air flow rate for Speed (i.e., fraction of full load flow). The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated total cooling capacity and the total cooling capacity modifier curve (function of temperature) to give the total cooling capacity for Speed at the specific temperature and air flow conditions at which the coil is operating. The curve is normalized to have the value of 1.0 when the actual air flow rate equals the rated air flow rate for Speed .

Field: Speed Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name[LINK]

The name of a biquadratic performance curve (ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of the energy input ratio (EIR) for Speed as a function of the wetbulb temperature of the air entering the cooling coil and the drybulb temperature of the air entering the air-cooled condenser (wetbulb temperature if modeling an evaporative-cooled condenser). The EIR is the inverse of the COP. The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated EIR for Speed (inverse of rated COP for Speed ) to give the EIR for Speed at specific temperature operating conditions (i.e., at temperatures different from the rating point temperatures). The curve is normalized to a value of 1.0 at the rating point.

Field: Speed Energy Input Ratio Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name[LINK]

The name of a quadratic performance curve (Ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of the energy input ratio (EIR) for Speed as a function of the ratio of actual air flow rate across the cooling coil to the rated air flow rate for Speed (i.e., fraction of full load flow). The EIR is the inverse of the COP. The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated EIR and the EIR modifier curve (function of temperature) to give the EIR for Speed at the specific temperature and air flow conditions at which the cooling coil is operating. This curve is normalized to a value of 1.0 when the actual air flow rate equals the rated air flow rate for Speed .

Field: Speed Part Load Fraction Correlation Curve Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of a quadratic or cubic performance curve (Ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of electrical power input to the DX unit as a function of the part load ratio (PLR, sensible cooling load/steady-state sensible cooling capacity for Speed ). The product of the rated EIR and EIR modifier curves is divided by the output of this curve to give the “effective” EIR for a given simulation timestep for Speed . The part load fraction (PLF) correlation accounts for efficiency losses due to compressor cycling.

The part load fraction correlation should be normalized to a value of 1.0 when the part load ratio equals 1.0 (i.e., no efficiency losses when the compressor(s) run continuously for the simulation timestep). For PLR values between 0 and 1 (0 <= PLR < 1), the following rules apply:

PLF >= 0.7 and PLF >= PLR

If PLF < 0.7 a warning message is issued, the program resets the PLF value to 0.7, and the simulation proceeds. The runtime fraction of the coil is defined as PLR/PLF. If PLF < PLR, then a warning message is issued and the runtime fraction of the coil is limited to 1.0.

A typical part load fraction correlation for a conventional DX cooling coil (Speed ) would be:

PLF = 0.85 + 0.15(PLR)

If the user wishes to model no efficiency degradation due to compressor cycling, the part load fraction correlation should be defined as follows:

PLF = 1.0 + 0.0(PLR)

Field: Speed Nominal Time for Condensate Removal to Begin[LINK]

For Speed , the nominal time (in seconds) after startup for condensate to begin leaving the coil’s condensate drain line at the coil’s rated airflow and temperature conditions, starting with a dry coil. Nominal time is equal to the ratio of the energy of the coil’s maximum condensate holding capacity (J) to the coil’s steady-state latent capacity (W). Suggested value is 1000; zero value means the latent degradation model is disabled. The default value for this field is zero. The supply air fan operating mode must be continuous (i.e., the supply air fan operating mode may be specified in other ”parent” objects and is assumed continuous in some objects (e.g., CoilSystem:Cooling:DX) or can be scheduled in other objects [e.g., AirloopHVAC:UnitaryHeatCool]), and this field as well as the next three input fields for this object must have positive values in order to model latent capacity degradation for Speed .

Field: Speed Ratio of Initial Moisture Evaporation Rate and Steady State Latent Capacity[LINK]

For Speed , the ratio of the initial moisture evaporation rate from the cooling coil (when the compressor first turns off, in Watts) and the coil’s steady-state latent capacity (Watts) for Speed at rated airflow and temperature conditions. Suggested value is 1.5; zero value means the latent degradation model is disabled. The default value for this field is zero. The supply air fan operating mode must be continuous (i.e., the supply air fan operating mode may be specified in other ”parent” objects and is assumed continuous in some objects (e.g., CoilSystem:Cooling:DX) or can be scheduled in other objects [e.g., AirloopHVAC:UnitaryHeatCool]); and this field, the previous field and the next two fields must have positive values in order to model latent capacity degradation for Speed .

Field: Speed Maximum Cycling Rate[LINK]

For Speed , the maximum on-off cycling rate for the compressor (cycles per hour), which occurs at 50% run time fraction. Suggested value is 3; zero value means latent degradation model is disabled. The default value for this field is zero. The supply air fan operating mode must be continuous (i.e., the supply air fan operating mode may be specified in other ”parent” objects and is assumed continuous in some objects (e.g., CoilSystem:Cooling:DX) or can be scheduled in other objects [e.g., AirloopHVAC:UnitaryHeatCool]); and this field, the previous two fields and the next field must have positive values in order to model latent capacity degradation for Speed .

Field: Speed Latent Capacity Time Constant[LINK]

For Speed , the time constant (in seconds) for the cooling coil’s latent capacity to reach steady state after startup. Suggested value is 45; zero value means latent degradation model is disabled. The default value for this field is zero. The supply air fan operating mode must be continuous (i.e., the supply air fan operating mode may be specified in other ”parent” objects and is assumed continuous in some objects (e.g., CoilSystem:Cooling:DX) or can be scheduled in other objects [e.g., AirloopHVAC:UnitaryHeatCool]), and this field as well as the previous three input fields for this object must have positive values in order to model latent capacity degradation for Speed .

Field: Speed Rated Waste Heat Fraction of Power Input[LINK]

The fraction of energy input to the cooling coil that is available as recoverable waste heat at full load and rated conditions for Speed .

Field: Speed Waste Heat Function of Temperature Curve Name[LINK]

The name of a biquadratic performance curve (ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of the waste heat recovery as a function of outdoor dry-bulb temperature and the entering coil dry-bulb temperature at Speed . The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated waste heat fraction at specific temperature operating conditions (i.e., at temperatures different from the rating point). The curve is normalized to a value of 1.0 at the rating point. When the fuel type is electricity, this field can remain blank since it is ignored by the program in this instance.

Field: Speed Evaporative Condenser Effectiveness[LINK]

The effectiveness of the evaporative condenser at Speed , which is used to determine the temperature of the air entering the outdoor condenser coil as follows:

where

T~cond inlet~ = the temperature of the air entering the condenser coil (C)

Twb,o~~= the wet-bulb temperature of the outdoor air (C)

Tdb,o~~= the dry-bulb temperature of the outdoor air (C)

The resulting condenser inlet air temperature is used by the Total Cooling Capacity Modifier Curve, Speed (function of temperature) and the Energy Input Ratio Modifier Curve, Speed (function of temperature). The default value for this field is 0.9, although valid entries can range from 0.0 to 1.0. This field is not used when Condenser Type = Air Cooled.

If the user wants to model an air-cooled condenser, they should simply specify AirCooled in the field Condenser Type. In this case, the Total Cooling Capacity Modifier Curve, Speed (function of temperature) and the Energy Input Ratio Modifier Curve, Speed (function of temperature) input fields for this object should reference performance curves that are a function of outdoor dry-bulb temperature.

If the user wishes to model an evaporative-cooled condenser AND they have performance curves that are a function of the wet-bulb temperature of air entering the condenser coil, then the user should specify Condenser Type = Evap Cooled and the evaporative condenser effectiveness value should be entered as 1.0. In this case, the Total Cooling Capacity Modifier Curve, Speed (function of temperature) and the Energy Input Ratio Modifier Curve, Speed (function of temperature) input fields for this object should reference performance curves that are a function of the wet-bulb temperature of air entering the condenser coil.

If the user wishes to model an air-cooled condenser that has evaporative media placed in front of it to cool the air entering the condenser coil, then the user should specify Condenser Type = Evap Cooled. The user must also enter the appropriate evaporative effectiveness for the media. In this case, the Total Cooling Capacity Modifier Curve, Speed (function of temperature) and the Energy Input Ratio Modifier Curve, Speed (function of temperature) input fields for this object should reference performance curves that are a function of outdoor dry-bulb temperature. Be aware that the evaporative media will significantly reduce the dry-bulb temperature of the air entering the condenser coil, so the Total Cooling Capacity and EIR Modifier Curves for Speed must be valid for the expected range of dry-bulb temperatures that will be entering the condenser coil.

Field: Speed Evaporative Condenser Air Flow Rate[LINK]

The air volume flow rate, in m3 per second, entering the evaporative condenser at Speed . This value is used to calculate the amount of water used to evaporatively cool the condenser inlet air. The minimum value for this field must be greater than zero, and this input field is autosizable (equivalent to 0.000114 m3/s per watt of rated total cooling capacity for Speed [850 cfm/ton]). This field is not used when Condenser Type = Air Cooled.

Field: Speed Rated Evaporative Condenser Pump Power Consumption[LINK]

The rated power of the evaporative condenser water pump in Watts at Speed . This value is used to calculate the power required to pump the water used to evaporatively cool the condenser inlet air. The default value for this input field is zero, but it is autosizable (equivalent to 0.004266 W per watt [15 W/ton] of rated total capacity for Speed ). This field is not used when Condenser Type = Air Cooled.

Following is an example input for this multispeed DX cooling coil.

Coil:Cooling:DX:MultiSpeed,
    Heat Pump ACDXCoil 1,    !- Coil Name
    FanAndCoilAvailSched,    !- Availability Schedule
    DX Cooling Coil Air Inlet Node,  !- Coil Air Inlet Node
    Heating Coil Air Inlet Node,     !- Coil Air Outlet Node
    Outdoor Condenser Air Node,      !- Condenser Air Inlet Node Name
    AirCooled,              !- Condenser Type
    ,                        !- Name of Water Storage Tank for Supply
    ,                        !- Name of Water Storage Tank for Condensate Collection
    No,                      !- Apply Part Load Fraction to Speeds greater than 1
    No,                      !- Apply latent degradation to Speeds greater than 1
    200.0,                   !- Crankcase Heater Capacity {W}
    10.0,                    !- Maximum Outdoor Dry-bulb Temperature for Crankcase Heater Operation
    ,                        !- Basin Heater Capacity {W/K}
    ,                        !- Basin Heater Setpoint Temperature {C}
    ,                        !- Basin Heater Operating Schedule Name
    NaturalGas,              !- Fuel Type
    4,                       !- Number of speeds
    7500,                    !- Rated Total Cooling Capacity, Speed 1 (gross) {W}
    0.75,                    !- Rated SHR, Speed 1 {dimensionless}
    3.0,                     !- Rated COP, Speed 1 {dimensionless}
    0.40,                    !- Rated Air Volume Flow Rate, Speed 1 {m3/s}
    ,                        !- Rated Evaporator Fan Power Per Volume Flow Rate, Speed 1 {W/(m3/s)}
    HPACCoolCapFT Speed 1,   !- Total Cooling Capacity Modifier Curve, Speed 1 (temperature)
    HPACCoolCapFF Speed 1,   !- Total Cooling Capacity Modifier Curve, Speed 1 (flow fraction)
    HPACCOOLEIRFT Speed 1,   !- Energy Input Ratio Modifier Curve, Speed 1 (temperature)
    HPACCOOLEIRFF Speed 1,   !- Energy Input Ratio Modifier Curve, Speed 1 (flow fraction)
    HPACCOOLPLFFPLR Speed 1, !- Part Load Fraction Correlation, Speed 1 (part load ratio)
    1000.0,                  !- Nominal Time for Condensate Removal to Begin, Speed 1 {s}
    1.5,                     !- Ratio of Initial Moisture Evaporation Rate and Steady-state Latent
    3.0,                     !- Maximum ON/OFF Cycling Rate, Speed 1 {cycles/hr}
    45.0,                    !- Latent Capacity Time Constant, Speed 1 {s}
    0.2,                     !- Rated waste heat fraction of power input, Speed 1 {dimensionless}
    HAPCCoolWHFT Speed 1,    !- Waste heat modifier curve, Speed 1 (temperature)
    0.9,                     !- Evaporative Condenser Effectiveness, Speed 1 {dimensionless}
    0.05,                    !- Evaporative Condenser Air Volume Flow Rate, Speed 1 {m3/s}
    50,                      !- Evaporative Condenser Pump Rated Power Consumption, Speed 1 {W}
    17500,                   !- Rated Total Cooling Capacity, Speed 2 (gross) {W}
    0.75,                    !- Rated SHR, Speed 2 {dimensionless}
    3.0,                     !- Rated COP, Speed 2 {dimensionless}
    0.85,                    !- Rated Air Volume Flow Rate, Speed 2 {m3/s}
    ,                        !- Rated Evaporator Fan Power Per Volume Flow Rate, Speed 2 {W/(m3/s)}
    HPACCoolCapFT Speed 2,   !- Total Cooling Capacity Modifier Curve, Speed 2 (temperature)
    HPACCoolCapFF Speed 2,   !- Total Cooling Capacity Modifier Curve, Speed 2 (flow fraction)
    HPACCOOLEIRFT Speed 2,   !- Energy Input Ratio Modifier Curve, Speed 2 (temperature)
    HPACCOOLEIRFF Speed 2,   !- Energy Input Ratio Modifier Curve, Speed 2 (flow fraction)
    HPACCOOLPLFFPLR Speed 1, !- Part Load Fraction Correlation, Speed 2 (part load ratio)
    1000.0,                  !- Nominal Time for Condensate Removal to Begin, Speed 2
    1.5,                     !- Ratio of Initial Moisture Evaporation Rate and Steady-state Latent
    3.0,                     !- Maximum ON/OFF Cycling Rate, Speed 2
    45.0,                    !- Latent Capacity Time Constant, Speed 2
    0.2,                     !- Rated waste heat fraction of power input, Speed 2 {dimensionless}

HAPCCoolWHFT Speed 2,    !- Waste heat modifier curve, Speed 2 (temperature)
0.9,                     !- Evaporative Condenser Effectiveness, Speed 2 {dimensionless}
0.1,                     !- Evaporative Condenser Air Volume Flow Rate, Speed 2 {m3/s}
60,                      !- Evaporative Condenser Pump Rated Power Consumption, Speed 2 {W}
25500,                   !- Rated Total Cooling Capacity, Speed 3 (gross) {W}
0.75,                    !- Rated SHR, Speed 3 {dimensionless}
3.0,                     !- Rated COP, Speed 3 {dimensionless}
1.25,                    !- Rated Air Volume Flow Rate, Speed 3 {m3/s}
,                        !- Rated Evaporator Fan Power Per Volume Flow Rate, Speed 3 {W/(m3/s)}
HPACCoolCapFT Speed 3,   !- Total Cooling Capacity Modifier Curve, Speed 3 (temperature)
HPACCoolCapFF Speed 3,   !- Total Cooling Capacity Modifier Curve, Speed 3 (flow fraction)
HPACCOOLEIRFT Speed 3,   !- Energy Input Ratio Modifier Curve, Speed 3 (temperature)
HPACCOOLEIRFF Speed 3,   !- Energy Input Ratio Modifier Curve, Speed 3 (flow fraction)
HPACCOOLPLFFPLR Speed 1, !- Part Load Fraction Correlation, Speed 3 (part load ratio)
1000.0,                  !- Nominal Time for Condensate Removal to Begin, Speed 3 {s}
1.5,                     !- Ratio of Initial Moisture Evaporation Rate and Steady-state Latent
3.0,                     !- Maximum ON/OFF Cycling Rate, Speed 3 {cycles/hr}
45.0,                    !- Latent Capacity Time Constant, Speed 3 {s}
0.2,                     !- Rated waste heat fraction of power input, Speed 3 {dimensionless}
HAPCCoolWHFT Speed 3,    !- Waste heat modifier curve, Speed 3 (temperature)
0.9,                     !- Evaporative Condenser Effectiveness, Speed 3 {dimensionless}
0.2,                     !- Evaporative Condenser Air Volume Flow Rate, Speed 3 {m3/s}
80,                      !- Evaporative Condenser Pump Rated Power Consumption, Speed 3 {W}
35500,                   !- Rated Total Cooling Capacity, Speed 4 (gross) {W}
0.75,                    !- Rated SHR, Speed 4 {dimensionless}
3.0,                     !- Rated COP, Speed 4 {dimensionless}
1.75,                    !- Rated Air Volume Flow Rate, Speed 4 {m3/s}
,                        !- Rated Evaporator Fan Power Per Volume Flow Rate, Speed 4 {W/(m3/s)}
HPACCoolCapFT Speed 4,   !- Total Cooling Capacity Modifier Curve, Speed 4 (temperature)
HPACCoolCapFF Speed 4,   !- Total Cooling Capacity Modifier Curve, Speed 4 (flow fraction)
HPACCOOLEIRFT Speed 4,   !- Energy Input Ratio Modifier Curve, Speed 4 (temperature)
HPACCOOLEIRFF Speed 4,   !- Energy Input Ratio Modifier Curve, Speed 4 (flow fraction)
HPACCOOLPLFFPLR Speed 1, !- Part Load Fraction Correlation, Speed 4 (part load ratio)
1000.0,                  !- Nominal Time for Condensate Removal to Begin, Speed 4 {s}
1.5,                     !- Ratio of Initial Moisture Evaporation Rate and Steady-state Latent   !- Capacity, Speed 4 {dimensionless}
3.0,                     !- Maximum ON/OFF Cycling Rate, Speed 4 {cycles/hr}
45.0,                    !- Latent Capacity Time Constant, Speed 4 {s}
0.2,                     !- Rated waste heat fraction of power input, Speed 4 {dimensionless}
HAPCCoolWHFT Speed 4,    !- Waste heat modifier curve, Speed 4 (temperature)
0.9,                     !- Evaporative Condenser Effectiveness, Speed 4 {dimensionless}
0.3,                     !- Evaporative Condenser Air Volume Flow Rate, Speed 4 {m3/s}
100;                     !- Evaporative Condenser Pump Rated Power Consumption, Speed 4 {W}

DX Cooling Coil Outputs[LINK]

HVAC,Average,Cooling Coil Total Cooling Rate [W]
HVAC,Sum,Cooling Coil Total Cooling Energy [J]
HVAC,Average,Cooling Coil Sensible Cooling Rate [W]
HVAC,Sum,Cooling Coil Sensible Cooling Energy [J]
HVAC,Average,Cooling Coil Latent Cooling Rate [W]
HVAC,Sum,Cooling Coil Latent Cooling Energy [J]
HVAC,Average,Cooling Coil Electric Power[W]
HVAC,Sum,Cooling Coil Electric Energy [J]
HVAC,Average,Cooling Coil Runtime Fraction []

If not part of AirLoopHVAC:UnitaryHeatPump:AirToAir (if part of a heat pump, crankcase heater is reported only for the heating coil):
HVAC,Average,Cooling Coil Crankcase Heater Electric Power[W]
HVAC,Sum,Cooling Coil Crankcase Heater Electric Energy [J]

Evaporative-cooled condenser:
HVAC,Average,Cooling Coil Condenser Inlet Temperature [C]
HVAC,Sum,Cooling Coil Evaporative Condenser Water Volume[m3]
HVAC,Average,Cooling Coil Evaporative Condenser Pump Electric Power[W]
HVAC,Sum,Cooling Coil Evaporative Condenser Pump Electric Energy [J]
HVAC,Average,Cooling Coil Basin Heater Electric Power[W]
HVAC,Sum,Cooling Coil Basin Heater Electric Energy [J]
HVAC,Sum,Cooling Coil Evaporative Condenser Mains Supply Water Volume [m3]

Additional variables for Coil:Cooling:DX:TwoStageWithHumidityControlMode only:
HVAC,Average,Cooling Coil Stage 2 Runtime Fraction []
HVAC,Average,Cooling Coil Dehumidification Mode []

Additional variables when condensate is collected using a storage tank:
HVAC,Average,Cooling Coil Condensate Volume Flow Rate [m3/s]
Zone,Meter,Condensate:OnSiteWater [m3]
HVAC,Sum,Cooling Coil Condensate Volume [m3]

Additional variables for Coil:Cooling:DX:Multispeed:
If Fuel Type is not Electricity:
HVAC,Average,DX Cooling Coil <Fuel Type> Power[W]
HVAC,Sum,DX Cooling Coil <Fuel Type> Consumption[J]

Cooling Coil Total Cooling Rate [W][LINK]

This field is the total (sensible and latent) cooling rate output of the DX coil in Watts. This is determined by the coil inlet and outlet air conditions and the air mass flow rate through the coil.

Cooling Coil Total Cooling Energy [J][LINK]

This is the total (sensible plus latent) cooling output of the DX coil in Joules over the timestep being reported. This is determined by the coil inlet and outlet air conditions and the air mass flow rate through the coil. This output is also added to a meter with Resource Type = EnergyTransfer, End Use Key = CoolingCoils, Group Key = System (Ref. Output:Meter object).

Cooling Coil Sensible Cooling Rate [W][LINK]

This output is the moist air sensible cooling rate output of the DX coil in Watts. This is determined by the inlet and outlet air conditions and the air mass flow rate through the coil.

Cooling Coil Sensible Cooling Energy [J][LINK]

This is the moist air sensible cooling output of the DX coil in Joules for the timestep being reported. This is determined by the inlet and outlet air conditions and the air mass flow rate through the coil.

Cooling Coil Latent Cooling Rate [W][LINK]

This is the latent cooling rate output of the DX coil in Watts. This is determined by the inlet and outlet air conditions and the air mass flow rate through the coil.

Cooling Coil Latent Cooling Energy [J][LINK]

This is the latent cooling output of the DX coil in Joules for the timestep being reported. This is determined by the inlet and outlet air conditions and the air mass flow rate through the coil.

Cooling Coil Electric Power [W][LINK]

This output is the electricity consumption rate of the DX coil compressor and condenser fan(s) in Watts. This value is calculated for each HVAC system timestep, and the results are averaged for the timestep being reported.

Cooling Coil Electric Energy [J][LINK]

This is the electricity consumption of the DX coil compressor and condenser fan(s) in Joules for the timestep being reported. This output is also added to a meter with Resource Type = Electricity, End Use Key = Cooling, Group Key = System (Ref. Output:Meter object).

Cooling Coil Runtime Fraction [][LINK]

This is the runtime fraction of the DX coil compressor and condenser fan(s) for the timestep being reported.

Cooling Coil Crankcase Heater Electric Power[W][LINK]

This is the average electricity consumption rate of the DX coil compressor’s crankcase heater in Watts for the timestep being reported. If the DX Cooling Coil is used in a heat pump, the crankcase heater is reported only for the heating coil.

Cooling Coil Crankcase Heater Electric Energy [J][LINK]

This is the electricity consumption of the DX coil compressor’s crankcase heater in Joules for the timestep being reported. This output is also added to a meter with Resource Type = Electricity, End Use Key = Cooling, Group Key = System (ref. Output:Meter object). This output variable appears only when the DX Cooling Coil is not used as part of a heat pump, otherwise the crankcase heater is reported only for the heating coil.

Cooling Coil Condenser Inlet Temperature [C][LINK]

This is the inlet air temperature to the condenser coil in degrees C. This value can represent the outdoor air dry-bulb temperature, wet-bulb temperature, or somewhere in between from the weather data being used, depending on the value used in the input field “Evaporative Condenser Effectiveness”. The temperature reported here is used in the various modifier curves related to temperature (e.g., Total Cooling Capacity Modifier Curve [function of temperature]). This output variable appears only when the DX Cooling Coil is not used as part of a heat pump, otherwise the crankcase heater is reported only for the heating coil.

Cooling Coil Evaporative Condenser Water Volume [m3][LINK]

This output is the amount of water used to evaporatively cool the condenser coil inlet air, in cubic meters. This output is also added to a meter with Resource Type = Water, End Use Key = Cooling, Group Key = System (ref. Output:Meter object). This output variable appears only when the DX Cooling Coil is evaporatively cooled.

Cooling Coil Evaporative Condenser Mains Supply Water Volume [m3][LINK]

This is the volume of water drawn from mains water service for the evaporatively cooled condenser.

Cooling Coil Evaporative Condenser Pump Electric Power [W][LINK]

This is the average electricity consumption rate of the evaporative condenser water pump in Watts for the timestep being reported. This output variable appears only when the DX Cooling Coil is evaporatively cooled.

Cooling Coil Evaporative Condenser Pump Electric Energy [J][LINK]

This is the electricity consumption rate of the evaporative condenser water pump in Joules for the timestep being reported. This output is also added to a meter with Resource Type = Electricity, End Use Key = Cooling, Group Key = System (ref. Output:Meter object). This output variable appears only when the DX Cooling Coil is evaporatively cooled.

Cooling Coil Stage 2 Runtime Fraction [][LINK]

This is the runtime fraction of the stage 2 DX coil compressor and condenser fan(s) for the timestep being reported. Applicable only for COIL Coil:Cooling:DX:TwoStageWithHumidityControlMode when 2 capacity stages are specified. For 2-stage systems, Cooling Coil Runtime Fraction is the stage 1 runtime fraction. These runtime fractions overlap, because stage 2 will not run unless stage 1 is already running. For example, a system where stage 1 is 60% of total capacity is passed a load of 70%. The Cooling Coil Runtime Fraction (stage 1) will be 1.0, and the Cooling Coil Stage 2 Runtime Fraction will be 0.25 [(70%-60%)/(100%-60%)].

Cooling Coil Dehumidification Mode [][LINK]

This is the dehumidification mode for the timestep being reported. Applicable only for Coil:Cooling:DX:TwoStageWithHumidityControlMode when enhanced dehumidification mode is available. A value of 0 indicates normal mode (extra dehumidification not active). A value of 1 indicates dehumidification mode 1 is active. Note that this is an averaged variable, so fractional values are likely to be reported for reporting frequencies longer than “detailed”.

Cooling Coil Condensate Volume Flow Rate [m3/s][LINK]

Cooling Coil Condensate Volume [m3][LINK]

These outputs are the rate and volume of water collected as condensate from the coil. These reports only appear if a water storage tank is named in the input object.

Cooling Coil Evaporative Condenser Mains Supply Water Volume [m3][LINK]

This is the water consumed by the DX Cooling Coil evaporatively cooled condenser that is met by the mains water. This output variable appears only when the DX Cooling Coil is evaporatively cooled.

Cooling Coil Basin Heater Electric Power [W][LINK]

This is the average electricity consumption rate of the basin heater in Watts for the timestep being reported. This output variable appears only when the DX Cooling Coil is evaporatively cooled and the Basin Heater Capacity is greater than 0.

Cooling Coil Basin Heater Electric Energy [J][LINK]

This is the electricity consumption rate of the basin heater in Joules for the timestep being reported. This output is also added to a meter with Resource Type = Electricity, End Use Key = Cooling, Group Key = System (ref. Output:Meter object). This output variable appears only when the DX Cooling Coil is evaporatively cooled and the Basin Heater Capacity is greater than 0.

Cooling Coil Power [W][LINK]

This output variable appears only when using the Coil:Cooling:DX:Multispeed object and a fuel type other than electricity is used. This variable describes the input fuel type power for the cooling coil in Watts, averaged during the timestep being reported.

Cooling Coil Energy [J][LINK]

This output variable appears only when using the Coil:Cooling:DX:Multispeed object and a fuel type other than electricity is used. This variable describes the input fuel type consumption for the multispeed cooling coil in the unit of Joules, summed for the timestep being reported. The electric consumption is excluded..This output is added to a meter with Resource Type = , End Use Key = Cooling, Group Key = System (ref. Output:Meter object).

Note: in the above two output variables depends on the user specified input for the Fuel Type field. In addition to Electricity, valid fuel types are NaturalGas, Propane, FuelOil#1, FuelOil#2, Coal, Diesel, Gasoline, OtherFuel1 and OtherFuel2.

Coil:Cooling:DX:VariableSpeed[LINK]

The Variable-Speed DX Cooling Coil is a collection of performance curves that represent the cooling coil at various speed levels. The performance curves should be generated from a Reference Unit data. This is an equation-fit model that resembles a black box with no usage of heat transfer equations. On the other hand, the model uses the bypass factor approach to calculate sensible heat transfer rate, similar to the one used in the single-speed DX coil. The number of speed levels can range from 1 to 10. The cooling coil has two indoor air side connections, and one optional condenser air node connection. The user needs to specify a nominal speed level, at which the rated total cooling capacity, and rated volumetric air rate are sized. The rated capacity and rated volumetric flow rate represent the real situation in the air loop, and are used to determine and flow rates at various speed levels in the parent objects, e.g. of AirLoopHVAC:UnitaryHeatCool, ZoneHVAC:PackagedTerminalAirConditioner, AirLoopHVAC:UnitaryHeatPump:AirToAir and ZoneHVAC:PackagedTerminalHeatPump. It shall be mentioned that the performance correction curves, i.e. the temperature and flow fraction correction curves, should be normalized to the capacity and flow rate at each individual speed and at the rated conditions, similar to the performance curves used in the single-speed DX coil. However, the performance values, e.g. capacities, COPs, SHRs and flow rates at individual speed levels, should be given regarding a specific unit from the Reference Unit catalog data. In the following content, the statement started with “Reference Unit” means the actual Reference Unit catalog data. The rated conditions for obtaining the capacities, COPs and SHRs are at indoor dry-bulb temperature of 26.67 ˚C (80 ˚F), wet bulb temperature of 19.44 ˚C (67 ˚F), and the condenser entering air temperature of 35 ˚C (95 ˚F). Some equations are provided below to help explain the function of the various performance curves and data fields.

Field: Name[LINK]

This alpha field contains the identifying name for the variable-speed cooling coil.

Field: Air Inlet Node Name[LINK]

This alpha field contains the cooling coil load side inlet node name.

Field: Air Outlet Node Name[LINK]

This alpha field contains the cooling coil load side outlet node name.

Field: Number of Speeds[LINK]

This numeric field contains the maximum number of speed levels that the module uses. The number of speeds, for which the user input the performance data and curves, should be equal or higher than the maximum number. The performance inputs at higher speed levels are ignored.

Field: Nominal Speed Level[LINK]

This numeric field defines the nominal speed level, at which the rated capacity and rated air rate are correlated.

Field: Rated Total Cooling Capacity at Selected Nominal Speed Level[LINK]

This numeric field contains the rated total cooling capacity at the nominal speed level. This field is autosizable. The rated total cooling capacity is used to determine a capacity scaling factor, as compared to the Reference Unit capacity at the nominal speed level.

And then, this scaling factor is used to determine capacities at rated conditions for other speed levels, as below,

Field: Rated Volumetric Air Flow Rate at Selected Nominal Speed Level[LINK]

This numeric field contains the rated volumetric air flow rate on the load side of the DX unit, corresponding to the nominal speed level. This field is autosizable. The value is used to determine an internal scaling factor, and calculate the air flow rates in the parent objects. It is recommended that the ratio of the rated volumetric air flow rate to the rated capacity is the same as the unit performance from the Reference Unit data.

And the volumetric air flow rates in the parent objects are calculated as below,

Field: Nominal Time for Condensate Removal to Begin[LINK]

This numeric field defines the nominal time (in seconds) after startup for condensate to begin leaving the coil’s condensate drain line at the coil’s rated airflow and temperature conditions, starting with a dry coil. Nominal time is equal to the ratio of the energy of the coil’s maximum condensate holding capacity (J) to the coil’s steady-state latent capacity (W). Suggested value is 1000; zero value means the latent degradation model is disabled. The default value for this field is zero.

Field: Ratio of Initial Moisture Evaporation Rate and Steady State Latent Capacity[LINK]

This numeric field defines ratio of the initial moisture evaporation rate from the cooling coil (when the compressor first turns off, in Watts) and the coil’s steady-state latent capacity (Watts) at rated airflow and temperature conditions. Suggested value is 1.5; zero value means the latent degradation model is disabled. The default value for this field is zero.

Field: Part Load Fraction Correlation Curve Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of a quadratic or cubic performance curve (Ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of electrical power input to the unit as a function of the part load ratio (PLR, sensible or latent load/steady-state sensible or latent cooling capacity for Speed 1), in the case that the unit operates under the lowest speed, i.e. on/off. The product of the rated EIR and EIR modifier curves is divided by the output of this curve to give the “effective” EIR for a given simulation timestep for Speed 1. The part load fraction (PLF) correlation accounts for efficiency losses due to compressor cycling. The part load fraction correlation should be normalized to a value of 1.0 when the part load ratio equals 1.0 (i.e., no efficiency losses when the compressor(s) run continuously for the simulation timestep).

Field: Condenser Air Inlet Node Name[LINK]

This optional alpha field specifies the outdoor air node name used to define the conditions of the air entering the outdoor condenser. If this field is left blank, the outdoor air temperature entering the condenser (dry-bulb or wet-bulb) is taken directly from the weather data. If this field is not blank, the node name specified must also be specified in an OutdoorAir:Node object where the height of the node is taken into consideration when calculating outdoor air temperature from the weather data. Alternately, the node name may be specified in an OutdoorAir:NodeList object where the outdoor air temperature is taken directly from the weather data.

Field: Condenser Type[LINK]

The type of condenser used by the DX cooling coil. Valid choices for this input field are AirCooled or EvaporativelyCooled. The default for this field is AirCooled.

Field: Evaporative Condenser Pump Rated Power Consumption[LINK]

The rated power of the evaporative condenser water pump in Watts. This value is used to calculate the power required to pump the water used to evaporatively cool the condenser inlet air. The default value for this input field is zero, but it is autosizable (equivalent to 0.004266 W per watt [15 W/ton] of rated total cooling capacity). This field is not used when Condenser Type = Air Cooled.

Field: Crankcase Heater Capacity[LINK]

This numeric field defines the crankcase heater capacity in Watts. When the outdoor air drybulb temperature is below the value specified in the input field “Maximum Outdoor Dry-bulb Temperature for Crankcase Heater Operation” (described below), the crankcase heater is enabled during the time that the compressor is not running. If this cooling coil is used as part of an air-to-air heat pump, the crankcase heater defined for this DX cooling coil is ignored and the crankcase heater power defined for the DX heating coil (Ref. Coil:Heating:DX:SingleSpeed) is enabled during the time that the compressor is not running for either heating or cooling. The value for this input field must be greater than or equal to 0, and the default value is 0. To simulate a DX cooling coil without a crankcase heater, enter a value of 0.

Field: Maximum Outdoor Dry-Bulb Temperature for Crankcase Heater Operation[LINK]

This numeric field defines the outdoor air dry-bulb temperature above which the compressor’s crankcase heater is disabled. The value for this input field must be greater than or equal to 0.0°C, and the default value is 10°C.

Field: Supply Water Storage Tank Name[LINK]

This field is optional. It is used to describe where the coil obtains water used for evaporative cooling of its condenser. If blank or omitted, then the unit will obtain water directly from the mains. If the name of a Water Storage Tank object is used here, the unit will obtain its water from that tank. If a tank is specified, the unit will attempt to obtain all the water it uses from the tank. However if the tank cannot provide all the water the condenser needs, then the unit will still operate and obtain the rest of the water it needs from the mains (referred to as StarvedWater).

Field: Condensate Collection Water Storage Tank Name[LINK]

This field is optional. It is used to describe where condensate from the coil is collected. If blank or omitted, then any coil condensate is discarded. Enter the name of Water Storage Tank object defined elsewhere and the condensate will then be collected in that tank.

Field: Basin Heater Capacity[LINK]

This numeric field contains the capacity of the DX coil’s electric evaporative cooler basin

heater in watts per degree Kelvin. This field only applies for Condenser Type = EvaporativelyCooled. This field is used in conjunction with the Basin Heater Setpoint temperature described in the following field. The basin heater electric power is equal to this field multiplied by the difference between the basin heater set point temperature and the outdoor dry-bulb temperature. The basin heater only operates when the DX coil is off, regardless of the basin heater schedule described below. The basin heater capacity must be greater than or equal to zero, with a default value of zero if this field is left blank.

Field: Basin Heater Setpoint Temperature[LINK]

This numeric field contains the set point temperature (˚C) for the basin heater described in the previous field. This field only applies for Condenser Type = EvaporativelyCooled. The basin heater is active when the outdoor air dry-bulb temperature falls below this setpoint temperature, as long as the DX coil is off. This set point temperature must be greater than or equal to 2˚C, and the default value is 2˚C if this field is left blank.

Field: Basin Heater Operating Schedule Name[LINK]

This alpha field contains the name of the basin heater operating schedule. This field only applies for Condenser Type = EvaporativelyCooled. The basin heater operating schedule is assumed to be an on/off schedule and the heater is available to operate any time the schedule value is greater than 0. The basin heater operates when scheduled on and the outdoor air dry-bulb temperature is below the set point temperature described in the previous field. If this field is left blank, the basin heater is available to operate throughout the simulation. Regardless of this schedule, the basin heater may only operate when the DX coil is off.

Field Group: Rated specification, performance curves[LINK]

The performance for each cooling speed must be specified as shown below. They should be directly given from the Reference Unit catalog data. All inputs for Speed 1 are required, followed by the optional inputs for other speeds.

Field: Speed Reference Unit Total Cooling Capacity[LINK]

This numeric field defines the total, full load cooling capacity in watts of the air-to-air cooling coil unit at rated conditions for Speed operation. The value entered here must be greater than 0. Capacity should not include supply air fan heat.

Field: Speed Reference Unit SHR[LINK]

This numeric field defines sensible heat transfer ratio (SHR = sensible heat transfer rate divided by total cooling capacity) of the cooling coil unit at rated conditions for Speed operation. The value entered here must be greater than 0.0 and less than 1.0. This value should be obtained from the Reference Unit data.

Field: Speed Reference Unit COP[LINK]

This numeric field defines the coefficient of performance (COP=total cooling capacity output in watts divided by electrical power input in watts) of the cooling coil unit at rated conditions for Speed operation. The value entered here must be greater than 0. The input power includes power for the compressor(s) and accessories, but does not include the indoor supply air fan.

Field: Speed Reference Unit Air Flow Rate[LINK]

This numeric field defines the volumetric air flow rate, in m3 per second, across the cooling coil at rated conditions for Speed operation. The value entered here should be directly from the Reference Unit data, corresponding to the given cooling capacity and COP at the speed, as above.

Field: Speed Reference Unit Condenser Flow Rate[LINK]

This numeric field defines the condenser volumetric air flow rate, in m3 per second, across the condenser coil at rated conditions for Speed operation. The value entered here should be directly from the Reference Unit data. This field is used to calculate water evaporation rate for an evaporatively-cooled condenser. For an air-cooled condenser, this input is not used.

Field: Speed Reference Unit Pad Effectiveness of Evap Precooling[LINK]

This numeric field defines the effectiveness of condenser evaporative precooling pad. The values of effectiveness are given at individual speed levels, since varied condenser air flow rates impact the effectiveness.

