Input Output Reference — EnergyPlus 8.3

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Group - Fans[LINK]

The following fans may be defined either in the air loop or as a zone equipment component: Fan:ConstantVolume, Fan:OnOff, Fan:VariableVolume, Fan:ZoneExhaust, and FanPerformance:NightVentilation. The data that are common to these fan types include an identifying name, an availability schedule name, a total efficiency rating, a rated pressure rise, and inlet and outlet air node names. In the case of a variable volume fan, additional input includes parameters for modeling fan performance over a range of fan speeds. See the engineering documentation for the variable speed fan for a further description of what these coefficients represent. Commonly-used values for different variable volume systems are shown in the following table.

Fan Coefficient Values
Type of Fan Fan Coeff. 1 Fan Coeff. 2 Fan Coeff. 3 Fan Coeff. 4 Fan Coeff. 5
Inlet Vane Dampers 0.35071223 0.30850535 -0.54137364 0.87198823 0.000
Discharge Dampers 0.37073425 0.97250253 -0.34240761 0.000 0.000
Var. Speed Motor 0.0015302446 0.0052080574 1.1086242 -0.11635563 0.000

Fan:ConstantVolume[LINK]

This object models a constant air volume fan that is intended to operate continuously based on a time schedule. This fan will not cycle on and off based on cooling/heating load or other control signals (Ref: Fan:OnOff).

Inputs[LINK]

Field: Name[LINK]

A unique user-assigned name for an instance of a Fan:ConstantVolume. Any reference to this fan by another object will use this name.

Field: Availability Schedule Name[LINK]

The name of the schedule (ref: Schedule) that denotes whether the fan can run during a given time period. A schedule value of 0 indicates that the fan is off for that time period. A schedule value greater than 0 indicates that the fan can operate during the time period. If this field is blank, the schedule has values of 1 for all time periods. Applicable availability managers (ref. AvailabilityManagerAssignmentList) may override this schedule by forcing the fan to be on or off.

Field: Fan Total Efficiency[LINK]

This value is the overall efficiency of the fan, i.e., the ratio of the power delivered to the fluid to the electrical input power. It is the product of the motor efficiency and the impeller efficiency. The motor efficiency is the power delivered to the shaft divided by the electrical power input to the motor. The impeller efficiency is power delivered to the fluid (air) divided by the shaft power. The power delivered to the fluid is the mass flow rate of the air multiplied by the pressure rise divided by the air density. This input value must be between 0 and 1.The default is 0.7.

Field: Pressure Rise[LINK]

The pressure rise in Pascals at full flow and standard (sea level) conditions (20°C and 101325 Pa).

Field: Maximum Flow Rate[LINK]

The full load air volumetric flow rate (m3/sec) at standard temperature and pressure (dry air at 20°C drybulb). The program does use local barometric pressure to account for altitude using equation for “standard atmospheric” pressure on p 6.1 of the ASHRAE 1997 HOF (SI edition) to initialize the air systems being simulated.

p=101325*(1-2.25577E-05*Z)**5.2559

where p=pressure in Pa and Z=altitude in m

Field: Motor Efficiency[LINK]

The shaft power divided by the electrical power consumed. Must be between 0 and 1. The default is 0.9.

Field: Motor In Airstream Fraction[LINK]

The fraction of the motor heat that is added to the air stream. A value of 0 means that the motor is completely outside the air stream. A value of 1 means that all of the motor heat loss will go into the air stream and act to cause a temperature rise. Must be between 0 and 1. The default is 1.0.

Field: Air Inlet Node Name[LINK]

The name of the HVAC system node which supplies the inlet air conditions to the fan.

Field: Air Outlet Node Name[LINK]

The name of the HVAC system node to which the fan sends its outlet air.

Field: End-Use Subcategory[LINK]

Allows you to specify a user-defined end-use subcategory, e.g., “Central System”, etc. A new meter for reporting is created for each unique subcategory (ref: Output:Meter objects). Subcategories are also reported in the ABUPS table. If this field is omitted or blank, the fan will be assigned to the “General” end-use subcategory.

Outputs[LINK]

HVAC,Average,Fan Electric Power[W]
HVAC,Average,Fan Rise in Air Temperature [deltaC]
HVAC,Sum,Fan Electric Energy [J]

Fan Electric Power [W][LINK]

This output field contains the average electricity consumption rate for the fan in Watts for the timestep being reported.

Fan Rise in Air Temperature [deltaC][LINK]

This output field contains the average rise in air temperature across the fan (outlet air temperature minus inlet air temperature) in degrees Celsius for the timestep being reported.

Fan Electric Energy [J][LINK]

This output field contains the electricity consumption of the fan in Joules for the timestep being reported. This output is also added to a meter with Resource Type = Electricity, End Use Key= Fans, Group Key= System (ref. Output:Meter objects).

Fan:OnOff[LINK]

This object models a constant air volume fan that is intended to cycle on and off in tandem with a cooling or heating system (i.e., AUTO fan control mode). The fan can also operate continuously like Fan:ConstantVolume. If modeling continuous operation and this object is used as part of a system that utilizes Coil:Heating:Gas, Coil:Cooling:DX:SingleSpeed or Coil:Heating:DX:SingleSpeed, the user should confirm proper air flow rates (coil and fan max flows are equal) and that the coil part-load fraction correlation(s) are appropriate (e.g., part-load fraction is less than or equal to 1 for all values of coil part-load ratio). If modeling multi-speed fan operation, this object must be used as part of a compound object that allows multiple fan speeds (e.g., AirLoopHVAC:Unitary:Furnace:HeatCool, ZoneHVAC:PackagedTerminalAirConditioner, etc.). In this case, the ratio of the compound object air flow rate to the fan’s maximum air flow rate is used to determine the power at alternate fan speeds. The optional input for Fan Power Ratio Function of Speed Ratio Curve Name must be entered to model multi-speed fan operation. An optional fan total efficiency ratio curve is also available to model efficiency differences at alternate fan speeds.

Inputs[LINK]

Field: Name[LINK]

A unique user-assigned name for an instance of a Fan:OnOff. Any reference to this fan by another object will use this name.

Field: Availability Schedule Name[LINK]

The name of the schedule (ref: Schedule) that denotes whether the fan can run during a given time period. A schedule value of 0 indicates that the fan is off for that time period. A schedule value greater than 0 indicates that the fan can operate during the time period. If this field is blank, the schedule has values of 1 for all time periods. Applicable availability managers (ref. AvailabilityManagerAssignmentList) may override this schedule by forcing the fan to be on or off.

Field: Fan Total Efficiency[LINK]

This value is the overall efficiency of the fan, i.e., the ratio of the power delivered to the fluid to the electrical input power. It is the product of the motor efficiency and the impeller efficiency. The motor efficiency is the power delivered to the shaft divided by the electrical power input to the motor. The impeller efficiency is power delivered to the fluid (air) divided by the shaft power. The power delivered to the fluid is the mass flow rate of the air multiplied by the pressure rise divided by the air density. This input value must be between 0 and 1.The default is 0.6.

Field: Pressure Rise[LINK]

The pressure rise in Pascals at full flow and standard (sea level) conditions (20°C and 101325 Pa).

Field: Maximum Flow Rate[LINK]

The full load air volumetric flow rate (m3/sec) at standard temperature and pressure (dry air at 20°C drybulb). The program does use local barometric pressure to account for altitude using equation for “standard atmospheric” pressure on p 6.1 of the ASHRAE 1997 HOF (SI edition) to initialize the air systems being simulated.

p=101325*(1-2.25577E-05*Z)**5.2559

where p=pressure in Pa and Z=altitude in m

Field: Motor Efficiency[LINK]

The shaft power divided by the electrical power consumed. Must be between 0 and 1. The default is 0.8.

Field: Motor In Airstream Fraction[LINK]

The fraction of the motor heat that is added to the air stream. A value of 0 means that the motor is completely outside the air stream. A value of 1 means that all of the motor heat loss will go into the air stream and act to cause a temperature rise. Must be between 0 and 1. The default is 1.0.

Field: Air Inlet Node Name[LINK]

The name of the HVAC system node which supplies the inlet air conditions to the fan.

Field: Air Outlet Node Name[LINK]

The name of the HVAC system node to which the fan sends its outlet air.

Field: Fan Power Ratio Function of Speed Ratio Curve Name[LINK]

Enter the name of an exponent performance curve. This optional alpha field must be used to simulate multi-speed fan motors. This curve represents the ratio of actual fan power to rated fan power when a change in fan speed occurs. Leave this field blank when simulating constant-speed fan motors.

Field: Fan Efficiency Ratio Function of Speed Ratio Curve Name[LINK]

Enter the name of a quadratic or cubic performance curve. This optional alpha field is used to simulate multi-speed fan motors. This curve represents the ratio of actual fan total efficiency to rated fan total efficiency when a change in fan speed occurs. Leave this field blank when simulating constant-speed fan motors.

Field: End-Use Subcategory[LINK]

Allows you to specify a user-defined end-use subcategory, e.g., “Main Fans”, etc. A new meter for reporting is created for each unique subcategory (ref: Output:Meter objects). Subcategories are also reported in the ABUPS table. If this field is omitted or blank, the fan will be assigned to the “General” end-use subcategory.

Following is an example input for an OnOff Fan.

Fan:OnOff,
      Supply Fan 1,          ! Fan Name
      FanAndCoilAvailSched,  ! Fan Schedule
      0.7,                   ! Fan Total Efficiency
      600.0,                 ! Delta Pressure [N/M^2]
      1.3,                   ! Max Flow Rate  [m^3/Sec]
      0.9,                   ! Motor Efficiency
      1.0,                   ! Motor in Airstream Fraction (1.0 means motor in air stream)
      Air Loop Inlet Node, Cooling Coil Air Inlet Node;  !Inlet Node, Outlet Node

Outputs[LINK]

HVAC,Average,Fan Electric Power[W]
HVAC,Average,Fan Rise in Air Temperature [deltaC]
HVAC,Sum,Fan Electric Energy [J]
HVAC,Average,Fan Runtime Fraction []

Fan Electric Power [W][LINK]

This output field contains the average electricity consumption rate for the fan in Watts for the timestep being reported.

Fan Rise in Air Temperature [deltaC][LINK]

This output field contains the average rise in air temperature across the fan (outlet air temperature minus inlet air temperature) in degrees Celsius for the timestep being reported.

Fan Electric Energy [J][LINK]

This output field contains the electricity consumption of the fan in Joules for the timestep being reported. This output is also added to a meter with Resource Type = Electricity, End Use Key= Fans, Group Key= System (ref. Output:Meter objects).

Fan Runtime Fraction [][LINK]

This output field contains the fraction of time that this fan operated for the timestep being reported.

Fan:VariableVolume[LINK]

Inputs[LINK]

Field: Name[LINK]

A unique user-assigned name for an instance of a Fan:VariableVolume. Any reference to this fan by another object will use this name.

Field: Availability Schedule Name[LINK]

The name of the schedule (ref: Schedule) that denotes whether the fan can run during a given time period. A schedule value of 0 indicates that the fan is off for that time period. A schedule value greater than 0 indicates that the fan can operate during the time period. If this field is blank, the schedule has values of 1 for all time periods. Applicable availability managers (ref. AvailabilityManagerAssignmentList) may override this schedule by forcing the fan to be on or off.

Field: Fan Total Efficiency[LINK]

This value is the overall efficiency of the fan, i.e., the ratio of the power delivered to the fluid to the electrical input power. It is the product of the motor efficiency and the impeller efficiency. The motor efficiency is the power delivered to the shaft divided by the electrical power input to the motor. The impeller efficiency is power delivered to the fluid (air) divided by the shaft power. The power delivered to the fluid is the mass flow rate of the air multiplied by the pressure rise divided by the air density. This input value must be between 0 and 1. The default is 0.7.

Field: Pressure Rise[LINK]

The pressure rise in Pascals at full flow and standard (sea level) conditions (20°C and 101325 Pa).

Field: Maximum Flow Rate[LINK]

The full load air volumetric flow rate (m3/sec) at standard temperature and pressure (dry air at 20°C drybulb). The program does use local barometric pressure to account for altitude using equation for “standard atmospheric” pressure on p 6.1 of the ASHRAE 1997 HOF (SI edition) to initialize the air systems being simulated.

p=101325*(1-2.25577E-05*Z)**5.2559

where p=pressure in Pa and Z=altitude in m

Field: Fan Power Minimum Flow Rate Input Method[LINK]

This field is a key/choice field that tells which of the next two fields is filled and is descriptive of how the minimum flow rate is specified for calculating the fan power. The key/choices are:

  • Fraction
  • With this choice, the fan power will be calculated using the value specified in the Fan Power Minimum Flow Fraction field. (The Fan Power Minimum Flow Fraction field should be filled.)
  • FixedFlowRate
  • With this choice, the fan power will be calculated using the value specified in the Fan Power Minimum Air Flow Rate field. (The Fan Power Minimum Air Flow Rate field should be filled.)
  • The default is Fraction.

Field: Fan Power Minimum Flow Fraction[LINK]

The minimum air volumetric flow rate for fan power, specified as a fraction of maximum system air flow rate. Must be between 0 and 1. Note that this field is only used to calculate the fan power. This field does not enforce the system air flow rate during simulation. The default is 0.25.

Field: Fan Power Minimum Air Flow Rate[LINK]

The minimum air volumetric flow rate for fan power, specified as a constant minimum air flow rate (m3/sec). Note that this field is only used to calculate the fan power. This field does not enforce the system air flow rate during simulation.

Field: Motor Efficiency[LINK]

The shaft power divided by the electrical power consumed. Must be between 0 and 1. The default is 0.9.

Field: Motor In Airstream Fraction[LINK]

The fraction of the motor heat that is added to the air stream. A value of 0 means that the motor is completely outside the air stream. A value of 1 means that all of the motor heat loss will go into the air stream and act to cause a temperature rise. Must be between 0 and 1. The default is 1.0.