Field: Speed Total Cooling Capacity Function of Temperature Curve Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of a bi-quadratic performance curve for Speed (ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of the total cooling capacity as a function of the both the indoor wet-bulb and source side entering air temperature, from the Reference Unit. The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated total cooling capacity at the speed to give the total cooling capacity at specific temperature operating conditions (i.e., at an indoor air wet-bulb temperature or outdoor entering air temperature different from the rating point temperature). It should be noted that the curve is normalized to the cooling capacity at Speed from the Reference Unit data, and have the value of 1.0 at the rating point.

Field: Speed Total Cooling Capacity Function of Air Flow Fraction Curve Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of a quadratic or cubic performance curve for Speed (ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of total cooling capacity as a function of the ratio of actual air flow rate across the cooling coil to the design air flow rate (i.e., fraction of full load flow at Speed , from the Reference Unit data). The curve is normalized to have the value of 1.0 when the actual air flow rate equals the design air flow rate, at Speed .

Field: Speed Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of a bi-quadratic performance curve for Speed (ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of the energy input ratio (EIR) as a function of the both the indoor air wet-bulb and condenser entering air temperatures The EIR is the inverse of the COP. The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated EIR (inverse of rated COP at Speed from the Reference Unit data) to give the EIR at specific temperature operating conditions (i.e., at an indoor air wet-bulb temperature or condenser entering air temperature different from the rating point temperature). The curve is normalized to have the value of 1.0 at the rating point.

Field: Speed Energy Input Ratio Function of Air Flow Fraction Curve Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of a quadratic or cubic performance curve for Speed (ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of the energy input ratio (EIR) as a function of the ratio of actual air flow rate across the cooling coil to the design air flow rate (i.e., fraction of full load flow, at Speed from the Reference Unit data). The EIR is the inverse of the COP. This curve is normalized to a value of 1.0 when the actual air flow rate equals the design air flow rate.

An example of this statement in an IDF is:

Coil:Cooling:DX:VariableSpeed,
   Heat Pump ACDXCoil 1,            !- Name
   DX Cooling Coil Air Inlet Node,  !- Air Inlet Node Name
   Heating Coil Air Inlet Node,     !- Air Outlet Node Name
   10.0,                   !- Number of Speeds {dimensionless}
   10.0,                   !- Nominal Speed Level {dimensionless}
   32000,                  !- Rated Total Cooling Capacity {W}
   1.7,                    !- Rated Air Flow Rate {m3/s}
   0.0,                    !- Nominal Time for Condensate to Begin Leaving the Coil {s}
   0.0,  !- Initial Moisture Evaporation Rate Divided by Steady-State AC Latent Capacity {dimensionless}
   HPACCOOLPLFFPLR,           !- Part Load Fraction Correlation Curve Name
   ,    ! - Condenser Air Inlet Node Name
   AirCooled,    ! - Condenser Type
   ,    ! - Evaporative Condenser Pump Rated Power Consumption
   200.0,                ! - Crankcase Heater Capacity, {w}
   10.0,                   !- Maximum Outdoor Dry-Bulb Temperature for Crankcase Heater Operation {C}
   , ! - Supply Water Storage Tank Name
   ,  ! - Condensate Collection Water Storage Tank Name
   ,                       ! - Basin Heater Capacity
   , ! - Basin Heater Setpoint Temperature
   ,                       ! - Basin Heater Operating Schedule Name
   1524.1,                 !- Speed 1 Rated Total Cooling Capacity {w}
   0.75,                   !- Speed 1 Rated Sensible Heat Ratio {dimensionless}
   4.0,                    !- Speed 1 Rated COP {dimensionless}
   0.1359072,              !- Speed 1 Rated Air Flow Rate {m3/s}
   0.26,                   ! - Speed 1 Rated Condenser Air Flow Rate {m3/s}, for evaporatively cooled
   ,                       ! - Evaporative precooling effectiveness
   HPACCoolCapFT,          !- Total Cooling Capacity Function of Temperature Curve Name
   HPACCoolCapFFF,         !- Total Cooling Capacity Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name
   HPACCOOLEIRFT,          !- Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name
   HPACCOOLEIRFFF,         !- Energy Input Ratio Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name
   1877.9,                 !- Speed 2 Rated Total Cooling Capacity {w}
   0.75,                   !- Speed 2 Rated Sensible Heat Ratio {dimensionless}
   4.0,                    !- Speed 2 Rated COP {dimensionless}
   0.151008,               !- Speed 2 Rated Air Flow Rate {m3/s}
   0.30,                   ! - Speed 2 Rated Condenser Air Flow Rate {m3/s}, for evaporatively cooled
   ,                       ! - Evaporative precooling effectiveness
   HPACCoolCapFT,          !- Total Cooling Capacity Function of Temperature Curve Name
   HPACCoolCapFFF,         !- Total Cooling Capacity Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name
   HPACCOOLEIRFT,          !- Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name
   HPACCOOLEIRFFF,         !- Energy Input Ratio Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name
   2226.6,                 !- Speed 3 Rated Total Cooling Capacity {w}
   0.75,                   !- Speed 3 Rated Sensible Heat Ratio {dimensionless}
   4.0,                    !- Speed 3 Rated COP {dimensionless}
   0.1661088,              !- Speed 3 Rated Air Flow Rate {m3/s}
   0.33,                   !- Speed 3 Rated Condenser Air Flow Rate {m3/s}, for evaporatively cooled
   ,                       !- Evaporative precooling effectiveness
   HPACCoolCapFT,          !- Total Cooling Capacity Function of Temperature Curve Name
   HPACCoolCapFFF,         !- Total Cooling Capacity Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name
   HPACCOOLEIRFT,          !- Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name
   HPACCOOLEIRFFF,         !- Energy Input Ratio Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name
   2911.3,                 !- Speed 4 Rated Total Cooling Capacity {w}
   0.75,                   !- Speed 4 Rated Sensible Heat Ratio {dimensionless}
   4.0,                    !- Speed 4 Rated COP {dimensionless}
   0.1963104,              !- Speed 4 Rated Air Flow Rate {m3/s}
   0.38,                   !- Speed 4 Rated Condenser Air Flow Rate {m3/s}, for evaporatively cooled
   ,                       !- Evaporative precooling effectiveness
   HPACCoolCapFT,          !- Total Cooling Capacity Function of Temperature Curve Name
   HPACCoolCapFFF,         !- Total Cooling Capacity Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name
   HPACCOOLEIRFT,          !- Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name
   HPACCOOLEIRFFF,         !- Energy Input Ratio Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name
   3581.7,                 !- Speed 5 Rated Total Cooling Capacity {w}
   0.75,                   !- Speed 5 Rated Sensible Heat Ratio {dimensionless}
   4.0,                    !- Speed 5 Rated COP {dimensionless}
   0.226512,               !- Speed 5 Rated Air Flow Rate {m3/s}
   0.44,                   !- Speed 5 Rated Condenser Air Flow Rate {m3/s}, for evaporatively cooled
   ,                       !- Evaporative precooling effectiveness
   HPACCoolCapFT,          !- Total Cooling Capacity Function of Temperature Curve Name
   HPACCoolCapFFF,         !- Total Cooling Capacity Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name
   HPACCOOLEIRFT,          !- Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name
   HPACCOOLEIRFFF,         !- Energy Input Ratio Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name
   4239.5,                 !- Speed 6 Rated Total Cooling Capacity {w}
   0.75,                   !- Speed 6 Rated Sensible Heat Ratio {dimensionless}
   4.0,                    !- Speed 6 Rated COP {dimensionless}
   0.2567136,              !- Speed 6 Rated Air Flow Rate {m3/s}
   0.50,                   ! - Speed 6 Rated Condenser Air Flow Rate {m3/s}, for evaporatively cooled
   ,                       ! - Evaporative precooling effectiveness
   HPACCoolCapFT,          !- Total Cooling Capacity Function of Temperature Curve Name
   HPACCoolCapFFF,         !- Total Cooling Capacity Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name
   HPACCOOLEIRFT,          !- Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name
   HPACCOOLEIRFFF,         !- Energy Input Ratio Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name
   4885.7,                 !- Speed 7 Rated Total Cooling Capacity {w}
   0.75,                   !- Speed 7 Rated Sensible Heat Ratio {dimensionless}
   4.0,                    !- Speed 7 Rated COP {dimensionless}
   0.2869152,              !- Speed 7 Rated Air Flow Rate {m3/s}
   0.57,                   ! - Speed 7 Rated Condenser Air Flow Rate {m3/s}, for evaporatively cooled
   ,                       ! - Evaporative precooling effectiveness
   HPACCoolCapFT,          !- Total Cooling Capacity Function of Temperature Curve Name
   HPACCoolCapFFF,         !- Total Cooling Capacity Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name
   HPACCOOLEIRFT,          !- Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name
   HPACCOOLEIRFFF,         !- Energy Input Ratio Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name
   5520.7,                 !- Speed 8 Rated Total Cooling Capacity {w}
   0.75,                   !- Speed 8 Rated Sensible Heat Ratio {dimensionless}
   4.0,                    !- Speed 8 Rated COP {dimensionless}
   0.3171168,              !- Speed 8 Rated Air Flow Rate {m3/s}
   0.63,                   ! - Speed 8 Rated Condenser Air Flow Rate {m3/s}, for evaporatively cooled
   ,                       ! - Evaporative precooling effectiveness
   HPACCoolCapFT,          !- Total Cooling Capacity Function of Temperature Curve Name
   HPACCoolCapFFF,         !- Total Cooling Capacity Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name
   HPACCOOLEIRFT,          !- Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name
   HPACCOOLEIRFFF,         !- Energy Input Ratio Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name
   6144.8,                 !- Speed 9 Rated Total Cooling Capacity {w}
   0.75,                   !- Speed 9 Rated Sensible Heat Ratio {dimensionless}
   4.0,                    !- Speed 9 Rated COP {dimensionless}
   0.3473184,              !- Speed 9 Rated Air Flow Rate {m3/s}
   0.69,                   ! - Speed 9 Rated Condenser Air Flow Rate {m3/s}, for evaporatively cooled
   ,                       ! - Evaporative precooling effectiveness
   HPACCoolCapFT,          !- Total Cooling Capacity Function of Temperature Curve Name
   HPACCoolCapFFF,         !- Total Cooling Capacity Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name
   HPACCOOLEIRFT,          !- Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name
   HPACCOOLEIRFFF,         !- Energy Input Ratio Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name
   6758.0,                 !- Speed 10 Rated Total Cooling Capacity {w}
   0.75,                   !- Speed 10 Rated Sensible Heat Ratio {dimensionless}
   4.0,                    !- Speed 10 Rated COP {dimensionless}
   0.37752,                !- Speed 10 Rated Air Flow Rate {m3/s}
   0.74,                   ! - Speed 10 Rated Condenser Air Flow Rate {m3/s}, for evaporatively cooled
   ,                       ! - Evaporative precooling effectiveness
   HPACCoolCapFT,          !- Total Cooling Capacity Function of Temperature Curve Name
   HPACCoolCapFFF,         !- Total Cooling Capacity Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name
   HPACCOOLEIRFT,          !- Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name
   HPACCOOLEIRFFF;         !- Energy Input Ratio Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name

Variable Speed DX Cooling Coil Outputs[LINK]

HVAC,Average,Cooling Coil Electric Power [W]
HVAC,Average,Cooling Coil Total Cooling Rate [W]
HVAC,Average,Cooling Coil Sensible Cooling Rate [W]
HVAC,Average,Cooling Coil Source Side Heat Transfer Rate [W]
HVAC,Average,Cooling Coil Part Load Ratio []
HVAC,Average, Cooling Coil Runtime Fraction []
HVAC,Average, Cooling Coil Air Mass Flow Rate [kg/s]
HVAC,Average,Cooling Coil Air Inlet Temperature [C]
HVAC,Average,Cooling Coil Air Inlet Humidity Ratio [kgWater/kgDryAir]
HVAC,Average,Cooling Coil Air Outlet Temperature [C]
HVAC,Average,Cooling Coil Air Outlet Humidity Ratio [kgWater/kgDryAir]
HVAC,Average,Cooling Coil Upper Speed Level []
HVAC,Average,Cooling Coil Neighboring Speed Levels Ratio []
HVAC,Average,VSAirtoAirHP Recoverable Waste Heat [W]
HVAC,Sum,Cooling Coil Electric Energy [J]
HVAC,Sum,Cooling Coil Total Cooling Energy [J]
HVAC,Sum,Cooling Coil Sensible Cooling Energy [J]
HVAC,Sum,Cooling Coil Latent Cooling Energy [J]
HVAC,Sum,Cooling Coil Source Side Heat Transfer Energy [J]
HVAC,Average,Cooling Coil Crankcase Heater Electric Power [W]
HVAC,Sum,Cooling Coil Crankcase Heater Electric Energy [J]
HVAC,Average,Cooling Coil Condensate Volume Flow Rate [m3/s]
HVAC,Sum,Cooling Coil Condensate Volume [m3]
HVAC,Average,Cooling Coil Condenser Inlet Temperature [C]
HVAC,Sum,Cooling Coil Evaporative Condenser Water Volume [m3]
HVAC,Sum,Cooling Coil Evaporative Condenser Mains Water Volume [m3]
HVAC,Average,Cooling Coil Evaporative Condenser Pump Electric Power[W]
HVAC,Sum,Cooling Coil Evaporative Condenser Pump Electric Energy [J]
HVAC,Average,Cooling Coil Basin Heater Electric Power [W]
HVAC,Sum,Cooling Coil Basin Heater Electric Energy [J]

Cooling Coil Electric Power [W][LINK]

This output variable is the average electric consumption rate of the heat pump in Watts over the timestep being reported.

Cooling Coil Total Cooling Rate [W][LINK]

The output variable is the average total cooling load provide by the heat pump which includes the sensible and latent load in Watts over the timestep being reported.

Cooling Coil Sensible Cooling Rate [W][LINK]

The output variable is the average sensible cooling load provide by the heat pump in Watts over the timestep being reported.

Cooling Coil Source Side Heat Transfer Rate [W][LINK]

The output variable is the average heat rejected to the water at the heat pump condenser in Watts over the timestep being reported.

Cooling Coil Part Load Ratio [][LINK]

This output variable is the ratio of the part-load capacity to the steady state capacity of the VSAirtoAirHP coil. For the cycling fan mode, the runtime fraction for the heat pump compressor may be different from the compressor part-load ratio reported here due to the part-load performance of the VSAirtoAirHP coil (delay at start-up to reach steady-state output). In general, runtime fractions are reported by individual components where appropriate.

Cooling Coil Runtime Fraction [][LINK]

This output variable is the function of the part load ratio (PLR, part-load capacity/ steady state capacity). The runtime fraction, or duty factor, accounts for efficiency losses due to compressor cycling.

Cooling Coil Air Mass Flow Rate [kg/s][LINK]

The output variable is the average air mass flow rate on the load side going through the heat pump over the timestep being reported.

Cooling Coil Air Inlet Temperature [C][LINK]

The output variable is the average entering air dry-bulb temperature over the timestep being reported.

Cooling Coil Air Inlet Humidity Ratio [kgWater/kgDryAir][LINK]

The output variable is the average entering air dry humidity ratio over the timestep being reported.

Cooling Coil Air Outlet Temperature [C][LINK]

The output variable is the average leaving air dry-bulb temperature over the timestep being reported.

Cooling Coil Air Outlet Humidity Ratio [kgWater/kgDryAir][LINK]

The output variable is the average leaving air dry humidity ratio over the timestep being reported.

Cooling Coil Upper Speed Level [][LINK]

The output variable is the average upper speed level, for interpolating performances between two neighboring speed levels.

Cooling Coil Neighboring Speed Levels Ratio [][LINK]

The output variable is the average speed ratio, for interpolating performances between two neighboring speed levels.

Cooling Coil Electric Energy [J][LINK]

The output variable is the electric consumption of the heat pump in Joules over the timestep being reported.

Cooling Coil Total Cooling Energy [J][LINK]

The output variable is the total cooling output of the coil in Joules over the timestep being reported.

Cooling Coil Sensible Cooling Energy [J][LINK]

The output variable is the total sensible cooling output of the coil in Joules over the timestep being reported

Cooling Coil Latent Cooling Energy [J][LINK]

Cooling Coil Latent Cooling Rate [W][LINK]

These output variables are the total latent cooling output of the coil in Joules or Watts over the timestep being reported.

Cooling Coil Source Side Heat Transfer Energy [J][LINK]

The output variable is the total source side heat transfer of the coil in Joules over the timestep being reported.

Cooling Coil Crankcase Heater Electric Power [W][LINK]

The output variable is the average power used for crankcase heater, in Watts over the timestep being reported.

Cooling Coil Crankcase Heater Electric Energy [J][LINK]

The output variable is the total electric energy usage of the coil for crankcase heater, in Joules over the timestep being reported.

Cooling Coil Condensate Volume Flow Rate [m3/s][LINK]

The output variable is the average water condensate volumetric flow rate from the cooling coil, in m3/s over the timestep being reported, if choosing to use CondensatetoTank.

Cooling Coil Condensate Volume [m3][LINK]

The output variable is the total water condensate volume from the cooling coil, in m3 over the timestep being reported.

Cooling Coil Condenser Inlet Temperature [C][LINK]

The output variable is the average air temperature entering the condenser coil, in °C over the timestep being reported.

Cooling Coil Evaporative Condenser Water Volume [m3][LINK]

The output variable is the total water volume consumed for condenser evaporative pre-cooling, in m3 over the timestep being reported.

Cooling Coil Evaporative Condenser Mains Water Volume [m3][LINK]

The output variable is the total water volume for condenser evaporative pre-cooling, obtained from the Mains Water supply, in m3 over the timestep being reported.

Cooling Coil Evaporative Condenser Pump Electric Power[W][LINK]

The output variable is the average power consumption rate of the evaporative condenser pump, in Watts over the timestep being reported.

Cooling Coil Evaporative Condenser Pump Electric Energy [J][LINK]

The output variable is the total power consumption of the evaporative condenser pump, in Joules over the timestep being reported.

Cooling Coil Basin Heater Electric Power [W][LINK]

The output variable is the average power consumption rate by the basin heater, in Watts over the timestep being reported.

Cooling Coil Basin Heater Electric Energy [J][LINK]

The output variable is the total power consumption by the basin heater, in Joules over the timestep being reported.

CoilPerformance:DX:Cooling[LINK]

This coil performance object is used to specify DX coil performance for one mode of operation for a Coil:Cooling:DX:TwoStageWithHumidityControlMode. A single Coil:Cooling:DX:TwoStageWithHumidityControlMode object will reference one to four CoilPerformance:DX:Cooling objects depending on the number of available stages and dehumidification modes as specified in the two stage DX object. For example, a standard 2-stage DX system will use two of these performance objects, one to defined the capacity and performance for stage 1 operation, and a second one for stage 1+2 (both stages active) operation. In nearly all cases, the Rated Air Volume Flow Rate will be the same for all performance objects associated with a given multimode DX coil. If bypass is specified, the Rated Air Volume Flow Rate includes both the bypassed flow and the flow through the active coil.

This DX coil model is identical to Coil:Cooling:DX:SingleSpeed with addition of bypass and multi-stage capabilities. This DX cooling coil model and input are quite different from that for the heating and cooling water coils. The simple water coils use an NTU-effectiveness heat exchanger model. The single speed DX coil model uses performance information at rated conditions along with curve fits for variations in total capacity, energy input ratio and part-load fraction to determine performance at part-load conditions. Sensible/latent capacity splits are determined by the rated sensible heat ratio (SHR) and the apparatus dewpoint/bypass factor (ADP/BF) approach. This approach is analogous to the NTU-effectiveness calculations used for sensible-only heat exchanger calculations, extended to a cooling and dehumidifying coil.

An alternative to ADP/BF method for sensible/latent capacity split is to use SHR modifier curves for temperature and flow fraction. These two optional input fields are used only when a user specified SHR calculation method desired over the (ADP/BF) method. Sensible heat ratio calculated using these two SHR modifier curves override the value calculated by ADP/BF method. See section “SHR Calculation Using User Specified SHR Modifier Curves” in the EnergyPlus Engineering Document for further details.

The DX cooling coil input requires the rated total cooling capacity, the rated SHR, the rated COP, the rated air volume flow rate, and the fraction of air flow which is bypassed around the coil. The first 4 inputs determine the coil performance at the rating point (air entering the cooling coil at 26.7°C drybulb/19.4°C wetbulb and air entering the outdoor condenser coil at 35°C drybulb/23.9°C wetbulb). The rated air volume flow rate (less any bypassed fraction) should be between .00004027 m3/s and .00006041 m3/s per watt of rated total cooling capacity (300 to 450 cfm/ton). The rated volumetric air flow to total cooling capacity ratio for 100% dedicated outdoor air (DOAS) application DX cooling coils should be between 0.00001677 (m3/s)/W (125 cfm/ton) and 0.00003355 (m3/s)/W (250 cfm/ton).

This model requires 5 curves as follows:

  1. The total cooling capacity modifier curve (function of temperature) is a biquadratic curve with two independent variables: wet-bulb temperature of the air entering the cooling coil, and dry-bulb temperature of the air entering the air-cooled condenser coil (wet-bulb temperature if modeling an evaporative-cooled condenser). The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated total cooling capacity to give the total cooling capacity at specific temperature operating conditions (i.e., at temperatures different from the rating point temperatures).
  2. The total cooling capacity modifier curve (function of flow fraction) is a quadratic or cubic curve with the independent variable being the ratio of the actual air flow rate across the cooling coil to the rated air flow rate (i.e., fraction of full load flow). The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated total cooling capacity and the total cooling capacity modifier curve (function of temperature) to give the total cooling capacity at the specific temperature and air flow conditions at which the coil is operating.
  3. The energy input ratio (EIR) modifier curve (function of temperature) is a biquadratic curve with two independent variables: wet-bulb temperature of the air entering the cooling coil, and dry-bulb temperature of the air entering the air-cooled condenser coil (wet-bulb temperature if modeling an evaporative-cooled condenser). The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated EIR (inverse of the rated COP) to give the EIR at specific temperature operating conditions (i.e., at temperatures different from the rating point temperatures).
  4. The energy input ratio (EIR) modifier curve (function of flow fraction) is a quadratic or cubic curve with the independent variable being the ratio of the actual air flow rate across the cooling coil to the rated air flow rate (i.e., fraction of full load flow). The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated EIR (inverse of the rated COP) and the EIR modifier curve (function of temperature) to give the EIR at the specific temperature and air flow conditions at which the coil is operating.
  5. The part load fraction correlation (function of part load ratio) is a quadratic or cubic curve with the independent variable being part load ratio (sensible cooling load / steady-state sensible cooling capacity). The output of this curve is used in combination with the rated EIR and EIR modifier curves to give the “effective” EIR for a given simulation timestep. The part load fraction (PLF) correlation accounts for efficiency losses due to compressor cycling. The curve should be normalized to a value of 1.0 when the part-load ratio equals 1.0 (i.e., the compressor(s) run continuously for the simulation timestep).

The curves are simply specified by name. Curve inputs are described in the curve manager section of this document (see Performance Curves in this document).

The next four input fields are optional and relate to the degradation of latent cooling capacity when the supply air fan operates continuously while the cooling coil/compressor cycle on and off to meet the cooling load. The fan operating mode is either considered to be constant (e.g. CoilSystem:Cooling:DX) or can be scheduled in the parent object (e.g. AirLoopHVAC:UnitaryHeatCool). When scheduled, the schedule value must be greater than 0 to calculate degradation of latent cooling capacity. At times when the parent object’s supply air fan operating mode schedule is 0, latent degradation will be ignored. When used, these next four input fields must all have positive values in order to model latent capacity degradation.

The next input specifies the outdoor air node used to define the conditions of the air entering the outdoor condenser. If this field is not blank, the node name specified must be listed in an OutdoorAir:Node object where the height of the node is taken into consideration when calculating outdoor temperature from the weather data. Alternately, the node name must be specified in an OutdoorAir:NodeList object where the outdoor temperature entering the condenser is taken directly from the weather data. This field may also be left blank, if this is the case then the outdoor temperature entering the condenser is taken directly from the weather data.

The next input describes the type of outdoor condenser coil used with the DX cooling coil (Air Cooled or Evap Cooled). The following three inputs are required when modeling an evaporative-cooled condenser: evaporative condenser effectiveness, evaporative condenser air volume flow rate, and the power consumed by the evaporative condenser pump. See section “DX Cooling Coil Model” in the EnergyPlus Engineering Document for further details regarding this model.

Field: Name[LINK]

This alpha field is a unique user-assigned name for an instance of DX cooling coil performance. Any reference to this DX coil performance object by another object will use this name.

Field: Rated Total Cooling Capacity[LINK]

The total, full load cooling capacity (sensible plus latent) in watts of the DX coil unit at rated conditions (air entering the cooling coil at 26.7°C drybulb/19.4°C wetbulb, air entering the outdoor condenser coil at 35°C drybulb/23.9°C wetbulb, and a cooling coil air flow rate defined by field “rated air volume flow rate” below). Capacity should be “gross” (i.e., supply air fan heat is NOT included).

Field: Rated Sensible Heat Ratio[LINK]

The sensible heat ratio (SHR=sensible capacity divided by total cooling capacity) of the DX cooling coil at rated conditions (air entering the cooling coil at 26.7°C drybulb/19.4°C wetbulb, air entering the outdoor condenser coil at 35°C drybulb/23.9°C wetbulb, and a cooling coil air flow rate defined by field “rated air volume flow rate” below). Both the sensible and total cooling capacities used to define the Rated SHR should be “gross” (i.e., supply air fan heat is NOT included).

Field: Rated COP[LINK]

The coefficient of performance (COP=cooling power output in watts divided by electrical power input in watts) of the DX cooling coil unit at rated conditions (air entering the cooling coil at 26.7°C drybulb/19.4°C wetbulb, air entering the outdoor condenser coil at 35°C drybulb/ 23.9°C wetbulb, and a cooling coil air flow rate defined by field “rated air volume flow rate” below). The input power includes electric power for the compressor(s) and condenser fan(s) but does not include the power consumption of the supply air fan. The cooling power output is the value entered above in the field “Rated Total Cooling Capacity (gross)”. If this input field is left blank, the default value is 3.0.

Field: Rated Air Flow Rate[LINK]

The air volume flow rate, in m3 per second, across the DX cooling coil at rated conditions. The rated total cooling capacity, rated SHR and rated COP should be performance information for the unit with air entering the cooling coil at 26.7°C drybulb/19.4°C wetbulb, air entering the outdoor condenser coil at 35°C drybulb/23.9°C wetbulb, and the rated air volume flow rate defined here.

Field: Fraction of Air Flow Bypassed Around Coil[LINK]

This numeric field specifies the fraction of the Rated Air Volume Flow Rate which bypasses the active cooling coil for this performance mode. The remaining portion of the flow should be between 0.00004027 m3/s and .00006041 m3/s per watt of rated total cooling capacity (300 to 450 cfm/ton) for this performance mode. For DOAS applications the remaining portion of rated air volume flow rate should be between 0.00001677 m3/s and 0.00003355 m3/s per watt of rated total cooling capacity (125 to 250 cfm/ton). This is used to model face-split coils on multi-stage units or bypass dampers. If total flow rate varies during simulation, the same fraction is bypassed. This input may range from 0.0 to <1.0. The default is 0.0. For a multi-stage face-split coil in which stage 1 is 60% of total capacity, this field would be set to 0.4 for the Stage 1 performance and set to 0.0 for the Stage 1+2 performance. For a DX system which activates a bypass damper for improved dehumidification, this field would be set to 0.0 for normal mode performance and set to something greater than zero for enhanced dehumidification mode performance.

Field: Total Cooling Capacity Function of Temperature Curve Name[LINK]

The name of a biquadratic performance curve (ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of the total cooling capacity as a function of the wet-bulb temperature of the air entering the cooling coil, and the dry-bulb temperature of the air entering the air-cooled condenser coil (wet-bulb temperature if modeling an evaporative-cooled condenser). The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated total cooling capacity to give the total cooling capacity at specific temperature operating conditions (i.e., at temperatures different from the rating point temperatures). The curve is normalized to have the value of 1.0 at the rating point.

Field: Total Cooling Capacity Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name[LINK]

The name of a quadratic or cubic performance curve (ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of total cooling capacity as a function of the ratio of actual air flow rate across the cooling coil to the rated air flow rate (i.e., fraction of full load flow). The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated total cooling capacity and the total cooling capacity modifier curve (function of temperature) to give the total cooling capacity at the specific temperature and air flow conditions at which the coil is operating. The curve is normalized to have the value of 1.0 when the actual air flow rate equals the rated air flow rate.

Field: Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name[LINK]

The name of a biquadratic performance curve (ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of the energy input ratio (EIR) as a function of the wet-bulb temperature of the air entering the cooling coil, and the dry-bulb temperature of the air entering the air-cooled condenser coil (wet-bulb temperature if modeling an evaporative-cooled condenser). The EIR is the inverse of the COP. The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated EIR (inverse of rated COP) to give the EIR at specific temperature operating conditions (i.e., at temperatures different from the rating point temperatures). The curve is normalized to a value of 1.0 at the rating point.

Field: Energy Input Ratio Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name[LINK]

The name of a quadratic or cubic performance curve (Ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of the energy input ratio (EIR) as a function of the ratio of actual air flow rate across the cooling coil to the rated air flow rate (i.e., fraction of full load flow). The EIR is the inverse of the COP. The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated EIR and the EIR modifier curve (function of temperature) to give the EIR at the specific temperature and air flow conditions at which the cooling coil is operating. This curve is normalized to a value of 1.0 when the actual air flow rate equals the rated air flow rate.

Field: Part Load Fraction Correlation Curve Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of a quadratic or cubic performance curve (Ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of electrical power input to the DX unit as a function of the part load ratio (PLR, sensible cooling load/steady-state sensible cooling capacity). The product of the rated EIR and EIR modifier curves is divided by the output of this curve to give the “effective” EIR for a given simulation timestep. The part load fraction (PLF) correlation accounts for efficiency losses due to compressor cycling.

The part load fraction correlation should be normalized to a value of 1.0 when the part load ratio equals 1.0 (i.e., no efficiency losses when the compressor(s) run continuously for the simulation timestep). For PLR values between 0 and 1 (0 <= PLR < 1), the following rules apply:

PLF >= 0.7 and PLF >= PLR

If PLF < 0.7 a warning message is issued, the program resets the PLF value to 0.7, and the simulation proceeds. The runtime fraction of the coil is defined as PLR/PLF. If PLF < PLR, then a warning message is issued and the runtime fraction of the coil is limited to 1.0.

A typical part load fraction correlation for a conventional, single-speed DX cooling coil (e.g., residential unit) would be:

PLF = 0.85 + 0.15(PLR)

If the user wishes to model no efficiency degradation due to compressor cycling, the part load fraction correlation should be defined as follows:

PLF = 1.0 + 0.0(PLR)

Field: Nominal Time for Condensate Removal to Begin[LINK]

The nominal time (in seconds) after startup for condensate to begin leaving the coil’s condensate drain line at the coil’s rated airflow and temperature conditions, starting with a dry coil. Nominal time is equal to the ratio of the energy of the coil’s maximum condensate holding capacity (J) to the coil’s steady-state latent capacity (W). Suggested value is 1000; zero value means the latent degradation model is disabled. The default value for this field is zero. The supply air fan operating mode must be continuous (i.e., the supply air fan operating mode may be specified in other ”parent” objects and is assumed continuous in some objects (e.g., CoilSystem:Cooling:DX) or can be scheduled in other objects [e.g., AirloopHVAC:UnitaryHeatCool]), and this field as well as the next three input fields for this object must have positive values in order to model latent capacity degradation.

Field: Ratio of Initial Moisture Evaporation Rate and Steady State Latent Capacity[LINK]

Ratio of the initial moisture evaporation rate from the cooling coil (when the compressor first turns off, in Watts) and the coil’s steady-state latent capacity (Watts) at rated airflow and temperature conditions. Suggested value is 1.5; zero value means the latent degradation model is disabled. The default value for this field is zero. The supply air fan operating mode must be continuous (i.e., the supply air fan operating mode may be specified in other ”parent” objects and is assumed continuous in some objects (e.g., CoilSystem:Cooling:DX) or can be scheduled in other objects [e.g., AirloopHVAC:UnitaryHeatCool]); and this field, the previous field and the next two fields must have positive values in order to model latent capacity degradation.

Field: Maximum Cycling Rate[LINK]

The maximum on-off cycling rate for the compressor (cycles per hour), which occurs at 50% run time fraction. Suggested value is 3; zero value means latent degradation model is disabled. The default value for this field is zero. The supply air fan operating mode must be continuous (i.e., the supply air fan operating mode may be specified in other ”parent” objects and is assumed continuous in some objects (e.g., CoilSystem:Cooling:DX) or can be scheduled in other objects [e.g., AirloopHVAC:UnitaryHeatCool]); and this field, the previous two fields and the next field must have positive values in order to model latent capacity degradation.

Field: Latent Capacity Time Constant[LINK]

Time constant (in seconds) for the cooling coil’s latent capacity to reach steady state after startup. Suggested value is 45; zero value means latent degradation model is disabled. The default value for this field is zero. The supply air fan operating mode must be continuous (i.e., the supply air fan operating mode may be specified in other ”parent” objects and is assumed continuous in some objects (e.g., CoilSystem:Cooling:DX) or can be scheduled in other objects [e.g., AirloopHVAC:UnitaryHeatCool]), and this field as well as the previous three input fields for this object must have positive values in order to model latent capacity degradation.

Field: Condenser Air Inlet Node Name[LINK]

This optional alpha field specifies the outdoor air node name used to define the conditions of the air entering the outdoor condenser. If this field is left blank, the outdoor air temperature entering the condenser (dry-bulb or wet-bulb) is taken directly from the weather data. If this field is not blank, the node name specified must also be specified in an OutdoorAir:Node object where the height of the node is taken into consideration when calculating outdoor air temperature from the weather data. Alternately, the node name may be specified in an OutdoorAir:NodeList object where the outdoor air temperature is taken directly from the weather data.

Field: Condenser Type[LINK]

The type of condenser used by the DX cooling coil. Valid choices for this input field are AirCooled or EvaporativelyCooled. The default for this field is AirCooled.

Field: Evaporative Condenser Effectiveness[LINK]

The effectiveness of the evaporative condenser, which is used to determine the temperature of the air entering the outdoor condenser coil as follows:

where

T~cond inlet~ = the temperature of the air entering the condenser coil (C)

Twb,o~~= the wet-bulb temperature of the outdoor air (C)

Tdb,o~~= the dry-bulb temperature of the outdoor air (C)

The resulting condenser inlet air temperature is used by the Total Cooling Capacity Modifier Curve (function of temperature) and the Energy Input Ratio Modifier Curve (function of temperature). The default value for this field is 0.9, although valid entries can range from 0.0 to 1.0. This field is not used when Condenser Type = Air Cooled.

If the user wants to model an air-cooled condenser, they should simply specify AirCooled in the field Condenser Type. In this case, the Total Cooling Capacity Modifier Curve (function of temperature) and the Energy Input Ratio Modifier Curve (function of temperature) input fields for this object should reference performance curves that are a function of outdoor dry-bulb temperature.

If the user wishes to model an evaporative-cooled condenser AND they have performance curves that are a function of the wet-bulb temperature of air entering the condenser coil, then the user should specify Condenser Type = Evap Cooled and the evaporative condenser effectiveness value should be entered as 1.0. In this case, the Total Cooling Capacity Modifier Curve (function of temperature) and the Energy Input Ratio Modifier Curve (function of temperature) input fields for this object should reference performance curves that are a function of the wet-bulb temperature of air entering the condenser coil.

If the user wishes to model an air-cooled condenser that has evaporative media placed in front of it to cool the air entering the condenser coil, then the user should specify Condenser Type = Evap Cooled. The user must also enter the appropriate evaporative effectiveness for the media. In this case, the Total Cooling Capacity Modifier Curve (function of temperature) and the Energy Input Ratio Modifier Curve (function of temperature) input fields for this object should reference performance curves that are a function of outdoor dry-bulb temperature. Be aware that the evaporative media will significantly reduce the dry-bulb temperature of the air entering the condenser coil, so the Total Cooling Capacity and EIR Modifier Curves must be valid for the expected range of dry-bulb temperatures that will be entering the condenser coil.

Field: Evaporative Condenser Air Flow Rate[LINK]

The air volume flow rate, in m3 per second, entering the evaporative condenser. This value is used to calculate the amount of water used to evaporatively cool the condenser inlet air. The minimum value for this field must be greater than zero, and this input field is autosizable (equivalent to 0.000144 m3/s per watt of rated total cooling capacity [850 cfm/ton]). This field is not used when Condenser Type = Air Cooled.

Field: Evaporative Condenser Pump Rated Power Consumption[LINK]

The rated power of the evaporative condenser water pump in Watts. This value is used to calculate the power required to pump the water used to evaporatively cool the condenser inlet air. The default value for this input field is zero, but it is autosizable (equivalent to 0.004266 W per watt [15 W/ton] of rated total cooling capacity). This field is not used when Condenser Type = AirCooled.

Field: Sensible Heat Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name[LINK]

The name of a biquadratic normalized curve (Ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of the sensible heat ratio (SHR) as a function of DX cooling coil entering air wet-bulb and dry-bulb temperatures. The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated SHR and the SHR modifier curve (function of flow fraction) to give the SHR at the specific coil entering air temperature and air flow conditions at which the cooling coil is operating. This curve is normalized to a value of 1.0 at the rated condition. This input field is optional.

Field: Sensible Heat Ratio Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name[LINK]

The name of a quadratic or cubic normalized curve (Ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of the sensible heat ratio (SHR) as a function of the ratio of actual air flow rate across the cooling coil to the rated air flow rate (i.e., fraction of full load flow). The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated SHR and the SHR modifier curve (function of temperature) to give the SHR at the specific temperature and air flow conditions at which the cooling coil is operating. This curve is normalized to a value of 1.0 when the actual air flow rate equals the rated air flow rate. This input field is optional.

Following is an example input for a Coil:Cooling:DX:TwoStageWithHumidityControlMode with 2 capacity stages and one enhanced dehumidification mode so it requires four CoilPerformance:DX:Cooling objects.