Field: Fan Power Coefficient 1[LINK]

The constant coefficient (C1) in a fourth order polynomial curve giving the fraction of full load power (PLF) as a function of flow fraction (FF). Flow fraction is the air mass flow rate divided by the maximum air mass flow rate. The curve is:

PLF = C1 + C2. FF + C3. FF^2 +C4.^ FF3 + C5. FF4

Field: Fan Power Coefficient 2[LINK]

The linear coefficient (C2) in a fourth order polynomial curve giving the fraction of full load power (PLF) as a function of flow fraction (FF). Flow fraction is the air mass flow rate divided by the maximum air mass flow rate. The curve is:

PLF = C1 + C2. FF + C3. FF^2 +C4.^ FF3 + C5. FF4

Field: Fan Power Coefficient 3[LINK]

The quadratic coefficient (C3) in a fourth order polynomial curve giving the fraction of full load power (PLF) as a function of flow fraction (FF). Flow fraction is the air mass flow rate divided by the maximum air mass flow rate. The curve is:

PLF = C1 + C2. FF + C3. FF^2 +C4.^ FF3 + C5. FF4

Field: Fan Power Coefficient 4[LINK]

The cubic coefficient (C1) in a fourth order polynomial curve giving the fraction of full load power (PLF) as a function of flow fraction (FF). Flow fraction is the air mass flow rate divided by the maximum air mass flow rate. The curve is:

PLF = C1 + C2. FF + C3. FF^2 +C4.^ FF3 + C5. FF4

Field: Fan Power Coefficient 5[LINK]

The coefficient C5 in a fourth order polynomial curve giving the fraction of full load power (PLF) as a function of flow fraction (FF). Flow fraction is the air mass flow rate divided by the maximum air mass flow rate. The curve is:

PLF = C1 + C2. FF + C3. FF^2 +C4.^ FF3 + C5. FF4

Field: Air Inlet Node Name[LINK]

The name of the HVAC system node which supplies the inlet air conditions to the fan.

Field: Air Outlet Node Name[LINK]

The name of the HVAC system node to which the fan sends its outlet air.

Field: End-Use Subcategory[LINK]

Allows you to specify a user-defined end-use subcategory, e.g., “Central System”, etc. A new meter for reporting is created for each unique subcategory (ref: Output:Meter objects). Subcategories are also reported in the ABUPS table. If this field is omitted or blank, the fan will be assigned to the “General” end-use subcategory.

Outputs[LINK]

HVAC,Average,Fan Electric Power[W]
HVAC,Average,Fan Rise in Air Temperature [deltaC]
HVAC,Sum,Fan Electric Energy [J]

Fan Electric Power [W][LINK]

This output field contains the average electricity consumption rate for the fan in Watts for the timestep being reported.

Fan Rise in Air Temperature [deltaC][LINK]

This output field contains the average rise in air temperature across the fan (outlet air temperature minus inlet air temperature) in degrees Celsius for the timestep being reported.

Fan Electric Energy [J][LINK]

This output field contains the electricity consumption of the fan in Joules for the timestep being reported. This output is also added to a meter with Resource Type = Electricity, End Use Key= Fans, Group Key= System (ref. Output:Meter objects).

Fan:ZoneExhaust[LINK]

This fan object differs from the other fans in that it stands on its own in a zone rather than serving as one part of an HVAC air system. This object appears directly in a ZoneHVAC:EquipmentList object and all the controls are contained within the fan object. The zone exhaust fan model provides a way to include the electrical power used by the fan. It can also impact air flows in central air handlers by decreasing the flow of return air and sometimes increasing the outdoor air flow rate.

There are several control options available for the exhaust fan including: an on/off availability schedule, interaction with system availability managers, minimum zone air temperature control limits and a variable flow fraction schedule.

The way in which the exhaust fan impacts central air system can be controlled by declaring what portion of the flow has been “balanced” by simple airflow from infiltration, ventilation, or mixing. However it is important to note that presence of an exhaust fan does not by itself drive any simple airflow such as infiltration, ventilation, or zone mixing. There is no comprehensive automatic mass balancing between air system flows, exhaust flows, and the separate simple airflows. For balancing, the simple airflows need to have their own input objects that need to be coordinated with the exhaust fan.

Inputs[LINK]

Field: Name[LINK]

A unique user-assigned name for an instance of a Fan:ZoneExhaust. Any reference to this fan by another object will use this name.

Field: Availability Schedule Name[LINK]

The name of the schedule (ref: Schedule) that denotes whether the fan can run during a given time period. A schedule value of 0 indicates that the fan is off for that time period. A schedule value greater than 0 indicates that the fan can operate during the time period. If this field is blank, the schedule has values of 1 for all time periods. Applicable availability managers (ref. AvailabilityManagerAssignmentList) may override this schedule by forcing the fan to be on or off.

Field: Fan Total Efficiency[LINK]

This value is the overall efficiency of the fan, i.e., the ratio of the power delivered to the fluid to the electrical input power. It is the product of the motor efficiency and the impeller efficiency. The motor efficiency is the power delivered to the shaft divided by the electrical power input to the motor. The impeller efficiency is power delivered to the fluid (air) divided by the shaft power. The power delivered to the fluid is the mass flow rate of the air multiplied by the pressure rise divided by the air density. This input value must be between 0 and 1. The default is 0.6.

Field: Pressure Rise[LINK]

The pressure rise in Pascals at full flow and standard (sea level) conditions (20°C and 101325 Pa).

Field: Maximum Flow Rate[LINK]

The full load air volumetric flow rate (m3/sec) at standard temperature and pressure (dry air at 20°C drybulb). The program does use local barometric pressure to account for altitude using equation for “standard atmospheric” pressure on p 6.1 of the ASHRAE 1997 HOF (SI edition) to initialize the air systems being simulated.

p=101325*(1-2.25577E-05*Z)**5.2559

where p=pressure in Pa and Z=altitude in m

Field: Air Inlet Node Name[LINK]

The name of the HVAC system node which supplies the inlet air conditions to the fan. This node should be listed as a zone exhaust node in an associated ZoneHVAC:EquipmentConnections object.

Field: Air Outlet Node Name[LINK]

The name of the HVAC system node to which the fan sends its outlet air.

Field: End-Use Subcategory[LINK]

Allows you to specify a user-defined end-use subcategory, e.g., “Kitchen Exhaust”, “Fume Hoods”, etc. A new meter for reporting is created for each unique subcategory (ref: Output:Meter objects). Subcategories are also reported in the ABUPS table. If this field is omitted or blank, the fan will be assigned to the “General” end-use subcategory.

Field: Flow Fraction Schedule Name[LINK]

This field is optional. If it is not used then the fan operates at the maximum flow rate. If a schedule is input here, then it should contain fractional values between 0.0 and 1.0, inclusive. The flow rate that the fan operates will be this fraction times the maximum flow rate. This allows a variable speed exhaust fan to be modeled according to a schedule.

Field: System Availability Manager Coupling Mode[LINK]

This field is optional. If if is not used then the exhaust fan is assumed to be integrated with the central air handler’s system availability manager. This field can be used to control if the exhaust fan should operate independently or not. For example, when a night cycle availability manager turns on the central air system for freeze protection, this field can be used to control if the zone exhaust fans should also run at the same time or not. The key choice “Coupled” indicates that the exhaust fan should be integrated with the system availability manager so that the fan runs when the air system is forced to run. The key choice “Decoupled” indicates that the exhaust fan should operate on its own and ignore the system availability manager’s requests so that the exhaust fan can remain off when the air system runs. The default is Coupled.

Field: Minimum Zone Temperature Limit Schedule Name[LINK]

This field is optional. If it is not used then there will be no temperature-related control over the operation of the exhaust fan. If the field is used, then enter the name of a schedule with values for zone temperature values (°C). The fan’s control will be based on a comparison between the current zone air temperature and the schedule values. If the zone is warmer than the scheduled limit, then the fan will operate. When balancing with simple ventilation, this feature can be used to coordinate exhaust fan operation with ZoneVentilation:* controls for minimum indoor temperature.

Field: Balanced Exhaust Fraction Schedule Name[LINK]

This field is optional. If it is not used, then all the exhaust air flow is assumed to be unbalanced by any simple airflows, such as infiltration, ventilation, or zone mixing. Unbalanced exhaust is then modeled as being provided by the outdoor air system in the central air system. The modeling of unbalanced will reduce the flow rates at the zone’s return air node by the flow rate that is being exhausted and will insure that the outdoor air flow rate is sufficient to serve the exhaust. If this field is used, then enter the name of a schedule with fractional values between 0.0 and 1.0, inclusive. This fraction is applied to the exhaust fan flow rate and the model tracks the portion of the exhaust that is “balanced.” Balanced exhaust is then modeled as being provided by simple airflows and does not impact the central air system return air or outdoor air flow rates. For example, if a kitchen zone with an exhaust fan is designed to draw half of its make up air from a neighboring dining room and the other half from the outdoor air system, then a schedule value of 0.5 could be used here.

Outputs[LINK]

HVAC,Average,Fan Electric Power [W]
HVAC,Average,Fan Rise in Air Temperature[deltaC]
HVAC,Sum,Fan Electric Energy [J]
HVAC,Average,Fan Unbalanced Air Mass Flow Rate [kg/s]
HVAC,Average,Fan Balanced Air Mass Flow Rate [kg/s]

Fan Electric Power [W][LINK]

This output field contains the average electricity consumption rate for the fan in Watts for the timestep being reported.

Fan Rise in Air Temperature [deltaC][LINK]

This output field contains the average rise in air temperature across the fan (outlet air temperature minus inlet air temperature) in degrees Celsius for the timestep being reported.

Fan Electric Energy [J][LINK]

This output field contains the electricity consumption of the fan in Joules for the timestep being reported. This output is also added to an output meter with Resource Type = Electricity, End Use Key= Fans, Group Key= System (ref. Output:Meter objects).

Fan Unbalanced Air Mass Flow Rate [kg/s][LINK]

Fan Balanced Air Mass Flow Rate [kg/s][LINK]

These two output variables are available when the exhaust fan uses the input field called Balanced Exhaust Fraction Schedule Name. The balanced air flow is the result of the current flow rate times the balance fraction. The unbalanced air flow is the difference between the current flow rate and the balanced flow rate. These outputs are the resulting flow rates in kg/s.

Examples of Fan:ConstantVolume, Fan:VariableVolume, Fan:ZoneExhaust, and , Fan:OnOff, fans in an IDF are:

Fan:ConstantVolume,
      Supply Fan 1,  !- Name
      FanAndCoilAvailSched,        !- Availability Schedule Name
      0.7,           !- Fan Total Efficiency
      600.0,         !- Pressure Rise {Pa}
      1.3,           !- Maximum Flow Rate {m3/sec}
      0.9,           !- Motor Efficiency
      1.0,           !- Motor in Airstream Fraction
      Air Loop Inlet Node, Cooling Coil Air Inlet Node;  !- Air Inlet Node Name, Air Outlet Node Name

Fan:VariableVolume,
      Var Vol Supply Fan 1,  !- Name
      FanAndCoilAvailSched,  !- Availability Schedule Name
      0.7,           !- Fan Total Efficiency
      600.0,         !- Pressure Rise {Pa}
      1.3,           !- Maximum Flow Rate {m3/s}
      0.20,          !- Minimum Flow Rate {m3/s}
      0.9,           !- Motor Efficiency
      1.0,           !- Motor in Airstream Fraction
      0.35071223,    !- Fan Coefficient 1
      0.30850535,    !- Fan Coefficient 2
     -0.54137364,    !- Fan Coefficient 3
      0.87198823,    !- Fan Coefficient 4
      0.000,         !- Fan Coefficient 5
      Air Loop Inlet Node, Cooling Coil Air Inlet Node;  !- Air Inlet Node Name, Air Outlet Node Name

Fan:ZoneExhaust,
  Zone 2 Exhaust Fan,              !- Name
  FanAndCoilAvailSched,            !- Availability Schedule Name
  0.6,                             !- Fan Total Efficiency
  125,                             !- Pressure Rise {Pa}
  0.1,                             !- Maximum Flow Rate {m3/s}
  Zone 2 Exhaust Node,             !- Air Inlet Node Name
  Zone 2 Exhaust Fan Outlet Node,  !- Air Outlet Node Name
  Kitchen Exhaust;                 !- End-Use Subcategory

  Fan:OnOff,
    AHU 1 Supply Fan,        !- Name
    FanAvailSched,           !- Availability Schedule Name
    0.7,                     !- Fan Total Efficiency
    600.0,                   !- Pressure Rise {Pa}
    2.0,                     !- Maximum Flow Rate {m3/s}
    0.9,                     !- Motor Efficiency
    1.0,                     !- Motor in Airstream Fraction
    AHU 1 Air Loop Inlet,    !- Air Inlet Node Name
    AHU 1 Supply Fan Outlet; !- Air Outlet Node Name

FanPerformance:NightVentilation[LINK]

This object is used for specifying an alternate set of performance parameters for a fan. These alternate parameters are used when a system manager (such as AvailabilityManager:NightVentilation) sets a specified flow rate for a central forced air system. At this time, it can be used with Fan:ConstantVolume, Fan:VariableVolume, Fan:ZoneExhaust, and , Fan:OnOff fans, but not with Fan:ComponentModel fans. The fan model checks whether a fixed flow rate has been set; if it has the fan model will use these alternate performance parameters. Note that it is assumed that the fan will run at a fixed speed in the alternate mode. The inputs needed by this object are the fan name, fan total efficiency, pressure rise, flow rate, motor efficiency, and motor in airstream fraction.

Inputs[LINK]

Field: Fan Name[LINK]

This is the name of a fan defined elsewhere in the input file. The night vent performance parameters will be applied to the named fan when a system manager has set the air system flow rate.

Field: Fan Total Efficiency[LINK]

This value is the overall efficiency of the fan, i.e., the ratio of the power delivered to the fluid to the electrical input power. It is the product of the motor efficiency and the impeller efficiency. The motor efficiency is the power delivered to the shaft divided by the electrical power input to the motor. The impeller efficiency is power delivered to the fluid (air) divided by the shaft power. The power delivered to the fluid is the mass flow rate of the air multiplied by the pressure rise divided by the air density. This input value must be between 0 and 1. This is a required field with no default.

Field: Pressure Rise[LINK]

The pressure rise in Pascals at full flow and standard (sea level) conditions (20°C and 101325 Pa).

Field: Maximum Flow Rate[LINK]

The design volumetric flow rate of the fan (m3/sec) at standard conditions. This input is not currently used by the night ventilation manager. The flow rate during night ventilation is specified using the SystemAvailabilityManager:NightVentilation “Night Venting Flow Fraction” field. This fraction is multiplied times the fan object’s design flow rate.