Coil:Cooling:DX:TwoStageWithHumidityControlMode,
    DXSystem 1 Cooling Coil, !- Coil Name
    OfficeHeatCoolAvail,     !- Availability Schedule
    DXSystem 1 Mixed Air Node,  !- Coil Air Inlet Node
    DXSystem 1 Fan Air Inlet Node,  !- Coil Air Outlet Node
    ,                        !- Crankcase Heater Capacity {W}
    ,                        !- Maximum Outdoor Dry-bulb Temperature for Crankcase Heater Operation {C}
    2,                       !- Number of Capacity Stages
    1,                       !- Number of Enhanced Dehumidification Modes
    CoilPerformance:DX:Cooling,  !- Normal Mode Stage 1 Coil Performance Object Type
    DXSystem 1 DX Coil Standard Mode-Stage 1,  !- Normal Mode Stage 1 Coil Performance Object Name
    CoilPerformance:DX:Cooling,  !- Normal Mode Stage 1+2 Coil Perf Object Type
    DXSystem 1 DX Coil Standard Mode-Stage 1&2,  !- Normal Mode Stage 1+2 Coil Perf Object Name
    CoilPerformance:DX:Cooling,  !- Dehumid Mode 1 Stage 1 Coil Perf Object Type
    DXSystem 1 DX Coil SubCoolReheat Mode-Stage 1,  !- Dehumid Mode 1 Stage 1 Coil Perf Object Name
    CoilPerformance:DX:Cooling,  !- Dehumid Mode 1 Stage 1+2 Coil Perf Object Type
    DXSystem 1 DX Coil SubCoolReheat Mode-Stage 1&2;  !- Dehumid Mode 1 Stage 1+2 Coil Perf Object Name

CoilPerformance:DX:Cooling,
    DXSystem 1 DX Coil Standard Mode-Stage 1,  !- Coil Performance Specification Name
    21327.57812,             !- Rated Total Cooling Capacity (gross) {W}
    0.68,                    !- Rated SHR
    3.56,                    !- Rated COP
    1.695372105,             !- Rated Air Volume Flow Rate {m3/s}
    0.4,                     !- Fraction of Air Flow Bypassed Around Coil
    HPACCoolCapFT,           !- Total Cooling Capacity Modifier Curve (function of temperature)
    HPACCoolCapFFF,          !- Total Cooling Capacity Modifier Curve (function of flow fraction)
    HPACCOOLEIRFT,           !- Energy Input Ratio Modifier Curve (function of temperature)
    HPACCOOLEIRFFF,          !- Energy Input Ratio Modifier Curve (function of flow fraction)
    HPACCOOLPLFFPLR,         !- Part Load Fraction Correlation (function of part load ratio)
    1000,                    !- Nominal Time for Condensate Removal to Begin {s}
    1.5, !- Ratio of Initial Moisture Evaporation Rate and Steady-state Latent Capacity {dimensionless}
    3,                       !- Maximum ON/OFF Cycling Rate {cycles/hr}
    45,                      !- Latent Capacity Time Constant {s}
    ,                        !- Condenser Air Inlet Node Name
    ,                        !- Condenser Type
    ,                        !- Evaporative Condenser Effectiveness
    ,                        !- Evaporative Condenser Air Flow Rate
    ,                        !- Evaporative Condenser Pump Rated Power Consumption
    DOAS DX Coil SHR-FT,     !- Sensible Heat Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name
    DOAS DX Coil SHR-FF;     !- Sensible Heat Ratio Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name

CoilPerformance:DX:Cooling,
    DXSystem 1 DX Coil Standard Mode-Stage 1&2,  !- Coil Performance Specification Name
    35545.96484,             !- Rated Total Cooling Capacity (gross) {W}
    0.68,                    !- Rated SHR
    3.56,                    !- Rated COP
    1.695372105,             !- Rated Air Volume Flow Rate {m3/s}
    0.0,                     !- Fraction of Air Flow Bypassed Around Coil
    HPACCoolCapFT,           !- Total Cooling Capacity Modifier Curve (function of temperature)
    HPACCoolCapFFF,          !- Total Cooling Capacity Modifier Curve (function of flow fraction)
    HPACCOOLEIRFT,           !- Energy Input Ratio Modifier Curve (function of temperature)
    HPACCOOLEIRFFF,          !- Energy Input Ratio Modifier Curve (function of flow fraction)
    HPACCOOLPLFFPLR,         !- Part Load Fraction Correlation (function of part load ratio)
    1000,                    !- Nominal Time for Condensate Removal to Begin {s}
    1.5, !- Ratio of Initial Moisture Evaporation Rate and Steady-state Latent Capacity {dimensionless}
    3,                       !- Maximum ON/OFF Cycling Rate {cycles/hr}
    45,                      !- Latent Capacity Time Constant {s}
    ,                        !- Condenser Air Inlet Node Name
    ,                        !- Condenser Type
    ,                        !- Evaporative Condenser Effectiveness
    ,                        !- Evaporative Condenser Air Flow Rate
    ,                        !- Evaporative Condenser Pump Rated Power Consumption
    DOAS DX Coil SHR-FT,     !- Sensible Heat Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name
    DOAS DX Coil SHR-FF;     !- Sensible Heat Ratio Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name

CoilPerformance:DX:Cooling,
    DXSystem 1 DX Coil SubCoolReheat Mode-Stage 1,  !- Coil Performance Specification Name
    19962.61328,             !- Rated Total Cooling Capacity (gross) {W}
    0.60,                    !- Rated SHR
    3.31,                    !- Rated COP
    1.695372105,             !- Rated Air Volume Flow Rate {m3/s}
    0.4,                     !- Fraction of Air Flow Bypassed Around Coil
    SubCoolReheatCoolCapFT,  !- Total Cooling Capacity Modifier Curve (function of temperature)
    SubCoolReheatCoolCapFFF, !- Total Cooling Capacity Modifier Curve (function of flow fraction)
    SubCoolReheatCOOLEIRFT,  !- Energy Input Ratio Modifier Curve (function of temperature)
    SubCoolReheatCoolEIRFFF, !- Energy Input Ratio Modifier Curve (function of flow fraction)
    SubCoolReheatCoolPLFFPLR, !- Part Load Fraction Correlation (function of part load ratio)
    1000,                    !- Nominal Time for Condensate Removal to Begin {s}
    1.5, !- Ratio of Initial Moisture Evaporation Rate and Steady-state Latent Capacity {dimensionless}
    3,                       !- Maximum ON/OFF Cycling Rate {cycles/hr}
    45,                      !- Latent Capacity Time Constant {s}
    ,                        !- Condenser Air Inlet Node Name
    ,                        !- Condenser Type
    ,                        !- Evaporative Condenser Effectiveness
    ,                        !- Evaporative Condenser Air Flow Rate
    ,                        !- Evaporative Condenser Pump Rated Power Consumption
    DOAS DX Coil SHR-FT,     !- Sensible Heat Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name
    DOAS DX Coil SHR-FF;     !- Sensible Heat Ratio Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name

CoilPerformance:DX:Cooling,
    DXSystem 1 DX Coil SubCoolReheat Mode-Stage 1&2,  !- Coil Performance Specification Name
    33271.01953,             !- Rated Total Cooling Capacity (gross) {W}
    0.60,                    !- Rated SHR
    3.31,                    !- Rated COP
    1.695372105,             !- Rated Air Volume Flow Rate {m3/s}
    0.0,                     !- Fraction of Air Flow Bypassed Around Coil
    SubCoolReheatCoolCapFT,  !- Total Cooling Capacity Modifier Curve (function of temperature)
    SubCoolReheatCoolCapFFF, !- Total Cooling Capacity Modifier Curve (function of flow fraction)
    SubCoolReheatCOOLEIRFT,  !- Energy Input Ratio Modifier Curve (function of temperature)
    SubCoolReheatCoolEIRFFF, !- Energy Input Ratio Modifier Curve (function of flow fraction)
    SubCoolReheatCoolPLFFPLR, !- Part Load Fraction Correlation (function of part load ratio)
    1000,                    !- Nominal Time for Condensate Removal to Begin {s}
    1.5, !- Ratio of Initial Moisture Evaporation Rate and Steady-state Latent Capacity {dimensionless}
    3,                       !- Maximum ON/OFF Cycling Rate {cycles/hr}
    45,                      !- Latent Capacity Time Constant {s}
    ,                        !- Condenser Air Inlet Node Name
    ,                        !- Condenser Type
    ,                        !- Evaporative Condenser Effectiveness
    ,                        !- Evaporative Condenser Air Flow Rate
    ,                        !- Evaporative Condenser Pump Rated Power Consumption
    DOAS DX Coil SHR-FT,     !- Sensible Heat Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name
    DOAS DX Coil SHR-FF;     !- Sensible Heat Ratio Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name

Coil Performance DX Cooling Outputs[LINK]

The CoilPerformance:DX:Cooling object does not have specific output variables. To request reports, use the parent object Coil:Cooling:DX:TwoStageWithHumidityControlMode output variable options (ref. DX Cooling Coil Outputs). When requesting specific output variables by name, use the name of the parent object as the Key Value for Output:Variable](page-088.html#outputvariable) reporting objects (ref. Output:Variable). The name of the [CoilPerformance:DX:Cooling object cannot be used as a Key Value in the Output:Variable object.

Coil:Heating:DX:SingleSpeed[LINK]

The single speed heating DX coil model uses performance information at rated conditions along with curve fits for variations in total capacity, energy input ratio and part load fraction to determine performance at part-load conditions. The impacts of various defrost strategies (reverse cycle, resistive, timed or on-demand) are modeled based on a combination of user inputs and empirical models taken from the air-to-air heat pump algorithms in DOE-2.1E.

The single speed heating DX coil input requires an availability schedule, the rated total heating capacity, the rated COP and the rated air volume flow rate. The latter 3 inputs determine the coil performance at the rating point (outdoor air dry-bulb temperature of 8.33 C, outdoor air wet-bulb temperature of 6.11 C, coil entering air dry-bulb temperature of 21.11 C, coil entering air wet-bulb temperature of 15.55 C). The rated air volume flow rate should be between .00004027 m3/s and .00006041 m3/s per watt of rated total heating capacity.

Up to 6 curves are required depending on the defrost strategy selected.

  1. The total heating capacity modifier curve (function of temperature) can be a function of both the outdoor and indoor air dry-bulb temperature or only the outdoor air dry-bulb temperature. User has the choice of a bi-quadratic curve with two independent variables or a quadratic curve as well as a cubic curve with a single independent variable. The bi-quadratic curve is recommended if sufficient manufacturer data is available as it provides sensitivity to the indoor air dry-bulb temperature and a more realistic output. The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated total heating capacity to give the total heating capacity at specific temperature operating conditions (i.e., at an outdoor or indoor air temperature different from the rating point temperature).
  2. The total heating capacity modifier curve (function of flow fraction) is a quadratic or cubic curve with the independent variable being the ratio of the actual air flow rate across the heating coil to the rated air flow rate (i.e., fraction of full load flow). The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated total heating capacity and the total heating capacity modifier curve (function of temperature) to give the total heating capacity at the specific temperature and air flow conditions at which the coil is operating.
  3. The energy input ratio (EIR) modifier curve (function of temperature) can be a function of both the outdoor and indoor air dry-bulb temperature or only the outdoor air dry-bulb temperature. User has the choice of a bi-quadratic curve with two independent variables or a quadratic curve as well as a cubic curve with a single independent variable. The bi-quadratic curve is recommended if sufficient manufacturer data is available as it provides sensitivity to the indoor air dry-bulb temperature and a more realistic output. The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated EIR (inverse of the rated COP) to give the EIR at specific temperature operating conditions (i.e., at an outdoor or indoor air temperature different from the rating point temperature).
  4. The energy input ratio (EIR) modifier curve (function of flow fraction) is a quadratic or cubic curve with the independent variable being the ratio of the actual air flow rate across the heating coil to the rated air flow rate (i.e., fraction of full load flow). The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated EIR (inverse of the rated COP) and the EIR modifier curve (function of temperature) to give the EIR at the specific temperature and air flow conditions at which the coil is operating.
  5. The part load fraction correlation (function of part load ratio) is a quadratic or cubic curve with the independent variable being part load ratio (sensible heating load / steady-state heating capacity). The output of this curve is used in combination with the rated EIR and EIR modifier curves to give the “effective” EIR for a given simulation timestep. The part load fraction correlation accounts for efficiency losses due to compressor cycling.
  6. The defrost energy input ratio (EIR) modifier curve (function of temperature) is a bi-quadratic curve with two independent variables: outdoor air dry-bulb temperature and the heating coil entering air wet-bulb temperature. The output of this curve is multiplied by the heating coil capacity, the fractional defrost time period and the runtime fraction of the heating coil to give the defrost power at the specific temperatures at which the coil is operating. This curve is only required when a reverse-cycle defrost strategy is specified.

The curves are simply specified by name. Curve inputs are described in the curve manager section of this document (ref. Performance Curves).

The next input item for the coil is the supply air fan operation mode. Either the supply air fan runs continuously while the DX coil cycles on/off, or the fan and coil cycle on/off together. The next two inputs define the minimum outdoor dry-bulb temperature that the heat pump compressor will operate and the maximum outdoor dry-bulb temperature for defrost operation. Crankcase heater capacity and cutout temperature are entered in the following two inputs. The final four inputs cover the type of defrost strategy (reverse-cycle or resistive), defrost control (timed or on-demand), the fractional defrost time period (timed defrost control only), and the resistive defrost heater capacity if a resistive defrost strategy is selected.

Field: Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines a unique user-assigned name for an instance of a DX heating coil. Any reference to this DX heating coil by another object will use this name.

Field: Availability Schedule Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of the schedule (ref: Schedule) that denotes whether the DX heating coil can run during a given time period. A schedule value greater than 0 (usually 1 is used) indicates that the unit can be on during the time period. A value less than or equal to 0 (usually 0 is used) denotes that the unit must be off for the time period. If this field is blank, the schedule has values of 1 for all time periods.

Field: Rated Total Heating Capacity[LINK]

This numeric field defines the total, full load heating capacity in watts of the DX coil unit at rated conditions (outdoor air dry-bulb temperature of 8.33 C, outdoor air wet-bulb temperature of 6.11 C, heating coil entering air dry-bulb temperature of 21.11 C, heating coil entering air wet-bulb temperature of 15.55 C, and a heating coil air flow rate defined by field “rated air flow volume” below). The value entered here must be greater than 0. Capacity should not include supply air fan heat. The rated total heating capacity should be within 20% of the rated total cooling capacity, otherwise a warning message is issued.

Field: Rated COP[LINK]

This numeric field defines the coefficient of performance (COP=heating power output in watts divided by electrical power input in watts) of the DX heating coil unit at rated conditions (outdoor air dry-bulb temperature of 8.33 C, outdoor air wet-bulb temperature of 6.11 C, coil entering air dry-bulb temperature of 21.11 C, coil entering air wet-bulb temperature of 15.55 C, and a heating coil air flow rate defined by field “rated air flow volume rate” below). The value entered here must be greater than 0. The input power includes power for the compressor(s) and outdoor fan(s) but does not include the power consumption of the indoor supply air fan. The heating power output is the value entered above in the field “Rated Total Heating Capacity”.

Field: Rated Air Flow Rate[LINK]

This numeric field defines the volume air flow rate, in m3 per second, across the DX heating coil at rated conditions. The value entered here must be greater than 0. The rated air volume flow rate should be between 0.00004027 m3/s and 0.00006041 m3/s per watt of rated total heating capacity. The rated total heating capacity and rated COP should be performance information for the unit with outdoor air dry-bulb temperature of 8.33 C, outdoor air wet-bulb temperature of 6.11 C, heating coil entering air dry-bulb temperature of 21.11 C, heating coil entering air wet-bulb temperature of 15.55 C, and the rated air volume flow rate defined here.

Field: Rated Evaporator Fan Power Per Volume Flow Rate[LINK]

This field is the electric power for the evaporator (heating coil) fan per air volume flow rate through the coil at the rated conditions in W/(m3/s). The default value is 773.3 W/(m3/s) (365 W/1000 cfm) if this field is left blank. If a value is entered, it must be >= 0.0 and <= 1250 W/(m3/s). This value is only used to calculate High Temperature Heating Standard (Net) Rating Capacity, Low Temperature Heating Standard (Net) Rating Capacity and Heating Seasonal Performance Factor (HSPF) which will be outputs in the EnergyPlus eio file (ref. EnergyPlus Engineering Reference, Single Speed DX Heating Coil, Standard Ratings). This value is not used for modeling the evaporator (heating coil) fan during simulations; instead, it is used for calculating the above standard ratings to assist the user in verifying their inputs for modeling this type of equipment.

Field: Air Inlet Node Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of the HVAC system node from which the DX heating coil draws its inlet air.

Field: Air Outlet Node Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of the HVAC system node to which the DX heating coil sends its outlet air.

Field: Total Heating Capacity Function of Temperature Curve Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of a bi-quadratic, quadratic or cubic performance curve (ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of the total heating capacity as a function of the both the indoor and outdoor air dry-bulb temperature or just the outdoor air dry-bulb temperature depending on the type of curve selected. The bi-quadratic curve is recommended if sufficient manufacturer data is available as it provides sensitivity to the indoor air dry-bulb temperature and a more realistic output. The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated total heating capacity to give the total heating capacity at specific temperature operating conditions (i.e., at an indoor air dry-bulb temperature or outdoor air dry-bulb temperature different from the rating point temperature). The curve is normalized to have the value of 1.0 at the rating point.

Field: Total Heating Capacity Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of a quadratic or cubic performance curve (ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of total heating capacity as a function of the ratio of actual air flow rate across the heating coil to the rated air flow rate (i.e., fraction of full load flow). The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated total heating capacity and the total heating capacity modifier curve (function of temperature) to give the total heating capacity at the specific temperature and air flow conditions at which the coil is operating. The curve is normalized to have the value of 1.0 when the actual air flow rate equals the rated air flow rate.

Field: Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of a bi-quadratic, quadratic or cubic performance curve (ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of the energy input ratio (EIR) as a function of the both the indoor and outdoor air dry-bulb temperature or just the outdoor air dry-bulb temperature depending on the type of curve selected. The bi-quadratic curve is recommended if sufficient manufacturer data is available as it provides sensitivity to the indoor air dry-bulb temperature and a more realistic output. The EIR is the inverse of the COP. The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated EIR (inverse of rated COP) to give the EIR at specific temperature operating conditions (i.e., at an indoor air dry-bulb temperature or outdoor air dry-bulb temperature different from the rating point temperature). The curve is normalized to have the value of 1.0 at the rating point.

Field: Energy Input Ratio Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of a quadratic or cubic performance curve (ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of the energy input ratio (EIR) as a function of the ratio of actual air flow rate across the heating coil to the rated air flow rate (i.e., fraction of full load flow). The EIR is the inverse of the COP. The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated EIR and the EIR modifier curve (function of temperature) to give the EIR at the specific temperature and air flow conditions at which the coil is operating. This curve is normalized to a value of 1.0 when the actual air flow rate equals the rated air flow rate.

Field: Part Load Fraction Correlation Curve Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of a quadratic or cubic performance curve (Ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of electrical power input to the DX unit as a function of the part load ratio (PLR, sensible cooling load/steady-state sensible cooling capacity). The product of the rated EIR and EIR modifier curves is divided by the output of this curve to give the “effective” EIR for a given simulation timestep. The part load fraction (PLF) correlation accounts for efficiency losses due to compressor cycling.

The part load fraction correlation should be normalized to a value of 1.0 when the part load ratio equals 1.0 (i.e., no efficiency losses when the compressor(s) run continuously for the simulation timestep). For PLR values between 0 and 1 (0 <= PLR < 1), the following rules apply:

PLF >= 0.7 and PLF >= PLR

If PLF < 0.7 a warning message is issued, the program resets the PLF value to 0.7, and the simulation proceeds. The runtime fraction of the coil is defined as PLR/PLF. If PLF < PLR, then a warning message is issued and the runtime fraction of the coil is limited to 1.0.

A typical part load fraction correlation for a conventional, single-speed DX cooling coil (e.g., residential unit) would be:

PLF = 0.85 + 0.15(PLR)

If the user wishes to model no efficiency degradation due to compressor cycling, the part load fraction correlation should be defined as follows:

PLF = 1.0 + 0.0(PLR)

Field: Defrost Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of a bi-quadratic performance curve (ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of the energy input ratio (EIR) during reverse-cycle defrost periods as a function of the outdoor air dry-bulb temperature and the wet-bulb temperature of the air entering the indoor coil. The EIR is the inverse of the COP. The output of this curve is multiplied by the coil capacity, the fractional defrost time period and the runtime fraction of the heating coil to give the defrost power at the specific temperatures at which the indoor and outdoor coils are operating. This curve is only required when a reverse-cycle defrost strategy is selected. The curve is normalized to a value of 1.0 at the rating point conditions.

Field: Minimum Outdoor Dry-Bulb Temperature for Compressor Operation[LINK]

This numeric field defines the minimum outdoor air dry-bulb temperature where the heating coil compressor turns off. The temperature for this input field must be greater than or equal to –20 C. If this input field is left blank, the default value is -8 C.

Field: Outdoor Dry-Bulb Temperature to Turn On Compressor[LINK]

This numeric field defines the outdoor air dry-bulb temperature when the compressor is automatically turned back on following an automatic shut off because of low outdoor temperature. This field is only used for the calculation heating seasonal performance factor (HSPF) of heating coil. If this field is not provided, outdoor bin temperature is always considered to be greater than this temperature and ‘Minimum Outdoor dry-bulb Temperature for Compressor Operation’ field described above.

Field: Maximum Outdoor Dry-Bulb Temperature for Defrost Operation[LINK]

This numeric field defines the outdoor air dry-bulb temperature above which outdoor coil defrosting is disabled. The temperature for this input field must be greater than or equal to 0 C and less than or equal to 7.22 C. If this input field is left blank, the default value is 5 C.

Field: Crankcase Heater Capacity[LINK]

This numeric field defines the crankcase heater capacity in Watts. When the outdoor air dry-bulb temperature is below the value specified in the input field “Maximum Outdoor Dry-bulb Temperature for Crankcase Heater Operation” (described below), the crankcase heater is enabled during the time that the compressor is not running. If this heating coil is used as part of an air-to-air heat pump (Ref. AirLoopHVAC:UnitaryHeatPump:AirToAir or ZoneHVAC:PackagedTerminalHeatPump), the crankcase heater defined for this DX heating coil is enabled during the time that the compressor is not running for either heating or cooling (and the crankcase heater power defined in the DX cooling coil object is disregarded in this case). The value for this input field must be greater than or equal to 0. If this input field is left blank, the default value is 0. To simulate a unit without a crankcase heater, enter a value of 0.

Field: Maximum Outdoor Dry-Bulb Temperature for Crankcase Heater Operation[LINK]

This numeric field defines the outdoor air dry-bulb temperature above which the compressor’s crankcase heater is disabled. The value for this input field must be greater than or equal to 0.0 C. If this input field is left blank, the default value is 10 C.

Field: Defrost Strategy[LINK]

This alpha field has two choices: reverse-cycle or resistive. If the reverse-cycle strategy is selected, the heating cycle is reversed periodically to provide heat to melt frost accumulated on the outdoor coil. If a resistive defrost strategy is selected, the frost is melted using an electric resistance heater. If this input field is left blank, the default defrost strategy is reverse-cycle.

Field: Defrost Control[LINK]

This alpha field has two choices: timed or on-demand. If timed control is selected, the defrost time period is calculated based on a fixed value or compressor runtime whether or not frost has actually accumulated. For timed defrost control, the fractional amount of time the unit is in defrost is entered in the input field “Defrost Time Period Fraction” described below. If on-demand defrost control is selected, the defrost time period is calculated based on outdoor weather (humidity ratio) conditions. Regardless of which defrost control is selected, defrost does not occur above the user specified outdoor temperature entered in the input field “Maximum Outdoor Dry-bulb Temperature for Defrost Operation” described above. If this input field is left blank, the default defrost control is timed.

Field: Defrost Time Period Fraction[LINK]

This numeric field defines the fraction of compressor runtime when the defrost cycle is active, and only applies to “timed” defrost (see Defrost Control input field above). For example, if the defrost cycle is active for 3.5 minutes for every 60 minutes of compressor runtime, then the user should enter 3.5/60 = 0.058333. The value for this input field must be greater than or equal to 0. If this input field is left blank, the default value is 0.058333.

Field: Resistive Defrost Heater Capacity[LINK]

This numeric field defines the capacity of the resistive defrost heating element in Watts. This input field is used only when the selected defrost strategy is ‘resistive’ (see input field “Defrost Strategy” above). The value for this input field must be greater than or equal to 0. If this input field is left blank, the default value is 0.

Field: Region Number[LINK]

This optional numeric field defines the region number which is used to calculate HSPF of heating coil. The value for this input field must be between 1 and 6. If this input field is left blank, the default value is 4.

Field: Evaporator Air Inlet Node Name[LINK]

This optional alpha field specifies the outdoor air node name used to define the conditions of the air entering the outdoor evaporator. If this field is left blank, the outdoor air temperature entering the evaporator is taken directly from the weather data. If this field is not blank, the node name specified must also be specified in an OutdoorAir:Node object where the height of the node is taken into consideration when calculating outdoor air temperature from the weather data. Alternately, the node name may be specified in an OutdoorAir:NodeList object where the outdoor air temperature is taken directly from the weather data.

Following is an example input for the object.

Coil:Heating:DX:SingleSpeed,
  Heat Pump DX Heating Coil 1,   !Name of heating coil
  FanAndCoilAvailSched,          !Heating coil schedule
  35000,                         !Nominal capacity of the heating coil
  2.75,                          !rated heating COP
  1.7,                           !rated air flow rate (m3/s)
  ,                            !rated evaporator fan power per volume flow rate (m3/s)
  Heating Coil Air Inlet Node,   !heating coil air side inlet node
  SuppHeating Coil Air Inlet Node, !Heating coil air side outlet node
  HPACHeatCapFT,   ! heating cap modifier curve (temperature, C)
  HPACHeatCapFFF,  ! heating cap modifier curve (flow fraction)
  HPACHeatEIRFT,   ! energy input ratio modifier curve (temperature, C)
  HPACHeatEIRFFF,  ! energy input ratio modifier curve (flow fraction)
  HPACCOOLPLFFPLR, ! part load fraction modifier curve (function of part load ratio)
  ,         ! defrost EIR modifier curve (temp, C) not required for resistive defrost
  -5.0,            ! minimum OAT for compressor operation  (C)
  ,                ! outdoor dry-bulb temperature to turn on compressor  (C)
  5.0,             ! maximum outdoor dry-bulb temp for defrost operation (C)
  200.0,           ! Crankcase heater capacity (W)
  10.0,            ! Maximum outdoor temp for crankcase heater operation (C)
  Resistive,       ! Defrost strategy (resistive or reverse-cycle)
  Timed,           ! Defrost control (timed or on-demand)
  0.166667,       ! Defrost time period fraction (used for timed defrost control only)
  20000;! Resistive defrost heater capacity (used for resistive defrost strategy only)

DX Heating Coil Outputs[LINK]

HVAC,Average,Heating Coil Total Heating Rate [W]
HVAC,Sum,Heating Coil Total Heating Energy [J]
HVAC,Average,Heating Coil Electric Power[W]
HVAC,Sum,Heating Coil Electric Energy [J]
HVAC,Average,Heating Coil Defrost Electric Power[W]
HVAC,Sum,Heating Coil Defrost Electric Energy [J]
HVAC,Average,Heating Coil Crankcase Heater Electric Power[W]
HVAC,Sum,Heating Coil Crankcase Heater Electric Energy [J]
HVAC,Average,Heating Coil Runtime Fraction []

Heating Coil Total Heating Rate [W][LINK]

This field is the total heating rate output of the DX coil in Watts. This is determined by the coil inlet and outlet air conditions and the air mass flow rate through the coil.

Heating Coil Total Heating Energy [J][LINK]

This is the total heating output of the DX coil in Joules over the timestep being reported. This is determined by the coil inlet and outlet air conditions and the air mass flow rate through the coil. This output is also added to a meter with Resource Type = EnergyTransfer, End Use Key = CoolingCoils, Group Key = System (ref. Output:Meter object).

Heating Coil Electric Power [W][LINK]

This output is the electricity consumption rate of the DX coil compressor and outdoor fan(s) in Watts. This rate is applicable when the unit is providing heating to the conditioned zone(s), and excludes periods when the unit is in reverse-cycle defrost mode.

Heating Coil Electric Energy [J][LINK]

This is the electricity consumption of the DX coil compressor and condenser fan(s) in Joules for the timestep being reported. This consumption is applicable when the unit is providing heating to the conditioned zone(s), and excludes periods when the unit is in reverse-cycle defrost mode. This output is also added to a meter with Resource Type = Electricity, End Use Key = Cooling, Group Key = System (ref. Output:Meter object).

Heating Coil Defrost Electric Power [W][LINK]

This is the electricity consumption rate of the DX coil unit in Watts when the unit is in defrost mode (reverse-cycle or resistive).

Heating Coil Defrost Electric Energy [J][LINK]

This is the electricity consumption of the DX coil unit in Joules for the timestep being reported. This consumption is applicable when the unit is in defrost mode (reverse-cycle or resistive).

Heating Coil Crankcase Heater Electric Power [W][LINK]

This is the average electricity consumption rate of the DX coil compressor’s crankcase heater in Watts for the timestep being reported.

Heating Coil Crankcase Heater Electric Energy [J][LINK]

This is the electricity consumption of the DX coil compressor’s crankcase heater in Joules for the timestep being reported. This output is also added to a meter with Resource Type = Electricity, End Use Key = Miscellaneous, Group Key = System (ref. Output:Meter object).

Heating Coil Runtime Fraction [][LINK]

This is the runtime fraction of the DX heating coil compressor and outdoor fan(s) for the timestep being reported.

Coil:Heating:DX:MultiSpeed[LINK]

This component models a DX heating unit with multiple discrete levels of heating capacity. Currently, this heating coil can only be referenced by a AirLoopHVAC:UnitaryHeatPump:AirToAir:MultiSpeed](page-033.html#airloophvacunitaryheatpumpairtoairmultispeed) compound object. The multispeed DX heating coil can have from two to four operating speeds. When the coil operates at Speed 1 (the lowest speed), its performance is very similar to the [Coil:Heating:DX:SingleSpeed object where the impacts of part-load ratio can be included. When the coil operates at higher speeds (above Speed 1), the linear approximation methodology is applied. The coil outputs at two consecutive speeds are linearly interpolated to meet the required heating capacity during an HVAC system timestep. When the coil performs above the lowest speed, the user can choose if they want to include part-load ratio impacts at the higher speeds.

The multispeed unit is described by specifying the performance at different operating speeds. Each speed has its own set of input specifications: full load capacity, COP and air flow rate at rated conditions, along with modifier curves to determine performance when actual operating conditions are different from the rated conditions.

The coil operates to meet the sensible capacity being requested. When this requested capacity is above the sensible capacity of the highest operating speed, the coil runs continuously at the highest speed. When the requested capacity is between the sensible capacities of two consecutive speeds, the unit will operate a portion of the time at each speed to meet the request. When the requested capacity is less than the low speed (Speed 1) capacity, the unit will cycle on/off as needed.

The next input defines the minimum outdoor dry-bulb temperature where the compressor will operate. The followed two inputs are related to crankcase heater operation: capacity and maximum outdoor dry-bulb temperature for crankcase heater operation. The next six inputs cover defrost operation: defrost EIR modifier curve, the maximum outdoor dry-bulb temperature for defrost operation, the type of defrost strategy (reverse-cycle or resistive), defrost control (timed or on-demand), the fractional defrost time period (timed defrost control only), and the resistive defrost heater capacity if a resistive defrost strategy is selected. The activation of defrost is dependent on outdoor conditions. The capacity reduction and energy use modification are independent of speed. The defrost EIR modifier is described below:

The defrost energy input ratio (EIR) modifier curve (function of temperature) is a bi-quadratic curve with two independent variables: outdoor air dry-bulb temperature and the heating coil entering air wet-bulb temperature. The output of this curve is multiplied by the heating coil capacity, the fractional defrost time period and the runtime fraction of the heating coil to give the defrost power at the specific temperatures at which the coil is operating. This curve is only required when a reverse-cycle defrost strategy is specified.

The next input allows the user to choose whether to apply the part load fraction correlation to speeds greater than 1 or not. The following input is the type of fuel.

Then the number of speed for heating is entered. The rest of inputs are speed dependent. Each set of data consists of rated heating capacity, rated COP, and the rated air volume flow rate. These three inputs determine the coil performance at the rating point (outdoor air dry-bulb temperature of 8.33°C, outdoor air wet-bulb temperature of 6.11°C, coil entering air dry-bulb temperature of 21.11°C, coil entering air wet-bulb temperature of 15.55°C). The rated air volume flow rate should be between .00004027 m3/s and .00006041 m3/s per watt of rated total heating capacity. The rated waste heat fraction is needed to calculate how much waste heat is available at the rated conditions. In addition, up to 6 modifier curves are required per speed.

  1. The total heating capacity modifier curve (function of temperature) can be a function of both the outdoor and indoor air dry-bulb temperature or only the outdoor air dry-bulb temperature. User has the choice of a bi-quadratic curve with two independent variables or a quadratic curve as well as a cubic curve with a single independent variable. The bi-quadratic curve is recommended if sufficient manufacturer data is available as it provides sensitivity to the indoor air dry-bulb temperature and a more realistic output. The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated total heating capacity to give the total heating capacity at specific temperature operating conditions (i.e., at an outdoor or indoor air temperature different from the rating point temperature).
  2. The total heating capacity modifier curve (function of flow fraction) is a quadratic or cubic curve with the independent variable being the ratio of the actual air flow rate across the heating coil to the rated air flow rate (i.e., fraction of full load flow). The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated total heating capacity and the total heating capacity modifier curve (function of temperature) to give the total heating capacity at the specific temperature and air flow conditions at which the coil is operating.
  3. The energy input ratio (EIR) modifier curve (function of temperature) can be a function of both the outdoor and indoor air dry-bulb temperature or only the outdoor air dry-bulb temperature. User has the choice of a bi-quadratic curve with two independent variables or a quadratic curve as well as a cubic curve with a single independent variable. The bi-quadratic curve is recommended if sufficient manufacturer data is available as it provides sensitivity to the indoor air dry-bulb temperature and a more realistic output. The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated EIR (inverse of the rated COP) to give the EIR at specific temperature operating conditions (i.e., at an outdoor or indoor air temperature different from the rating point temperature).
  4. The energy input ratio (EIR) modifier curve (function of flow fraction) is a quadratic or cubic curve with the independent variable being the ratio of the actual air flow rate across the heating coil to the rated air flow rate (i.e., fraction of full load flow). The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated EIR (inverse of the rated COP) and the EIR modifier curve (function of temperature) to give the EIR at the specific temperature and air flow conditions at which the coil is operating.
  5. The part load fraction correlation (function of part load ratio) is a quadratic or cubic curve with the independent variable being part load ratio (sensible heating load / steady-state heating capacity). The output of this curve is used in combination with the rated EIR and EIR modifier curves to give the “effective” EIR for a given simulation timestep. The part load fraction correlation accounts for efficiency losses due to compressor cycling.
  6. The waste heat modifier curve (function of temperature) is a bi-quadratic curve with two independent variables: outdoor air dry-bulb temperature and the heating coil entering air dry-bulb temperature. The output of this curve is multiplied by the heating input energy, the waste heat fraction of heat input to give the recoverable waste heat.

The curves are simply specified by name. Curve inputs are described in the curve manager section of this document (ref. Performance Curves).

Field: Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines a unique user-assigned name for an instance of a multispeed DX heating coil. Any reference to this DX heating coil by another object will use this name. The only allowed parent is AirLoopHVAC:UnitaryHeatPump:AirToAir:MultiSpeed.

Field: Availability Schedule Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of the schedule (ref: Schedule) that denotes whether the multispeed DX heating coil can run during a given time period. A schedule value greater than 0 (usually 1 is used) indicates that the unit can be on during the time period. A value less than or equal to 0 (usually 0 is used) denotes that the unit must be off for the time period. If this field is blank, the schedule has values of 1 for all time periods.

Field: Air Inlet Node name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of the HVAC system node from which the DX heating coil draws its inlet air.

Field: Air Outlet Node Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of the HVAC system node to which the DX heating coil sends its outlet air.

Field: Minimum Outdoor Dry-Bulb Temperature for Compressor Operation[LINK]

This numeric field defines the minimum outdoor air dry-bulb temperature where the heating coil compressor turns off. The temperature for this input field must be greater than or equal to –20°C. If this input field is left blank, the default value is -8°C.

Field: Crankcase Heater Capacity[LINK]

This numeric field defines the crankcase heater capacity in Watts. When the outdoor air dry-bulb temperature is below the value specified in the input field “Maximum Outdoor Dry-bulb Temperature for Crankcase Heater Operation” (described below), the crankcase heater is enabled during the time that the compressor is not running. The value for this input field must be greater than or equal to 0. If this input field is left blank, the default value is 0. To simulate a unit without a crankcase heater, enter a value of 0.

Field: Maximum Outdoor Dry-Bulb Temperature for Crankcase Heater Operation[LINK]

This numeric field defines the outdoor air dry-bulb temperature above which the compressor’s crankcase heater is disabled. The value for this input field must be greater than or equal to 0.0°C. If this input field is left blank, the default value is 10°C.

Field: Defrost Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of a bi-quadratic performance curve (ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of the energy input ratio (EIR) during reverse-cycle defrost periods as a function of the outdoor air dry-bulb temperature and the wet-bulb temperature of the air entering the indoor coil. The EIR is the inverse of the COP. The output of this curve is multiplied by the coil capacity, the fractional defrost time period and the runtime fraction of the heating coil to give the defrost power at the specific temperatures at which the indoor and outdoor coils are operating. This curve is only required when a reverse-cycle defrost strategy is selected. The curve is normalized to a value of 1.0 at the rating point conditions.

Field: Maximum Outdoor Dry-Bulb Temperature for Defrost Operation[LINK]

This numeric field defines the outdoor air dry-bulb temperature above which outdoor coil defrosting is disabled. The temperature for this input field must be greater than or equal to 0°C and less than or equal to 7.22°C. If this input field is left blank, the default value is 5°C.

Field: Defrost Strategy[LINK]

This alpha field has two choices: reverse-cycle or resistive. If the reverse-cycle strategy is selected, the heating cycle is reversed periodically to provide heat to melt frost accumulated on the outdoor coil. If a resistive defrost strategy is selected, the frost is melted using an electric resistance heater. If this input field is left blank, the default defrost strategy is reverse-cycle.