Field: Motor Efficiency[LINK]

The shaft power divided by the electrical power consumed. Must be between 0 and 1. This is a required field with no default.

Field: Motor in Airstream Fraction[LINK]

The fraction of the motor heat that is added to the air stream. A value of 0 means that the motor is completely outside the air stream. A value of 1 means that all of the motor heat loss will go into the air stream and act to cause a temperature rise. Must be between 0 and 1. The default is 1.0.

An example of use in an IDF:

Fan:VariableVolume,
  Supply Fan 1,            !- Name
  FanAvailSched,           !- Availability Schedule Name
  0.7,                     !- Fan Efficiency
  600.0,                   !- Pressure Rise {Pa}
  autosize,                !- Maximum Flow Rate {m3/s}
  autosize,                !- Minimum Flow Rate {m3/s}
  0.9,                     !- Motor Efficiency
  1.0,                     !- Motor In Airstream Fraction
  0.35071223,              !- Fan Coefficient 1
  0.30850535,              !- Fan Coefficient 2
  -0.54137364,             !- Fan Coefficient 3
  0.87198823,              !- Fan Coefficient 4
  0.000,                   !- Fan Coefficient 5
  Main Heating Coil 1 Outlet Node,  !- Air Inlet Node Name
  VAV Sys 1 Outlet Node;   !- Air Outlet Node Name

FanPerformance:NightVentilation,
  Supply Fan 1,            !- Fan Name
  0.7,                     !- Fan Total Efficiency
  67.0,                    !- Pressure Rise {Pa}
  autosize,                !- Maximum Flow Rate {m3/s}
  0.9,                     !- Motor Efficiency
  1.0;                     !- Motor in Airstream Fraction

Fan:ComponentModel[LINK]

The Fan:ComponentModel fan is a more detailed fan type that can be defined in the air loop for central constant-air-volume (CAV) and variable-air-volume (VAV) systems. It includes inputs that describe the air-distribution system as well as the fan, its drive belt (if used), its motor, and its variable-frequency-drive (if used). See the engineering documentation for further descriptions about the inputs for this fan type.

Inputs[LINK]

Field: Name[LINK]

The required unique user-assigned alpha name for an instance of a Fan:ComponentModel. Any reference to this fan by another object will use this name.

Field: Air Inlet Node Name[LINK]

The required alpha name of the HVAC system node which supplies the inlet air conditions to the fan.

Field: Air Outlet Node Name[LINK]

The required alpha name of the HVAC system node to which the fan sends its outlet air.

Field: Availability Schedule Name[LINK]

The required alpha name of the schedule (ref: Schedule) that denotes whether the fan can run during a given time period. A schedule value of 0 indicates that the fan is off for that time period. A schedule value greater than 0 indicates that the fan can operate during the time period. If this field is blank, the schedule has values of 1 for all time periods. Applicable availability managers (ref. AvailabilityManagerAssignmentList) may override this schedule by forcing the fan to be on or off.

Field: Maximum Flow Rate[LINK]

The full-load volumetric airflow (m3/sec) through the fan at standard temperature and pressure (dry air at 20°C dry-bulb). To initialize the air systems being simulated, the program uses local barometric pressure adjusted for altitude, based on the equation for “standard atmospheric” pressure on p.6.1 of the 1997 ASHRAE Handbook of Fundamentals (SI edition):

p=101325 * (1 - 2.25577E-05 * Z)**5.2559

where p = pressure in Pa and Z = altitude in m. Can be autosized.

Specified or autosized maximum airflow rate (including effects of scaling by Field: Fan Sizing Factor) along with corresponding fan static pressure rise and fan shaft power are reported in the .eio file as, respectively, Design Fan Airflow [m3/s], Design Fan Static Pressure Rise [Pa], and Design Fan Shaft Power [W].

Field: Minimum Flow Rate[LINK]

The minimum volumetric airflow (m3/sec) through the fan at standard temperature and pressure (see Maximum Flow Rate field above for condition details). Can be autosized.

Field: Fan Sizing Factor[LINK]

The numeric dimensionless factor (Ffan) used to multiply the specified or autosized full-load volumetric airflow (see Maximum Flow Rate field above for details) for fan sizing. If specified, minimum value is 1.0. Default is 1.0 if field is blank.

Field: Fan Wheel Diameter[LINK]

The required numeric outer diameter of the fan wheel (Dfan, m). This value is determined from manufacturer’s data. In general, larger diameter fans have higher maximum efficiency than smaller diameter fans of the same type (Ref: AMCA Standard 205-10: Energy Efficiency Classification for Fans). Must be greater than zero.

Field: Fan Outlet Area[LINK]

The required numeric outlet area of the fan (Afan,out, m2). This value is determined from manufacturer’s data. It is used to convert fan total pressure rise to fan static pressure rise. Fan static pressure rise is the fan total pressure rise minus the fan outlet velocity pressure; it is not the difference between fan outlet and inlet static pressures (Ref: ANSI/AMCA Standard 210-07, ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 51-07: Laboratory Methods of Testing Fans for Certified Aerodynamic Performance Rating). Must be greater than zero.

Field: Maximum Fan Static Efficiency[LINK]

The required numeric maximum ratio (ηfan,max) between the power delivered to the air (Hair, W) and the fan shaft input power (Hfan, W). For this parameter, Hair is the volumetric airflow through the fan multiplied by the fan static pressure rise. Maximum fan static efficiency is determined from analyses of manufacturer’s data using:

where ΔPfan is fan static pressure rise (Pa) and Qfan is airflow through the fan (m3/sec). Typically, “do not select” curves on fan performance maps of pressure rise versus flow correspond to or are near maximum efficiency. Must be greater than zero and less than or equal to 1.0.

Calculated fan static efficiency at design flow condition (including part-load effects of oversized fan) is reported in the .eio file as Design Fan Efficiency [-].

Field: Euler Number at Maximum Fan Static Efficiency[LINK]

The required numeric Euler number (Eumax), which is also called the throttling or pressure coefficient, and is the ratio of pressure forces to inertial forces. The Euler number is determined from analyses of manufacturer’s data using:

where ΔPfan is fan static pressure rise (Pa; see Fan Pressure Rise Curve Name field), Dfan is wheel diameter (m), ρ is the manufacturer’s reference air density (kg/m3), and Qfan is airflow through the fan (m3/sec). Eumax is calculated using any pair of pressure rise and airflow values that correspond with maximum fan static efficiency for the specified fan. Must be greater than zero.

Field: Maximum Dimensionless Fan Airflow[LINK]

The required numeric maximum dimensionless airflow (φmax) through the fan, which corresponds to the maximum ratio between the airflow through the fan (Qfan, m3/sec) and the fan shaft rotational speed (ωfan, rpm) for the specified fan wheel diameter (Dfan, m). φmax is determined from manufacturer’s data using:

occurs at minimum , which corresponds to maximum speed (high flow) with zero pressure rise. The factor () converts revolutions per minute (rpm) to rad/s. Must be greater than zero.

Field: Motor Fan Pulley Ratio[LINK]

The numeric dimensionless ratio of the motor pulley diameter to the fan pulley diameter (Dmotor,pulley / Dfan,pulley). If specified, must be greater than zero. This ratio can be adjusted to account for belt slip if the fractional slip is known (multiply the drive ratio with no slip by 1+s, where s is the belt fractional slip). Default is 1.0 if field is blank (leave blank if no belt; i.e., direct drive). Can be autosized (assumes no slip).

Specified or autosized motor/fan pulley diameter ratio is reported in the .eio file as Drive Ratio [-]. Autosized ratio is based on fan speed in revolutions per minute (rpm), calculated at design flow condition, divided by Field: Motor Maximum Speed.

Field: Belt Maximum Torque[LINK]

The required numeric maximum output torque capacity of the fan drive belt (τbelt,max, N·m). If specified, must be greater than zero. Can be autosized. Use autosize if no belt (i.e., direct drive).

Specified or autosized belt maximum output torque (including effects of scaling by Field: Belt Sizing Factor) is reported in the .eio file as Design Belt Output Torque [N·m]. Also, calculated maximum belt efficiency corresponding to Design Fan Shaft Power, along with belt efficiency at design flow condition (including part-load effects of oversized belt), are reported in the .eio file as, respectively, Maximum Belt Efficiency [-] and Design Belt Efficiency [-].

Field: Belt Sizing Factor[LINK]

The numeric dimensionless factor (Fbelt) used to multiply the specified or autosized fan shaft maximum output torque (τbelt,max). If specified, minimum value is 1.0. Default is 1.0 if field is blank.

Field: Belt Fractional Torque Transition[LINK]

The numeric transition point (xbelt,trans) between performance curves for Regions 1 and 2 for the drive belt normalized part-load efficiency. Must be between 0.0 and 1.0. Default is 0.167 (corresponds to generic V-belt) if field is blank.

Field: Motor Maximum Speed[LINK]

The required numeric maximum rotational speed of the fan motor shaft (ωmotor,max) in revolutions per minute (rpm). Typical values for motors supplied by 60 Hz power are near 900, 1200, 1800, and 3600 rpm. Must be greater than zero.

Field: Maximum Motor Output Power[LINK]

The required numeric maximum output power (input power to the fan drive belt) by the motor (Hbelt,max, W). If specified, must be greater than zero. Can be autosized. In the case of direct drive, Hbelt,max corresponds to the maximum fan shaft power (Hfan,max).

Specified or autosized maximum motor output power (including effects of scaling by Field: Motor Sizing Factor) is reported in the .eio file as Design Motor Output Power [W]. Also, calculated maximum motor efficiency corresponding to Design Motor Output Power, along with motor efficiency at design flow condition (including part-load effects of oversized motor), are reported in the .eio file as, respectively, Maximum Motor Efficiency [-] and Design Motor Efficiency [-]. Note that maximum motor efficiency often occurs at less than full load.

Field: Motor Sizing Factor[LINK]

The numeric dimensionless sizing factor (Fmotor) used to multiply the specified or autosized fan motor output power (Hbelt,max). If specified, minimum value is 1.0. Default is 1.0.

Field: Motor In Airstream Fraction[LINK]

The numeric fraction of the combined motor and belt heat that is added to the air stream. A value of 0.0 means that the motor and belt are completely outside the air stream. A value of 1.0 means that all of the motor and belt heat loss will go into the air stream and act to cause an air enthalpy rise. Must be between 0.0 and 1.0. Default is 1.0.

Field: VFD Efficiency Type[LINK]

The alpha basis for calculating fan variable-frequency-drive (VFD) efficiency: “Power”, which corresponds to a function of the fraction of full-load motor input power (Hmotor / Hmotor,max), or “Speed”, which corresponds to a function of the fraction of full-load speed (ωmotor / ωmotor,max). If this field is blank, then it is assumed that the VFD efficiency is 0.97. If no VFD is used, then specify “Power” and also specify a VFD efficiency curve with a constant value of 1.0 (see VFD Efficiency Curve Name field for details).

Field: Maximum VFD Output Power[LINK]

The required numeric maximum output power (input power to the fan motor) by the variable frequency drive (Hmotor,max, W). If specified, must be greater than zero. Can be autosized.

Specified or autosized maximum VFD output power (including effects of scaling by Field: VFD Sizing Factor) and corresponding VFD input power are reported in the .eio file as, respectively, Design VFD Output Power [W] and Rated Power [W]. Also, calculated VFD efficiency corresponding to Design VFD Output Power (including part-load effects of oversized VFD) along with corresponding combined system efficiency (fan, belt, motor, and VFD efficiencies multiplied together) at design flow condition are reported in the .eio file as, respectively, Design VFD Efficiency [-] and Design Combined Efficiency [-].

Field: VFD Sizing Factor[LINK]

The numeric dimensionless factor (FVFD) used to multiply the specified or autosized motor maximum input power (Hmotor,max). If specified, minimum value is 1.0. Default is 1.0 if field is blank.

Field: Fan Pressure Rise Curve Name[LINK]

The required alpha name of the fan total pressure rise performance curve (ref: Curve:FanPressureRise in Performance Curves) that parameterizes the variation of fan total pressure rise (ΔPfan,tot, Pa) as a function of volumetric flow through the fan (Qfan, m3/s) and duct static pressure set point (Psm, Pa). The fan outlet velocity pressure is subtracted from the output of this curve to determine fan static pressure rise, which is then used to calculate a dimensionless Euler number at each time step. The Euler number is in turn used to determine fan efficiency, speed, and torque (the Euler number is defined in the Euler Number at Maximum Fan Static Efficiency field). This curve should be valid for the range of volumetric flows, distribution system leakage, duct static pressures, and static pressures surrounding the ducts anticipated for the simulation period.

Field: Duct Static Pressure Reset Curve Name[LINK]

The required alpha name of the performance curve that parameterizes the variation of the duct static pressure set point (Psm, Pa) as a function of volumetric flow through the fan (Qfan, m3/s), which is used so that the resistance associated with VAV box damper operation is reduced.

The output of this curve is used to calculate the duct static pressure set point at each time step. This curve should be valid for the range of duct static pressure set points and volumetric flows, anticipated for the simulation period.

For an ad hoc linear duct static pressure reset scheme, the relation (ref: Curve:Linear in Performance Curves) between duct static pressure (Psm, Pa) and flow through the fan (Qfan, m3/s) for Qfan,minQfanQfan,max is:

where and

For Qfan < Qfan,min, Psm = Psm,min; for Qfan > Qfan,max, Psm = Psm,max

The minimum and maximum fan airflows (Qfan,min and Qfan,max) correspond respectively to the minimum and maximum duct static pressure set points (Psm,min and Psm,max).

If no duct static pressure reset scheme is used and the duct static pressure set point is constant, then parameter C2 is set to zero and C1 represents the constant duct static pressure set point.

Field: Normalized Fan Static Efficiency Curve Name- Non-Stall Region[LINK]

The required alpha name of the exponential-modified skew normal performance curve (ref: Curve:ExponentialSkewNormal in Performance Curves) that parameterizes the normalized fan static efficiency (ηfan (xfan) / ηfan,max) at each time step for the normal operating (non-stall) region of the fan performance map as a function of xfan, which is defined as log-base-10 of Eu at the fan flow and pressure rise operating point divided by Eu at maximum fan static efficiency [log10(Eu / Eumax)]. In this region, xfan<=0.