Field: Defrost Control[LINK]

This alpha field has two choices: timed or on-demand. If timed control is selected, the defrost time period is calculated based on a fixed value or compressor runtime whether or not frost has actually accumulated. For timed defrost control, the fractional amount of time the unit is in defrost is entered in the input field “Defrost Time Period Fraction” described below. If on-demand defrost control is selected, the defrost time period is calculated based on outdoor weather (humidity ratio) conditions. Regardless of which defrost control is selected, defrost does not occur above the user specified outdoor temperature entered in the input field “Maximum Outdoor Dry-bulb Temperature for Defrost Operation” described above. If this input field is left blank, the default defrost control is timed.

Field: Defrost Time Period Fraction[LINK]

This numeric field defines the fraction of compressor runtime when the defrost cycle is active, and only applies to “timed” defrost (see Defrost Control input field above). For example, if the defrost cycle is active for 3.5 minutes for every 60 minutes of compressor runtime, then the user should enter 3.5/60 = 0.058333. The value for this input field must be greater than or equal to 0. If this input field is left blank, the default value is 0.058333.

Field: Resistive Defrost Heater Capacity[LINK]

This numeric field defines the capacity of the resistive defrost heating element in Watts. This input field is used only when the selected defrost strategy is ‘resistive’ (see input field “Defrost Strategy” above). The value for this input field must be greater than or equal to 0. If this input field is left blank, the default value is 0.

Field: Apply Part Load Fraction to Speeds Greater than 1[LINK]

This field determines whether part-load impacts on coil energy use are applied when the coil is operating at speeds greater than speed 1. The allowed choices are Yes or No, with the default being No if this field is left blank. Other input fields in this object allow the user to specify a part-load fraction correlation for each speed to account for compressor start up losses (cycle on/off). For the case of a single multi-speed compressor, the part load losses may only be significant when the compressor cycles between speed 1 and off, but the losses may be extremely small when the compressor operates between speed 1 and speed 2 (or between speeds 2 and 3, etc.). In this case, the user may chose to specify No for this input field to neglect part-load impacts on energy use at higher operating speeds. If part-load impacts on coil energy use are thought to be significant (e.g., interwined cooling coil with multiple compressors feeding individual refrigerant circuits), then the user may chose to specify Yes and the part-load fraction correlations specified for speeds 2 through 4 will be applied as appropriate. The selection for this input field does not affect part-load impacts when the compressor cycles between speed 1 and off (i.e., the part-load fraction correlation for speed 1 is always applied).

Field: Fuel Type[LINK]

This alpha field determines the type of fuel that the chiller uses. This field has seven choices: Electricity, NaturalGas, PropaneGas, Coal, Diesel, Gasoline, FuelOil#1, FuelOil#2, OtherFuel1 and OtherFuel2. The default is NaturalGas.

Field: Number of Speeds[LINK]

This field specifies the number of sets of data being entered for rated specifications, performance curves, and waste heat specifications for each cooling speed. The rated specifications consist of rated capacity, rated COP, and rated air flow rate. The performance curves consist of a total capacity modifier curve as a function of temperature, total capacity modifier curve as a function of flow fraction, energy input ratio modifier curve as a function of temperature, energy input ratio modifier curve as a function of flow fraction, and part load fraction correlation as a function of part load ratio. The waste heat specifications include the fraction of energy input to the heating coil at the fully loaded and rated conditions, and a temperature modifier. The minimum number of speeds for heating is 2 and the maximum number is 4. The number of speeds should be the same as the number of speeds for heating defined in its parent object (AirLoopHVAC:UnitaryHeatPump:AirToAir:MultiSpeed). The first set of performance inputs is for Speed 1 and should be for low speed, and the last set of performance inputs should be for high speed. For example, if only three heating speeds are defined, the first set should be for low speed (Speed 1), the second set should be for medium speed (Speed 2), and the third set should be for high speed (Speed 3). In this example, any performance inputs for Speed 4 would be neglected (since this input field specifies that the coil only has three heating speeds).

Field Group: rated specification, performance curves, and waste heat data[LINK]

The performance for each heating speed must be specified as shown below. All inputs for Speed 1 are required first, followed by the inputs for Speed 2, Speed 3 and Speed 4.

Field: Speed Rated Total Heating Capacity[LINK]

This numeric field defines the total, full load heating capacity in watts of the DX coil unit at rated conditions for Speed operation (outdoor air dry-bulb temperature of 8.33°C, outdoor air wet-bulb temperature of 6.11°C, heating coil entering air dry-bulb temperature of 21.11°C, heating coil entering air wet-bulb temperature of 15.55°C, and a heating coil air flow rate defined by field “Rated Air Volume Flow Rate, Speed” below). The value entered here must be greater than 0. Capacity should not include supply air fan heat.

Field: Speed Rated COP[LINK]

This numeric field defines the coefficient of performance (COP=heating power output in watts divided by electrical power input in watts) of the DX heating coil unit at rated conditions for Speed operation (outdoor air dry-bulb temperature of 8.33°C, outdoor air wet-bulb temperature of 6.11°C, coil entering air dry-bulb temperature of 21.11°C, coil entering air wet-bulb temperature of 15.55°C, and a heating coil air flow rate defined by field “Speed Rated Air Flow Rate” below). The value entered here must be greater than 0. The input power includes power for the compressor(s) and outdoor fan(s) but does not include the power consumption of the indoor supply air fan. The heating power output is the value entered above in the field “Rated Total Heating Capacity”.

Field: Speed Rated Air Flow Rate[LINK]

This numeric field defines the volume air flow rate, in m3 per second, across the DX heating coil at rated conditions for Speed operation. The value entered here must be greater than 0. The rated air volume flow rate should be between 0.00004027 m3/s and 0.00006041 m3/s per watt of rated total heating capacity. The rated total heating capacity and rated COP should be performance information for the unit with outdoor air dry-bulb temperature of 8.33°C, outdoor air wet-bulb temperature of 6.11°C, heating coil entering air dry-bulb temperature of 21.11°C, heating coil entering air wet-bulb temperature of 15.55°C, and the rated air volume flow rate defined here.

Field: Speed Total Heating Capacity Function of Temperature Curve Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of a bi-quadratic, quadratic or cubic performance curve for Speed (ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of the total heating capacity as a function of the both the indoor and outdoor air dry-bulb temperature or just the outdoor air dry-bulb temperature depending on the type of curve selected. The bi-quadratic curve is recommended if sufficient manufacturer data is available as it provides sensitivity to the indoor air dry-bulb temperature and a more realistic output. The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated total heating capacity to give the total heating capacity at specific temperature operating conditions (i.e., at an indoor air dry-bulb temperature or outdoor air dry-bulb temperature different from the rating point temperature). The curve is normalized to have the value of 1.0 at the rating point.

Field: Speed Total Heating Capacity Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of a quadratic or cubic performance curve for Speed (ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of total heating capacity as a function of the ratio of actual air flow rate across the heating coil to the rated air flow rate (i.e., fraction of full load flow). The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated total heating capacity and the total heating capacity modifier curve (function of temperature) to give the total heating capacity at the specific temperature and air flow conditions at which the coil is operating. The curve is normalized to have the value of 1.0 when the actual air flow rate equals the rated air flow rate.

Field: Speed Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of a bi-quadratic, quadratic or cubic performance curve for Speed (ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of the energy input ratio (EIR) as a function of the both the indoor and outdoor air dry-bulb temperature or just the outdoor air dry-bulb temperature depending on the type of curve selected. The bi-quadratic curve is recommended if sufficient manufacturer data is available as it provides sensitivity to the indoor air dry-bulb temperature and a more realistic output. The EIR is the inverse of the COP. The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated EIR (inverse of rated COP) to give the EIR at specific temperature operating conditions (i.e., at an indoor air dry-bulb temperature or outdoor air dry-bulb temperature different from the rating point temperature). The curve is normalized to have the value of 1.0 at the rating point.

Field: Speed Energy Input Ratio Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of a quadratic or cubic performance curve for Speed (ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of the energy input ratio (EIR) as a function of the ratio of actual air flow rate across the heating coil to the rated air flow rate (i.e., fraction of full load flow). The EIR is the inverse of the COP. The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated EIR and the EIR modifier curve (function of temperature) to give the EIR at the specific temperature and air flow conditions at which the coil is operating. This curve is normalized to a value of 1.0 when the actual air flow rate equals the rated air flow rate.

Field: Speed Part Load Fraction Correlation Curve Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of a quadratic or cubic performance curve for Speed (Ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of electrical power input to the DX unit as a function of the part load ratio (PLR, sensible cooling load/steady-state sensible cooling capacity). The product of the rated EIR and EIR modifier curves is divided by the output of this curve to give the “effective” EIR for a given simulation timestep. The part load fraction (PLF) correlation accounts for efficiency losses due to compressor cycling.

The part load fraction correlation should be normalized to a value of 1.0 when the part load ratio equals 1.0 (i.e., no efficiency losses when the compressor(s) run continuously for the simulation timestep). For PLR values between 0 and 1 (0 <= PLR < 1), the following rules apply:

PLF >= 0.7 and PLF >= PLR

If PLF < 0.7 a warning message is issued, the program resets the PLF value to 0.7, and the simulation proceeds. The runtime fraction of the coil is defined as PLR/PLF. If PLF < PLR, then a warning message is issued and the runtime fraction of the coil is limited to 1.0.

A typical part load fraction correlation for a conventional DX heating coil (Speed ) would be:

PLF = 0.85 + 0.15(PLR)

If the user wishes to model no efficiency degradation due to compressor cycling, the part load fraction correlation should be defined as follows:

PLF = 1.0 + 0.0(PLR)

Field: Speed Rated Waste Heat Fraction of Power Input[LINK]

The fraction of heat input to heating that is available as recoverable waste heat at full load and rated conditions for Speed operation.

Field: Speed Waste Heat Function of Temperature Curve Name[LINK]

The name of a bi-quadratic performance curve (ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of the waste heat recovery as a function of outdoor dry-bulb temperature and the entering coil dry-bulb temperature for Speed . The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated recoverable waste heat at specific temperature operating conditions (i.e., at temperatures different from the rating point). The curve is normalized to a value of 1.0 at the rating point. When the fuel type is electricity, the field is either left blank or ignored by the program.

Following is an example input for a multi-speed heating DX coil.

COIL:Heating:DX:MultiSpeed,
        Heat Pump DX Heating Coil 1,  !- Name of heat pump heating coil
        FanAndCoilAvailSched,    !- Availability Schedule
        Heating Coil Air Inlet Node,  !- Coil Air Inlet Node
        SuppHeating Coil Air Inlet Node,  !- Coil Air Outlet Node
        -8.0,                    !- Minimum Outdoor Dry-bulb Temperature for Compressor Operation {C}
        200.0,                   !- Crankcase Heater Capacity {W}
        10.0,                    !- Maximum Outdoor Dry-bulb Temperature for Crankcase Heater Operation {C}
        HPACDefrostCAPFT,        !- Defrost energy input ratio modifier curve (temperature)
        7.22,                    !- Maximum Outdoor Dry-bulb Temperature for Defrost Operation
        reverse-cycle,           !- Defrost Strategy
        timed,                   !- Defrost Control
        0.058333,                !- Defrost Time Period Fraction
        2000.0,                  !- Resistive Defrost Heater Capacity {W}
        No,                      !- Apply Part Load Fraction to Speeds greater than 1
        NaturalGas,              !- Fuel type
        4,                       !- Number of speeds
        7500,                    !- Rated Total Heating Capacity, Speed 1 {W}
        2.75,                    !- Rated COP, Speed 1
        0.45,                    !- Rated Air Volume Flow Rate, Speed 1 {m3/s}
        HPACHeatCapFT Speed 1,   !- Total Heating Capacity Modifier Curve, Speed 1 (temperature)
        HPACHeatCapFF Speed 1,   !- Total Heating capacity modifier curve, Speed 1 (flow fraction)
        HPACHeatEIRFT Speed 1,   !- Energy input ratio modifier curve, Speed 1 (temperature)
        HPACHeatEIRFF Speed 1,   !- Energy input ratio modifier curve, Speed 1 (flow fraction)
        HPACHeatPLFFPLR Speed 1, !- Part load fraction correlation, Speed 1 (part load ratio)
        0.2,                     !- Rated waste heat fraction of power input, Speed 1
        HAPCHeatWHFT Speed 1,    !- Waste heat modifier curve, Speed 1 (temperature)
        17500,                   !- Rated Total Heating Capacity, Speed 2 {W}
        2.75,                    !- Rated COP, Speed 2
        0.85,                    !- Rated Air Volume Flow Rate, Speed 2 {m3/s}
        HPACHeatCapFT Speed 2,   !- Total Heating Capacity Modifier Curve, Speed 2 (temperature)
        HPACHeatCapFF Speed 2,   !- Total Heating capacity modifier curve, Speed 2 (flow fraction)
        HPACHeatEIRFT Speed 2,   !- Energy input ratio modifier curve, Speed 2 (temperature)
        HPACHeatEIRFF Speed 2,   !- Energy input ratio modifier curve, Speed 2 (flow fraction)
        HPACHeatPLFFPLR Speed 2, !- Part load fraction correlation, Speed 2 (part load ratio)
        0.2,                     !- Rated waste heat fraction of power input, Speed 2
        HAPCHeatWHFT Speed 2,    !- Waste heat modifier curve, Speed 2 (temperature)

25500,                   !- Rated Total Heating Capacity, Speed 3 {W}
2.75,                    !- Rated COP, Speed 3
1.25,                    !- Rated Air Volume Flow Rate, Speed 3 {m3/s}
HPACHeatCapFT Speed 3,   !- Total Heating Capacity Modifier Curve, Speed 3 (temperature)
HPACHeatCapFF Speed 3,   !- Total Heating capacity modifier curve, Speed 3 (flow fraction)
HPACHeatEIRFT Speed 3,   !- Energy input ratio modifier curve, Speed 3 (temperature)
HPACHeatEIRFF Speed 3,   !- Energy input ratio modifier curve, Speed 3 (flow fraction)
HPACHeatPLFFPLR Speed 3, !- Part load fraction correlation, Speed 3 (part load ratio)
0.2,                     !- Rated waste heat fraction of power input, Speed 3
HAPCHeatWHFT Speed 3,    !- Waste heat modifier curve, Speed 3 (temperature)
35500,                   !- Rated Total Heating Capacity, Speed 4 {W}
2.75,                    !- Rated COP, Speed 4
1.75,                    !- Rated Air Volume Flow Rate, Speed 4 {m3/s}
HPACHeatCapFT Speed 4,   !- Total Heating Capacity Modifier Curve, Speed 4 (temperature)
HPACHeatCapFF Speed 4,   !- Total Heating capacity modifier curve, Speed 4 (flow fraction)
HPACHeatEIRFT Speed 4,   !- Energy input ratio modifier curve, Speed 4 (temperature)
HPACHeatEIRFF Speed 4,   !- Energy input ratio modifier curve, Speed 4 (flow fraction)
HPACHeatPLFFPLR Speed 4, !- Part load fraction correlation, Speed 4 (part load ratio)
0.2,                     !- Rated waste heat fraction of power input, Speed 4
HAPCHeatWHFT Speed 4;    !- Waste heat modifier curve, Speed 4 (temperature)

MultiSpeed DX Heating Coil Outputs[LINK]

HVAC,Average,Heating Coil Total Heating Rate [W]
HVAC,Sum,Heating Coil Total Heating Energy [J]
HVAC,Average,Heating Coil Electric Power[W]
HVAC,Sum,Heating Coil Electric Energy [J]
HVAC,Average,Heating Coil Defrost Electric Power[W]
HVAC,Sum,Heating Coil Defrost Electric Energy [J]
HVAC,Average,Heating Coil Defrost Gas Rate [W]
HVAC,Sum,Heating Coil Defrost Gas Energy [J]
HVAC,Average,Heating Coil Crankcase Heater Electric Power[W]
HVAC,Sum,Heating Coil Crankcase Heater Electric Energy [J]
HVAC,Average,Heating Coil Runtime Fraction []
If Fuel Type is not Electricity:
HVAC,Average, Heating Coil <Fuel Type> Rate [W]
HVAC,Sum, Heating Coil <Fuel Type> Energy [J]

Heating Coil Total Heating Rate [W][LINK]

This field is the total heating rate output of the DX coil in Watts. This is determined by the coil inlet and outlet air conditions and the air mass flow rate through the coil.

Heating Coil Total Heating Energy [J][LINK]

This is the total heating output of the DX coil in Joules over the timestep being reported. This is determined by the coil inlet and outlet air conditions and the air mass flow rate through the coil. This output is also added to a meter with Resource Type = EnergyTransfer, End Use Key = HeatingCoil, Group Key = System (ref. Output:Meter object).

Heating Coil Electric Power [W][LINK]

This output variable is the input fuel type power for the heating coil in the unit of Watts, averaged during the report period. If Fuel Type is not Electricity, the value is zero.

Cooling Coil Electric Energy [J][LINK]

This output variable is the input fuel type consumption for the multispeed heating coil in the unit of Joules, summed during the report period. This output is also added to a meter with Resource Type = Electricity, End Use Key = Heating, Group Key = System (ref. Output:Meter object). If Fuel Type is not Electricity, the value is zero.

Heating Coil Defrost Electric Power [W][LINK]

This is the electricity consumption rate of the DX coil unit in Watts when the unit is in defrost mode (reverse-cycle or resistive). The variable is available when the defrost mode is resistive or the fuel type is electricity.

Heating Coil Defrost Electric Energy [J][LINK]

This is the electricity consumption of the DX coil unit in Joules for the timestep being reported. This consumption is applicable when the unit is in defrost mode (reverse-cycle or resistive). The variable is available when the defrost mode is resistive or the fuel type is electricity.

Heating Coil Defrost Rate [W][LINK]

This is the fuel consumption rate of the DX coil unit in Watts when the unit is in defrost mode (reverse-cycle). The variable is available when the defrost mode is reverse-cycle and the fuel type is non-electricity.

Heating Coil Defrost Energy [J][LINK]

This is the fuel consumption of the DX coil unit in Joules for the timestep being reported. This consumption is applicable when the unit is in defrost mode (reverse-cycle). The variable is available when the defrost mode is reverse-cycle and the fuel type is non-electricity.

Heating Coil Crankcase Heater Electric Power [W][LINK]

This is the average electricity consumption rate of the DX coil compressor’s crankcase heater in Watts for the timestep being reported. When a companion cooling coil exits, the crankcase heater power of the companion cool coil is alos reported in this variable.

Heating Coil Crankcase Heater Electric Energy [J][LINK]

This is the electricity consumption of the DX coil compressor’s crankcase heater in Joules for the timestep being reported. This output is also added to a meter with Resource Type = Electricity, End Use Key = Heating, Group Key = System (ref. Output:Meter object). When a companion cooling coil exits, the crankcase heater power of the companion cool coil is alos reported in this variable.

Heating Coil Runtime Fraction [][LINK]

This is the runtime fraction of the DX heating coil compressor and outdoor fan(s) for the timestep being reported. When the heating speed is above 1, this output is the run time fraction for the higher speed.

Heating Coil Rate [W][LINK]

This output variable is the input fuel type power for the heating coil in the unit of Watts, averaged during the report period. The electric power is excluded. If Fuel Type is Electricity, this output variable is not reported.

Cooling Coil Energy [J][LINK]

This output variable is the input fuel type consumption for the multispeed heating coil in the unit of Joules, summed during the report period. The electric consumption is excluded. This output is also added to a meter with Resource Type = , End Use Key = Heating, Group Key = System (ref. Output:Meter object). If Fuel Type is Electricity, this output variable is not reported.

Note: The Fuel Type defined in the above two output variables depends on the input in the fuel type filed. In addition to Electricity, Valid fuel types are NaturalGas, Propane, FuelOil#1, FuelOil#2, Coal, Diesel, Gasoline, OtherFuel1 and OtherFuel2.

Coil:Heating:DX:VariableSpeed[LINK]

The Variable-Speed Air-to-Air Heating DX Coil is a collection of performance curves that represent the heating coil at various speed levels. The performance curves should be generated from the heat pump Reference Unit catalog data. This is an equation-fit model that resembles a black box with no usage of heat transfer equations. The number of speed levels can range from 1 to 10. The heating coil has two air side node connections. The user needs to specify a nominal speed level, at which the rated capacity and rated volumetric air flow rate are sized. The rated capacity and rated volumetric flow rate represent the real situation in the air loop, and are used to determine the flow rates at various speed levels in the parent objects, e.g. AirLoopHVAC:UnitaryHeatPump:AirToAir, ZoneHVAC:PackagedTerminalHeatPump, etc. It shall be mentioned that the performance correction curves, i.e. the temperature and flow fraction correction curves, should be normalized to the capacity and flow rate at each individual speed and at the rated operating conditions, similar to the performance curves used in the single-speed DX coil. On the other hand, the performance values at individual speed levels, e.g. capacities, COPs and flow rates, should be given regarding a specific unit from the Reference Unit catalog data. In the following content, the statement started with “Reference Unit” means the actual Reference Unit catalog data. The rated conditions for obtaining the capacities and COPs are at indoor dry-bulb temperature of 21.1 ˚C (70 ˚F) and the source side entering air temperature of 8.3 ˚C (47 ˚F). Some equations are provided below to help explain the function of the various performance curves and data fields.

Field: Name[LINK]

This alpha field contains the identifying name for the variable speed heating coil.

Field: Air Inlet Node Name[LINK]

This alpha field contains the heating coil load side inlet node name.

Field: Air Outlet Node Name[LINK]

This alpha field contains the heating coil load side outlet node name.

Field: Number of Speeds[LINK]

This numeric field contains the maximum number of speed levels that the module uses. The number of speeds, for which the user input the performance data and curves, has to be equal to or higher than the maximum number. The performance inputs at higher speeds are ignored.

Field: Nominal Speed Level[LINK]

This numeric field defines the nominal speed level, at which the rated capacity, rated air and volumetric flow rate are correlated.

Field: Rated Total Heating Capacity at Selected Nominal Speed Level[LINK]

This numeric field contains the rated capacity at the nominal speed level. This field is autosizable. The rated heating capacity is used to determine a capacity scaling factor, as compared to the Reference Unit capacity at the nominal speed level.

And then, this scaling factor is used to determine capacities at rated conditions for other speed levels, as below,

Field: Rated Volumetric Air Flow Rate[LINK]

This numeric field contains the rated volumetric air flow rate on the load side of the heat pump corresponding to the nominal speed level. This field is autosizable. The value is used to determine an internal scaling factor, and calculate the air flow rates in the parent objects. It is recommended that the ratio of the rated volumetric air flow rate to the rated capacity is the same as the unit performance from the Reference Unit data.

And the volumetric air flow rates in the parent objects are calculated as below,

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Field: Part Load Fraction Correlation Curve Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of a quadratic or cubic performance curve (Ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of electrical power input to the unit as a function of the part load ratio (PLR, heating load/steady-state heating capacity for Speed 1), in the case that the unit operates under the lowest speed, i.e. on/off. The product of the rated EIR and EIR modifier curves is divided by the output of this curve to give the “effective” EIR for a given simulation timestep for Speed 1. The part load fraction (PLF) correlation accounts for efficiency losses due to compressor cycling. The part load fraction correlation should be normalized to a value of 1.0 when the part load ratio equals 1.0 (i.e., no efficiency losses when the compressor(s) run continuously for the simulation timestep).

Field: Defrost Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of a bi-quadratic performance curve (ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of the energy input ratio (EIR) during reverse-cycle defrost periods as a function of the outdoor air dry-bulb temperature and the wet-bulb temperature of the air entering the indoor coil. The EIR is the inverse of the COP. The output of this curve is multiplied by the coil capacity at the maximum speed level, the fractional defrost time period and the runtime fraction of the heating coil to give the defrost power at the specific temperatures at which the indoor and outdoor coils are operating. This curve is only required when a reverse cycle defrost strategy is selected. The curve is normalized to a value of 1.0 at the rating point conditions.

Field: Minimum Outdoor Dry-Bulb Temperature for Compressor Operation[LINK]

This numeric field defines the minimum outdoor air dry-bulb temperature where the heating coil compressor turns off. If this input field is left blank, the default value is -8 °C.

Field: Outdoor Dry-Bulb Temperature to Turn On Compressor[LINK]

This numeric field defines the outdoor temperature when the compressor is automatically turned back on following an automatic shut off because of low outdoor dry-bulb temperature. This field is only used for the calculation of HSPF. If this field is not provided, then outdoor bin temperature used in the HSPF calculation is always considered to be greater than this temperature and ‘Minimum Outdoor Dry-Bulb Temperature for Compressor Operation’ field described above. This assumption is based on AHRI standard 210/240 (2008) and can introduce significant error in the final value of HSPF.

Field: Maximum Outdoor Dry-Bulb Temperature for Defrost Operation[LINK]

This numeric field defines the outdoor air dry-bulb temperature above which outdoor coil defrosting is disabled. The temperature for this input field must be greater than or equal to 0 °C and less than or equal to 7.22 °C. If this input field is left blank, the default value is 5 °C.

Field: Crankcase Heater Capacity[LINK]

This numeric field defines the crankcase heater capacity in Watts. When the outdoor air drybulb temperature is below the value specified in the input field “Maximum Outdoor Dry-bulb Temperature for Crankcase Heater Operation” (described below), the crankcase heater is enabled during the time that the compressor is not running. The value for this input field must be greater than or equal to 0. If this input field is left blank, the default value is 0. To simulate a unit without a crankcase heater, enter a value of 0.

Field: Maximum Outdoor Dry-Bulb Temperature for Crankcase Heater Operation[LINK]

This numeric field defines the outdoor air dry-bulb temperature above which the compressor’s crankcase heater is disabled. The value for this input field must be greater than or equal to 0.0 °C. If this input field is left blank, the default value is 10 °C.

Field: Defrost Strategy[LINK]

This alpha field has two choices: reverse-cycle or resistive. If the reverse-cycle strategy is selected, the heating cycle is reversed periodically to provide heat to melt frost accumulated on the outdoor coil. If a resistive defrost strategy is selected, the frost is melted using an electric resistance heater. If this input field is left blank, the default defrost strategy is reverse cycle.

Field: Defrost Control[LINK]

This alpha field has two choices: timed or on-demand. If timed control is selected, the defrost time period is calculated based on a fixed value or compressor runtime whether or not frost has actually accumulated. For timed defrost control, the fractional amount of time the unit is in defrost is entered in the input field “Defrost Time Period Fraction” described below. If on-demand defrost control is selected, the defrost time period is calculated based on outdoor weather (humidity ratio) conditions. Regardless of which defrost control is selected, defrost does not occur above the user specified outdoor temperature entered in the input field “Maximum Outdoor Dry-bulb Temperature for Defrost Operation” described above. If this input field is left blank, the default defrost control is timed.

Field: Defrost Time Period Fraction[LINK]

This numeric field defines the fraction of compressor runtime when the defrost cycle is active, and only applies to “timed” defrost (see Defrost Control input field above). For example, if the defrost cycle is active for 3.5 minutes for every 60 minutes of compressor runtime, then the user should enter 3.5/60 = 0.058333. The value for this input field must be greater than or equal to 0. If this input field is left blank, the default value is 0.058333.

Field: Resistive Defrost Heater Capacity[LINK]

This numeric field defines the capacity of the resistive defrost heating element in Watts. This input field is used only when the selected defrost strategy is ‘resistive’ (see input field “Defrost Strategy” above). The value for this input field must be greater than or equal to 0. If this input field is left blank, the default value is 0.

Field Group: Rated specification and performance curves[LINK]

The performance for each heating speed must be specified as shown below. They should be directly given from the Reference Unit data. All inputs for Speed 1 are required, followed by the optional inputs for other speeds.

Field: Speed Reference Unit Total Heating Capacity[LINK]

This numeric field defines the total, full load heating capacity in watts of the air-to-air heating coil unit at rated conditions for Speed operation. The value entered here must be greater than 0. Capacity should not include supply air fan heat.

Field: Speed Reference Unit COP[LINK]

This numeric field defines the coefficient of performance (COP=heating capacity output in watts divided by electrical power input in watts) of the heating coil unit at rated conditions for Speed operation. The value entered here must be greater than 0. The input power includes power for the compressor(s) and accessories, but does not include the power consumption of the indoor supply air fan.

Field: Speed Reference Unit Volumetric Air Flow Rate[LINK]

This numeric field defines the volume air flow rate, in m3 per second, across the heating coil at rated conditions for Speed operation. The value entered here should be directly from the Reference Unit data, corresponding to the given heating capacity and COP at the speed, as above.

Field: Speed Total Heating Capacity Function of Temperature Curve Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of a bi-quadratic performance curve for Speed (ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of the total heating capacity as a function of the indoor dry-bulb and source side entering air temperature, from the Reference Unit. The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated total heating capacity at the speed to give the total heating capacity at specific temperature operating conditions (i.e., at an indoor air dry-bulb temperature or entering air temperature different from the rating point temperature). It should be noted that the curve is normalized to the heating capacity at Speed from the Reference Unit data, and have the value of 1.0 at the rating point.

Field: Speed Total Heating Capacity Function of Air Flow Fraction Curve Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of a quadratic or cubic performance curve for Speed (ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of total heating capacity as a function of the ratio of actual air flow rate across the heating coil to the design air flow rate (i.e., fraction of full load flow), at Speed from the Reference Unit data. The curve is normalized to have the value of 1.0 when the actual air flow rate equals the design air flow rate at Speed .

Field: Speed Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of a bi-quadratic performance curve for Speed (ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of the energy input ratio (EIR) as a function of the both the indoor air dry-bulb and entering air temperatures. The EIR is the inverse of the COP. The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated EIR (inverse of rated COP at Speed from the Reference Unit data) to give the EIR at specific temperature operating conditions (i.e., at an indoor air dry bulb temperature or entering air temperature different from the rating point temperature). The curve is normalized to have the value of 1.0 at the rating point.

Field: Speed Energy Input Ratio Function of Air Flow Fraction Curve Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of a quadratic or cubic performance curve for Speed (ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of the energy input ratio (EIR) as a function of the ratio of actual air flow rate across the heating coil to the design air flow rate (i.e., fraction of full load flow, at Speed from the Reference Unit data). The EIR is the inverse of the COP. This curve is normalized to a value of 1.0 when the actual air flow rate equals the design air flow rate.

An example of this statement in an IDF is:

Coil:Heating:DX:VariableSpeed,
    Heat Pump DX Heating Coil 1,     !- Name
    Heating Coil Air Inlet Node,     !- Air Inlet Node Name
    SuppHeating Coil Air Inlet Node,  !- Air Outlet Node Name
    10.0,                   !- Number of Speeds {dimensionless}
    10.0,                   !- Nominal Speed Level {dimensionless}
    35000,                  !- Rated Total Heating Capacity {W}
    1.7,                     !- Rated Air Flow Rate {m3/s}
    HPACCOOLPLFFPLR,         !- Part Load Fraction Correlation Curve Name
    ,                        !- Defrost Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name
    -5.0,                    !- Minimum Outdoor Dry-Bulb Temperature for Compressor Operation {C}
    ,                        !- Outdoor Dry-Bulb Temperature to Turn Back On Compressor{C}
    5.0,                     !- Maximum Outdoor Dry-Bulb Temperature for Defrost Operation {C}
    200.0,                   !- Crankcase Heater Capacity {W}
    10.0,                    !- Maximum Outdoor Dry-Bulb Temperature for Crankcase Heater Operation {C}
    Resistive,               !- Defrost Strategy
    TIMED,                   !- Defrost Control
    0.166667,                !- Defrost Time Period Fraction
    20000,                   !- Resistive Defrost Heater Capacity {W}
    1838.7,                  !- Speed 1 Rated Total Heating Capacity {w}
    5.0,                     !- Speed 1 Rated COP {dimensionless}
    0.1661088,               !- Speed 1 Rated Air Flow Rate {m3/s}
    HPACHeatCapFT,           !- Total Heating Capacity Function of Temperature Curve Name
    HPACHeatCapFFF,          !- Total Heating Capacity Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name
    HPACHeatEIRFT,           !- Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name
    HPACHeatEIRFFF,          !- Energy Input Ratio Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name
    2295.5,                  !- Speed 2 Rated Total Heating Capacity {w}
    5.0,                     !- Speed 2 Rated COP {dimensionless}
    0.179322,                !- Speed 2 Rated Air Flow Rate {m3/s}
    HPACHeatCapFT,           !- Total Heating Capacity Function of Temperature Curve Name
    HPACHeatCapFFF,          !- Total Heating Capacity Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name
    HPACHeatEIRFT,           !- Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name
    HPACHeatEIRFFF,          !- Energy Input Ratio Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name
    2751.3,                  !- Speed 3 Rated Total Heating Capacity {w}
    5.0,                     !- Speed 3 Rated COP {dimensionless}
    0.1925352,               !- Speed 3 Rated Air Flow Rate {m3/s}
    HPACHeatCapFT,           !- Total Heating Capacity Function of Temperature Curve Name
    HPACHeatCapFFF,          !- Total Heating Capacity Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name
    HPACHeatEIRFT,           !- Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name
    HPACHeatEIRFFF,          !- Energy Input Ratio Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name
    3659.6,                  !- Speed 4 Rated Total Heating Capacity {w}
    5.0,                     !- Speed 4 Rated COP {dimensionless}
    0.2189616,               !- Speed 4 Rated Air Flow Rate {m3/s}
    HPACHeatCapFT,           !- Total Heating Capacity Function of Temperature Curve Name
    HPACHeatCapFFF,          !- Total Heating Capacity Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name
    HPACHeatEIRFT,           !- Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name
    HPACHeatEIRFFF,          !- Energy Input Ratio Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name

        4563.7,                  !- Speed 5 Rated Total Heating Capacity {w}
        5.0,                     !- Speed 5 Rated COP {dimensionless}
        0.245388,                !- Speed 5 Rated Air Flow Rate {m3/s}
        HPACHeatCapFT,           !- Total Heating Capacity Function of Temperature Curve Name
        HPACHeatCapFFF,          !- Total Heating Capacity Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name
        HPACHeatEIRFT,           !- Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name
        HPACHeatEIRFFF,          !- Energy Input Ratio Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name
        5463.3,                  !- Speed 6 Rated Total Heating Capacity {w}
        5.0,                     !- Speed 6 Rated COP {dimensionless}
        0.2718144,               !- Speed 6 Rated Air Flow Rate {m3/s}
        HPACHeatCapFT,           !- Total Heating Capacity Function of Temperature Curve Name
        HPACHeatCapFFF,          !- Total Heating Capacity Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name
        HPACHeatEIRFT,           !- Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name
        HPACHeatEIRFFF,          !- Energy Input Ratio Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name
        6358.4,                  !- Speed 7 Rated Total Heating Capacity {w}
        5.0,                     !- Speed 7 Rated COP {dimensionless}
        0.2982408,               !- Speed 7 Rated Air Flow Rate {m3/s}
        HPACHeatCapFT,           !- Total Heating Capacity Function of Temperature Curve Name
        HPACHeatCapFFF,          !- Total Heating Capacity Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name
        HPACHeatEIRFT,           !- Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name
        HPACHeatEIRFFF,          !- Energy Input Ratio Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name
        7248.5,                  !- Speed 8 Rated Total Heating Capacity {w}
        5.0,                     !- Speed 8 Rated COP {dimensionless}
        0.3246672,               !- Speed 8 Rated Air Flow Rate {m3/s}
        HPACHeatCapFT,           !- Total Heating Capacity Function of Temperature Curve Name
        HPACHeatCapFFF,          !- Total Heating Capacity Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name
        HPACHeatEIRFT,           !- Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name
        HPACHeatEIRFFF,          !- Energy Input Ratio Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name
        8133.6,                  !- Speed 9 Rated Total Heating Capacity {w}
        5.0,                     !- Speed 9 Rated COP {dimensionless}
        0.3510936,               !- Speed 9 Rated Air Flow Rate {m3/s}
        HPACHeatCapFT,           !- Total Heating Capacity Function of Temperature Curve Name
        HPACHeatCapFFF,          !- Total Heating Capacity Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name
        HPACHeatEIRFT,           !- Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name
        HPACHeatEIRFFF,          !- Energy Input Ratio Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name
        9013.2,                  !- Speed 10 Rated Total Heating Capacity {w}
        5.0,                     !- Speed 10 Rated COP {dimensionless}
        0.37752,                 !- Speed 10 Rated Air Flow Rate {m3/s}
        HPACHeatCapFT,           !- Total Heating Capacity Function of Temperature Curve Name
        HPACHeatCapFFF,          !- Total Heating Capacity Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name
        HPACHeatEIRFT,           !- Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name
        HPACHeatEIRFFF;          !- Energy Input Ratio Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name

Variable Speed DX Heating Coil Outputs[LINK]

HVAC,Average,Heating Coil Electric Power [W]
HVAC,Average,Heating Coil Heating Rate [W]
HVAC,Average,Heating Coil Sensible Heating Rate [W]
HVAC,Average,Heating Coil Source Side Heat Transfer Rate [W]
HVAC,Average,Heating Coil Part Load Ratio []
HVAC,Average, Heating Coil Runtime Fraction []
HVAC,Average, Heating Coil Air Mass Flow Rate [kg/s]
HVAC,Average,Heating Coil Air Inlet Temperature [C]
HVAC,Average,Heating Coil Air Inlet Humidity Ratio [kgWater/kgDryAir]
HVAC,Average,Heating Coil Air Outlet Temperature [C]
HVAC,Average,Heating Coil Air Outlet Humidity Ratio [kgWater/kgDryAir]
HVAC,Average,Heating Coil Upper Speed Level []
HVAC,Average,Heating Coil Neighboring Speed Levels Ratio []
HVAC,Average,VSAirtoAirHP Recoverable Waste Heat [W]
HVAC,Sum,Heating Coil Electric Energy [J]
HVAC,Sum,Heating Coil Heating Energy [J]
HVAC,Sum,Heating Coil Source Side Heat Transfer Energy [J]
HVAC,Average,Heating Coil Defrost Electric Power [W]
HVAC,Sum,Heating Coil Defrost Electric Energy [J]
HVAC,Average,Heating Coil Crankcase Heater Electric Power[W]
HVAC,Sum,Heating Coil Crankcase Heater Electric Energy [J]

Heating Coil Electric Power [W][LINK]

This output variable is the average electric consumption rate of the heat pump in Watts over the timestep being reported.

Heating Coil Heating Rate [W][LINK]

The output variable is the average total heating capacity provide by the heat pump in Watts over the timestep being reported.

Heating Coil Sensible Heating Rate [W][LINK]

The output variable is the average sensible heating capacity provide by the heat pump in Watts over the timestep being reported. For heating mode, the sensible capacity is equal to the total capacity.

Heating Coil Source Side Heat Transfer Rate [W][LINK]

The output variable is the average heat absorbed at the heat pump evaporator in Watts over the timestep being reported.