The output of this curve is used to calculate the fan efficiency ηfan (xfan) **at each time step by modifying ηfan,max (see Maximum Fan Static Efficiency field). This curve should have a maximum of 1.0 and should be valid for the range of volumetric flows and fan pressure rises anticipated for the simulation period.

Field: Normalized Fan Static Efficiency Curve Name- Stall Region[LINK]

The required alpha name of the exponential-modified skew normal performance curve (ref: Curve:ExponentialSkewNormal in Performance Curves) that parameterizes the normalized fan static efficiency (ηfan (xfan) / ηfan,max) at each time step for the stall region of the fan performance map as a function of xfan (see Normalized Fan Static Efficiency Curve Name- Non-Stall Region field). In this region, xfan>0.

The output of this curve is used to calculate the fan efficiency ηfan (xfan) **at each time step by modifying ηfan,max (see Maximum Fan Static Efficiency field). This curve should have a maximum of 1.0 and should be valid for the range of volumetric flows and fan pressure rises anticipated for the simulation period.

Field: Normalized Dimensionless Airflow Curve Name - Non-Stall Region[LINK]

The required alpha name of the sigmoid performance curve (ref: Curve:Sigmoid in Performance Curves) that parameterizes the normalized dimensionless airflow through the fan (φ (xfan) / φmax) at each time step for the normal operating (non-stall) region of the fan performance map as a function of xfan, which is defined as log-base-10 of Eu at the fan flow and pressure rise operating point divided by Eu at maximum fan static efficiency [log10(Eu / Eumax)]. In this region, xfan <=0.

The output of this curve is used to calculate the dimensionless airflow φ (xfan) **at each time step by modifying φmax (see Maximum Dimensionless Fan Airflow field). This curve should have a maximum of 1.0 and should be valid for the range of volumetric flows and fan pressure rises anticipated for the simulation period.

Field: Normalized Dimensionless Airflow Curve Name - Stall Region[LINK]

The required alpha name of the sigmoid performance curve (ref: Curve:Sigmoid in Performance Curves) that parameterizes the normalized dimensionless airflow through the fan (φ (xfan) / φmax) at each time step for the stall region of the fan performance map as a function of xfan (see Normalized Dimensionless Airflow Curve Name - Non-Stall Region field). In this region, xfan >0.

The output of this curve is used to calculate the dimensionless airflow φ (xfan) **at each time step by modifying φmax (see Maximum Dimensionless Fan Airflow field). This curve should have a maximum of 1.0 and should be valid for the range of volumetric flows and fan pressure rises anticipated for the simulation period.

Field: Maximum Belt Efficiency Curve Name[LINK]

The alpha name of the quartic polynomial performance curve (ref: Curve:Quartic in Performance Curves) that determines the maximum fan drive belt efficiency in logarithmic space (ηbelt,max,ln) as a function of xbelt,max. The curve is:

where xbelt,max = ln(Fbelt*Hfan,max) with Hfan,max expressed in terms of hp.

Note that ηbelt,max = exp(ηbelt,max,ln).

The output of this curve must be greater than zero and less than or equal to 1.0. If ηbelt,max is known, it is represented by coefficient C1(=ln(ηbelt,max)). In this case, coefficients C2 through C5 are set to zero. If this field is left blank (e.g., there is no belt), the model assumes that the output of the modifier curve is 1.0 for the entire simulation (maximum belt efficiency = 1.0).

Field: Normalized Belt Efficiency Curve Name - Region 1[LINK]

The alpha name of the single rectangular hyperbola type 2 performance curve (ref: Curve:RectangularHyperbola2 in Performance Curves) that determines the normalized (par-load) fan drive belt efficiency (ηbelt (xbelt) **/ ηbelt,max) as a function of xbelt. Normalized belt efficiency is represented by a segmented curve with three different regions. The curve for Region 1 (0 <= xbelt < xbelt,trans) is:

ηbelt (xbelt) **/ ηbelt,max = (C1·* xbelt) / (C2+xbelt) + C3·* xbelt

where xbelt = τbelt / τbelt,max; τbelt is the belt output torque that corresponds to the calculated power input to the fan shaft (Hfan, W) by the drive belt and the calculated fan shaft speed (ωfan, rpm).

The output of this curve is used to calculate the belt efficiency ηbelt (xbelt) in Region 1at each time step by modifying ηbelt,max (see Maximum Belt Efficiency Curve Name field). The output of this curve must be greater than zero and less than or equal to 1.0 and should be valid for the range of volumetric flows and fan pressure rises anticipated for the simulation period.

If this field is left blank, the model assumes that the output of the modifier curve is 1.0 for the entire simulation (i.e., constant belt efficiency at ηbelt,max in Region 1).

Field: Normalized Belt Efficiency Curve Name - Region 2[LINK]

The alpha name of the exponential decay performance curve (ref: Curve:ExponentialDecay in Performance Curves) that determines the normalized (part-load) fan drive belt efficiency (ηbelt (xbelt) **/ ηbelt,max) as a function of xbelt. Normalized belt efficiency is represented by a segmented curve with three different regions. The curve for Region 2 (xbelt,trans <= xbelt <= 1) is:

ηbelt (xbelt) **/ ηbelt,max = C1 + C2 * exp(C3*xbelt)

where xbelt = τbelt / τbelt,max; τbelt is the belt output torque that corresponds to the calculated power input to the fan shaft (Hfan, W) by the drive belt and the calculated fan shaft speed (ωfan, rpm).

The output of this curve is used to calculate the belt efficiency ηbelt (xbelt) in Region 2at each time step by modifying ηbelt,max (see Maximum Belt Efficiency Curve Name field). The output of this curve must be greater than zero and less than or equal to 1.0 and should be valid for the range of volumetric flows and fan pressure rises anticipated for the simulation period.

If this field is left blank, the model assumes that the output of the modifier curve is 1.0 for the entire simulation (i.e., constant belt efficiency at ηbelt,max in Region 2).

Field: Normalized Belt Efficiency Curve Name - Region 3[LINK]

The alpha name of the single rectangular hyperbola type 2 performance curve (ref: Curve:RectangularHyperbola2 in Performance Curves) that determines the normalized (part-load) fan drive belt efficiency (ηbelt (xbelt) **/ ηbelt,max) as a function of xbelt. Normalized belt efficiency is represented by a segmented curve with three different regions. The curve for Region 3 (xbelt > 1) is:

ηbelt (xbelt) **/ ηbelt,max = (C1·* xbelt) / (C2+xbelt) + C3·* xbelt

where xbelt = τbelt / τbelt,max; τbelt is the belt output torque that corresponds to the calculated power input to the fan shaft (Hfan, W) by the drive belt and the calculated fan shaft speed (ωfan, rpm).

The output of this curve is used to calculate the belt efficiency ηbelt (xbelt) in Region 3at each time step by modifying ηbelt,max (see Maximum Belt Efficiency Curve Name field). The output of this curve must be greater than zero and less than or equal to 1.0 and should be valid for the range of volumetric flows and fan pressure rises anticipated for the simulation period.

If this field is left blank, the model assumes that the output of the modifier curve is 1.0 for the entire simulation (i.e., constant belt efficiency at ηbelt,max in Region 3).