Heating Coil Part Load Ratio [][LINK]

This output variable is the ratio of the part-load capacity to the steady state capacity of the heating coil. For the cycling fan mode, the runtime fraction for the heat pump compressor may be different from the compressor part-load ratio reported here due to the part-load performance of the heating coil (delay at start-up to reach steady-state output). In general, runtime fractions are reported by individual components where appropriate.

Heating Coil Runtime Fraction [][LINK]

This output variable is the function of the part load ratio (PLR, part-load capacity/ steady state capacity). The duty factor or part load fraction accounts for efficiency losses due to compressor cycling.

Heating Coil Air Mass Flow Rate [kg/s][LINK]

The output variable is the average air mass flow rate on the load side going through the heat pump over the timestep being reported.

Heating Coil Air Inlet Temperature [C][LINK]

The output variable is the average entering air dry-bulb temperature over the timestep being reported.

Heating Coil Air Inlet Humidity Ratio [kgWater/kgDryAir][LINK]

The output variable is the average entering air dry humidity ratio over the timestep being reported.

Heating Coil Air Outlet Temperature [C][LINK]

The output variable is the average leaving air dry-bulb temperature over the timestep being reported.

Heating Coil Air Outlet Humidity Ratio [kgWater/kgDryAir][LINK]

The output variable is the average leaving air dry humidity ratio over the timestep being reported.

Heating Coil Upper Speed Level [][LINK]

The output variable is the average upper speed level, for interpolating performances between two neighboring speed levels.

Heating Coil Neighboring Speed Levels Ratio [][LINK]

The output variable is the average speed ratio, for interpolating performances between two neighboring speed levels.

Heating Coil Electric Energy [J][LINK]

The output variable is the total electric consumption of the heat pump in Joules over the timestep being reported.

Heating Coil Heating Energy [J][LINK]

The output variable is the total cooling output of the coil in Joules over the timestep being reported.

Heating Coil Source Side Heat Transfer Energy [J][LINK]

The output variable is the total source side heat transfer of the coil in Joules over the timestep being reported.

Heating Coil Defrost Electric Power[W][LINK]

The output variable is the average electric power used for defrosting, in Watts over the timestep being reported.

Heating Coil Defrost Electric Energy [J][LINK]

The output variable is the total electric defrosting energy usage of the coil in Joules over the timestep being reported.

Heating Coil Crankcase Heater Electric Power [W][LINK]

The output variable is the average power used for crankcase heater, in Watts over the timestep being reported.

Heating Coil Crankcase Heater Electric Energy [J][LINK]

The output variable is the total electric energy usage of the coil for crankcase heater, in Joules over the timestep being reported.

Coil:WaterHeating:Desuperheater[LINK]

A simplified approach is used to determine the performance of this water heating coil. The model assumes that the heating energy provided by this coil is reclaimed from the superheated refrigerant gas leaving a compressor (i.e., a desuperheating refrigerant-to-water heating coil) and does not impact the performance of the compressor. This coil must be used with a water heater tank (e.g., Water Heater:Mixed) which can supply heated potable water and/or hot water for use in a plant loop (e.g., hydronic air reheat coils).

Except for detailed refrigeration system models, the amount of available superheat is simply a percentage of the total heat being rejected by the DX system’s condenser. Approximately 25-30% of the energy rejected by typical refrigeration system condensers is to reduce the superheated refrigerant vapor temperature to the condensing temperature. Recovery efficiencies higher than 30% may cause the refrigerant gas to condense which in turn impacts the performance of the refrigeration system. For this reason, the maximum heat reclaim recovery efficiency for this coil is 30% for most sources of waste heat, including refrigeration compressor racks. The one exception to this 30% limit is a condenser that is part of a detailed refrigeration system. In a detailed refrigeration system, the portion of the rejected heat that lies within the superheated region is explicitly calculated. Therefore, the desuperheater coils supplied by a condenser attached to a detailed refrigeration system are subject to a maximum reclaim recovery efficiency of 90% of the heat within the superheated region.

The model includes the ability to modify the heat reclaim recovery efficiency based on variations in inlet water temperature and outdoor air dry-bulb temperature.

This coil model performs the following major functions:

  • calculates the amount of heat delivered to the water tank
  • calculates the electricity consumption of the integral water pump and on/off-cycle parasitic loads

The input fields for this object are described below in detail:

Field: Name[LINK]

This alpha field contains a unique user-assigned name for an instance of a desuperheater water heating coil. Any reference to this desuperheater coil by another object will use this name.

Field: Availability Schedule Name[LINK]

This alpha field contains the name of the schedule (ref: Schedule) that denotes whether the desuperheater coil is available to operate during a given time period. A schedule value equal to 0 denotes that the desuperheater coil is off for that time period. A value other than 0 denotes that the desuperheater coil is available to operate during that time period. During times when the desuperheater coil is scheduled off, the heater (element or burner) in the water tank object operates based on its tank set point temperature schedule and the desuperheater coil’s parasitic electric power is also off for that time period. If this field is blank, the schedule has values of 1 for all time periods.

Field: Setpoint Temperature Schedule Name[LINK]

This alpha field contains the name of the schedule (ref: Schedule) that specifies the set point (or “cut-out”) temperature for the desuperheater coil. Temperature values used in this schedule should be in degrees Celsius. The desuperheater coil turns off when the tank water reaches this set point temperature. Once the desuperheater coil is off, the tank water temperature floats downward until it falls below the set point temperature minus the dead band temperature difference defined below (i.e., the “cut-in” temperature). At this point, the desuperheater coil turns on and remains on until the desuperheater coil set point temperature is reached.

Field: Dead Band Temperature Difference[LINK]

This numeric field contains the dead band temperature difference in degrees Celsius. The desuperheater coil “cut-in” temperature is defined as the desuperheater coil set point temperature defined above minus this dead band temperature difference. The desuperheater coil turns on when the water temperature in the tank falls below the “cut-in” temperature. The desuperheater coil remains on until the water temperature in the tank rises above the desuperheater coil set point (“cut-out”) temperature defined above. The dead band temperature difference must be greater than 0°C and less than or equal to 20°C. If this field is left blank, the default value is 5°C.

Desuperheater water heating coils are typically used to offset energy consumption by the water tank’s heater (element or burner). Therefore, the cut-in temperature for the desuperheater coil (set point minus dead band temperature difference) is usually higher than the set point temperature for the heater (element or burner) in the associated water heater tank object. At times when the water heater tank set point temperature is greater than the cut-in temperature of the desuperheater coil, the model disables the desuperheater coil and the tank’s heater is used to heat the water.

Field: Rated Heat Reclaim Recovery Efficiency[LINK]

This numeric field defines the ratio of recovered waste heat from the superheated refrigerant gas to the total rejected waste heat from the heating source (as if no heat reclaim occurred). Input values must be greater than 0 up to a maximum value is 0.3 (with a defaults of 0.25) for most sources of waste heat, including refrigeration compressor racks. The one exception to this 0.3 limit is a source that is a condenser that is part of a detailed refrigeration system. In a detailed refrigeration system, the portion of the rejected heat that lies within the superheated region is explicitly calculated. Therefore, the desuperheater coils supplied by a condenser attached to a detailed refrigeration system are subject to a maximum reclaim recovery efficiency of 0.9. with a default value is 0.8.

Field: Rated Inlet Water Temperature[LINK]

This numeric field defines the coil inlet water temperature, in degrees Celsius, that corresponds to the rated heat reclaim recovery efficiency. Also see field “Heat Reclaim Efficiency Modifier Curve Name (function of temperature)” below.

Field: Rated Outdoor Air Temperature[LINK]

This numeric field defines the outdoor air dry-bulb temperature, in degrees Celsius, that corresponds to the rated heat reclaim recovery efficiency. The outdoor air dry-bulb temperature impacts the desuperheater coil refrigerant temperature and the amount of heat available for reclaim. Also see field “Heat Reclaim Efficiency Modifier Curve Name(function of temperature)” below.

Field: Maximum Inlet Water Temperature for Heat Reclaim[LINK]

This numeric field defines the maximum coil inlet water temperature in degrees Celsius. Any time the inlet water temperature to the desuperheater coil is above this maximum allowed temperature, heat reclaim is restricted so that the tank water does not exceed this temperature.

Field: Heat Reclaim Efficiency Function of Temperature Curve Name[LINK]

This alpha field specifies the name of a bi-quadratic curve object (ref: Performance Curves) that defines the variation in heat reclaim efficiency as a function of inlet fluid (air and water) temperatures. The bi-quadratic curve uses the coil inlet water temperature and outdoor air dry-bulb temperature (entering the DX coil condenser) as the independent variables. The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated heat reclaim recovery efficiency to give the heat reclaim efficiency at specific operating conditions (i.e., at temperatures different from the rating point temperatures). The curve should be normalized to have the value of 1.0 at the rating point temperatures. If this field is left blank, the heat reclaim efficiency remains constant (curve value assumed to be 1.0 for all conditions). The model restricts the product of the output of this curve and the rated heat reclaim recovery efficiency to a maximum of 0.9 for refrigeration condenser sources and 0.3 for all other sources..

Field: Water Inlet Node Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of the water node from which the desuperheater heating coil draws its inlet water. This node name must also match the source side outlet node name for the water heater tank used with this coil (ref. Water Heaters).

Field: Water Outlet Node Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of the water node to which the desuperheater heating coil sends its outlet water. This node name must also match the source side inlet node name for the water heater tank used with this coil (ref. Water Heaters).

Field: Tank Object Type[LINK]

This alpha (choice) field contains the type of water heater tank used by this desuperheater heating coil. Currently, the only valid choice is Water Heater:Mixed.

Field: Tank Name[LINK]

This alpha field contains the name of the specific water heater tank (Water Heater:Mixed object) used by this desuperheater heating coil.

Field: Heating Source Object Type[LINK]

This alpha (choice) field defines the source of superheated refrigerant gas from which the desuperheater water heating coil recovers energy through heat reclaim. Valid choices are:

This alpha (choice) field defines the source of superheated refrigerant gas from which the desuperheater water heating coil recovers energy through heat reclaim. Valid choices are:

Coil:Cooling:DX:SingleSpeed
Coil:Cooling:DX:TwoSpeed
Coil:Cooling:DX:TwoStageWithHumidityControlMode
Refrigeration:CompressorRack
Refrigeration:Condenser:AirCooled
Refrigeration:Condenser:EvaporativeCooled
Refrigeration:Condenser:WaterCooled

Field: Heating Source Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of the desuperheater coil’s heat source (e.g., the name of a specific coil of the type mentioned in the previous field which provides waste heat to this desuperheater water heating coil).

Field: Water Flow Rate[LINK]

This numeric field defines the desuperheater coil’s water flow rate in cubic meters per second. The model assumes that this flow rate is constant (throughout the simulation period) when the desuperheater coil operates, and that it corresponds to the heat reclaim recovery efficiency performance specified by the user. This water flow rate must be greater than zero.

Field: Water Pump Power[LINK]

This numeric field defines the coil’s water circulation pump power in Watts. This is the operating pump power as installed. Values must be greater than or equal to 0. If this field is left blank, the default value is 0. A warning message will be issued if the ratio of water pump power to desuperheater water volumetric flow rate exceeds 7.9264E6 W/m3/s, but the simulation will continue using the user-defined values. The model assumes that this integral pump (i.e., no need to define a separate pump object) cycles on and off with the desuperheater heating coil.

Field: Fraction of Pump Heat to Water[LINK]

This numeric field defines the fraction of water circulation pump heat that is transferred to the water. The pump is assumed to be downstream of the desuperheater water heating coil, and this field is used to determine the desuperheater water outlet temperature. Values must be greater than or equal to 0 and less than or equal to 1. If this field is left blank, the default value is 0.2.

Field: On-Cycle Parasitic Electric Load[LINK]

This optional numeric field contains the on-cycle parasitic electric power in Watts. This is the parasitic electric power consumed by controls or other electrical devices associated with the desuperheater water heating coil. This parasitic electric load is consumed whenever the desuperheater coil is operating, and the model assumes that this parasitic power does not contribute to heating the water nor does it affect the zone air heat balance. The minimum value for this field is 0.0, and the default value is also 0.0 if this field is left blank.

Field: Off-Cycle Parasitic Electric Load[LINK]

This optional numeric field contains the off-cycle parasitic electric power in Watts. This is the parasitic electric power consumed by controls or other electrical devices associated with the desuperheater water heating coil. This parasitic electric load is consumed whenever the desuperheater coil is available but is not operating, and the model assumes that this parasitic power does not contribute to heating the water nor does it affect the zone air heat balance. The minimum value for this field is 0.0, and the default value is also 0.0 if this field is left blank.

Following is an example input for a desuperheater water heating coil.

Coil:WaterHeating:Desuperheater,
    WaterHeatingCoil,        !- Coil Name
    DesuperheaterSched,      !- Availability Schedule Name
    DesuperheaterTempSch,    !- Desuperheater Coil Set Point Temperature Schedule Name
    5.0,                     !- Dead Band Temperature Difference {deltaC}
    0.25,                    !- Rated Heat Reclaim Recovery Efficiency
    50.0,                    !- Rated Inlet Water Temperature {C}
    35.0,                    !- Rated Outdoor Air Temperature {C}
    60.0,                    !- Maximum Inlet Water Temperature for Heat Reclaim {C}
    HEffFTemp,               !- Heat Reclaim Efficiency Modifier Curve Name (function of temperature)
    WaterHeatingCoilInletNode,   !- Desuperheater Water Inlet Node Name
    WaterHeatingCoilOutletNode,  !- Desuperheater Water Outlet Node Name
    Water Heater:Mixed,      !- Water Heater Tank Type
    WaterHeatingCoilTank,    !- Water Heater Tank Name
    Coil:Cooling:DX:SingleSpeed,  !- Heating Source Type
    Furnace ACDXCoil 1,      !- Heating Source Name
    0.0001,                  !- Desuperheater Water Volumetric Flow Rate {m3/s}
    100.0,                   !- Water Pump Power {W}
    0.2,                     !- Fraction of Pump Heat to Water
    10.0,                    !- On-Cycle Parasitic Electric Load {W}
    10.0;                    !- Off-Cycle Parasitic Electric Load {W}

WaterHeating Coil (Desuperheater) Outputs[LINK]

HVAC,Average,Water Heater Part Load Ratio
HVAC,Average,Water Heater Heating Rate [W]
HVAC,Sum,Water Heater Heating Energy [J]
HVAC,Average,Water Heater Pump Electric Power [W]
HVAC,Sum,Water Heater Pump Electric Energy [J]
 HVAC,Average,Water Heater Heat Reclaim Efficiency Modifier Multiplier []
HVAC,Average,Water Heater On Cycle Parasitic Electric Power [W]
HVAC,Sum,Water Heater On Cycle Parasitic Electric Energy [J]
HVAC,Average,Water Heater Off Cycle Parasitic Electric Power [W]
HVAC,Sum,Water Heater Off Cycle Parasitic Electric Energy [J]

Water Heater Part Load Ratio []This output field contains the part load ratio of the desuperheater heating coil for the timestep being reported. This ratio represents the fraction of the timestep that the desuperheater heating coil is operating.

Water Heater Heating Rate [W][LINK]

This output field contains the average heating rate output of the desuperheater heating coil in Watts for the timestep being reported. This value includes the portion of circulation pump heat attributed to heating the water.

Water Heater Heating Energy [J][LINK]

This output field contains the total heating output of the desuperheater heating coil in Joules for the timestep being reported. This value includes the portion of circulation pump heat attributed to heating the water.

Water Heater Pump Electric Power [W][LINK]

This output field contains the average electricity consumption rate for the water circulation pump in Watts for the timestep being reported.

Water Heater Pump Electric Energy [J][LINK]

This output field contains the electricity consumption of the water circulation pump in Joules for the timestep being reported. This output is also added to a meter with Resource Type = Electricity, End Use Key= DHW, Group Key= Plant (ref. Output:Meter object).

Water Heater Heat Reclaim Efficiency Modifier Multiplier [][LINK]

This output field contains the average output of the Heat Reclaim Efficiency Modifier Curve (function of temperature) for the timestep being reported.

Water Heater On Cycle Parasitic Electric Power [W][LINK]

Water Heater On Cycle Parasitic Electric Energy [J][LINK]

Water Heater Off Cycle Parasitic Electric Power [W][LINK]

Water Heater Off Cycle Parasitic Electric Energy [J][LINK]

These outputs are the parasitic electric power and consumption associated with the desuperheater water heating coil. Specific outputs represent parasitic electrical usage during the coil on and off cycles. These outputs represent electronic controls or other electric component. The model assumes that the parasitic power does not contribute to heating the water nor does it impact the zone air heat balance. The parasitic electric consumption outputs are also added to a meter with Resource Type = Electricity, End Use Key = DHW, Group Key = Plant (ref. Output:Meter object).

CoilSystem:Cooling:DX[LINK]

The CoilSystem:Cooling:DX object is a “virtual” container component that consists of a DX cooling coil component and its associated controls, as shown in the Figure below. This control object supports several different types of DX cooling coils (see field Cooling Coil Object Type).

This component may be used as a cooling coil in constant volume or variable volume systems, as blow through or draw through, with or without humidity controls. Unlike AirLoopHVAC:Unitary system types, this component controls only the DX coil, not the supply fan. CoilSystem:Cooling:DX is added to a system by placing it in an air loop branch (see Branch](page-021.html#branch-list-output) object) or in an AirLoopHVAC:OutdoorAirSystem:EquipmentList or in a ZoneHVAC:OutdoorAirUnit:EquipmentList . It requires one or more setpoint manager (see SetpointManager:*) objects to specify temperature and/or humidity setpoints (unless it is used in a ZoneHVAC:OutdoorAirUnit which has its own temperature setpoints). This object is the one that is listed in the Branch or equipment list object rather than the coil itself. A constant volume or variable volume fan is modeled separately from this cooling system. These are the only fan types allowed for this system type (ref. Fan:ConstantVolume and Fan:VariableVolume). Cycling fan operation is not available with this model. The [CoilSystem:Cooling:DX object can also be placed on dedicated outdoor air system (DOAS) airloop branches. This DX coil in DOAS application mode operates in lower flow to capacity ratio compared to regular DX coils. The CoilSystem:Cooling:DX is selected to operate in DOAS application by specifying “YES” to the input field “Use Outdoor Air DX Cooling Coil”. If this optional input field is left blank or specified as “NO”, then the coil is modeled as regular DX cooling coil. If the CoilSystem:Cooling:DX object is in an AirLoopHVAC:OutdoorAirSystem:EquipmentList or in a ZoneHVAC:OutdoorAirUnit:EquipmentList then it is treated as 100% DOAS DX cooling coil only if the choice input field “Use Outdoor Air DX Cooling Coil” is set too “YES”. All the control options of the regular DX cooling coils are available to DOAS DX coils as well. Heating DX coils in DOAS airloop operate at the same flow to capacity ratio limits as the DOAS DX cooling coils.

Schematic of CoilSystem:Cooling:DX Object in an Air Loop for a Blow Through Application Schematic of CoilSystem:Cooling:DX Object in an Air Loop for a Blow Through Application

Field: Name[LINK]

This alpha field contains the identifying name for this component.

Field: Availability Schedule Name[LINK]

This alpha field contains the schedule name that contains information on the availability of the DX coil to operate. A schedule value of 0 indicates that the coil is off for that time period. A schedule value greater than 0 indicates that the coil can operate during the time period. If this field is blank, the schedule has values of 1 for all time periods.

Field: DX Cooling Coil System Inlet Node Name[LINK]

This alpha field contains the identifying name given to the DX cooling coil inlet node, as specified in the DX cooling coil object.

Field: DX Cooling Coil System Outlet Node Name[LINK]

This alpha field contains the identifying name given to the DX cooling coil outlet node, as specified in the cooling coil object.

Field: DX Cooling Coil System Sensor Node Name[LINK]

This alpha field contains the identifying name given to the DX cooling coil control node, this is the node at which the temperature set point is specified by the set point manager.

Field: Cooling Coil Object Type[LINK]

This alpha field specifies the type of DX cooling coil. The valid choices for this field are:

Coil:Cooling:DX:SingleSpeed
CoilSystem:Cooling:DX:HeatExchangerAssisted
Coil:Cooling:DX:TwoSpeed
Coil:Cooling:DX:TwoStageWithHumidityControlMode
Coil:Cooling:DX:VariableSpeed

Field: Cooling Coil Name[LINK]

This alpha field contains the identifying name of the DX cooling coil.

As shown in the example below, correct specification of this system requires specification of the DX Cooling Coil object in addition to the CoilSystem:Cooling:DX object.

Field: Dehumidification Control Type[LINK]

This alpha field contains the type of dehumidification control. The following options are valid for this field:

  • None - meet sensible load only, no active dehumidification control
  • MultiMode - activate enhanced dehumidification mode as needed and operate to meet the sensible load. If a sensible load exists, the system will operate to meet that sensible load and may not meet the latent load. If no sensible load exists, and Run on Latent Load = Yes, the system will operate to meet the entire latent load. This option is used to model DX equipment with a switchable option such as subcool reheat. It is valid only with Cooling coil type= Coil:Cooling:DX:TwoStageWithHumidityControlMode or CoilSystem:Cooling:DX:HeatExchangerAssisted. If the Run on Latent Load option below is set to Yes, this option may require the use of a heating coil and heating coil outlet air temperature set point manager downstream of this cooling coil to maintain the temperature set point.
  • CoolReheat - cool beyond the dry-bulb setpoint as required to meet the humidity setpoint. It is valid only with Cooling coil type=Coil:Cooling:DX:TwoStageWithHumidityControlMode. This option requires the use of a heating coil and heating coil outlet air temperature set point manager downstream of this cooling coil to maintain the temperature set point.

The default is None. For all dehumidification controls, the max humidity setpoint on the control node is used. This must be set using a ZoneControl:Humidistat ZoneControl:Humidistat and one of:

  • SetpointManager:SingleZone:Humidity:Maximum
  • SetpointManager:MultiZone:Humidity:Maximum
  • SetpointManager:MultiZone:MaximumHumidity:Average

objects and SetpointManager:OutdoorAirPretreat (optional) objects. When extra dehumidification is required, the equipment may not be able to meet the humidity setpoint if its full capacity is not adequate.

Field: Run on Sensible Load[LINK]

This alpha field specifies if the unit will operate to meet a sensible load as determined by the inlet node dry-bulb temperature and the dry-bulb temperature setpoint on the control node. There are two valid choices, Yes or No. If Yes, unit will run if there is a sensible load. If No, unit will not run if there is only a sensible load. The default is Yes.

Field: Run on Latent Load[LINK]

This alpha field specifies if the unit will operate to meet a latent load as determined by the inlet node humidity ratio and the max humidity setpoint on the control node. There are two valid choices, Yes or No. If Yes, unit will run if there is a latent load. If both a sensible and latent load exist, the system will operate to maintain the temperature set point. When only a latent load exists, the system will operate to meet the humidity ratio set point and requires the use of a heating coil and heating coil outlet air temperature set point manager downstream of this cooling coil to maintain the temperature set point. If No, unit will not run if there is only a latent load. The default is No.

Field: Use Outdoor Air DX Cooling Coil[LINK]

This input field enables the Coil System DX Coil to be used for 100% dedicated outdoor air system (DOAS) applications. There are two valid choices, Yes or No. If Yes, the DX cooling coils is used as 100% DOAS DX coil. If No, DX coil is used as regular DX coil. This input field is optional; only used if the Coil System DX Coil object specified is for 100% DOAS applications.

Field: Outdoor Air DX Cooling Coil Leaving Minimum Air Temperature[LINK]

This input field is the DX cooling coil leaving supply air minimum temperature specified for frost control. The DX cooling coil leaving air temperature is not allowed to exceed this minimum coil leaving air temperature. The DX cooling coil frost controller adjusts or limits the desired coil outlet air setpoint temperature when the coil outlet temperature exceeds this minimum temperature limit specified. This input field is optional and only used along with in the input field above. The minimum and maximum values of this input field are 0.0C and 7.2C, and the default value is 2.0°C.

An example IDF specification:

CoilSystem:Cooling:DX,
    DX Cooling Coil System 1,!- Name
    CoolingCoilAvailSched,   !- Availability Schedule Name
    Cooling Coil Air Inlet Node,  !- DX Cooling Coil System Inlet Node Name
    Air Loop Outlet Node,    !- DX Cooling Coil System Outlet Node Name
    Air Loop Outlet Node,    !- DX Cooling Coil System Sensor Node Name
    Coil:Cooling:DX:SingleSpeed,  !- Cooling Coil Object Type
    ACDXCoil 1,              !- Cooling Coil Name
    None,                    !- Dehumidification Control Type
    Yes,                     !- Run on Sensible Load
    No,                      !- Run on Latent Load
    Yes,                     !- Use DOAS DX Cooling Coil
    2.0;                     !- DOAS DX Cooling Coil Leaving Minimum Air Temperature

Coil:Cooling:DX:SingleSpeed,
    ACDXCoil 1,              !- Name
    CoolingCoilAvailSched,   !- Availability Schedule Name
    25000,                   !- Rated Total Cooling Capacity {W}
    0.75,                    !- Rated Sensible Heat Ratio
    3.0,                     !- Rated COP
    1.3,                     !- Rated Air Flow Rate {m3/s}
    Cooling Coil Air Inlet Node,  !- Air Inlet Node Name
    Air Loop Outlet Node,    !- Air Outlet Node Name
    WindACCoolCapFT,         !- Total Cooling Capacity Function of Temperature Curve Name
    WindACCoolCapFFF,        !- Total Cooling Capacity Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name
    WindACEIRFT,             !- Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name
    WindACEIRFFF,            !- Energy Input Ratio Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name
    WindACPLFFPLR;           !- Part Load Fraction Correlation Curve Name

DX Cooling Coil System Outputs[LINK]

All DX Coils:
HVAC,Average,Coil System Frost Control Status

Coil Type= Coil:Cooling:DX:TwoStageWithHumidityControlMode
HVAC,Average,Coil System Cycling Ratio
HVAC,Average,Coil System Compressor Speed Ratio

Coil types=Coil:Cooling:DX:SingleSpeed & CoilSystem:Cooling:DX:HeatExchangerAssisted
HVAC,Average,Coil System Part Load Ratio

Coil System Cycling Ratio[LINK]

The system may operate for the entire system timestep, but to meet the load the compressor can cycle on and off. This reports the fraction of the system timestep that the compressor is operating. (1.0 is continuous, 0.0 is off).

Coil System Compressor Speed Ratio[LINK]

This is the ratio of time in a system timestep that the compressor is at rated speed. The compressor speed ratio reports (1.0 is max, 0.0 is min) and any value in between as it is averaged over the timestep.

Coil System Part Load Ratio[LINK]

The DX system can operate with a cycling compressor or a varying speed compressor, This variable reports the fraction of the Full Load that is met during the system timestep. This can differ from the cycling part load ratio or the compressor speed ratio. (1.0 is Full Load and 0.0 is no load)

Coil System Frost Control Status[LINK]

This is a flag indicating whether frost control is active at current time step or not. Frost control is activated or enforced when the sensible load control requires DX cooling coil outlet air temperature below the user specified minimum temperature or when the dehumidification load control requires DX cooling coil outlet air humidity ratio below the saturation humidity ratio corresponding to the user specified minimum temperature for frost control. Frost control status of zero means no active frost control, a value of 1 or 2 indicates that frost control is active. If frost control status is 1, then the frost control was enforced when the cooling coil is run to meet sensible load. If the frost control status value is 2, then the control was enforced when the cooling coil is run to meet latent load. When frost control is active the DX cooling coil setpoint value is modified based on user specified limit.

CoilSystem:Heating:DX[LINK]

The CoilSystem:Heating:DX object is a “virtual” container component for a DX heating coil that provides the controls needed to operate the coil. Only single speed DX air-to-air heating coils are supported.

This component may be used as a heating coil in constant volume or variable volume air handlers. It can also be used in an outside air system (by including it in an AirLoopHVAC:OutdoorAirSystem:EquipmentList object) or in a zone outdoor air unit (by including it in an ZoneHVAC:OutdoorAirUnit:EquipmentList object). This object is the one that is listed in the Branch or equipment list object rather than the coil itself.

The inlet and outlet nodes for the DX heat pump system are defined in the heating coil object. The control node is always the outlet node of the coil. This DX heat pump heating system requires that a (drybulb) temperature setpoint be placed on the outlet node using either a setpoint manager or the energy management system. The coil is controlled to attempt to meet that setpoint using a part load ratio modeling approach.

This model only supports continuous fan and cycling compressor operation – cycling fan modeling is not available with this model.

Field: Name[LINK]

This alpha field contains the identifying name for this component.

Field: Availability Schedule Name[LINK]

This alpha field contains the schedule name that contains information on the availability of the DX coil to operate. A schedule value of 0 indicates that the coil is off for that time period. A schedule value greater than 0 indicates that the coil can operate during the time period. If this field is blank, the schedule has values of 1 for all time periods.

Field: Heating Coil Object Type[LINK]

This alpha field specifies the type of DX heating coil. This model currently supports only single speed DX heat pump heating coils and the only options for this field are Coil:Heating:DX:SingleSpeed and Coil:Heating:DX:VariableSpeed.

Field: Heating Coil Name[LINK]

This alpha field specifies the unique name of the DX heating coil. This field references the name of a Coil:Heating:DX:SingleSpeed that needs to be defined elsewhere in the input file.

An example of a DX heating coil system follows.

CoilSystem:Heating:DX,
    HeatPump DX Coil 1, !- Name
    FanAndCoilAvailSched , !- Availability Schedule Name
    Coil:Heating:DX:SingleSpeed,  !- Heating Coil Object Type
    Heat Pump DX Heating Coil 1;  !- Heating Coil Name

  Coil:Heating:DX:SingleSpeed,
    Heat Pump DX Heating Coil 1,  !- Name
    FanAndCoilAvailSched,    !- Availability Schedule Name
    autosize,                !- Rated Total Heating Capacity {W}
    2.75,                    !- Rated COP {W/W}
    autosize,                !- Rated Air Flow Rate {m3/s}
    Heating Coil Air Inlet Node,  !- Air Inlet Node Name
    SuppHeating Coil Air Inlet Node,  !- Air Outlet Node Name
    HPACHeatCapFT,           !- Total Heating Capacity Function of Temperature Curve Name
    HPACHeatCapFFF,          !- Total Heating Capacity Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name
    HPACHeatEIRFT,           !- Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name
    HPACHeatEIRFFF,          !- Energy Input Ratio Function of Flow Fraction Curve Name
    HPACCOOLPLFFPLR,         !- Part Load Fraction Correlation Curve Name
    ,                        !- Defrost Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name
    -8.0,                    !- Minimum Outdoor Dry-Bulb Temperature for Compressor Operation {C}
    5.0,                     !- Maximum Outdoor Dry-Bulb Temperature for Defrost Operation {C}
    200.0,                   !- Crankcase Heater Capacity {W}
    10.0,                    !- Maximum Outdoor Dry-Bulb Temperature for Crankcase Heater Operation {C}
    Resistive,               !- Defrost Strategy
    TIMED,                   !- Defrost Control
    0.166667,                !- Defrost Time Period Fraction
    autosize,                !- Resistive Defrost Heater Capacity {W}
    Heat Pump 1 Evaporator Node;

DX Heating Coil System Outputs[LINK]

Coil System Part Load Ratio[LINK]

The DX system can operate with a cycling compressor or a varying speed compressor, This variable reports the fraction of the Full Load that is met during the system timestep. This can differ from the cycling part load ratio or the compressor speed ratio. (1.0 is Full Load and 0.0 is no load)

CoilSystem:Cooling:DX:HeatExchangerAssisted[LINK]

The heat exchanger-assisted DX cooling coil is a “virtual” component consisting of a direct expansion (DX) cooling coil and an air-to-air heat exchanger as shown in Figure 129 below. The air-to-air heat exchanger pre-conditions the air entering the cooling coil, and reuses this energy to post-condition the supply air leaving the cooling coil. This heat exchange process improves the latent removal performance of the cooling coil by allowing it to dedicate more of its cooling capacity toward dehumidification (lower sensible heat ratio).

This compound object models the basic operation of an air-to-air heat exchanger in conjunction with a cooling coil. The heat exchanger-assisted DX cooling coil does not have an operating schedule of its own; its operating schedule is governed by the availability schedules for the DX cooling coil and the air-to-air heat exchanger. This compound object is used in place of where a DX cooling coil object would normally be used by itself.

To model a heat exchanger-assisted DX cooling coil, the input data file should include the following objects:

In terms of controlling the operation of the heat exchanger, the heat exchanger is assumed to always provide its heat transfer when the associated DX cooling coil is operating and no high humidity control mechanism is specified. However, the heat exchanger’s energy transfer may be controlled (i.e., turned on and off) based on a zone air humidity level using either a humidistat (ref. AirLoopHVAC:Unitary:Furnace:HeatCool](page-033.html#airloophvacunitaryfurnaceheatcool) or AirLoopHVAC:UnitaryHeatCool) or a humidistat and a maximum humidity set point manager to place a humidity ratio set point on the appropriate control node (ref. [CoilSystem:Cooling:DX). This model may also be used with the unitary changeover bypass system and the unitary air-to-air heat pump system (ref. AirLoopHVAC:UnitaryHeatCool:VAVChangeoverBypass and AirLoopHVAC:UnitaryHeatPump:AirToAir); however, the heat exchanger is assumed to always provide its heat transfer when the cooling coil operates and cannot be turned on and off based on a zone air humidity set point. Two zone air conditioners may also use this model for improved dehumidification. The first type is the packaged terminal heat pump (ref. ZoneHVAC:PackagedTerminalHeatPump) where the heat exchanger’s heat transfer is always active whenever the cooling coil operates. The second type is the window air conditioner (ref. ZoneHVAC:WindowAirConditioner) where the heat exchanger’s heat transfer is always active when the cooling coil operates and no high humidity control mechanism is specified, OR the heat exchanger’s heat transfer may be controlled based on zone air humidity level if a humidistat and high humidity set point manager are specified (maximum humidity ratio set point placed on the heat exchanger’s exhaust air outlet node, ref. Figure 129).

Links to the cooling coil and air-to-air heat exchanger specifications are provided in the input data syntax for this compound object. A description of each input field for this compound object is provided below.

Schematic of the CoilSystem:Cooling:DX:HeatExchangerAssisted compound object Schematic of the CoilSystem:Cooling:DX:HeatExchangerAssisted compound object

NOTE: Node naming shown in Figure 129 is representative for HeatExchanger:AirToAir:SensibleAndLatent. For HeatExchanger:AirToAir:FlatPlate, the exhaust air nodes are referred to as ‘secondary air’ nodes. For HeatExchanger:Desiccant:BalancedFlow, the supply air nodes are referred to as ‘regeneration air’ nodes and the exhaust air nodes as ‘process air’ nodes.

Field: Name[LINK]

A unique user-assigned name for the heat exchanger-assisted DX cooling coil. Any reference to this compound component by another object will use this name.

Field: Heat Exchanger Object Type[LINK]

This alpha field denotes the type of heat exchanger being modeled. Valid choices are:

HeatExchanger:AirToAir:FlatPlate
HeatExchanger:AirToAir:SensibleAndLatent
HeatExchanger:Desiccant:BalancedFlow

Field: Heat Exchanger Name[LINK]

This alpha field denotes the name of the air-to-air heat exchanger being modeled.

Field: Cooling Coil Object Type[LINK]

This alpha field denotes the type of DX cooling coil being modeled. The only valid choice is Coil:Cooling:DX:SingleSpeed.

Field: Cooling Coil Name[LINK]

This alpha field denotes the name of the DX cooling coil being modeled.

Following is an example input for this compound object:

CoilSystem:Cooling:DX:HeatExchangerAssisted,
        HeatExchangerAssistedCoolingCoil,        ! Name of the heat exchanger assisted cooling coil
        HeatExchanger:AirToAir:SensibleAndLatent,       ! Heat exchanger type
        Air to Air Heat Exchanger 1,             ! Heat exchanger name
        Coil:Cooling:DX:SingleSpeed,    ! Cooling coil type
        DX Cooling Coil 1;                       ! Cooling coil name

      HeatExchanger:AirToAir:SensibleAndLatent,
        Air to Air Heat Exchanger 1,       !- Heat exchanger name
        FanAndCoilAvailSched,              !- Availability schedule name
        1.3,                               !- Nominal supply air flow rate {m3/s}
        .2,                                !- Sensible effectiveness at 100% airflow heating condition
        .0,                                !- Latent effectiveness at 100% airflow heating condition
        .23,                               !- Sensible effectiveness at 75% airflow heating condition
        .0,                                !- Latent effectiveness at 75% airflow heating condition
        .2,                                !- Sensible effectiveness at 100% airflow cooling condition
        .0,                                !- Latent effectiveness at 100% airflow cooling condition
        .23,                               !- Sensible effectiveness at 75% airflow cooling condition
        .0,                                !- Latent effectiveness at 75% airflow cooling condition
        HeatExchangerSupplyAirInletNode,   !- Supply air inlet node name
        DX Cooling Coil Air Inlet Node,    !- Supply air outlet node name
        HeatExchangerExhaustAirInletNode,  !- Exhaust air inlet node name
        HeatExchangerExhaustAirOutletNode, !- Exhaust air outlet node name
        50.0,                              !- Nominal electric power {W}
        No,                                !- Supply air outlet temperature control
        Rotary,                            !- Heat exchanger type
        None;                              !- Frost control type

Coil:Cooling:DX:SingleSpeed,
  DX Cooling Coil 1,                !- Coil Name
  FanAndCoilAvailSched,             !- Availability Schedule
  25000,                            !- Rated Total Cooling Capacity (gross) {W}
  0.75,                             !- Rated SHR
  3.0,                              !- Rated COP
  1.3,                              !- Rated Air Volume Flow Rate {m3/s}
  DX Cooling Coil Air Inlet Node,   !- Coil Air Inlet Node
  HeatExchangerExhaustAirInletNode, !- Coil Air Outlet Node
  ACCoolCapFT,          !- Total Cooling Capacity Modifier Curve (function of temperature)
  ACCoolCapFFF,         !- Total Cooling Capacity Modifier Curve (function of flow fraction)
  ACEIRFT,              !- Energy Input Ratio Modifier Curve (function of temperature)
  ACEIRFFF,             !- Energy Input Ratio Modifier Curve (function of flow fraction)
  ACPLFFPLR;            !- Part Load Fraction Correlation (function of part load ratio)

CoilSystem:Cooling:DX:HeatExchangerAssisted Outputs[LINK]

No variables are reported for this compound object. However, outputs are provided by the cooling coil and heat exchanger that are specified.