Field: Maximum Motor Efficiency Curve Name[LINK]

The alpha name of the single rectangular hyperbola type 1 performance curve (ref: Curve: RectangularHyperbola1 in Performance Curves) that determines the maximum fan motor efficiency (ηmotor,max) as a function of xmotor,max. The curve is:

ηmotor,max = (C1 * xmotor,max) / (C2 + xmotor,max) + C3

where xmotor,max=ln(Fmotor * Hbelt,max) with Hbelt,max expressed in terms of hp. Hbelt,max is the maximum output power from the motor to the belt, which corresponds to the calculated maximum power input to the fan shaft (Hfan,max, W).

The output of this curve must be greater than zero and less than or equal to 1.0. If ηmotor,max is known, it is represented by coefficient C3. In this case, coefficients C1 and C2 are set to zero.

If this field is left blank, the model assumes that the output of the modifier curve is 1.0 for the entire simulation (maximum motor efficiency = 1.0).

Field: Normalized Motor Efficiency Curve Name[LINK]

The name of the HVAC system node to which the fan sends its outlet air.

The alpha name of the single rectangular hyperbola type 2 performance curve (ref: Curve:RectangularHyperbola2 in Performance Curves) that determines the normalized (part-load) fan motor efficiency (ηmotor (xmotor) **/ ηmotor,max) as a function of the motor load fraction xmotor. The curve is:

ηmotor (xmotor) / ηmotor,max = (C1 * xmotor) / (C2 + xmotor) + (C3·* xmotor)

where xmotor = Hbelt / Hbelt,max. Hbelt is the calculated output power from the motor to the belt (W), which corresponds to the calculated power input to the fan shaft (Hfan, W).

The output of this curve is used to calculate the motor efficiency (ηmotor (xmotor)) **at each time step by modifying ηmotor,max (see Maximum Motor Efficiency Curve Name field). The output of this curve must be greater than zero and less than or equal to 1.0 and should be valid for the range of volumetric flows and fan pressure rises anticipated for the simulation period.

If this field is left blank, the model assumes that the output of the modifier curve is 1.0 for the entire simulation (i.e., constant motor efficiency at ηmotor,max).

Field: VFD Efficiency Curve Name[LINK]

The alpha name of the single rectangular hyperbola type 2 performance curve (e.g., Curve:RectangularHyperbola2 in Performance Curves) that determines the VFD efficiency (ηVFD (xVFD)) as a function of the fractional input power of the motor or fractional motor speed (xVFD). An example of the curve is:

ηVFD (xVFD) = (C1 * xVFD) / (C2+xVFD) + C3 * xVFD

where xVFD = Hmotor / Hmotor,max or ωmotor / ωmotor,max

The output of this curve is used to calculate the VFD efficiency ηVFD (xVFD) **at each time step. The output of this curve must be greater than zero and less than or equal to 1.0 and should be valid for the range of volumetric flows and fan pressure rises anticipated for the simulation period.

If this field is left blank, the model assumes that the output of the modifier curve is 0.97 for the entire simulation (i.e., constant VFD efficiency of 0.97).

Field: End-Use Subcategory[LINK]

Allows you to specify a user-defined end-use subcategory, e.g., “Central System”. A new meter for reporting is created for each unique subcategory (ref: Output:Meter objects). Subcategories are also reported in the ABUPS table. If this field is omitted or blank, the fan will be assigned to the “General” end-use subcategory.

An example of use in an IDF:

Fan:ComponentModel,
    Supply Fan 1,                    ! Fan Name
    Main Heating Coil 1 Outlet Node, ! Inlet Node Name
    VAV Sys 1 Outlet Node,           ! Outlet Node Name
    FanAvailSched,                   ! Fan Schedule
    autosize,                        ! Maximum Flow Rate [m3/s]
    autosize,                        ! Minimum Flow Rate [m3/s]
    1.0,                             ! Fan Sizing Factor [-]
    0.3048,                          ! Fan Wheel Diameter [m]
    0.0873288576,                    ! Fan Outlet Area [m2]
    0.514,                           ! Maximum Fan Static Efficiency [-]
    9.76,                            ! Euler Number at Maximum Fan Static Efficiency [-]
    0.160331811647483,               ! Maximum Dimensionless Fan Airflow [-]
    autosize,                        ! Motor/Fan Pulley Ratio [-]
    autosize,                        ! Belt Maximum Torque [N m]
    1.0,                             ! Belt Sizing Factor [-]
    0.167,                           ! Belt Fractional Torque Transition [-]
    1800,                            ! Motor Maximum Speed [rpm]
    autosize,                        ! Maximum Motor Output Power [W]
    1.0,                             ! Motor Sizing Factor [-]
    1.0,                             ! Motor In Airstream Fraction [-]
    Power,                           ! VFD Efficiency Type
    autosize,                        ! Maximum VFD Output Power [W]
    1.0,                             ! VFD Sizing Factor [-]
    VSD Example,                     ! Fan Pressure Rise Curve Name
    DiagnosticSPR,                   ! Duct Static Pressure Reset Curve Name
    FanEff120CPLANormal,             ! Fan Efficiency Curve Name - Non-Stall
    FanEff120CPLAStall,              ! Fan Efficiency Curve Name - Stall
    FanDimFlowNormal,                ! Dimensionless Airflow Curve Name-Non-Stall
    FanDimFlowStall,                 ! Dimensionless Airflow Curve Name-Stall
    BeltMaxEffMedium,                ! Maximum Belt Efficiency Curve Name
    BeltPartLoadRegion1,             ! Normalized Belt Efficiency Curve Name
    BeltPartLoadRegion2,             ! Normalized Belt Efficiency Curve Name
    BeltPartLoadRegion3,             ! Normalized Belt Efficiency Curve Name
    MotorMaxEffAvg,                  ! Maximum Motor Efficiency Curve Name
    MotorPartLoad,                   ! Normalized Motor Efficiency Curve Name
    VFDPartLoad;                     ! VFD Efficiency Curve Name

Outputs[LINK]

HVAC,Average,Fan Electric Power[W]
HVAC,Average,Fan Rise in Air Temperature [deltaC]
HVAC,Sum,Fan Electric Energy [J]

Fan Electric Power [W][LINK]

This output field contains the average electricity consumption rate for the fan in Watts for the timestep being reported.

Fan Rise in Air Temperature [deltaC][LINK]

This output field contains the average rise in air temperature across the fan (outlet air temperature minus inlet air temperature) in degrees Celsius for the timestep being reported.

Fan Electric Energy [J][LINK]

This output field contains the electricity consumption of the fan in Joules for the timestep being reported. This output is also added to a meter with Resource Type = Electricity, End Use Key= Fans, Group Key= System (ref. Output:Meter objects).

Other Outputs[LINK]

Several parameters input by the user or calculated during component sizing for the design condition (maximum system airflow) are reported separately in the .eio file. These parameters include fan airflow and pressure rise; fan shaft input, motor output, VFD output, and VFD input (rated) power; pulley drive ratio; belt output torque; and fan, belt, motor, VFD, and combined system efficiencies. They can be identified by lines in the .eio file beginning with “Component Sizing Information, Fan:ComponentModel“. The same values are also reported under the ComponentSizingSummary heading in the Table.html file.