CoilSystem:Cooling:Water:HeatExchangerAssisted[LINK]

The heat exchanger-assisted water cooling coil is a “virtual” component consisting of a chilled-water cooling coil and an air-to-air heat exchanger as shown in Figure 130 below. The air-to-air heat exchanger precools the air entering the cooling coil, and reuses this energy to reheat the supply air leaving the cooling coil. This heat exchange process improves the latent removal performance of the cooling coil by allowing it to dedicate more of its cooling capacity toward dehumidification (lower sensible heat ratio).

Schematic of the CoilSystem:Cooling:Water:HeatExchangerAssisted compound object Schematic of the CoilSystem:Cooling:Water:HeatExchangerAssisted compound object

Note: Node naming shown in Figure 130 is representative for HeatExchanger:AirToAir:SensibleAndLatent. For HeatExchanger:AirToAir:FlatPlate, the exhaust air nodes are referred to as ‘secondary air’ nodes.

This compound object models the basic operation of an air-to-air heat exchanger in conjunction with a chilled-water cooling coil. The heat exchanger-assisted water cooling coil does not have an operating schedule of its own; its operating schedule is governed by the availability schedules for the chilled-water cooling coil and the air-to-air heat exchanger. Heat exchange will occur whenever the heat exchanger is available to operate (via its availability schedule) and a temperature difference exists between the two air streams – there is currently no method to enable or disable heat exchange based on zone air humidity level. This compound object is used in place of where a chilled-water cooling coil object would normally be used by itself.

To model a heat exchanger-assisted water cooling coil, the input data file should include the following objects:

Links to the cooling coil and air-to-air heat exchanger specifications are provided in the input data syntax for this compound object. A description of each input field for this compound object is provided below.

Field: Name[LINK]

A unique user-assigned name for the heat exchanger-assisted water cooling coil. Any reference to this compound component by another object (e.g., ZoneHVAC:UnitVentilator, ZoneHVAC:FourPipeFanCoil, component in an air loop Branch object) will use this name.

Field: Heat Exchanger Object Type[LINK]

This alpha field denotes the type of heat exchanger being modeled. Valid choices are:

HeatExchanger:AirToAir:FlatPlate
HeatExchanger:AirToAir:SensibleAndLatent

Field: Heat Exchanger Name[LINK]

This alpha field denotes the name of the air-to-air heat exchanger being modeled.

Field: Cooling Coil Object Type[LINK]

This alpha field denotes the type of chilled-water cooling coil being modeled. Valid choices are:

Coil:Cooling:Water
Coil:Cooling:Water:DetailedGeometry

Field: Cooling Coil Name[LINK]

This alpha field denotes the name of the chilled-water cooling coil being modeled.

Following is an example input for this compound object:

CoilSystem:Cooling:Water:HeatExchangerAssisted,
        Heat Exchanger Assisted Cooling Coil 1, !- Name of the heat exchanger assisted cooling coil
        HeatExchanger:AirToAir:FlatPlate,   !- Heat exchanger type
        Heat Exchanger Assisting Cooling Coil,  !- Heat exchanger name
        Coil:Cooling:Water:DetailedGeometry,         !- Cooling coil type
        Main Cooling Coil 1;                    !- Cooling coil name

    HeatExchanger:AirToAir:FlatPlate,
        Heat Exchanger Assisting Cooling Coil,  !- Name
        CoolingCoilAvailSched,   !- Availability Schedule Name
        Counter Flow,            !- flow arrangement
        Yes,                     !- Economizer lockout
        1.0,                     !- hA ratio
        1.32,                    !- Nominal supply air flow rate {m3/s}
        24.0,                    !- Nominal supply air inlet temperature {C}
        21.0,                    !- Nominal supply air outlet temperature {C}
        1.32,                    !- Nominal secondary air flow rate {m3/s}
        12.0,                    !- Nominal secondary air inlet temperature {C}
        100.0,                   !- Nominal electric power {W}
        Mixed Air Node 1,        !- Supply air inlet node
        Main Cooling Coil 1 Inlet Node,  !- Supply air outlet node
        Main Cooling Coil 1 Outlet Node, !- Secondary air inlet node
        Main Heating Coil 1 Inlet Node;  !- Secondary air outlet node

Coil:Cooling:Water:DetailedGeometry,
    Main Cooling Coil 1,     !- Coil Name
    CoolingCoilAvailSched,   !- Availability Schedule Name
    autosize,                !- Max Water Flow Rate of Coil {m3/s}
    autosize,                !- Tube Outside Surf Area {m2}
    autosize,                !- Total Tube Inside Area {m2}
    autosize,                !- Fin Surface Area {m2}
    autosize,                !- Minimum Air Flow Area {m2}
    autosize,                !- Coil Depth {m}
    autosize,                !- Fin Diameter {m}
    ,                        !- Fin Thickness {m}
    ,                        !- Tube Inside Diameter {m}
    ,                        !- Tube Outside Diameter {m}
    ,                        !- Tube Thermal Conductivity {W/m-K}
    ,                        !- Fin Thermal Conductivity {W/m-K}
    ,                        !- Fin Spacing {m}
    ,                        !- Tube Depth Spacing {m}
    ,                        !- Number of Tube Rows
    autosize,                !- Number of Tubes per Row
    Main Cooling Coil 1 Water Inlet Node,  !- Coil_Water_Inlet_Node
    Main Cooling Coil 1 Water Outlet Node, !- Coil_Water_Outlet_Node
    Main Cooling Coil 1 Inlet Node,   !- Coil_Air_Inlet_Node
    Main Cooling Coil 1 Outlet Node;  !- Coil_Air_Outlet_Node

CoilSystem:Cooling:Water:HeatExchangerAssisted Outputs[LINK]

No variables are reported for this compound object. However, outputs are provided by the cooling coil and heat exchanger that are specified.

Coil:WaterHeating:AirToWaterHeatPump[LINK]

EnergyPlus can model a heat pump water heater (HPWH) consisting of a water heater tank (e.g., WaterHeater:Mixed), a direct expansion (DX) “coil” (i.e., an air-to-water DX compression system which includes a water heating coil, air coil, compressor, and water pump), and a fan to provide air flow across the air coil associated with the DX compression system. These objects work together to model a system which heats water using zone air, outdoor air, or a combination of zone and outdoor air as the primary heat source.

The WaterHeater:HeatPump](page-025.html#waterheaterheatpump) compound object, water heater tank object (e.g., WaterHeater:Mixed), and fan object (e.g., Fan:OnOff) are defined elsewhere in this reference document. [Coil:WaterHeating:AirToWaterHeatPump object described here models an air-to-water DX compression system to determine its air-side and water-side performance. This DX coil object calculates the air-side sensible and latent cooling capacity at the specific operating conditions for each simulation timestep, as well as the condenser’s water-side temperature difference at a given condenser water flow rate.

The heat pump water heater DX coil model performs the following major functions:

calculates the electric consumption of the DX compressor and water pump

calculates the amount of heat delivered to the water tank

calculates the electric consumption of the compressor’s crankcase heater

calculates the air-side performance of the DX coil

The input fields for this object are described below in detail:

Field: Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines a unique user-assigned name for an instance of a heat pump water heater DX coil. Any reference to this coil by another object (e.g., WaterHeater:HeatPump) will use this name.

Field: Rated Heating Capacity[LINK]

This numeric field defines the DX coil heating capacity in Watts at the rated evaporator inlet air temperatures, rated condenser inlet water temperature, rated evaporator air flow rate, and rated condenser water flow rate specified below. Values must be greater than 0. This value represents water heating capacity, and it may or may not include the impact of condenser pump heat (see field Condenser Pump Heat Included in Rated Heating Capacity below).

Field: Rated COP[LINK]

This numeric field defines the DX coil’s water heating coefficient of performance (COP=water heating capacity in watts divided by electrical power input in watts) at rated conditions (rated inlet temperatures and flow rates specified below). This input not only determines the electric energy use of the heat pump DX coil, but also the amount of total air cooling provided by the evaporator. The rated COP includes compressor power, and may or may not include condenser pump power or evaporator fan power (see field Evaporator Fan Power Included in Rated COP and field Condenser Pump Power Included in Rated COP). Values must be greater than 0. If this field is left blank, the default value is 3.2.

Field: Rated Sensible Heat Ratio[LINK]

This numeric field defines the air-side sensible heat ratio (SHR=sensible cooling capacity divided by total cooling capacity) of the DX coil at rated conditions (rated inlet temperatures and flow rates specified below). This value should not include the effect of evaporator fan heat. Values must be greater than or equal to 0.5, and less than or equal to 1.0. The default value is 0.85.

Field: Rated Evaporator Inlet Air Dry-Bulb Temperature[LINK]

This numeric field defines the evaporator inlet air dry-bulb temperature, in degrees Celsius, that corresponds to rated coil performance (heating capacity, COP and SHR). Values must be greater than 5°C. If this field is left blank, the default value is 19.7°C.

Field: Rated Evaporator Inlet Air Wet-Bulb Temperature[LINK]

This numeric field defines the evaporator inlet air wet-bulb temperature, in degrees Celsius, that corresponds to rated coil performance (heating capacity, COP and SHR). Values must be greater than 5°C. If this field is left blank, the default value is 13.5°C.

Field: Rated Condenser Inlet Water Temperature[LINK]

This numeric field defines the condenser inlet water temperature, in degrees Celsius, that corresponds to rated coil performance (heating capacity, COP and SHR). Values must be greater than 25°C. If this field is left blank, the default value is 57.5°C.

Field: Rated Evaporator Air Flow Rate[LINK]

This numeric field defines the evaporator air volume flow rate in cubic meters per second at rated conditions. Values must be greater than 0. If this field is left blank or autocalculated (field value = autocalculate), the default value is 5.035E-5 m3/s/W (31.25 cfm/MBH) multiplied by the Rated Heating Capacity specified above. When autocalculating the rated evaporator air volumetric flow rate, a zone sizing object is not required.

Field: Rated Condenser Water Flow Rate[LINK]

This numeric field defines the condenser water volumetric flow rate in cubic meters per second at rated conditions. Values must be greater than 0. If this field is left blank or autocalculated (field value = autocalculate), the default value is 4.487E-8 m3/s/W (0.208 gpm/MBH) multiplied by the Rated Heating Capacity specified above. When autocalculating the rated condenser water volumetric flow rate, a zone sizing object is not required. A warning message will be issued if the ratio of Rated Condenser Water Volumetric Flow Rate to Rated Heating Capacity is less than 1.79405E-8 m3/s/W (0.083 gpm/MBH) or greater than 8.97024E-8 m3/s/W (0.417 gpm/MBH), but the simulation will continue.

Field: Evaporator Fan Power Included in Rated COP[LINK]

This choice field specifies if evaporator fan power is included in the rated COP defined above. This input impacts the calculation of compressor electric power and total air cooling provided by the evaporator for each simulation timestep. If Yes is selected, the evaporator fan power is subtracted from the total electric heating power when calculating total evaporator cooling capacity. If No is selected, it is assumed that the total heating power does not include evaporator fan power. If this field is left blank, the default is Yes. See the Engineering Reference section for Coil:WaterHeating:AirToWaterHeatPump for further details.

Field: Condenser Pump Power Included in Rated COP[LINK]

This choice field specifies if condenser pump power is included in the rated COP defined above. This input impacts the calculation of compressor electric power which then impacts the total air cooling provided by the evaporator for each simulation timestep. If Yes is selected, the condenser pump power is subtracted from the total electric heating power when calculating total evaporator cooling capacity. If No is selected, it is assumed that the total heating power does not include the condenser pump. If this field is left blank, the default is No. See Engineering Reference section for Coil:WaterHeating:AirToWaterHeatPump for further details.

Field: Condenser Pump Heat Included in Rated Heating Capacity and Rated COP[LINK]

This choice field specifies if condenser pump heat is included in the rated heating capacity and rated COP defined above. This input impacts the calculation of compressor electric power and total air cooling provided by the evaporator for each simulation timestep. If Yes is selected, the condenser pump heat is already included in the rated heating capacity and rated COP. If No is selected, it is assumed that the rated heating capacity and rated COP do not include the condenser pump heat, and pump heat is added to the total water heating capacity based on the Condenser Water Pump Power and Fraction of Condenser Pump Heat to Water fields below. If this field is left blank, the default is No. See Engineering Reference section for Coil:WaterHeating:AirToWaterHeatPump for further details.

Field: Condenser Water Pump Power[LINK]

This numeric field defines the DX coil’s condenser pump power in Watts. This is the operating pump power as installed. Values must be greater than or equal to 0. If this field is left blank, the default value is 0. A warning message will be issued if the ratio of Condenser Water Pump Power to Rated Heating Capacity exceeds 0.1422 W/W (41.67 Watts/MBH), but the simulation will continue.

Field: Fraction of Condenser Pump Heat to Water[LINK]

This numeric field defines the fraction of condenser pump heat that is transferred to the condenser water. The pump is assumed to be downstream of the condenser water coil, and this field is used to determine the water temperature at the condenser outlet node when the field Condenser Pump Power Included in Rated Heating Capacity is set to No. Values must be greater than or equal to 0 and less than or equal to 1. If this field is left blank, the default value is 0.2.

Field: Evaporator Air Inlet Node Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of the air node from which the evaporator coil draws its inlet air.

Field: Evaporator Air Outlet Node Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of the air node to which the evaporator coil sends its outlet air.

Field: Condenser Water Inlet Node Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of the node from which the DX coil condenser draws its inlet water. This node name must also match the source side outlet node name for the water heater tank connected to this DX coil (ref: Water Heaters).

Field: Condenser Water Outlet Node Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of the node to which the heat pump condenser sends it outlet water. This node name must also match the source side inlet node name for the water heater tank connected to this DX coil (ref: Water Heaters).

Field: Crankcase Heater Capacity[LINK]

This numeric field defines the compressor’s crankcase heater capacity in Watts. The crankcase heater only operates when the compressor is off and the air surrounding the compressor is below the Maximum Ambient Temperature for Crankcase Heater Operation specified below.

Field: Maximum Ambient Temperature for Crankcase Heater Operation[LINK]

This numeric field defines the maximum ambient temperature for crankcase heater operation in degree Celsius. The crankcase heater only operates when the air surrounding the compressor is below this maximum temperature value and the compressor is off The ambient temperature surrounding the compressor is set by the Heat Pump:Water Heater parent object (field Compressor Location).

Field: Evaporator Air Temperature Type for Curve Objects[LINK]

This choice field specifies the air temperature type used for the heating capacity and COP modifier curve objects below. The valid selections are Dry-bulb Temperature and Wet-bulb Temperature. If dry-bulb temperature is selected, the inlet air dry-bulb temperature entering the heat pump DX coil and fan section is used to evaluate the curve objects. If wet-bulb temperature is selected, the inlet air wet-bulb temperature entering the heat pump DX coil and fan section is used to evaluate the curve objects. If this field is left blank and the following curve names are defined, the default value is wet-bulb temperature. If the following curve names are not defined, this field is not used.

Field: Heating Capacity Function of Temperature Curve Name[LINK]

This alpha field specifies the name of a biquadratic or cubic performance curve object (ref: Performance Curves) that defines the variation in DX coil heating capacity as a function of inlet fluid (air and water) temperatures. The biquadratic curve uses evaporator inlet air temperature (dry-bulb or wet-bulb temperature based on the field Evaporator Air Temperature Type for Curve Objects defined above) and condenser inlet water temperature as the independent variables. The cubic curve uses evaporator inlet air (dry-bulb or wet-bulb) temperature as the independent variable. The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated heating capacity to give the heating capacity at specific operating conditions (i.e., at temperatures different from the rating point temperatures). The curve should be normalized to have the value of 1.0 at the rating point temperatures. If this field is left blank, the heating capacity remains constant (curve value assumed to be 1.0 for all conditions).

Field: Heating Capacity Function of Air Flow Fraction Curve Name[LINK]

This alpha field specifies the name of a quadratic or cubic performance curve object (ref: Performance Curves) that defines the variation in DX coil heating capacity as a function of the ratio of actual air flow rate across the evaporator coil to the rated evaporator air flow rate. The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated heating capacity and the heating capacity modifier curve (function of temperature) to give the DX coil heating capacity at the specific inlet fluid temperatures and air flow rate at which the coil is operating. The curve should be normalized to have the value of 1.0 at the rated evaporator air flow rate (air flow fraction of 1.0). If this field is left blank, the heating capacity remains constant (curve value assumed to be 1.0 for all air flow rates).

Field: Heating Capacity Function of Water Flow Fraction Curve Name[LINK]

This alpha field specifies the name of a quadratic or cubic performance curve object (ref: Performance Curves) that defines the variation in DX coil heating capacity as a function of the ratio of actual water flow rate through the condenser to the rated condenser water flow rate. The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated heating capacity and the output from the two other heating capacity modifier curves (function of temperature and function of air flow fraction) to give the DX coil heating capacity at the specific inlet fluid temperatures and flow rates at which the coil is operating. The curve should be normalized to have the value of 1.0 at the rated condenser water flow rate (water flow fraction of 1.0). If this field is left blank, the heating capacity remains constant (curve value assumed to be 1.0 for all water flow rates).

Field: Heating COP Function of Temperature Curve Name[LINK]

This alpha field specifies the name of a biquadratic or cubic performance curve object (ref: Performance Curves) that defines the variation in DX coil heating COP as a function of inlet fluid (air and water) temperatures. The biquadratic curve uses evaporator inlet air temperature (dry-bulb or wet-bulb temperature based on the field Evaporator Air Temperature Type for Curve Objects defined above) and condenser inlet water temperature as the independent variables. The cubic curve uses evaporator inlet air (dry-bulb or wet-bulb) temperature as the independent variable. The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated COP to give the heating COP at specific operating conditions (i.e., at temperatures different from the rating point temperatures). The curve should be normalized to have the value of 1.0 at the rating point temperatures. If this field is left blank, the COP remains constant (curve value assumed to be 1.0 for all conditions).

Field: Heating COP Function of Air Flow Fraction Curve Name[LINK]

This alpha field specifies the name of a quadratic or cubic performance curve object (ref: Performance Curves) that defines the variation in DX coil heating COP as a function of the ratio of actual air flow rate across the evaporator coil to the rated evaporator air flow rate. The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated COP and the heating COP modifier curve (function of temperature) to give the heating COP at the specific inlet fluid temperatures and air flow rate at which the coil is operating. The curve should be normalized to have the value of 1.0 at the rated evaporator air flow rate (air flow fraction of 1.0). If this field is left blank, the heating COP remains constant (curve value assumed to be 1.0 for all air flow rates).

Field: Heating COP Function of Water Flow Fraction Curve Name[LINK]

This alpha field specifies the name of a quadratic or cubic performance curve object (ref: Performance Curves) that defines the variation in DX coil heating COP as a function of the ratio of actual water flow rate through the condenser to the rated condenser water flow rate.. The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated COP and the output from the two other heating COP modifier curves (function of temperature and function of air flow fraction) to give the DX coil heating COP at the specific inlet fluid temperatures and flow rates at which the coil is operating. The curve should be normalized to have the value of 1.0 at the rated condenser water flow rate (water flow fraction of 1.0). If this field is left blank, the heating COP remains constant (curve value assumed to be 1.0 for all water flow rates).

Field: Part Load Fraction Correlation Curve Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of a quadratic or cubic performance curve (Ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of electrical power input to the DX unit as a function of the part load ratio (PLR, sensible cooling load/steady-state sensible cooling capacity). The product of the rated EIR and EIR modifier curves is divided by the output of this curve to give the “effective” EIR for a given simulation timestep. The part load fraction (PLF) correlation accounts for efficiency losses due to compressor cycling.

The part load fraction correlation should be normalized to a value of 1.0 when the part load ratio equals 1.0 (i.e., no efficiency losses when the compressor(s) run continuously for the simulation timestep). For PLR values between 0 and 1 (0 <= PLR < 1), the following rules apply:

PLF >= 0.7 and PLF >= PLR

If PLF < 0.7 a warning message is issued, the program resets the PLF value to 0.7, and the simulation proceeds. The runtime fraction of the coil is defined as PLR/PLF. If PLF < PLR, then a warning message is issued and the runtime fraction of the coil is limited to 1.0.

A typical part load fraction correlation for a conventional, single-speed DX cooling coil (e.g., residential unit) would be:

PLF = 0.85 + 0.15(PLR)

If the user wishes to model no efficiency degradation due to compressor cycling, the part load fraction correlation should be defined as follows:

PLF = 1.0 + 0.0(PLR)

Following is an example input for the Coil:WaterHeating:AirToWaterHeatPump object.

Coil:WaterHeating:AirToWaterHeatPump,
    Zone4HPWHDXCoil,             !- Coil Name
    4000.0,                      !- Heating Capacity {W}
    3.2,                         !- Rated COP {W/W}
    0.6956,                      !- Rated SHR (gross)
    19.7,                        !- Rated Evaporator Inlet Air Dry-Bulb Temperature {C}
    13.5,                        !- Rated Evaporator Inlet Air Wet-Bulb Temperature {C}
    57.5,                        !- Rated Condenser Inlet Water Temperature {C}
    autocalculate,               !- Rated Evaporator Air Volumetric Flow Rate {m3/s}
    autocalculate,               !- Rated Condenser Water Volumetric Flow Rate {m3/s}
    No,                          !- Evaporator Fan Power Included in Rated COP
    No,                          !- Condenser Pump Power Included in Rated COP
    No,                          !- Condenser Pump Heat Included in Rated Heating Capacity and Rated COP
    150.0,                       !- Condenser Water Pump Power {W}
    0.1,                         !- Fraction of Condenser Pump Heat to Water
    Zone4AirOutletNode,          !- Evaporator Air Inlet Node Name
    Zone4DXCoilAirOutletNode,    !- Evaporator Air Outlet Node Name
    Zone4WaterInletNode,         !- Condenser Water Inlet Node Name
    Zone4WaterOutletNode,        !- Condenser Water Outlet Node Name
    100.0,                       !- Crankcase Heater Capacity {W}
    5.0,                         !- Maximum Ambient Temperature for Crankcase Heater Operation {C}
    wet-bulb temperature,        !- Evaporator Air Temperature Type for Curve Objects
    HPWHHeatingCapFTemp,         !- Heating Capacity Modifier Curve Name (function of temperature)
    ,                            !- Heating Capacity Modifier Curve Name (function of air flow fraction)
    ,                            !- Heating Capacity Modifier Curve Name (function of water flow fraction)
    HPWHHeatingCOPFTemp,         !- Heating COP Modifier Curve Name (function of temperature)
    ,                            !- Heating COP Modifier Curve Name (function of air flow fraction)
    ,                            !- Heating COP Modifier Curve Name (function of water flow fraction)
    HPWHPLFFPLR;                 !- Part Load Fraction Correlation Name (function of part load ratio)

Coil:WaterHeating:AirToWaterHeatPump Outputs[LINK]

HVAC,Average,Cooling Coil Total Cooling Rate [W]
HVAC,Sum,Cooling Coil Total Cooling Energy [J]
HVAC,Average,Cooling Coil Sensible Cooling Rate [W]
HVAC,Sum,Cooling Coil Sensible Cooling Energy [J]
HVAC,Average,Cooling Coil Latent Cooling Rate [W]
HVAC,Sum,Cooling Coil Latent Cooling Energy [J]
HVAC,Average, Cooling Coil Runtime Fraction []
HVAC,Average,DX Cooling Coil Crankcase Heater Electric Power [W]
HVAC,Sum, Cooling Coil Crankcase Heater Electric Energy [J]
HVAC,Average,Cooling Coil Total Water Heating Rate [W]
HVAC,Sum,Cooling Coil Total Water Heating Energy [J]
HVAC,Average,Cooling Coil Water Heating Electric Power[W]
HVAC,Sum,Cooling Coil Water Heating Electric Energy [J]

Cooling Coil Total Cooling Rate [W][LINK]

This output field is the average total (sensible and latent) cooling rate output of the DX coil in Watts for the timestep being reported. This is determined by the coil inlet and outlet air conditions and the air mass flow rate through the coil.

Cooling Coil Total Cooling Energy [J][LINK]

This output field is the total (sensible plus latent) cooling output of the DX coil in Joules for the timestep being reported. This is determined by the coil inlet and outlet air conditions and the air mass flow rate through the coil.

Cooling Coil Sensible Cooling Rate [W][LINK]

This output field is the average moist air sensible cooling rate output of the DX coil in Watts for the timestep being reported. This is determined by the inlet and outlet air conditions and the air mass flow rate through the coil.

Cooling Coil Sensible Cooling Energy [J][LINK]

This output field is the moist air sensible cooling output of the DX coil in Joules for the timestep being reported. This is determined by the inlet and outlet air conditions and the air mass flow rate through the coil.

DX Coil Latent Cooling Rate [W][LINK]

This output field is the average latent cooling rate output of the DX coil in Watts for the timestep being reported. This is determined by the inlet and outlet air conditions and the air mass flow rate through the coil.

Cooling Coil Latent Cooling Energy [J][LINK]

This output field is the latent cooling output of the DX coil in Joules for the timestep being reported. This is determined by the inlet and outlet air conditions and the air mass flow rate through the coil.

Cooling Coil Runtime Fraction [][LINK]

This output field is the average runtime fraction of the DX coil compressor for the timestep being reported. This also represents the runtime fraction of the condenser water pump.

Cooling Coil Crankcase Heater Electric Power[W][LINK]

This output field is the average electricity consumption rate of the DX coil compressor’s crankcase heater in Watts for the timestep being reported. The crankcase heater operates only when the compressor is off and the air surrounding the compressor is below the Maximum Ambient Temperature for Crankcase Heater Operation, otherwise this output variable is set equal to 0.

Cooling Coil Crankcase Heater Electric Energy [J][LINK]

This output field is the total electricity consumption of the DX coil compressor’s crankcase heater in Joules for the timestep being reported. This output is also added to a meter with Resource Type = Electricity, End Use Key = DHW, Group Key = Plant (ref. Output:Meter object).

Cooling Coil Total Water Heating Rate [W][LINK]

This output field is the average water heating rate output of the DX coil (condenser coil plus condenser water pump) in Watts for the timestep being reported. This is determined using the inlet and outlet water temperatures and the water mass flow rate through the condenser coil.

Cooling Coil Total Water Heating Energy [J][LINK]

This output field is the total water heating output of the DX coil (condenser coil plus condenser water pump) in Joules for the timestep being reported. This is determined using the inlet and outlet water temperatures and the water mass flow rate through the condenser coil.

Cooling Coil Water Heating Electric Power[W][LINK]

This output field is the average electricity consumption rate of the DX coil compressor and condenser pump in Watts for the timestep being reported.

Cooling Coil Water Heating Electric Energy [J][LINK]

This output field is the electricity consumption of the DX coil compressor and condenser pump in Joules for the timestep being reported. This output is also added to a meter with Resource Type = Electricity, End Use Key = DHW, Group Key = Plant (ref. Output:Meter object).

Coil:Cooling:WaterToAirHeatPump:ParameterEstimation[LINK]

The Coil:Cooling:WaterToAirHeatPump:ParameterEstimation coil is a deterministic model that requires parameters to describe the operating conditions of the heat pump’s components. The parameters are generated from the manufacturer catalog data using multi-variable optimization method. In addition, the cooling coil model can be used for 3 type of compressors: reciprocating, rotary and scroll. Descriptions and strength of each respective model is available in the following references:

Jin, Hui. 2002. Parameter Estimation Based Models of Water Source Heat Pumps. Phd. Thesis, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Oklahoma State University. (downloadable from http://www.hvac.okstate.edu/)

Tang,C. C. 2005. Modeling Packaged Heat Pumps in Quasi-Steady State Energy Simulation Program. M.S. Thesis. Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Oklahoma State University. (downloadable from http://www.hvac.okstate.edu/)

Field: Name[LINK]

This alpha field contains the identifying name for the coil. Any reference to this coil by another object (e.g., AirLoopHVAC:UnitaryHeatPump:WaterToAir) will use this name.

Field: Compressor Type[LINK]

Type of compressor mode used for the heat pump. Choices available are reciprocating, rotary and scroll compressor. Note that the parameters vary for different compressor.

Field: Refrigerant Type[LINK]

This alpha field contains the type of refrigerant used by the heat pump.

Field: Design Source Side Flow Rate[LINK]

This numeric field defines the water flow rate though the coil in m3/sec

Field: Nominal Cooling Coil Capacity[LINK]

This numeric field defines the nominal cooling capacity for the WatertoAirHP cooling coil in Watts.

Field: Nominal Time for Condensate Removal to Begin[LINK]

This numeric field defines the nominal time (in seconds) after startup for condensate to begin leaving the coil’s condensate drain line at the coil’s rated airflow and temperature conditions, starting with a dry coil. Nominal time is equal to the ratio of the energy of the coil’s maximum condensate holding capacity (J) to the coil’s steady-state latent capacity (W). Suggested value is 1000; zero value means the latent degradation model is disabled. The default value for this field is zero.

Field: Ratio of Initial Moisture Evaporation Rate and Steady State Latent Capacity[LINK]

This numeric field defines ratio of the initial moisture evaporation rate from the cooling coil (when the compressor first turns off, in Watts) and the coil’s steady-state latent capacity (Watts) at rated airflow and temperature conditions. Suggested value is 1.5; zero value means the latent degradation model is disabled. The default value for this field is zero.

Field: High Pressure Cutoff[LINK]

This numeric field defines the compressor’s maximum allowable pressure in Pascal (N/m2)

Field: Low Pressure Cutoff[LINK]

This numeric field defines the compressor’s minimum allowable pressure in Pascal (N/m2)

Field: Water Inlet Node Name[LINK]

This alpha field contains the cooling coil source side inlet node name.

Field: Water Outlet Node Name[LINK]

This alpha field contains the cooling coil source side outlet node name.

Field: Air Inlet Node Name[LINK]

This alpha field contains the cooling coil air inlet node name.

Field: Air Outlet Node Name[LINK]

This alpha field contains the cooling coil air outlet node name.

Cooling Coil Parameters[LINK]

Depending on the type of compressor and the source side fluid specified, the type of parameters and values also differs. An Excel Spreadsheet is developed to estimate the parameters based on the manufacturer data. The general parameters are listed first followed by specific parameters required by the respective compressor model. Lastly, parameters are listed based on the type of source side fluid used.

Field: Load Side Total Heat Transfer Coefficient[LINK]

This numeric field defines the estimated parameter load side total heat transfer coefficient in W/K. This field was previously known as Parameter 1.

Field: Load Side Outside Surface Heat Transfer Coefficient[LINK]

This numeric field defines the estimated parameter load side outside surface heat transfer coefficient in W/K. This field was previously known as Parameter 2.

Field: Superheat Temperature at the Evaporator Outlet[LINK]

This numeric field defines the estimated parameter superheat temperature at the evaporator outlet in ˚C. This field was previously known as Parameter 3.

Field: Compressor Power Losses[LINK]

This numeric field defines the estimated parameter compressor power losses, which accounts for the loss of work due to mechanical and electrical losses in the compressor in Watts. This field was previously known as Parameter 4.

Field: Compressor Efficiency[LINK]

This numeric field defines the estimated parameter of the compressor’s efficiency. The compressor efficiency is formulated as the equation below:

This field was previously know as Parameter 5.

Field: Compressor Piston Displacement[LINK]

This numeric field defines the estimated parameter piston displacement of the compressor in m3/s. This field was part of what was previously known as Parameter 6. It should be used when the Compressor type is either Reciprocating and Rotary. The field should be left blank when Compressor type is Scroll.

Field: Compressor Suction/Discharge Pressure Drop[LINK]

This numeric field defines the estimated parameter pressure drop at the compressor suction and discharge in Pascals (N/m2). This field was part of what was previously known as Parameter 7. It should be used when the Compressor type is either Reciprocating and Rotary. The field should be left blank when Compressor type is Scroll.

Field: Compressor Clearance Factor[LINK]

This numeric field defines the estimated parameter clearance factor of the compressor. This parameter is dimensionless. This field was part of what was previously known as Parameter 8. It should only be used when the Compressor type is Reciprocating. The field should be left blank when Compressor type is Scroll or Rotary.

Field: Refrigerant Volume Flow Rate[LINK]

This numeric field defines the refrigerant volume flow rate at the beginning of the compression [m3/s]. This field was part of what was previously known as Parameter 6. It should only be used when the Compressor type is Scroll. The field should be left blank when Compressor type is Reciprocating or Rotary.

Field: Volume Ratio[LINK]

This numeric field defines the built-in-volume ratio. This field was part of what was previously known as Parameter 7. It should only be used when the Compressor type is Scroll. The field should be left blank when Compressor type is Reciprocating or Rotary.

Field: Leak Rate Coefficient[LINK]

This numeric field defines the leak rate coefficient for the relationship between pressure ratio and leakage rate. This field was part of what was previously known as Parameter 8. It should only be used when the Compressor type is Scroll. The field should be left blank when Compressor type is Reciprocating or Rotary.

Field: Source Side Heat Transfer Coefficient[LINK]

This numeric field defines the estimated parameter source side heat transfer coefficient in W/K. This field was part of what was previously known as Parameter 9. It should only be used when the Source Side Fluid Name is Water.

Field: Source Side Heat Transfer Resistance1[LINK]

This numeric field defines the estimated parameter source side heat transfer resistance 1. Unit is dimensionless. This field was part of what was previously known as Parameter 9. It should only be used when the Source Side Fluid Name is an antifreeze.

Field: Source Side Heat Transfer Resistance2[LINK]

This numeric field defines the estimated parameter source side heat transfer resistance 2. Unit is W/K. This field was previously known as Parameter 10. It should only be used when the Source Side Fluid Name is an antifreeze.

Following is an example for COIL:WaterToAirHP:ParameterEstimation:Cooling coil input

Coil:Cooling:WaterToAirHeatPump:ParameterEstimation,
  Heat Pump Cooling Mode AHU1,  !- Name
  Scroll,                  !- Compressor Type
  R22,                     !- Refrigerant Type
  0.0015,                  !- Design Source Side Flow Rate {m3/s}
  38000,                   !- Nominal Cooling Coil Capacity {W}
  0,                       !- Nominal Time for Condensate Removal to Begin {s}
  0,     !- Ratio of Initial Moisture Evaporation Rate and Steady State Latent Capacity {dimensionless}
  3000000,                 !- High Pressure Cutoff {Pa}
  0,                       !- Low Pressure Cutoff {Pa}
  AHU1 Water to Air Heat Pump Source Side1 Inlet Node,  !- Water Inlet Node Name
  AHU1 Water to Air Heat Pump Source Side1 Outlet Node,  !- Water Outlet Node Name
  AHU 1 Supply Fan Outlet, !- Air Inlet Node Name
  Cooling Coil Air Outlet Node AHU1,  !- Air Outlet Node Name
  3.78019E+03,             !- Load Side Total Heat Transfer Coefficient {W/K}
  3.41103E+03,             !- Load Side Outside Surface Heat Transfer Coefficient {W/K}
  1.57066E+00,             !- Superheat Temperature at the Evaporator Outlet {C}
  2.23529E+03,             !- Compressor Power Losses {W}
  1.34624E+00,             !- Compressor Efficiency
  ,                        !- Compressor Piston Displacement {m3/s}
  ,                        !- Compressor Suction/Discharge Pressure Drop {Pa}
  ,                        !- Compressor Clearance Factor {dimensionless}
  9.74424E-03,             !- Refrigerant Volume Flow Rate {m3/s}
  2.30803E+00,             !- Volume Ratio {dimensionless}
  2.06530E-02,             !- Leak Rate Coefficient
  1.92757E+03,             !- Source Side Heat Transfer Coefficient {W/K}
  ,                        !- Source Side Heat Transfer Resistance1 {dimensionless}
  ;                        !- Source Side Heat Transfer Resistance2 {W/K}

Coil:Cooling:WaterToAirHeatPump:EquationFit[LINK]

The Coil:Cooling:WaterToAirHeatPump:EquationFit is a simple curve-fit model that requires coefficients generated from the heat pump catalog data. This is an equation-fit model that resembles a black box with no usage of heat transfer equations. The performance of the heat pump is modeled using curves fitted from the catalog data. Description of the equation-fit model is available in the following reference:

Tang,C. C. 2005. Modeling Packaged Heat Pumps in Quasi-Steady State Energy Simulation Program. M.S. Thesis. Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Oklahoma State University. (downloadable from http://www.hvac.okstate.edu/)

Field: Name[LINK]

This alpha field contains the identifying name for the coil. Any reference to this coil by another object (e.g., AirLoopHVAC:UnitaryHeatPump:WaterToAir) will use this name.

Field: Water Inlet Node Name[LINK]

This alpha field contains the cooling coil source side inlet node name.

Field: Water Outlet Node Name[LINK]

This alpha field contains the cooling coil source side outlet node name.

Field: Air Inlet Node Name[LINK]

This alpha field contains the cooling coil air inlet node name.

Field: Air Outlet Node Name[LINK]

This alpha field contains the cooling coil air outlet node name.

Field: Rated Air Flow Rate[LINK]

This numeric field contains the rated volumetric air flow rate on the load side of the heat pump in m3/s. This field is autosizable.

Field: Rated Water Flow Rate[LINK]

This numeric field contains the rated volumetric water flow rate on the source side of the heat pump in m3/s. This field is autosizable.

Field: Rated Total Cooling Capacity[LINK]

This numeric field contains the rated total cooling capacity of the heat pump in W. This field is autosizable.The rated total cooling capacity should be within 20% of the rated heating capacity, otherwise a warning message is issued.

Field: Rated Sensible Cooling Capacity[LINK]

This numeric field contains the rated sensible capacity of the heat pump in W. This field is autosizable.

Field: Rated Cooling Coefficient of Performance[LINK]

This numeric field contains the rated cooling coefficient of performance of the heat pump.

Field: Total Cooling Capacity Coefficient 1 to 5[LINK]

These numeric fields contain the first to fifth coefficient for the heat pump total cooling capacity.

Field: Sensible Cooling Capacity Coefficient 1 to 6[LINK]

These numeric fields contain the first to sixth coefficient for the heat pump sensible cooling capacity.

Field: Cooling Power Consumption Coefficient 1 to 5[LINK]

These numeric fields contain the first to fifth coefficient for the heat pump power consumption.

Field: Nominal Time for Condensate Removal to Begin[LINK]

This numeric field defines the nominal time (in seconds) after startup for condensate to begin leaving the coil’s condensate drain line at the coil’s rated airflow and temperature conditions, starting with a dry coil. Nominal time is equal to the ratio of the energy of the coil’s maximum condensate holding capacity (J) to the coil’s steady-state latent capacity (W). Suggested value is 1000; zero value means the latent degradation model is disabled. The default value for this field is zero.

Field: Ratio of Initial Moisture Evaporation Rate and Steady State Latent Capacity[LINK]

This numeric field defines ratio of the initial moisture evaporation rate from the cooling coil (when the compressor first turns off, in Watts) and the coil’s steady-state latent capacity (Watts) at rated airflow and temperature conditions. Suggested value is 1.5; zero value means the latent degradation model is disabled. The default value for this field is zero.

Following is an example of the input for Coil:WaterToAirHP:EquationFit:Cooling coil

Coil:Cooling:WaterToAirHeatPump:EquationFit,
    Heat Pump Cooling Mode,!- Name of Coil
    Water to Air Heat Pump Source Side1 Inlet Node,!- Coil Water Inlet Node Name
    Water to Air Heat Pump Source Side1 Outlet Node,!- Coil Water Outlet Node Name
    Cooling Coil Air Inlet Node,!- Coil Air Inlet Node Name
    Heating Coil Air Inlet Node,!- Coil Air Outlet Node Name
    4.6015E-01,!- Rated Air Volumetric Flow Rate
    2.8391E-04,!- Rated Water Volumetric Flow Rate
    23125.59,!- Rated Total Cooling Capacity
    16267.05,!- Rated Sensible Cooling Capacity
    4.7,!- Rated Cooling Coefficient of Performance
    -0.68126221,!- Total Cooling Capacity Coefficient 1
    1.99529297,!- Total Cooling Capacity Coefficient 2
    -0.93611888,!- Total Cooling Capacity Coefficient 3
    0.02081177,!- Total Cooling Capacity Coefficient 4
    0.008438868,!- Total Cooling Capacity Coefficient 5
    2.24209455,!- Sensible Cooling Capacity Coefficient 1
    7.28913391,!- Sensible Cooling Capacity Coefficient 2
    -9.06079896,!- Sensible Cooling Capacity Coefficient 3
    -0.36729404,!- Sensible Cooling Capacity Coefficient 4
    0.218826161,!- Sensible Cooling Capacity Coefficient 5
    0.00901534,!- Sensible Cooling Capacity Coefficient 6
    -3.20456384,!- Cooling Power Consumption Coefficient 1
    0.47656454,!- Cooling Power Consumption Coefficient 2
    3.16734236,!- Cooling Power Consumption Coefficient 3
    0.10244637,!- Cooling Power Consumption Coefficient 4
    -0.038132556,!- Cooling Power Consumption Coefficient 5
    0,!- Nominal Time for Condensate Removal to Begin
    0;!- Ratio of Initial Moisture Evaporation Rate and Steady-state Latent Capacity

Water to Air Heat Pump Cooling Coil (Parameter Estimation and Equation Fit) Outputs[LINK]

Coil:Cooling:WaterToAirHeatPump:ParameterEstimation and Coil:Cooling:WaterToAirHeatPump:EquationFit have the same output variables listed as follows;

HVAC, Average, Cooling Coil Electric Power [W]
HVAC, Average, Cooling Coil Total Cooling Rate [W]
HVAC, Average, Cooling Coil Sensible Cooling Rate [W]
HVAC, Average, Cooling Coil Source Side Heat Transfer Rate [W]
HVAC, Average, Cooling Coil Part Load Ratio []
HVAC, Average, Cooling Coil Runtime Fraction []

HVAC, Average, Cooling Coil Air Mass Flow Rate [kg/s]
HVAC, Average, Cooling Coil Air Inlet Temperature [C]
HVAC, Average, Cooling Coil Air Inlet Humidity Ratio [kgWater/kgDryAir]
HVAC, Average, Cooling Coil Air Outlet Temperature [C]
HVAC, Average, Cooling Coil Air Outlet Humidity Ratio [kgWater/kgDryAir]

HVAC, Average, Cooling Coil Source Side Mass Flow Rate [kg/s]
HVAC, Average, Cooling Coil Source Side Inlet Temperature [C]
HVAC, Average, Cooling Coil Source Side Outlet Temperature [C]

HVAC, Sum, Cooling Coil Electric Energy [J]
HVAC, Sum, Cooling Coil Total Cooling Energy [J]
HVAC, Sum, Cooling Coil Sensible Cooling Energy [J]
HVAC, Sum, Cooling Coil Latent Cooling Energy [J]
HVAC, Average, Cooling Coil Latent Cooling Rate [W]
HVAC, Sum, Cooling Coil Source Side Heat Transfer Energy [J]

Cooling Coil Electric Power [W][LINK]

This output variable is the average electric consumption rate of the heat pump in Watts over the timestep being reported.

Cooling Coil Total Cooling Rate [W][LINK]

The output variable is the average total cooling load provide by the heat pump which includes the sensible and latent load in Watts over the timestep being reported.

Cooling Coil Sensible Cooling Rate [W][LINK]

The output variable is the average sensible cooling load provide by the heat pump in Watts over the timestep being reported.

Cooling Coil Source Side Heat Transfer Rate [W][LINK]

The output variable is the average heat rejected to the water at the heat pump condenser in Watts over the timestep being reported.

Cooling Coil Part Load Ratio [][LINK]

This output variable is the ratio of the part-load capacity to the steady state capacity of the WatertoAirHP coil. For the cycling fan mode, the runtime fraction for the heat pump compressor may be different from the compressor part-load ratio reported here due to the part-load performance of the WatertoAirHP coil (delay at start-up to reach steady-state output). In general, runtime fractions are reported by individual components where appropriate.

Cooling Coil Runtime Fraction [][LINK]

This output variable is the function of the part load ratio (PLR, part-load capacity/ steady state capacity). The duty factor or part load fraction accounts for efficiency losses due to compressor cycling.

Cooling Coil Air Mass Flow Rate [kg/s][LINK]

The output variable is the average air mass flow rate going through the heat pump over the timestep being reported.

Cooling Coil Air Inlet Temperature [C][LINK]

The output variable is the average entering air dry-bulb temperature over the timestep being reported.

Cooling Coil Air Inlet Humidity Ratio [kgWater/kgDryAir][LINK]

The output variable is the average entering air dry humidity ratio over the timestep being reported.

Cooling Coil Air Outlet Temperature [C][LINK]

The output variable is the average leaving air dry-bulb temperature over the timestep being reported.

Cooling Coil Air Outlet Humidity Ratio [kgWater/kgDryAir][LINK]

The output variable is the average leaving air dry humidity ratio over the timestep being reported.

Cooling Coil Source Side Mass Flow Rate [kg/s][LINK]

The output variable is the average water mass flow rate going through the heat pump over the timestep being reported.

Cooling Coil Source Side Inlet Temperature [C][LINK]

The output variable is the average entering water temperature over the timestep being reported.

Cooling Coil Source Side Outlet Temperature [C][LINK]

The output variable is the average leaving water temperature over the timestep being reported.

Cooling Coil Electric Energy [J][LINK]

The output variable is the electric consumption of the heat pump in Joules over the timestep being reported. This output is also added to a meter with Resource Type = Electricity, End Use Key = Cooling, Group Key = System (ref. Output:Meter object).

Cooling Coil Total Cooling Energy [J][LINK]

The output variable is the total cooling output of the coil in Joules over the timestep being reported. Resource Type = EnergyTransfer, End Use Key = CoolingCoils, Group Key = System (ref. Output:Meter object).

Cooling Coil Sensible Cooling Energy [J][LINK]

The output variable is the total sensible cooling output of the coil in Joules over the timestep being reported

Cooling Coil Latent Cooling Energy [J][LINK]

Cooling Coil Latent Cooling Rate [W][LINK]

These output variables are the total latent cooling output of the coil in Joules or Watts over the timestep being reported.

Cooling Coil Source Side Heat Transfer Energy [J][LINK]

The output variable is the total source side heat transfer of the coil in Joules over the timestep being reported

Coil:Cooling:WaterToAirHeatPump:VariableSpeedEquationFit[LINK]

The Variable-Speed Water-to-Air Cooling Equation Fit Coil is a collection of performance curves that represent the cooling coil at various speed levels. The performance curves should be generated from the heat pump Reference Unit data. This is an equation-fit model that resembles a black box with no usage of heat transfer equations. On the other hand, the model uses the bypass factor approach to calculate sensible heat transfer rate, similar to the one used in the single-speed DX coil. The number of speed levels can range from 2 to 10. The cooling coil has four node connections, i.e. two air sides and two water sides. The user needs to specify a nominal speed level, at which the rated total cooling capacity, rated volumetric air and water flow rates are sized. The rated capacity, rated volumetric flow rates represent the real situation in the air and water loops, and are used to determine and flow rates at various speed levels in the parent objects, e.g. AirLoopHVAC:UnitaryHeatPump:WaterToAir and ZoneHVAC:WaterToAirHeatPump. It shall be mentioned that the performance correction curves, i.e. the temperature and flow fraction correction curves, should be normalized to the capacity and flow rates at each individual speed and at the rated conditions, similar to the performance curves used in the DX coils. However, the performance values, e.g. capacities, COPs, SHRs and flow rates at individual speed levels, should be given regarding a specific unit from the Reference Unit catalog data. In the following content, the statement started with “Reference Unit” means the actual Reference Unit catalog data. The rated conditions for obtaining the capacities, COPs and SHRs are at indoor dry-bulb temperature of 26.67 ˚C (80 ˚F), wet bulb temperature of 19.44 ˚C (67 ˚F), and the source side entering water temperature of 29.4 ˚C (85 ˚F). Some equations are provided below to help explain the function of the various performance curves and data fields. For a detailed description of the algorithm and how the curves are used in the calculations, please see the Engineering Reference.

Field: Name[LINK]

This alpha field contains the identifying name for the variable speed cooling coil. Any reference to this coil by another object (e.g., AirLoopHVAC:UnitaryHeatPump:WaterToAir) will use this name.

Field: Water Inlet Node Name[LINK]

This alpha field contains the cooling coil source side inlet node name.

Field: Water Outlet Node Name[LINK]

This alpha field contains the cooling coil source side outlet node name.

Field: Air Inlet Node Name[LINK]

This alpha field contains the cooling coil load side inlet node name.

Field: Air Outlet Node Name[LINK]

This alpha field contains the cooling coil load side outlet node name.

Field: Number of Speeds[LINK]

This numeric field contains the maximum number of speed levels that the module uses. The number of speeds, for which the user input the performance data and curves, should be equal or higher than the maximum number. The performance inputs at higher speed levels are ignored.

Field: Nominal Speed Level[LINK]

This numeric field defines the nominal speed level, at which the rated capacity, rated air and water volumetric flow rates are correlated.

Field: Rated Total Cooling Capacity at Selected Nominal Speed Level[LINK]

This numeric field contains the rated total cooling capacity at the nominal speed level. This field is autosizable. The rated total cooling capacity is used to determine a capacity scaling factor, as compared to the Reference Unit capacity at the nominal speed level.

And then, this scaling factor is used to determine capacities at rated conditions for other speed levels, as below,

Field: Rated Volumetric Air Flow Rate[LINK]

This numeric field contains the rated volumetric air flow rate on the load side of the heat pump corresponding to the nominal speed level. This field is autosizable. The value is used to determine an internal scaling factor, and calculate the air flow rates in the parent objects. It is recommended that the ratio of the rated volumetric air flow rate to the rated capacity is the same as the unit performance from the Reference Unit data.

And the volumetric air flow rates in the parent objects are calculated as below,

Field: Rated Volumetric Water Flow Rate[LINK]

This numeric field contains the rated volumetric water flow rate on the source side of the heat pump at the nominal speed level. This field is autosizable. The value is used to determine an internal scaling factor, and calculate the water flow rates in the water loop. It is recommended that the ratio of the rated volumetric water flow rate to the rated capacity is the same as the unit performance from the Reference Unit data.

And the required volumetric water flow rates at the speed levels in the parent objects, other than the nominal speed, are calculated as below,

Field: Nominal Time for Condensate Removal to Begin[LINK]

This numeric field defines the nominal time (in seconds) after startup for condensate to begin leaving the coil’s condensate drain line at the coil’s rated airflow and temperature conditions, starting with a dry coil. Nominal time is equal to the ratio of the energy of the coil’s maximum condensate holding capacity (J) to the coil’s steady-state latent capacity (W). Suggested value is 1000; zero value means the latent degradation model is disabled. The default value for this field is zero.

Field: Ratio of Initial Moisture Evaporation Rate and Steady State Latent Capacity[LINK]

This numeric field defines ratio of the initial moisture evaporation rate from the cooling coil (when the compressor first turns off, in Watts) and the coil’s steady-state latent capacity (Watts) at rated airflow and temperature conditions. Suggested value is 1.5; zero value means the latent degradation model is disabled. The default value for this field is zero.

Field: Flag for Using Hot Gas Reheat, 0 or 1[LINK]

This numeric field dictates whether to use the recoverable waste heat for reheating the supply air, downstream of the coil. The value “1” means using the hot gas reheating, and “0” means not using. If the hot gas reheating is turned on, the recoverable waste heat is subtracted from both the total cooling capacity and the sensible cooling capacity. The default value for this field is zero.

Field: Part Load Fraction Correlation Curve Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of a quadratic or cubic performance curve (Ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of electrical power input to the unit as a function of the part load ratio (PLR, sensible or latent load/steady-state sensible or latent cooling capacity for Speed 1), in the case that the unit operates under the lowest speed, i.e. on/off. The product of the rated EIR and EIR modifier curves is divided by the output of this curve to give the “effective” EIR for a given simulation timestep for Speed 1. The part load fraction (PLF) correlation accounts for efficiency losses due to compressor cycling. The part load fraction correlation should be normalized to a value of 1.0 when the part load ratio equals 1.0 (i.e., no efficiency losses when the compressor(s) run continuously for the simulation timestep). For PLR values between 0 and 1 (0 <= PLR < 1), the following rules apply:

PLF >= 0.7 and PLF >= PLR

If PLF < 0.7, the program resets the PLF value to 0.7, and the simulation proceeds. The runtime fraction of the coil is defined as PLR/PLF. If PLF < PLR, the runtime fraction of the coil is limited to 1.0. A typical part load fraction correlation would be:

If the user wishes to model no efficiency degradation due to compressor cycling, the part load fraction correlation should be defined as follows:

Field Group: rated specification, performance curves, and waste heat data[LINK]

The performance for each cooling speed must be specified as shown below. They should be directly given from the Reference Unit catalog data. All inputs for Speed 1 are required, followed by the optional inputs for other speeds.

Field: Speed Reference Unit Total Cooling Capacity[LINK]

This numeric field defines the total, full load cooling capacity in watts of the water-to-air cooling coil unit at rated conditions for Speed operation. The value entered here must be greater than 0. Capacity should not include supply air fan heat.

Field: Speed Reference Unit SHR[LINK]

This numeric field defines sensible heat transfer ratio (SHR = sensible heat transfer rate divided by total cooling capacity) of the cooling coil unit at rated conditions for Speed operation. The value entered here must be greater than 0.0 and less than 1.0. This value should be obtained from the Reference Unit data.

Field: Speed Reference Unit COP[LINK]

This numeric field defines the coefficient of performance (COP=total cooling capacity output in watts divided by electrical power input in watts) of the cooling coil unit at rated conditions for Speed operation. The value entered here must be greater than 0. The input power includes power for the compressor(s) and accessories, but does not include the power consumptions of the indoor supply air fan and water pump.

Field: Speed Reference Unit Air Flow Rate[LINK]

This numeric field defines the volumetric air flow rate, in m3 per second, across the cooling coil at rated conditions for Speed operation. The value entered here should be directly from the Reference Unit data, corresponding to the given cooling capacity and COP at the speed, as above.

Field: Speed Reference Unit Water Flow Rate[LINK]

This numeric field defines the volumetric water flow rate, in m3 per second, flowing at the source side of the cooling coil at rated conditions for Speed operation. The value entered here should be directly from the Reference Unit data, corresponding to the given cooling capacity and COP at the speed, as above.

Field: Speed Total Cooling Capacity Function of Temperature Curve Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of a bi-quadratic performance curve for Speed (ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of the total cooling capacity as a function of the both the indoor wet-bulb and source side entering water temperature, from the Reference Unit. The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated total cooling capacity at the speed to give the total cooling capacity at specific temperature operating conditions (i.e., at an indoor air wet-bulb temperature or entering water temperature different from the rating point temperature). It should be noted that the curve is normalized to the cooling capacity at Speed from the Reference Unit data, and have the value of 1.0 at the rating point.

Field: Speed Total Cooling Capacity Function of Air Flow Fraction Curve Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of a quadratic or cubic performance curve for Speed (ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of total cooling capacity as a function of the ratio of actual air flow rate across the cooling coil to the design air flow rate (i.e., fraction of full load flow at Speed , from the Reference Unit data). The curve is normalized to have the value of 1.0 when the actual air flow rate equals the design air flow rate, at Speed .

Field: Speed Total Cooling Capacity Function of Water Flow Fraction Curve Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of a quadratic or cubic performance curve for Speed (ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of total cooling capacity as a function of the ratio of actual water flow rate across the cooling coil to the design water flow rate (i.e., fraction of full load flow), at Speed , from the Reference Unit data. The curve is normalized to have the value of 1.0 when the actual water flow rate equals the design air flow rate, at Speed .

The actual total cooling capacity at Speed , considering variations in temperatures, air and water flow rates is calculated as below:

Field: Speed Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of a bi-quadratic, quadratic or cubic performance curve for

Speed (ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of the energy input ratio (EIR) as a function of the both the indoor air wet-bulb and entering water temperatures The EIR is the inverse of the COP. The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated EIR (inverse of rated COP at Speed from the Reference Unit data) to give the EIR at specific temperature operating conditions (i.e., at an indoor air wet-bulb temperature or entering water temperature different from the rating point temperature). The curve is normalized to have the value of 1.0 at the rating point.

Field: Speed Energy Input Ratio Function of Air Flow Fraction Curve Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of a quadratic or cubic performance curve for Speed (ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of the energy input ratio (EIR) as a function of the ratio of actual air flow rate across the cooling coil to the design air flow rate (i.e., fraction of full load flow, at Speed from the Reference Unit data). The EIR is the inverse of the COP. This curve is normalized to a value of 1.0 when the actual air flow rate equals the design air flow rate.

Field: Speed Energy Input Ratio Function of Water Flow Fraction Curve Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of a quadratic or cubic performance curve for Speed (ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of the energy input ratio (EIR) as a function of the ratio of actual water flow rate across the cooling coil to the design water flow rate (i.e., fraction of full load flow, at Speed from the Reference Unit data). This curve is normalized to a value of 1.0 when the actual air flow rate equals the design air flow rate.

The actual EIR at Speed , considering variations in temperatures, air and water flow rates is calculated as below:

And, the actual power consumption is calculated:

Field: Speed Reference Unit Waste Heat Fraction of Power Input[LINK]

The fraction of heat input to cooling that is available as recoverable waste heat at full load and rated conditions for Speed operation. The part of heat is not discharged to the water loop. And it can be used for hot gas reheating during dehumidification operation, by setting 1 to Flag for Using Hot Gas Reheat. ****

Field: Speed Waste Heat Function of Temperature Curve Name[LINK]

The name of a bi-quadratic performance curve (ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of the waste heat recovery as a function of indoor wet-bulb temperature and the entering water temperature for Speed from the Reference Unit data. The output of this curve is multiplied by the design recoverable waste heat at specific temperature operating conditions (i.e., at temperatures different from the rating point). The curve is normalized to a value of 1.0 at the rating point.

The actual recoverable waste heat at Speed is calculated as below:

An example of this statement in an IDF is:

Coil:Cooling:WaterToAirHeatPump:VariableSpeedEquationFit,
    Sys 1 Heat Pump Cooling Mode,         !- Name
    Sys 1 Water to Air Heat Pump Source Side1 Inlet Node,  !- Water Inlet Node Name
    Sys 1 Water to Air Heat Pump Source Side1 Outlet Node, !- Water Outlet Node Name
    Sys 1 Cooling Coil Air Inlet Node,    !- Air Inlet Node Name
    Sys 1 Heating Coil Air Inlet Node,    !- Air Outlet Node Name
    10.0,                 !- Number of Speeds
    10.0,                 !- Nominal Speed Level
    Autosize,                   !- Rated Total Cooling Capacity {W}
    Autosize,                       !- Rated Air Flow Rate {m3/s}
    Autosize,                   !- Rated Water Flow Rate {m3/s}
    0.0, !Nominal time for Condensate to Begin Leaving the Coil
    0.0, !Initial Moisture Evaporation Rate Divided by Steady-State AC Latent Capacity
    1,         !Flag for Using Hot Gas Reheat or Not, 0 = false; 1 = true
    VS Energy Part Load Fraction 1,  !Energy Part Load Fraction Curve
    1524.1,         !-Speed 1 Reference Unit Total Cooling Capacity
    0.75,                   !-Speed 1 Reference Unit Sensible Heat Ratio
    4.0,                    !-Speed 1 Reference Unit COP
    0.1359072,              !-Speed 1 Reference Unit air flow rate
    0.000381695,            !-Speed 1 Reference Unit water flow rate
    TC VS Temp1 Test,       !-Speed 1 Total Cooling Capacity Function of Temperature Curve Name
    TC VS AirFrac Test,   !-Speed 1 Total Cooling Capacity Function of Air Flow Fraction Curve Name
    TC VS WaterFrac Test,   !-Speed 1 Total Cooling Capacity Function of Water Flow Fraction Curve Name
    EIR VS Temp1 Test,       !-Speed 1 Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name
    EIR VS AirFrac Test,   !-Speed 1 Energy Input Ratio Function of Air Flow Fraction Curve Name
    EIR VS WaterFrac Test,   !-Speed 1 Energy Input Ratio Function of Water Flow Fraction Curve Name
    0.1,   !-Speed 1 Waste Heat fraction to power input
    wasteHeat VS Temp1 Test, !-Speed 1 Waste Heat Function of Temperature Curve Name
    1877.9,          !-Speed 2 Reference Unit Total Cooling Capacity
    0.75,                    !-Speed 2 Reference Unit Sensible Heat Ratio
    4.0,                     !-Speed 2 Reference Unit COP
    0.151008,                !-Speed 2 Reference Unit air flow rate
    0.000381695,             !-Speed 2 Reference Unit water flow rate
    TC VS Temp1 Test,        !-Speed 2 Total Cooling Capacity Function of Temperature Curve Name
    TC VS AirFrac Test,   !-Speed 2  Total Cooling Capacity Function of Air Flow Fraction Curve Name
    TC VS WaterFrac Test,   !-Speed 2  Total Cooling Capacity Function of Water Flow Fraction Curve Name
    EIR VS Temp1 Test,       !-Speed 2  Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name
    EIR VS AirFrac Test,   !-Speed 2  Energy Input Ratio Function of Air Flow Fraction Curve Name
    EIR VS WaterFrac Test,   !-Speed 2  Energy Input Ratio Function of Water Flow Fraction Curve Name
    0.1,   !-Speed 2  Waste Heat fraction to power input
    wasteHeat VS Temp1 Test, !-Speed 2  Waste Heat Function of Temperature Curve Name
    2226.6,          !-Speed 3 Reference Unit Total Cooling Capacity
    0.75,                    !-Speed 3 Reference Unit Sensible Heat Ratio
    4.0,                     !-Speed 3 Reference Unit COP
    0.1661088,                !-Speed 3 Reference Unit air flow rate
    0.000381695,              !-Speed 3 Reference Unit water flow rate
    TC VS Temp1 Test,         !-Speed 3 Total Cooling Capacity Function of Temperature Curve Name
    TC VS AirFrac Test, !-Speed 3 Total Cooling Capacity Function of Air Flow Fraction Curve Name
    TC VS WaterFrac Test,  !-Speed 3 Total Cooling Capacity Function of Water Flow Fraction Curve Name
    EIR VS Temp1 Test, !-Speed 3 Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name
    EIR VS AirFrac Test,   !-Speed 3 Energy Input Ratio Function of Air Flow Fraction Curve Name
    EIR VS WaterFrac Test, !-Speed 3 Energy Input Ratio Function of Water Flow Fraction Curve Name
    0.1,         !-Speed 3 Waste Heat fraction to power input
    wasteHeat VS Temp1 Test,!-Speed 3 Waste Heat Function of Temperature Curve Name
    2911.3,        !-Speed 4 Reference Unit Total Cooling Capacity
    0.75,                  !-Speed 4 Reference Unit Sensible Heat Ratio
    4.0,                   !-Speed 4 Reference Unit COP
    0.1963104,             !-Speed 4 Reference Unit air flow rate
    0.000381695,           !-Speed 4 Reference Unit water flow rate
    TC VS Temp1 Test,      !-Speed 4 Total Cooling Capacity Function of Temperature Curve Name
    TC VS AirFrac Test, !-Speed 4 Total Cooling Capacity Function of Air Flow Fraction Curve Name
    TC VS WaterFrac Test, !-Speed 4 Total Cooling Capacity Function of Water Flow Fraction Curve Name
    EIR VS Temp1 Test, !-Speed 4 Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name
    EIR VS AirFrac Test, !-Speed 4 Energy Input Ratio Function of Air Flow Fraction Curve Name
    EIR VS WaterFrac Test, !-Speed 4 Energy Input Ratio Function of Water Flow Fraction Curve Name
    0.1, !-Speed 4 Waste Heat fraction to power input
    wasteHeat VS Temp1 Test, !-Speed 4 Waste Heat Function of Temperature Curve Name
    3581.7,        !- Speed 5 Reference Unit Total Cooling Capacity
    0.75,                  !- Speed 5 Reference Unit Sensible Heat Ratio
    4.0,                   !- Speed 5 Reference Unit COP
    0.226512,              !- Speed 5 Reference Unit air flow rate
    0.000381695,           !- Speed 5 Reference Unit water flow rate
    TC VS Temp1 Test,      !- Speed 5 Total Cooling Capacity Function of Temperature Curve Name
    TC VS AirFrac Test, !- Speed 5 Total Cooling Capacity Function of Air Flow Fraction Curve Name
    TC VS WaterFrac Test, !- Speed 5 Total Cooling Capacity Function of Water Flow Fraction Curve Name
    EIR VS Temp1 Test, !- Speed 5 Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name
    EIR VS AirFrac Test, !- Speed 5 Energy Input Ratio Function of Air Flow Fraction Curve Name
    EIR VS WaterFrac Test, !- Speed 5 Energy Input Ratio Function of Water Flow Fraction Curve Name
    0.1, !- Speed 5 Waste Heat fraction to power input
    wasteHeat VS Temp1 Test, !- Speed 5 Waste Heat Function of Temperature Curve Name
    4239.5,       !-Speed 6 Reference Unit Total Cooling Capacity
    0.75,                  !-Speed 6 Reference Unit Sensible Heat Ratio
    4.0,                   !-Speed 6 Reference Unit COP
    0.2567136,             !-Speed 6 Reference Unit air flow rate
    0.000381695,           !-Speed 6 Reference Unit water flow rate
    TC VS Temp1 Test,      !-Speed 6 Total Cooling Capacity Function of Temperature Curve Name
    TC VS AirFrac Test, !-Speed 6 Total Cooling Capacity Function of Air Flow Fraction Curve Name
    TC VS WaterFrac Test, !-Speed 6 Total Cooling Capacity Function of Water Flow Fraction Curve Name
    EIR VS Temp1 Test, !-Speed 6 Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name
    EIR VS AirFrac Test, !-Speed 6 Energy Input Ratio Function of Air Flow Fraction Curve Name
    EIR VS WaterFrac Test, !-Speed 6 Energy Input Ratio Function of Water Flow Fraction Curve Name
    0.1, !-Speed 6 Waste Heat fraction to power input
    wasteHeat VS Temp1 Test, !-Speed 6 Waste Heat Function of Temperature Curve Name
    4885.7,        !-Speed 7 Reference Unit Total Cooling Capacity
    0.75,                  !-Speed 7 Reference Unit Sensible Heat Ratio
    4.0,                   !-Speed 7 Reference Unit COP
    0.2869152,             !-Speed 7 Reference Unit air flow rate
    0.000381695,           !-Speed 7 Reference Unit water flow rate
    TC VS Temp1 Test,      !-Speed 7 Total Cooling Capacity Function of Temperature Curve Name
    TC VS AirFrac Test, !-Speed 7 Total Cooling Capacity Function of Air Flow Fraction Curve Name
    TC VS WaterFrac Test, !-Speed 7 Total Cooling Capacity Function of Water Flow Fraction Curve Name
    EIR VS Temp1 Test, !-Speed 7 Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name
    EIR VS AirFrac Test, !-Speed 7 Energy Input Ratio Function of Air Flow Fraction Curve Name
    EIR VS WaterFrac Test, !-Speed 7 Energy Input Ratio Function of Water Flow Fraction Curve Name
    0.1, !-Speed 7 Waste Heat fraction to power input
    wasteHeat VS Temp1 Test, !-Speed 7 Waste Heat Function of Temperature Curve Name
    5520.7,        !-Speed 8 Reference Unit Total Cooling Capacity
    0.75,                   !-Speed 8 Reference Unit Sensible Heat Ratio
    4.0,                    !-Speed 8 Reference Unit COP
    0.3171168,              !-Speed 8 Reference Unit air flow rate
    0.000381695,            !-Speed 8 Reference Unit water flow rate
    TC VS Temp1 Test,       !-Speed 8 Total Cooling Capacity Function of Temperature Curve Name
    TC VS AirFrac Test,  !-Speed 8 Total Cooling Capacity Function of Air Flow Fraction Curve Name
    TC VS WaterFrac Test, !-Speed 8 Total Cooling Capacity Function of Water Flow Fraction Curve Name
    EIR VS Temp1 Test, !-Speed 8 Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name
    EIR VS AirFrac Test, !-Speed 8 Energy Input Ratio Function of Air Flow Fraction Curve Name
    EIR VS WaterFrac Test, !-Speed 8 Energy Input Ratio Function of Water Flow Fraction Curve Name
    0.1, !-Speed 8 Waste Heat fraction to power input
    wasteHeat VS Temp1 Test, !-Speed 8 Waste Heat Function of Temperature Curve Name
    6144.8,          !-Speed 9 Reference Unit Total Cooling Capacity
    0.75,                    !-Speed 9 Reference Unit Sensible Heat Ratio
    4.0,                     !-Speed 9 Reference Unit COP
    0.3473184,               !-Speed 9 Reference Unit air flow rate
    0.000381695,             !-Speed 9 Reference Unit water flow rate
    TC VS Temp1 Test,        !-Speed 9 Total Cooling Capacity Function of Temperature Curve Name
    TC VS AirFrac Test,  !-Speed 9 Total Cooling Capacity Function of Air Flow Fraction Curve Name
    TC VS WaterFrac Test,  !-Speed 9 Total Cooling Capacity Function of Water Flow Fraction Curve Name
    EIR VS Temp1 Test,  !-Speed 9 Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name
    EIR VS AirFrac Test,  !-Speed 9 Energy Input Ratio Function of Air Flow Fraction Curve Name
    EIR VS WaterFrac Test,  !-Speed 9 Energy Input Ratio Function of Water Flow Fraction Curve Name
    0.1,  !-Speed 9 Waste Heat fraction to power input
    wasteHeat VS Temp1 Test, !-Speed 9 Waste Heat Function of Temperature Curve Name
    6758.0,         !-Speed 10 Reference Unit Total Cooling Capacity
    0.75,                    !-Speed 10 Reference Unit Sensible Heat Ratio
    4.0,                     !-Speed 10 Reference Unit COP
    0.37752,                 !-Speed 10 Reference Unit air flow rate
    0.000381695,             !-Speed 10 Reference Unit water flow rate
    TC VS Temp1 Test,        !-Speed 10 Total Cooling Capacity Function of Temperature Curve Name
    TC VS AirFrac Test,   !-Speed 10 Total Cooling Capacity Function of Air Flow Fraction Curve Name
    TC VS WaterFrac Test,   !-Speed 10 Total Cooling Capacity Function of Water Flow Fraction Curve Name
    EIR VS Temp1 Test,   !-Speed 10 Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name
    EIR VS AirFrac Test,   !-Speed 10 Energy Input Ratio Function of Air Flow Fraction Curve Name
    EIR VS WaterFrac Test, !-Speed 10 Energy Input Ratio Function of Water Flow Fraction Curve Name
    0.1, !-Speed 10 Waste Heat fraction to power input
    wasteHeat VS Temp1 Test; !-Speed 10 Waste Heat Function of Temperature Curve Name

Variable Speed Water to Air Heat Pump Cooling Coil Outputs[LINK]

HVAC, Average, Cooling Coil Electric Power [W]
HVAC, Average, Cooling Coil Total Cooling Rate [W]
HVAC, Average, Cooling Coil Sensible Cooling Rate [W]
HVAC, Average, Cooling Coil Source Side Heat Transfer Rate [W]
HVAC, Average, Cooling Coil Part Load Ratio []
HVAC, Average, Cooling Coil Runtime Fraction []
HVAC, Average, Cooling Coil Air Mass Flow Rate [kg/s]
HVAC, Average, Cooling Coil Air Inlet Temperature [C]
HVAC, Average, Cooling Coil Air Inlet Humidity Ratio [kgWater/kgDryAir]
HVAC, Average, Cooling Coil Air Outlet Temperature [C]
HVAC, Average, Cooling Coil Air Outlet Humidity Ratio [kgWater/kgDryAir]
HVAC, Average, Cooling Coil Source Side Mass Flow Rate [kg/s]
HVAC, Average, Cooling Coil Source Side Inlet Temperature [C]
HVAC, Average, Cooling Coil Source Side Outlet Temperature [C]
HVAC, Average, Cooling Coil Upper Speed Level []
HVAC, Average, Cooling Coil Neighboring Speed Levels Ratio []
HVAC, Average, Cooling Coil Recoverable Heat Transfer Rate [W]
HVAC, Sum, Cooling Coil Electric Energy [J]
HVAC, Sum, Cooling Coil Total Cooling Energy [J]
HVAC, Sum, Cooling Coil Sensible Cooling Energy [J]
HVAC, Sum, Cooling Coil Latent Cooling Energy [J]
HVAC, Average, Cooling Coil Latent Cooling Rate [W]
HVAC, Sum, Cooling Coil Source Side Heat Transfer Energy [J]

Cooling Coil Electric Power [W][LINK]

This output variable is the average electric consumption rate of the heat pump in Watts over the timestep being reported.

Cooling Coil Total Cooling Rate [W][LINK]

The output variable is the average total cooling load provide by the heat pump which includes the sensible and latent load in Watts over the timestep being reported.

Cooling Coil Sensible Cooling Rate [W][LINK]

The output variable is the average sensible cooling load provide by the heat pump in Watts over the timestep being reported.

Cooling Coil Source Side Heat Transfer Rate [W][LINK]

The output variable is the average heat rejected to the water at the heat pump condenser in Watts over the timestep being reported.

Cooling Coil Part Load Ratio [][LINK]

This output variable is the ratio of the part-load capacity to the steady state capacity of the VSWatertoAirHP coil. For the cycling fan mode, the runtime fraction for the heat pump compressor may be different from the compressor part-load ratio reported here due to the part-load performance of the VSWatertoAirHP coil (delay at start-up to reach steady-state output). In general, runtime fractions are reported by individual components where appropriate.

Cooling Coil Runtime Fraction [][LINK]

This output variable is the function of the part load ratio (PLR, part-load capacity/ steady state capacity). The duty factor or runtime fraction accounts for efficiency losses due to compressor cycling.

Cooling Coil Air Mass Flow Rate [kg/s][LINK]

The output variable is the average air mass flow rate going through the heat pump over the timestep being reported.

Cooling Coil Air Inlet Temperature [C][LINK]

The output variable is the average entering air dry-bulb temperature over the timestep being reported.

Cooling Coil Air Inlet Humidity Ratio [kgWater/kgDryAir][LINK]

The output variable is the average entering air dry humidity ratio over the timestep being reported.

Cooling Coil Air Outlet Temperature [C][LINK]

The output variable is the average leaving air dry-bulb temperature over the timestep being reported.

Cooling Coil Air Outlet Humidity Ratio [kgWater/kgDryAir][LINK]

The output variable is the average leaving air dry humidity ratio over the timestep being reported.

Cooling Coil Source Side Mass Flow Rate [kg/s][LINK]

The output variable is the average water mass flow rate going through the heat pump over the timestep being reported.

Cooling Coil Source Side Inlet Temperature [C][LINK]

The output variable is the average entering water temperature over the timestep being reported.

Cooling Coil Source Side Outlet Temperature [C][LINK]

The output variable is the average leaving water temperature over the timestep being reported.

Cooling Coil Upper Speed Level [][LINK]

The output variable is the average upper speed level, for interpolating performances between two neighboring speed levels.

Cooling Coil Neighboring Speed Levels Ratio [][LINK]

The output variable is the average speed ratio, for interpolating performances between two neighboring speed levels.

Cooling Coil Recoverable Heat Transfer Rate [W][LINK]

This output variable is the average recoverable waste heat rate of the heat pump in Watts over the timestep being reported.

Cooling Coil Electric Energy [J][LINK]

The output variable is the electric consumption of the heat pump in Joules over the timestep being reported.

Cooling Coil Total Cooling Energy [J][LINK]

The output variable is the total cooling output of the coil in Joules over the timestep being reported.

Cooling Coil Sensible Cooling Energy [J][LINK]

The output variable is the total sensible cooling output of the coil in Joules over the timestep being reported

Cooling Coil Latent Cooling Energy [J][LINK]

Cooling Coil Latent Cooling Rate [W][LINK]

These output variables are the total latent cooling output of the coil in Joules or Watts over the timestep being reported.

Cooling Coil Source Side Heat Transfer Energy [J][LINK]

The output variable is the total source side heat transfer of the coil in Joules over the timestep being reported.

Coil:Heating:WaterToAirHeatPump:ParameterEstimation[LINK]

The Water to Air heat pump heating coil is a deterministic model that requires parameters to describe the operating conditions of the heat pump’s components. The parameters are generated from the manufacturer catalog data using multi-variable optimization method. However, the parameters required for WatertoAirHP heating coil is similar to WatertoAirHP cooling except (source side outside heat transfer coefficient) parameter is not required for heating. In addition, the heating coil model can be used for 3 type of compressors which are reciprocating, rotary and scroll.

Field: Name[LINK]

This alpha field contains the identifying name for the coil. Any reference to this coil by another object (e.g., AirLoopHVAC:UnitaryHeatPump:WaterToAir) will use this name.

Field: Compressor Type[LINK]

Type of compressor mode used for the heat pump. Choices available are reciprocating, rotary and scroll compressor. Note that the parameters vary for different compressor.

Field: Refrigerant Type[LINK]

This alpha field contains the type of refrigerant used by the heat pump.

Field: Design Source Side Flow Rate[LINK]

This numeric field defines the water flow rate though the coil in m3/sec

Field: Nominal Heating Coil Capacity[LINK]

This numeric field defines the nominal heating capacity for the WatertoAirHP heating coil in Watts.

Field: High Pressure Cutoff[LINK]

This numeric field defines the compressor’s maximum allowable pressure in Pascal (N/m2)

Field: Low Pressure Cutoff[LINK]

This numeric field defines the compressor’s minimum allowable pressure in Pascal (N/m2)

Field: Water Inlet Node Name[LINK]

This alpha field contains the heating coil source side inlet node name.

Field: Water Outlet Node Name[LINK]

This alpha field contains the heating coil source side outlet node name.

Field: Air Inlet Node Name[LINK]

This alpha field contains the heating coil air inlet node name.

Field: Air Outlet Node Name[LINK]

This alpha field contains the heating coil air outlet node name.

Heating Coil Parameters[LINK]

Depending on the type of compressor specified, the type of parameters and values also differs. An Excel Spreadsheet is in the final stage of development that is capable of estimating the parameters based on the manufacturer data. The general parameters are listed first followed by specific parameters required by the respective compressor model. Lastly, parameters are listed based on the type of source side fluid used.

Field: Load Side Total Heat Transfer Coefficient[LINK]

This numeric field defines the estimated parameter load side total heat transfer coefficient in W/K. This field was previously known as Parameter 1.

Field: Superheat Temperature at the Evaporator Outlet[LINK]

This numeric field defines the estimated parameter superheat temperature at the evaporator outlet in ˚C. This field was previously known as Parameter 2.

Field: Compressor Power Losses[LINK]

This numeric field defines the estimated parameter compressor power losses, which accounts for the loss of work due to mechanical and electrical losses in the compressor in Watts. This field was previously known as Parameter 3.

Field: Compressor Efficiency[LINK]

This numeric field defines the estimated parameter of the compressor’s efficiency. The compressor efficiency is formulated as the equation below:

This field was previously know as Parameter 4.

Field: Compressor Piston Displacement[LINK]

This numeric field defines the estimated parameter piston displacement of the compressor in m3/s. This field was part of what was previously known as Parameter 5. It should be used when the Compressor type is either Reciprocating and Rotary. The field should be left blank when Compressor type is Scroll.

Field: Compressor Suction/Discharge Pressure Drop[LINK]

This numeric field defines the estimated parameter pressure drop at the compressor suction and discharge in Pascals (N/m2). This field was part of what was previously known as Parameter 6. It should be used when the Compressor type is either Reciprocating and Rotary. The field should be left blank when Compressor type is Scroll.

Field: Compressor Clearance Factor[LINK]

This numeric field defines the estimated parameter clearance factor of the compressor. This parameter is dimensionless. This field was part of what was previously known as Parameter 7. It should only be used when the Compressor type is Reciprocating. The field should be left blank when Compressor type is Scroll or Rotary.

Field: Refrigerant Volume Flow Rate[LINK]

This numeric field defines the refrigerant volume flow rate at the beginning of the compression [m3/s]. This field was part of what was previously known as Parameter 6. It should only be used when the Compressor type is Scroll. The field should be left blank when Compressor type is Reciprocating or Rotary.

Field: Volume Ratio[LINK]

This numeric field defines the built-in-volume ratio. This field was part of what was previously known as Parameter 6. It should only be used when the Compressor type is Scroll. The field should be left blank when Compressor type is Reciprocating or Rotary.

Field: Leak Rate Coefficient[LINK]

This numeric field defines the coefficient for the relationship between pressure ratio and leakage rate. This field was part of what was previously known as Parameter 7. It should only be used when the Compressor type is Scroll. The field should be left blank when Compressor type is Reciprocating or Rotary.

Field: Source Side Heat Transfer Coefficient[LINK]

This numeric field defines the estimated parameter source side heat transfer coefficient in W/K. This field was part of what was previously known as Parameter 8. It should only be used when the Source Side Fluid Name is Water.

Field: Source Side Heat Transfer Resistance1[LINK]

This numeric field defines the estimated parameter source side heat transfer resistance 1. Unit is dimensionless. This field was part of what was previously known as Parameter 8. It should only be used when the Source Side Fluid Name is an antifreeze.

Field: Source Side Heat Transfer Resistance2[LINK]

This numeric field defines the estimated parameter source side heat transfer resistance 2. Unit is W/K. This field was previously known as Parameter 9. It should only be used when the Source Side Fluid Name is an antifreeze.

Following is an example input for Coil:WatertoAirHP:ParameterEstimation:Heating

Coil:Heating:WaterToAirHeatPump:ParameterEstimation,
  Heat Pump HEATING Mode AHU1,  !- Name
  Scroll,                  !- Compressor Type
  R22,                     !- Refrigerant Type
  0.0015,                  !- Design Source Side Flow Rate {m3/s}
  38000,                   !- Nominal Heating Coil Capacity {W}
  3000000,                 !- High Pressure Cutoff
  0,                       !- Low Pressure Cutoff {Pa}
  AHU1 Water to Air Heat Pump Source Side2 Inlet Node,  !- Water Inlet Node Name
  AHU1 Water to Air Heat Pump Source Side2 Outlet Node,  !- Water Outlet Node Name
  Cooling Coil Air Outlet Node AHU1,  !- Air Inlet Node Name
  Heating Coil Air Outlet Node AHU1,  !- Air Outlet Node Name
  5.79505E+03,             !- Load Side Total Heat Transfer Coefficient {W/K}
  1.56696E+00,             !- Superheat Temperature at the Evaporator Outlet {C}
  3.91338E+03,             !- Compressor Power Losses {W}
  1.26356E+00,             !- Compressor Efficiency
  ,                        !- Compressor Piston Displacement {m3/s}
  ,                        !- Compressor Suction/Discharge Pressure Drop {Pa}
  ,                        !- Compressor Clearance Factor {dimensionless}
  6.99573E-03,             !- Refrigerant Volume Flow Rate {m3/s}
  4.96167E+00,             !- Volume Ratio {dimensionless}
  2.07750E-06,             !- Leak Rate Coefficient {dimensionless}
  4.00322E+03,             !- Source Side Heat Transfer Coefficient {W/K}
  ,                        !- Source Side Heat Transfer Resistance1 {dimensionless}
  ;                        !- Source Side Heat Transfer Resistance2 {W/K}

Coil:Heating:WaterToAirHeatPump:EquationFit[LINK]

The Water to Air Heating Equation Fit Coil is a simple curve-fit model that requires coefficients generated from the heat pump catalog data. This is an equation-fit model that resembles a black box with no usage of heat transfer equations. The performance of the heat pump is modeled using curves fitted from the catalog data.

Field: Name[LINK]

This alpha field contains the identifying name for the coil. Any reference to this coil by another object (e.g., AirLoopHVAC:UnitaryHeatPump:WaterToAir) will use this name.

Field: Water Inlet Node Name[LINK]

This alpha field contains the heating coil source side inlet node name.

Field: Water Outlet Node Name[LINK]

This alpha field contains the heating coil source side outlet node name.

Field: Air Inlet Node Name[LINK]

This alpha field contains the heating coil air inlet node name.

Field: Air Outlet Node Name[LINK]

This alpha field contains the heating coil air outlet node name.

Field: Rated Air Flow Rate[LINK]

This numeric field contains the rated volumetric air flow rate on the load side of the heat pump in m3/s. This field is autosizable.

Field: Rated Water Flow Rate[LINK]

This numeric field contains the rated volumetric water flow rate on the source side of the heat pump in m3/s. This field is autosizable.

Field: Rated Heating Capacity[LINK]

This numeric field contains the rated heating capacity of the heat pump in W. This field is autosizable.

Field: Rated Heating Coefficient of Performance[LINK]

This numeric field contains the rated heating coefficient of performance of the heat pump.

Field: Heating Capacity Coefficient 1-5[LINK]

These numeric fields contain the first to fifth coefficient for the heat pump capacity.

Field: Heating Power Consumption Coefficient 1-5[LINK]

These numeric fields contain the first to fifth coefficient for the heat pump power consumption.

Water to Air Heat Pump Heating Coil (parameter Estimation and Equation Fit) Outputs[LINK]

Coil:Heating:WaterToAirHeatPump:ParameterEstimation and Coil:Heating:WaterToAirHeatPump:EquationFit have the same output variables listed as follows;

HVAC, Average, Heating Coil Electric Power [W]
HVAC, Average, Heating Coil Heating Rate [W]
HVAC, Average, Heating Coil Sensible Heating Rate [W]
HVAC, Average, Heating Coil Source Side Heat Transfer Rate [W]
HVAC, Average, Heating Coil Part Load Ratio
HVAC, Average, Heating Coil Runtime Fraction []

HVAC, Average, Heating Coil Air Mass Flow Rate [kg/s]
HVAC, Average, Heating Coil Air Inlet Temperature [C]
HVAC, Average, Heating Coil Air Inlet Humidity Ratio [kgWater/kgDryAir]
HVAC, Average, Heating Coil Air Outlet Temperature [C]
HVAC, Average, Heating Coil Air Outlet Humidity Ratio [kgWater/kgDryAir]

HVAC, Average, Heating Coil Source Side Mass Flow Rate [kg/s]
HVAC, Average, Heating Coil Source Side Inlet Temperature [C]
HVAC, Average, Heating Coil Source Side Outlet Temperature [C]

HVAC, Sum, Heating Coil Electric Energy [J]
HVAC, Sum, Heating Coil Heating Energy [J]
HVAC, Sum, Heating Coil Source Side Heat Transfer Energy [J]

Heating Coil Electric Power [W][LINK]

This output variable is the average electric consumption rate of the heat pump in Watts over the timestep being reported.

Heating Coil Heating Rate [W][LINK]

The output variable is the average total heating capacity provide by the heat pump which includes the sensible and latent capacity in Watts over the timestep being reported.

Heating Coil Sensible Heating Rate [W][LINK]

The output variable is the average sensible heating capacity provide by the heat pump in Watts over the timestep being reported. For heating mode, the sensible capacity is equal to the total capacity.

Heating Coil Source Side Heat Transfer Rate [W][LINK]

The output variable is the average heat absorbed at the heat pump evaporator in Watts over the timestep being reported.

Heating Coil Part Load Ratio [][LINK]

This output variable is the ratio of the part-load capacity to the steady state capacity of the WatertoAirHP coil. For the cycling fan mode, the runtime fraction for the heat pump compressor may be different from the compressor part-load ratio reported here due to the part-load performance of the WatertoAirHP coil (delay at start-up to reach steady-state output). In general, runtime fractions are reported by individual components where appropriate.

Heating Coil Runtime Fraction [][LINK]

This output variable is the function of the part load ratio (PLR, part-load capacity/ steady state capacity). The duty factor or part load fraction accounts for efficiency losses due to compressor cycling.

Heating Coil Air Mass Flow Rate [kg/s][LINK]

The output variable is the average air mass flow rate going through the heat pump over the timestep being reported.

Heating Coil Air Inlet Temperature [C][LINK]

The output variable is the average entering air dry-bulb temperature over the timestep being reported.

Heating Coil Air Inlet Humidity Ratio [kgWater/kgDryAir][LINK]

The output variable is the average entering air dry humidity ratio over the timestep being reported.

Heating Coil Air Outlet Temperature [C][LINK]

The output variable is the average leaving air dry-bulb temperature over the timestep being reported.

Heating Coil Air Outlet Humidity Ratio [kgWater/kgDryAir][LINK]

The output variable is the average leaving air dry humidity ratio over the timestep being reported.

Heating Coil Source Side Mass Flow Rate [kg/s][LINK]

The output variable is the average water mass flow rate going through the heat pump over the timestep being reported.

Heating Coil Source Side Inlet Temperature [C][LINK]

The output variable is the average entering water temperature over the timestep being reported.

Heating Coil Source Side Outlet Temperature [C][LINK]

The output variable is the average leaving water temperature over the timestep being reported.

Heating Coil Electric Energy [J][LINK]

The output variable is the total electric consumption of the heat pump in Joules over the timestep being reported. This output is also added to a meter with Resource Type = Electricity, End Use Key = Heating, Group Key = System (ref. Output:Meter object).

Heating Coil Heating Energy [J][LINK]

The output variable is the total cooling output of the coil in Joules over the timestep being reported. Resource Type = EnergyTransfer, End Use Key = HeatingCoils, Group Key = System (ref. Output:Meter object).

Heating Coil Source Side Heat Transfer Energy [J][LINK]

The output variable is the total source side heat transfer of the coil in Joules over the timestep being reported.

Coil:Heating:WaterToAirHeatPump:VariableSpeedEquationFit[LINK]

The Variable-Speed Water-to-Air Heating Equation Fit Coil is a collection of performance curves that represent the heating coil at various speed levels. The performance curves should be generated from the heat pump Reference Unit catalog data. This is an equation-fit model that resembles a black box with no usage of heat transfer equations. The number of speed levels can range from 2 to 10. The heating coil has four node connections, i.e. two air sides and two water sides. The user needs to specify a nominal speed level, at which the rated capacity, rated volumetric air and water flow rates are sized. The rated capacity, rated volumetric flow rates represent the real situation in the air and water loops, and are used to determine the flow rates at various speed levels in the parent objects, e.g. AirLoopHVAC:UnitaryHeatPump:WaterToAir and ZoneHVAC:WaterToAirHeatPump. It shall be mentioned that the performance correction curves, i.e. the temperature and flow fraction correction curves, should be normalized to the capacity and flow rates at each individual speed and at the rated operating conditions, similar to the performance curves used in the DX coils. On the other hand, the performance values at individual speed levels, e.g. capacities, COPs and flow rates, should be given regarding a specific unit from the Reference Unit catalog data. In the following content, the statement started with “Reference Unit” means the actual Reference Unit catalog data. The rated conditions for obtaining the capacities and COPs are at indoor dry-bulb temperature of 21.1 ˚C (70 ˚F) and the source side entering water temperature of 21.1 ˚C (70 ˚F). Some equations are provided below to help explain the function of the various performance curves and data fields. For a detailed description of the algorithm and how the curves are used in the calculations, please see the Engineering Reference.

Field: Name[LINK]

This alpha field contains the identifying name for the variable speed heating coil. Any reference to this coil by another object (e.g., AirLoopHVAC:UnitaryHeatPump:WaterToAir) will use this name.

Field: Water Inlet Node Name[LINK]

This alpha field contains the heating coil source side inlet node name.

Field: Water Outlet Node Name[LINK]

This alpha field contains the heating coil source side outlet node name.

Field: Air Inlet Node Name[LINK]

This alpha field contains the heating coil load side inlet node name.

Field: Air Outlet Node Name[LINK]

This alpha field contains the heating coil load side outlet node name.

Field: Number of Speeds[LINK]

This numeric field contains the maximum number of speed levels that the module uses. The number of speeds, for which the user input the performance data and curves, has to be equal to or higher than the maximum number. The performance inputs at higher speeds are ignored.

Field: Nominal Speed Level[LINK]

This numeric field defines the nominal speed level, at which the rated capacity, rated air and water volumetric flow rates are correlated.

Field: Rated Total Heating Capacity at Selected Nominal Speed Level[LINK]

This numeric field contains the rated capacity at the nominal speed level. This field is autosizable. The rated heating capacity is used to determine a capacity scaling factor, as compared to the Reference Unit capacity at the nominal speed level.

And then, this scaling factor is used to determine capacities at rated conditions for other speed levels, as below,

Field: Rated Volumetric Air Flow Rate[LINK]

This numeric field contains the rated volumetric air flow rate on the load side of the heat pump corresponding to the nominal speed level. This field is autosizable. The value is used to determine an internal scaling factor, and calculate the air flow rates in the parent objects. It is recommended that the ratio of the rated volumetric air flow rate to the rated capacity is the same as the unit performance from the Reference Unit data.

And the volumetric air flow rates in the parent objects are calculated as below,

Field: Rated Volumetric Water Flow Rate[LINK]

This numeric field contains the rated volumetric water flow rate on the source side of the heat pump at the nominal speed level. This field is autosizable. The value is used to determine an internal scaling factor, and calculate the water flow rates at other speed levels. It is recommended that the ratio of the rated volumetric water flow rate to the rated capacity is the same as the unit performance from the Reference Unit data.

And the required volumetric water flow rates in the water loop are calculated as below,

Field: Part Load Fraction Correlation Curve Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of a quadratic or cubic performance curve (Ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of electrical power input to the unit as a function of the part load ratio (PLR, heating load/steady-state heating capacity for Speed 1), in the case that the unit operates under the lowest speed, i.e. on/off. The product of the rated EIR and EIR modifier curves is divided by the output of this curve to give the “effective” EIR for a given simulation timestep for Speed 1. The part load fraction (PLF) correlation accounts for efficiency losses due to compressor cycling. The part load fraction correlation should be normalized to a value of 1.0 when the part load ratio equals 1.0 (i.e., no efficiency losses when the compressor(s) run continuously for the simulation timestep). For PLR values between 0 and 1 (0 <= PLR < 1), the following rules apply:

PLF >= 0.7 and PLF >= PLR

If PLF < 0.7, the program resets the PLF value to 0.7, and the simulation proceeds. The runtime fraction of the coil is defined as PLR/PLF. If PLF < PLR, the runtime fraction of the coil is limited to 1.0. A typical part load fraction correlation would be:

If the user wishes to model no efficiency degradation due to compressor cycling, the part load fraction correlation should be defined as follows:

Field Group: rated specification, performance curves, and waste heat data[LINK]

The performance for each heating speed must be specified as shown below. They should be directly given from the Reference Unit data. All inputs for Speed 1 are required, followed by the optional inputs for other speeds.

Field: Speed Reference Unit Total Heating Capacity[LINK]

This numeric field defines the total, full load heating capacity in watts of the water-to-air heating coil unit at rated conditions for Speed operation. The value entered here must be greater than 0. Capacity should not include supply air fan heat.

Field: Speed Reference Unit COP[LINK]

This numeric field defines the coefficient of performance (COP=heating capacity output in watts divided by electrical power input in watts) of the heating coil unit at rated conditions for Speed operation. The value entered here must be greater than 0. The input power includes power for the compressor(s) and accessories, but does not include the power consumption of the indoor supply air fan and water pump.

Field: Speed Reference Unit Volumetric Air Flow Rate[LINK]

This numeric field defines the volume air flow rate, in m3 per second, across the heating coil at rated conditions for Speed operation. The value entered here should be directly from the Reference Unit data, corresponding to the given heating capacity and COP at the speed, as above.

Field: Speed Reference Unit Volumetric Water Flow Rate[LINK]

This numeric field defines the volume water flow rate, in m3 per second, flowing at the source side of the heating coil at rated conditions for Speed operation. The value entered here should be directly from the Reference Unit data, corresponding to the given heating capacity and COP at the speed, as above.

Field: Speed Total Heating Capacity Function of Temperature Curve Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of a bi-quadratic performance curve for Speed (ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of the total heating capacity as a function of the indoor dry-bulb and source side entering water temperature, from the Reference Unit. The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated total heating capacity at the speed to give the total heating capacity at specific temperature operating conditions (i.e., at an indoor air dry-bulb temperature or entering water temperature different from the rating point temperature). It should be noted that the curve is normalized to the heating capacity at Speed from the Reference Unit data, and have the value of 1.0 at the rating point.

Field: Speed Total Heating Capacity Function of Air Flow Fraction Curve Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of a quadratic or cubic performance curve for Speed (ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of total heating capacity as a function of the ratio of actual air flow rate across the heating coil to the design air flow rate (i.e., fraction of full load flow), at Speed from the Reference Unit data. The curve is normalized to have the value of 1.0 when the actual air flow rate equals the design air flow rate at Speed .

Field: Speed Total Heating Capacity Function of Water Flow Fraction Curve Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of a quadratic or cubic performance curve for Speed (ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of total heating capacity as a function of the ratio of actual water flow rate across the heating coil to the design water flow rate (i.e., fraction of full load flow), at Speed from the Reference Unit data. The curve is normalized to have the value of 1.0 when the actual water flow rate equals the design air flow rate at Speed .

The actual total heating capacity at Speed , considering variations in temperatures, air and water flow rates is calculated as below:

Field: Speed Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of a bi-quadratic, quadratic or cubic performance curve for Speed (ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of the energy input ratio (EIR) as a function of the both the indoor air dry-bulb and entering water temperatures The EIR is the inverse of the COP. The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated EIR (inverse of rated COP at Speed from the Reference Unit data) to give the EIR at specific temperature operating conditions (i.e., at an indoor air dry bulb temperature or entering water temperature different from the rating point temperature). The curve is normalized to have the value of 1.0 at the rating point.

Field: Speed Energy Input Ratio Function of Air Flow Fraction Curve Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of a quadratic or cubic performance curve for Speed (ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of the energy input ratio (EIR) as a function of the ratio of actual air flow rate across the heating coil to the design air flow rate (i.e., fraction of full load flow, at Speed from the Reference Unit data). The EIR is the inverse of the COP. This curve is normalized to a value of 1.0 when the actual air flow rate equals the rated air flow rate.

Field: Speed Energy Input Ratio Function of Water Flow Fraction Curve Name[LINK]

This alpha field defines the name of a quadratic or cubic performance curve for Speed (ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of the energy input ratio (EIR) as a function of the ratio of actual water flow rate across the heating coil to the rated water flow rate (i.e., fraction of full load flow, at Speed from the Reference Unit data). This curve is normalized to a value of 1.0 when the actual air flow rate equals the design air flow rate.

The actual EIR at Speed , considering variations in temperatures, air and water flow rates is calculated as below:

And, the actual power consumption is calculated:

Field: Speed Rated Waste Heat Fraction of Power Input[LINK]

The fraction of heat input to heating that is available as recoverable waste heat at full load and rated conditions for Speed operation. The part of heat is not delivered to the indoor side.

Field: Speed Waste Heat Function of Temperature Curve Name[LINK]

The name of a bi-quadratic performance curve (ref: Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of the waste heat recovery as a function of indoor dry-bulb temperature and the entering water temperature for Speed from the Reference Unit data. The output of this curve is multiplied by the rated recoverable waste heat at specific temperature operating conditions (i.e., at temperatures different from the rating point). The curve is normalized to a value of 1.0 at the rating point.

The actual recoverable waste heat at Speed is calculated as below:

An example of this statement in an IDF is:

Coil:Heating:WaterToAirHeatPump:VariableSpeedEquationFit,
    Sys 1 Heat Pump Heating Mode,  !- Name
    Sys 1 Water to Air Heat Pump Source Side2 Inlet Node,  !- Water Inlet Node Name
    Sys 1 Water to Air Heat Pump Source Side2 Outlet Node,  !- Water Outlet Node Name
    Sys 1 Heating Coil Air Inlet Node,  !- Air Inlet Node Name
    Sys 1 SuppHeating Coil Air Inlet Node,  !- Air Outlet Node Name
    10.0,!- Number of Speeds
    10.0,!- Nominal Speed Level
    Autosize,                !- Rated Heating Capacity {W}
    Autosize,                     !- Rated Air Flow Rate {m3/s}
    Autosize,                 !- Rated Water Flow Rate {m3/s}
    VS Energy Part Load Fraction 1,    !- Energy part load fraction curve
    1838.7,             !- Speed 1 Reference Unit Heating Capacity
    5.0,                             !- Speed 1 Reference Unit COP
    0.1661088,                             !- Speed 1 Reference Unit Air Flow Rate
    0.000381695,                             !- Speed 1 Reference Unit Water Flow Rate
    Heating VS Temp1 Test,    !- Speed 1 Total Heating Capacity Function of Temperature Curve Name
    Heating VS AirFrac Test,  !- Speed 1 Total Heating Capacity Function of Air Flow Fraction Curve Name
    Heating VS WaterFrac Test,!- Speed 1 Total Heating Capacity Function of Water Flow Fraction Curve Name
    EIRH VS Temp1 Test,       !- Speed 1 Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name
    EIRH VS AirFrac Test,     !- Speed 1 Energy Input Ratio Function of Air Flow Fraction Curve Name
    EIRH VS WaterFrac Test,   !- Speed 1 Energy Input Ratio Function of Water Flow Fraction Curve Name
    0.1,                      !- Speed 1 Waste Heat Fraction to Power Input
    Heating wasteHeat VS Temp1 Test,   !- Speed 1 Waste Heat Function of Temperature Curve Name
    2295.5,           !- Speed 2 Reference Unit Heating Capacity
    5.0,                      !- Speed 2 Reference Unit COP
    0.179322,                 !- Speed 2 Reference Unit air flow rate
    0.000381695,              !- Speed 2 Reference Unit water flow rate
    Heating VS Temp1 Test,    !- Speed 2 Total Heating Capacity Function of Temperature Curve Name
    Heating VS AirFrac Test,  !- Speed 2 Total Heating Capacity Function of Air Flow Fraction Curve Name
    Heating VS WaterFrac Test,!- Speed 2 Total Heating Capacity Function of Water Flow Fraction Curve Name
    EIRH VS Temp1 Test,    !- Speed 2 Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name
    EIRH VS AirFrac Test,    !- Speed 2 Energy Input Ratio Function of Air Flow Fraction Curve Name
    EIRH VS WaterFrac Test,   !- Speed 2 Energy Input Ratio Function of Water Flow Fraction Curve Name
    0.1,    !- Speed 2 Waste Heat Fraction to Power Input
    Heating wasteHeat VS Temp1 Test,  !- Speed 2 Waste Heat Function of Temperature Curve Name
    2751.3,           !- Speed 3 Reference Unit Heating Capacity
    5.0,                       !- Speed 3 Reference Unit COP
    0.1925352,                 !- Speed 3 Reference Unit Air Flow Rate
    0.000381695,               !- Speed 3 Reference Unit Water Flow Rate
    Heating VS Temp1 Test,     !- Speed 3 Total Heating Capacity Function of Temperature Curve Name
    Heating VS AirFrac Test,   !- Speed 3 Total Heating Capacity Function of Air Flow Fraction Curve Name
    Heating VS WaterFrac Test,!- Speed 3 Total Heating Capacity Function of Water Flow Fraction Curve Name
    EIRH VS Temp1 Test,       !- Speed 3 Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name
    EIRH VS AirFrac Test,     !- Speed 3 Energy Input Ratio Function of Air Flow Fraction Curve Name
    EIRH VS WaterFrac Test,   !- Speed 3 Energy Input Ratio Function of Water Flow Fraction Curve Name
    0.1,    !- Speed 3 Waste Heat fraction to power input
    Heating wasteHeat VS Temp1 Test, !- Speed 3 Waste Heat Function of Temperature Curve Name
    3659.6,            !- Speed 4 Reference Unit Heating Capacity
    5.0,                        !- Speed 4 Reference Unit COP
    0.2189616,                  !- Speed 4 Reference Unit air flow rate
    0.000381695,                !- Speed 4 Reference Unit water flow rate
    Heating VS Temp1 Test,      !- Speed 4 Total Heating Capacity Function of Temperature Curve Name
    Heating VS AirFrac Test,    !- Speed 4 Total Heating Capacity Function of Air Flow Fraction Curve Name
    Heating VS WaterFrac Test,!- Speed 4 Total Heating Capacity Function of Water Flow Fraction Curve Name
    EIRH VS Temp1 Test,    !- Speed 4 Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name
    EIRH VS AirFrac Test,    !- Speed 4 Energy Input Ratio Function of Air Flow Fraction Curve Name
    EIRH VS WaterFrac Test,   !- Speed 4 Energy Input Ratio Function of Water Flow Fraction Curve Name
    0.1,    !- Speed 4 Waste Heat fraction to power input
    Heating wasteHeat VS Temp1 Test, !- Speed 4 Waste Heat Function of Temperature Curve Name

4563.7,           !- Speed 5 Reference Unit Heating Capacity
5.0,                       !- Speed 5 Reference Unit COP
0.245388,                  !- Speed 5 Reference Unit air flow rate
0.000381695,               !- Speed 5 Reference Unit water flow rate
Heating VS Temp1 Test,     !- Speed 5 Total Heating Capacity Function of Temperature Curve Name
Heating VS AirFrac Test,   !- Speed 5 Total Heating Capacity Function of Air Flow Fraction Curve Name
Heating VS WaterFrac Test,!- Speed 5 Total Heating Capacity Function of Water Flow Fraction Curve Name
EIRH VS Temp1 Test,    !- Speed 5 Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name
EIRH VS AirFrac Test,    !- Speed 5 Energy Input Ratio Function of Air Flow Fraction Curve Name
EIRH VS WaterFrac Test,   !- Speed 5 Energy Input Ratio Function of Water Flow Fraction Curve Name
0.1,    !- Speed 5 Waste Heat fraction to power input
Heating wasteHeat VS Temp1 Test,  !- Speed 5 Waste Heat Function of Temperature Curve Name
5463.3,                !- Speed 6 Reference Unit Heating Capacity
5.0,                              !- Speed 6 Reference Unit COP
0.2718144,                        !- Speed 6 Reference Unit air flow rate
0.000381695,                      !- Speed 6 Reference Unit water flow rate
Heating VS Temp1 Test,            !- Speed 6 Total Heating Capacity Function of Temperature Curve Name
Heating VS AirFrac Test, !- Speed 6 Total Heating Capacity Function of Air Flow Fraction Curve Name
Heating VS WaterFrac Test,!- Speed 6 Total Heating Capacity Function of Water Flow Fraction Curve Name
EIRH VS Temp1 Test,       !- Speed 6 Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name
EIRH VS AirFrac Test,    !- Speed 6 Energy Input Ratio Function of Air Flow Fraction Curve Name
EIRH VS WaterFrac Test,   !- Speed 6 Energy Input Ratio Function of Water Flow Fraction Curve Name
0.1,    !- Speed 6 Waste Heat fraction to power input
Heating wasteHeat VS Temp1 Test, !- Speed 6 Waste Heat Function of Temperature Curve Name
6358.4,          !- Speed 7 Reference Unit Heating Capacity
5.0,                      !- Speed 7 Reference Unit COP
0.2982408,                !- Speed 7 Reference Unit air flow rate
0.000381695,              !- Speed 7 Reference Unit water flow rate
Heating VS Temp1 Test,    !- Speed 7 Total Heating Capacity Function of Temperature Curve Name
Heating VS AirFrac Test,  !- Speed 7 Total Heating Capacity Function of Air Flow Fraction Curve Name
Heating VS WaterFrac Test,!- Speed 7 Total Heating Capacity Function of Water Flow Fraction Curve Name
EIRH VS Temp1 Test,       !- Speed 7 Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name
EIRH VS AirFrac Test,     !- Speed 7 Energy Input Ratio Function of Air Flow Fraction Curve Name
EIRH VS WaterFrac Test,   !- Speed 7 Energy Input Ratio Function of Water Flow Fraction Curve Name
0.1,    !- Speed 7 Waste Heat fraction to power input
Heating wasteHeat VS Temp1 Test,!- Speed 7 Waste Heat Function of Temperature Curve Name
7248.5,          !- Speed 8 Reference Unit Heating Capacity
5.0,                      !- Speed 8 Reference Unit COP
0.3246672,                !- Speed 8 Reference Unit air flow rate
0.000381695,              !- Speed 8 Reference Unit water flow rate
Heating VS Temp1 Test,    !- Speed 8 Total Heating Capacity Function of Temperature Curve Name
Heating VS AirFrac Test,  !- Speed 8 Total Heating Capacity Function of Air Flow Fraction Curve Name
Heating VS WaterFrac Test,!- Speed 8 Total Heating Capacity Function of Water Flow Fraction Curve Name
EIRH VS Temp1 Test,    !- Speed 8 Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name
EIRH VS AirFrac Test,    !- Speed 8 Energy Input Ratio Function of Air Flow Fraction Curve Name
EIRH VS WaterFrac Test,   !- Speed 8 Energy Input Ratio Function of Water Flow Fraction Curve Name
0.1,    !- Speed 8 Waste Heat fraction to power input
Heating wasteHeat VS Temp1 Test,  !- Speed 8 Waste Heat Function of Temperature Curve Name
8133.6,          !- Speed 9 Reference Unit Heating Capacity
5.0,                      !- Speed 9 Reference Unit COP
0.3510936,                !- Speed 9 Reference Unit air flow rate
0.000381695,              !- Speed 9 Reference Unit water flow rate
Heating VS Temp1 Test,    !- Speed 9 Total Heating Capacity Function of Temperature Curve Name
Heating VS AirFrac Test,  !- Speed 9 Total Heating Capacity Function of Air Flow Fraction Curve Name
Heating VS WaterFrac Test,!- Speed 9 Total Heating Capacity Function of Water Flow Fraction Curve Name
EIRH VS Temp1 Test,    !- Speed 9 Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name
EIRH VS AirFrac Test,    !- Speed 9 Energy Input Ratio Function of Air Flow Fraction Curve Name
EIRH VS WaterFrac Test,   !- Speed 9 Energy Input Ratio Function of Water Flow Fraction Curve Name
0.1,    !- Speed 9 Waste Heat fraction to power input
Heating wasteHeat VS Temp1 Test, !- Speed 9 Waste Heat Function of Temperature Curve Name

9013.2,       !- Speed 10 Reference Unit Heating Capacity
5.0,                   !- Speed 10 Reference Unit COP
0.37752,               !- Speed 10 Reference Unit air flow rate
0.000381695,           !- Speed 10 Reference Unit water flow rate
Heating VS Temp1 Test, !- Speed 10 Total Heating Capacity Function of Temperature Curve Name
Heating VS AirFrac Test, !- Speed 10 Total Heating Capacity Function of Air Flow Fraction Curve Name
Heating VS WaterFrac Test,!- Speed 10 Total Heating Capacity Function of Water Flow Fraction Curve
EIRH VS Temp1 Test, !- Speed 10 Energy Input Ratio Function of Temperature Curve Name
EIRH VS AirFrac Test, !- Speed 10 Energy Input Ratio Function of Air Flow Fraction Curve Name
EIRH VS WaterFrac Test, !- Speed 10 Energy Input Ratio Function of Water Flow Fraction Curve Name
0.1, !- Speed 10 Waste Heat fraction to power input
Heating wasteHeat VS Temp1 Test; !- Speed 10 Waste Heat Function of Temperature Curve Name

Variable Speed Water to Air Heat Pump Heating Coil Outputs[LINK]

HVAC, Average, Heating Coil Electric Power [W]
HVAC, Average, Heating Coil Heating Rate [W]
HVAC, Average, Heating Coil Sensible Heating Rate [W]
HVAC, Average, Heating Coil Source Side Heat Transfer Rate [W]
HVAC, Average, Heating Coil Part Load Ratio
HVAC, Average, Heating Coil Runtime Fraction []
HVAC, Average, Heating Coil Air Mass Flow Rate [kg/s]
HVAC, Average, Heating Coil Air Inlet Temperature [C]
HVAC, Average, Heating Coil Air Inlet Humidity Ratio [kgWater/kgDryAir]
HVAC, Average, Heating Coil Air Outlet Temperature [C]
HVAC, Average, Heating Coil Air Outlet Humidity Ratio [kgWater/kgDryAir]
HVAC, Average, Heating Coil Source Side Mass Flow Rate [kg/s]
HVAC, Average, Heating Coil Source Side Inlet Temperature [C]
HVAC, Average, Heating Coil Source Side Outlet Temperature [C]
HVAC, Average, Heating Coil Upper Speed Level []
HVAC, Average, Heating Coil Neighboring Speed Levels Ratio []
HVAC, Average, Heating Coil Recoverable Heat Transfer Rate [W]
HVAC, Sum, Heating Coil Electric Energy [J]
HVAC, Sum, Heating Coil Heating Energy [J]
HVAC, Sum, Heating Coil Source Side Heat Transfer Energy [J]

Heating Coil Electric Power [W][LINK]

This output variable is the average electric consumption rate of the heat pump in Watts over the timestep being reported.

Heating Coil Heating Rate [W][LINK]

The output variable is the average total heating capacity provide by the heat pump in Watts over the timestep being reported.

Heating Coil Sensible Heating Rate [W][LINK]

The output variable is the average sensible heating capacity provide by the heat pump in Watts over the timestep being reported. For heating mode, the sensible capacity is equal to the total capacity.

Heating Coil Source Side Heat Transfer Rate [W][LINK]

The output variable is the average heat absorbed at the heat pump evaporator in Watts over the timestep being reported.

Heating Coil Part Load Ratio [][LINK]

This output variable is the ratio of the part-load capacity to the steady state capacity of the VSWatertoAirHP coil. For the cycling fan mode, the runtime fraction for the heat pump compressor may be different from the compressor part-load ratio reported here due to the part-load performance of the VSWatertoAirHP coil (delay at start-up to reach steady-state output). In general, runtime fractions are reported by individual components where appropriate.

Heating Coil Runtime Fraction [][LINK]

This output variable is the function of the part load ratio (PLR, part-load capacity/ steady state capacity). The duty factor or part load fraction accounts for efficiency losses due to compressor cycling.

Heating Coil Air Mass Flow Rate [kg/s][LINK]

The output variable is the average air mass flow rate going through the heat pump over the timestep being reported.

Heating Coil Air Inlet Temperature [C][LINK]

The output variable is the average entering air dry-bulb temperature over the timestep being reported.

Heating Coil Air Inlet Humidity Ratio [kgWater/kgDryAir][LINK]

The output variable is the average entering air dry humidity ratio over the timestep being reported.

Heating Coil Air Outlet Temperature [C][LINK]

The output variable is the average leaving air dry-bulb temperature over the timestep being reported.

Heating Coil Air Outlet Humidity Ratio [kgWater/kgDryAir][LINK]

The output variable is the average leaving air dry humidity ratio over the timestep being reported.

Heating Coil Source Side Mass Flow Rate [kg/s][LINK]

The output variable is the average water mass flow rate going through the heat pump over the timestep being reported.

Heating Coil Source Side Inlet Temperature [C][LINK]

The output variable is the average entering water temperature over the timestep being reported.

Heating Coil Source Side Outlet Temperature [C][LINK]

The output variable is the average leaving water temperature over the timestep being reported.

Heating Coil Upper Speed Level [][LINK]

The output variable is the average upper speed level, for interpolating performances between two neighboring speed levels.

Heating Coil Neighboring Speed Levels Ratio [][LINK]

The output variable is the average speed ratio, for interpolating performances between two neighboring speed levels.

Heating Coil Recoverable Heat Transfer Rate [W][LINK]

This output variable is the average recoverable waste heat rate of the heat pump in Watts over the timestep being reported.

Heating Coil Electric Energy [J][LINK]

The output variable is the total electric consumption of the heat pump in Joules over the timestep being reported.

Heating Coil Heating Energy [J][LINK]

The output variable is the total cooling output of the coil in Joules over the timestep being reported.

Heating Coil Source Side Heat Transfer Energy [J][LINK]

The output variable is the total source side heat transfer of the coil in Joules over the timestep being reported.